WIND POWER IN WYOMING

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					WIND POWER IN WYOMING
      June 14, 2007
What’s in it for Wyoming Farmers and Ranchers?
               Wind Power
•   What is Wind Power?
•   Why is Wind Power important?
•   Where in Wyoming?
•   What help can you get?
•   Issues with wind power
         What is Wind Power?
• History of Wind Power
  – First examples are sails on boats.
         What is Wind Power
• Wind Mills to operate Sawmills, Grain mills
  and Pumps
        What is Wind Power?
• Before Rural Electrification: Winchargers
        What is Wind Power?
• Current wind power technology started
  about 25 years ago.
• Early commercial turbines were small and
  unreliable. --40 to 100 cents/kwh
• Typical current commercial Turbines
  – 675kW –1.5mW—3 to 5 cents/kwh
• GE 3.6mW and Clipper 2.5mW
          Small Wind Power
• Turbines 1kW to 25kW to 100kW
  – Tip up masts to permanent towers
  – Wyoming Net Metering Rule
    • 25kW LIMIT
    • ANNUAL TRUE-UP
           Community Wind
• Commercial-sized Wind Turbine Projects
  – 1 to several turbines
  – Support local power requirements
  – Generally, local ownership
     Commercial Wind Projects
• Many wind turbines 10-100
• Larger turbines 500kW and larger
• Generally, Utility or Producer-owned.
     WHY IS WIND POWER
        IMPORTANT?
• PRODUCES ELECTRICITY WITHOUT
  GREENHOUSE GASES
• PROVIDES LOCAL ECONOMIC
  DEVELOPMENT ~ 14 JOBS PER 100MW
 – DOE SOFTWARE –JEDI
WHERE IN WYOMING?
            WIND MAP
•   HIGH DEFINITION 50M
•   WIND POWER AND SPEED
•   www.windpowermaps.org
•   USE FOR WIND PROSPECTING
      Wind development in WY
• 288 mW
  – Arlington
  – Evanston
  – F.E. Warren
• Wind development potential in WY
  – 5300 mW per WGA
         Wind Measurements
• Why is measuring the wind important?
• Wind energy is proportional to Wind
  Speed cubed WE=K x WS3
• Small differences in wind speed equal
  large differences in energy produced.
      153 = 3375           183 = 5832
  Need to know daily/seasonal variations
  Affects value of a project
ANEMOMETER LOAN PROGRAM
• ASSIST IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF
  COMMERCIAL-SCALE WIND POWER
• 50M TOWERS- 3 LEVELS OF
  INSTRUMENTATION
• WYO. STATE ENERGY OFFICE PURCHASE
• LANDOWNER PAYS FOR INSTALLATION
  COSTS
• WYO. SEO PAYS FOR DATA ANALYSIS AND
  TOWER RELOCATION
ANEMOMETER LOAN PROGRAM
• 30M TOWERS
 – FOR SMALL TURBINES—FARM/RANCH
   USE
 – COLLECT DATA AT ONE LEVEL
 – FOR SMALL WIND APPLICATIONS
 – 3 AVAILABLE
 – NO COST TO LAND OWNER
ISSUES FOR WIND IN WYOMING
•   TRANSMISSION LINE CAPACITY
    –   PROBLEM FOR FOSSIL AND RENEWABLES
    –   ROCKY MOUNTAIN AREA TRANSMISSION STUDY
    –   FRONTIER LINE-WY-UT-NV-CA
    –   TOT-3
    –   TRANS-WEST
    –   PACIFICORP—JIM BRIDGER WEST
    –   WYOMING INFRASTRUCTURE AUTHORITY
         • PROPOSED CHANGE IN CONSTITUTION TO ALLOW STATE TO PARTICIPATE IN
           TRANSMISSION LINE DEVELOPMENT
    – TRANSMISSION LINES TO SITES
•   PRODUCTION TAX CREDIT INSECURITY 1.8 cents/kWh
•   NO RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARD IN WYOMING
•   NON-DISPATCHABILITY OF WIND—MITIGATED BY WIND PREDICTION
    MODELING/ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS
•   VIEW SHED ISSUES—SOME SITES OFF-LIMITS
•   DEVELOPER LAND MEN—LEASES –GET GOOD LEGAL ADVICE
OTHER ASSISTANCE/TRAINING
• WIND WORKING GROUP
 – ISSUES ORIENTED –WINDPOWER
   AMERICA SPONSORED
 – NEXT MEETING JULY/AUGUST
• ROPING THE WIND CONFERENCE-
  JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2008
• USDA SECTION 9006
     CONTACT INFORMATION
• TOM FULLER
  WYOMING BUSINESS COUNCIL-STATE ENERGY OFFICE
  214 W 15TH ST
  CHEYENNE WY 82002
  TOM.FULLER@WYBUSINESS.ORG
  307 777 2804

  DALE HOFFMAN
  WBC-SEO
  DALE.HOFFMAN@WYBUSINESS.ORG

  WWW.WYOMINGBUSINESS.ORG BUSINESS ASSISTANCE,
   STATE ENERGY PROGRAM
     MORE CONTACT INFO
• ROPING THE WIND, WIND WORKING
  GROUP

• ED WERNER
 – 307 358 2007