Olweus Anti-Bullying Program by murplelake81

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                                 2008 Update
November 18, 2008
Dr. Valencia F. Douglas, Superintendent of Schools
Gina Cappiello, Director of Curriculum & Professional Development
Peace is active,
 not passive.
Peace is doing,
 not waiting.
Peace like war
must be waged.
            Jimmy Carter
      Where Have We Been?
Committee Identified the Olweus Anti-Bullying
Program for grades K-8 (Spring, 2007)
Implementation timeline developed (Summer, 2007)
Building anti-bullying committees chosen (Fall, 2007)
Training materials ordered (Fall, 2007)
Professional development/ training for Building
Committees (Fall, 2007)
      Where Have We Been?
Surveys taken and results provided to building anti-
bullying committees and staff members (Fall 2007/
Winter 2008)
Buildings kick off Olweus program (Winter/Spring
Building committees meet to plan implementation with
students through classroom meetings /advisory
sessions (Ongoing)
Periodic check-ins with outside consultant (Ongoing)
      What is Bullying?
Among researchers, bullying is aggressive
behavior that
    (a) is intended to cause stress and
    (b) exists where there is an imbalance
    of power, &
    (c) is repeated over time (a pattern).
A person is being bullied
 when he or she is exposed,
 repeatedly and over time to
 negative actions from one
 or more other persons.
Negative Actions
When a person intentionally
 inflicts injury or discomfort
 on another person through
 physical contact, through
 words, or in other ways.
Three (3) Points: Rip!

R repeated (over and over)
I intentional (causes distress,
    fear, and/or harm to the victim)

P   power-based (cannot defend self)
Acronym for Bullying
 B    Behind your back
 E    Equal in power- NOT
 H    Harmful
 A    Aggressive
 V   Very mean
 I   In your face
 O    Over time/on-going/on purpose
 R    Repeated
Bullying Behavior
Overt and covert
Direct and indirect
Open attacks and subversive
Physical and non-physical
Social isolation/exclusion from a group
Name calling, threats, gossip, rumors, lies,
making fun of, manipulating friendships, mean
Intentional where a person cannot defend self
 Goal of Bullying Prevention
Experts must help students exert
leadership in recognizing bullying,
  refusing to participate, and in
          coming to the aid
              of victims
    skillfully and nonviolently.
           Dan Olweus
     Components of Bully Prevention

Establishing a committee to address implementation
Surveying students in 3rd-12th grades

Kick-Off to the entire school community.
Addressing hotspots with a supervision plan
Developing school and classroom rules about
Developing sanctions and enforcing rules
   Components of Bully Prevention

Hosting weekly classroom meetings
Hosting monthly teacher discussion groups
Hosting quarterly parent discussion circles
Conferencing with bullies/victims and their
Staff readings: Bullying At School by Olweus
In-service training and updating of staff
 Individual: bully and victim
 Classroom: rules, meetings
 School-wide: rules, survey, kickoff
 Community: norming behavior
 Parent: discussion & PTA
      Olweus Cycle of Bullying
         A. Bully                               G. Defender –
                        A                    Dislikes the bullying
B. Follower or                        G            and tries
 henchman –
  may even          B                         to help the victim

carry out the           Social Culture
C. Supporter,       C
takes part in                                    F. Passive
 the bullying
                        D                F        Defender
                                                – dislikes the
      D. Passive              E               bullying but does
     Supporter                                 not show open
Who Has Responsibility?

