The Kidney's One by earthstuck


									The Kidney’s One
Kidney is one of the important organs that sometimes health largely ignored by society. The consequence of this, in the future we will be confronted by a condition that allows the kidney susceptible to interference; due to a bad lifestyle. Understanding the health consequences are needed now in order to be preserved kidney health. According to the WHO health statistics data, there were 66,000 cases of kidney transplant in 2005 in the whole world. In the same year, 21,000 liver and heart transplanted 6000. This means transplanstasi kidney for three liver transplants. In the case of a diet that is too heavy and poor lifestyle, kidney health is often overlooked. If this is not immediately find a way how to handle it, certainly will damage the kidneys and interfere with the overall body metabolism. A. Kidney anatomy Kidney anatomy earmarked for various activities crucial to the body. The old red, this organ composed of two sides; convex and concave sides. Each side of the kidney is connected by a transparent membrane called the renal capsule, which helps protect the kidneys from infection and trauma. KIDNEY divided into two major areas, namely: 1. Bright area on the outside, renal cortex 2. Colored area concentrated on the inside, renal medulla In the medulla there are 8 or more cone-shaped sections, called the renal pyramids. The area between the pyramid is called renal columns. B. Anatomy Kidney and Excretion Most basic structure of the kidney are nephrons. Each kidney has one million microscopic structure that serves to filter blood and remove waste. Arterial blood to the kidney channel every day, 180 liters or 50 gallons. When blood enters the kidneys, so he will be filtered and returned to the heart through the venous blood vessels. The process of filtering and disposal of body fluids is called excretion. The body has four organ systems responsible for this excretion process. Urinisasi system is one system in the excretion organs. He served membuah waste, toxins, hormones, salt, iron hydrogen, and water is no longer needed in the body.

C. Normal Kidney Size Normal kidney size in adults: Length: 10-13 cm (4 -5 inches) Width: 5-7,5 cm (2-3 inches) Weight: approximately 150 grams Percentage of kidney weight: 0.5% of body weight Kidney size in humans is very small, very simple anatomy, but their responsibility for the health of the body is very large. So always keep your kidney health for your event smoothly. D. Kidney Function 1. Discard toxins and waste products / waste from the blood. Toxins in the blood such as urea and uric acid. If the toxin content is too excessive, would interfere with the metabolism. 2. Maintain cleanliness of blood to regulate the fluid (aira and salt) in the body 3. Regulate blood pressure. Kidneys produce renin enzyme in charge of controlling blood pressure and electrolytic balance. Alter renin protein in the blood becomes angiotensis hormone. Next angiotensis be converted into aldosterone is to absorb sodium and water into the blood. 4. Adjust the pH balance of blood. 5. Processing of vitamin D that can be stimulated by bone 6. Erythropoiethin hormone produced in charge of red blood cell production in bone E. Diseases of the Kidney 1. Diabetes mellitus 2. Hypertension 3. Pyelonephritis (inflammation of the kidney) 4. Kidney stones 5. Alport syndrome 6. Kidney reflux disease 7. Medullary sponge kidney F. How to maintain kidney health? 1. Diet. Take care of each intake by eating nutritious foods, not smoking and not drinking alcohol 2. Water hygiene and kidney organ 3. Exercise regularly 4. Doing detoxifikasi for kidney health

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