Minimally Invasive Back Surgery

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    Minimally Invasive Back Surgery
                                                                              two medical specialties—                 “But using minimally invasive XLIF techniques, we
                                                                              neurosurgery and orthopedic              can access the vertebrae through a two-inch incision
                                                                              surgery—the UCI Multidisciplinary        in the patient’s side.” Guided by high-end imaging
                                                                              Spine Program is among the most          and monitoring equipment, doctors remove the disc
                                                                              progressive in the country,” says        material from between the vertebrae and replace it
                                                                              neurosurgeon Dr. Burak Ozgur,            with finely ground bone particles packed into a
                                                                              co-director of the program.              tiny metal cage. Over time, the bone grows through
                                                                              Neurosurgeons are experts in the         the openings in the cage and around the device,
                                                                              nervous system, including the spinal     fusing the two vertebrae. “Because the operation
                                                                              column and spinal cord. They’re          is performed through a thin tube, doctors can reach
                                                                              highly skilled in the use of high-       the spine by going through natural separations in
                                                                              powered microscopes, which aid           the muscles, rather than cutting or pulling them
                                                                              them in working with spinal tissue.      apart,” says Ozgur. “This helps avoid failed back
                                                                              Orthopedic specialists are authorities   syndrome, a debilitating condition that can occur
                                                                              on the musculoskeletal system,           due to muscle trauma.”
                                                                              including bones, joints, ligaments,
                                                                              tendons, muscles and nerves.                It’s now possible to decompress
                                                                                “When doctors from these two             pinched nerves, replace herniated
                                                                              specialties combine their expertise,
                                                                                                                         discs, repair joints and fuse bones
                                                                              they enhance each other’s
                                                                              efforts,” says orthopedic surgeon         using minimally invasive methods.
                                                                              Dr. Nitin Bhatia, co-director of the
                                                                              UCI Multidisciplinary Spine Program.     X-Stop. Another minimally invasive operation
    The spine is an amazing structure                       “This enables them to address any aspect of spinal         called the X-Stop procedure repairs a common
                                                            surgery.” Ozgur and Bhatia are both fellowship-            problem called lumbar spinal stenosis. “This painful
    composed of 24 bones called
                                                            trained in spine surgery and experts in leading-edge       situation develops in the lower back when bone
    vertebrae and an equal number                           minimally invasive spinal procedures.                      spurs, damaged discs or unstable vertebrae narrow
    of gel-like discs to separate them.                       “It’s now possible to decompress pinched nerves,         the space for the spinal cord,” says Bhatia. Before
                                                            replace herniated discs, repair damaged joints and         minimally invasive methods for spine surgery were
    Held together by a network of muscles and
                                                            fuse bones, all through small incisions,” says Bhatia.     available, doctors routinely made a five-inch incision
    tendons, the spine encases the spinal cord. This
                                                                                                                       to correct the condition. “It began at the buttocks
    complex design allows us to be flexible, but it also    Saving the muscles. The difference this
                                                                                                                       and continued to the small of the back,” explains
    causes a lot of trouble when parts develop problems.    approach makes can be seen clearly in a procedure
                                                                                                                       Bhatia. “But today, the X-Stop approach, which is
    Last year, more than 500,000 people had spine           called extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF).
                                                                                                                       performed on an outpatient basis, requires only a
    surgery to get off the roller coaster of pain they’d    Involving the “welding” together of vertebrae to
                                                                                                                       single two-inch incision in the center of the spine.”
    been riding for months—and sometimes years.             stabilize the spine, XLIF is used to help people
                                                                                                                       Not all patients are candidates for the XLIF or X-Stop
      But new developments in minimally invasive spine      with conditions that require spinal fusion such as
                                                                                                                       procedures. But those who qualify benefit greatly
    surgery are making life easier for many patients.       herniated discs or scoliosis. “In the past, accessing
                                                                                                                       from the impressive advances made in minimally
    University of California, Irvine Medical Center         the vertebrae for a spinal fusion required major
                                                                                                                       invasive spine surgery over the past few years.
    physicians are leading the way by offering the newest   incisions, combined with cutting and manipulating
                                                                                                                          For referral to a UC Irvine Medical Center spine
    procedures available anywhere. “By bringing together    muscles to get to the backbone,” explains Ozgur.
                                                                                                                       specialist, call 714-456-BACK.