   Those who bully,
      or those who
      stand by and
   allow it to happen!
         CC Habel
Bystanders! Take a Stand !
  B     Be helpful
  Y     You can make a difference
  S     Speak up; use humor
  T     Tell an adult
  A     Act assertively
  N     Never bully others
  D     Discuss other choices
  E     Empathize
  R     Role model good behavior
  S     Show support
        The 4 Olweus Rules
1. We will not bully other students.
2. We will help students who are bullied.
3. We will make it a point to include
   ALL students who are easily left out.
4. When we know someone is being
   bullied, we will tell a teacher or an
   adult at home.
What Bullying
Prevention Is Not:

 Anger management
 Conflict resolution
 Peer mediation
Are you trying to get someone in
Are you trying to keep someone from
getting hurt?
 Is it bullying?
 Is it teasing?
 How is the action received by
the recipient? Is the
recipient too fragile to ask the
aggressor to stop?
Bullying-       Power differential, repeated,
not friends
Horseplay- Rough play, usually friends,
equal power
Fighting-       Usually a singular event, equal
power, not friends
 Identify hotspots for bullying
 Develop sanctions for bullying
 Develop rubric-based standards
 Develop a safety plan for the victim
 Train staff with on-the-spot
 Train staff on intervening with
     It Is A Journey!
 Change is slow and often subtle.
 It is a process and does not occur in big
 It takes steps that are implemented over
 The process takes a minimum of 3-5
   Where Are We Now?
 Building committees meet to plan
instruction with students through classroom
meetings /advisory sessions
 Periodic check-ins with outside consultant
 District-Wide Anti-Bullying Team meets
bi-monthly to share best practices, discuss
current status, future plans, successes,
challenges, etc.
   Where Are We Now?
Training for Teaching Assistants provided on
conference days (March and November, 2008)
Quarterly anti-bullying newsletter published
electronically for parents on school and District
web sites.
Family and community outreach and information
regarding the program provided by the Family
Resource Center personnel (Julie Kassel and
Lisa Retallack) PTA, Youth Collaborative
This year- PTAs and meeting YMCA, Nyack
Center, Libraries and other community locations
frequented by our students
    Where Are We Going?
District-Wide Bully Prevention Team meets bi-monthly to
plan next steps
Continued training and professional development for
teachers and teaching assistants- Additional training for
teachers is planned over the next two months in all buildings
Continued family and community outreach and information
regarding the program provided by the Family Resource
Center Personnel (Julie Kassel and Lisa Retallack)
Examine consequences for bullying behavior that are
aligned to our code of conduct
Brainstorm options for building and rewarding caring and
respectful behavior
   Where Are We Going?
Plan to implement survey again within
the next two years
Identify additional curriculum
resources that reinforce the anti-
bullying message
Attempt to provide training for bus
drivers and cafeteria personnel
     Liberty Elementary
Use of daily Morning Program to focus students on the 4
Host a building Pep-Rally for the 4 Anti-Bullying Rules.
Students will redesign and present posters
Work with teachers to better use class meetings as a tool
for promoting the anti-bullying message
Use of incident report form
Piloting the Blue Card as a warning in the cafeteria and on
the playground
Goal of the Liberty Team: Examine ways to empower the
victims and the bystanders
      Upper Nyack Elementary
Building Anti-bullying team meets monthly
Morning meetings are held daily in the primary grades and two
times per week and as needed in the upper grades
During the first week in December students will be performing
skits as part of an all-school assembly
As part of a multicultural evening, students will perform these
skits for parents. The Upper Nyack parent representative to
the anti-bullying committee will conduct the overview for the
Goal of the Upper Nyack Team: Examine ways to teach
positive behaviors as students implement the 4 Rules
    Valley Cottage Elementary

Anti-Bullying Committee meets and information is turn-
keyed through grade level meetings
Developed playground/cafeteria supervision plan
Pilot the use of incident reports as a means of student
reflection on behavior
Additional training for teachers to be held at the
December 8th curriculum meeting
Goal of the Valley Cottage Team: To have students
internalize the 4 rules and to understand their role in the
bullying circle
    Middle School
Advisory activities in each marking period will
focus on one of the Anti-Bullying Rules
Each grade will participate in a culminating
activity on a Middle School Olweus Day
By January, teachers will have access to selected
scenarios and vignettes on the Middle School
shared drive to support their anti-bullying
Goal of the MS team: Examine ways to
empower the bystanders

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