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					burj dubai:
 Absolute
 insanity
burj dubai:
in 2004, Ground was broken
on what would, within
three years, become the
tallest man-made structure
in the world.
Where to build the world’s     199o
most ambitious skyscraper?


the world’s most
ambitious City
 Dubai:

 Fast Facts
 area - 3,885 sq km
 population - 1.2m             2003
            - 80% Expat
 language - arabic, english
           hindu, urdu
 government - oligarchy (al-
           Maktoum family)
 Economy - <6% oil,
           94% real estate
           banking, tourism,
           other
Project Details
Architect: SOM, Adrian Smith
Developer: Emaar
Project manager: Turner Const. Int’l


Cost:   Tower - $800,000,000
         project - $4,100,000,000
         Entire Development - $20 Billion

height:   Spire - 2,684’
            Roof - 2,111’
            TOP FLOOR - 2,048’ (164 FLOORS)

AREA:   3,600,000 SQ. FT.

Use:   Office, Hotel, Residential
Location
where could such
shenanigans
occur?




      (us)
                   over
                   here
Location
Location
Location
Location
concept begins
  where craziness
                      Hymenocallis Speciosa




                        Smith draws inspiration from the
                        existing culture and context.
                        He identifies traditional arab/
                        islamic forms and organic forms
                        as his primary influence.

    mile high tower     he may also be a F.l.w fan.
concept
   where craziness begins
iterations insanity
     refining the
iterations
     looking good
Wind considerations
      you can’t blow this house down


                 “ONE OF THE KEY       IMPORTANT IN
                 ISSUES IN THE         THE MITIGATION
                 STRUCTURAL            OF THESE FORCES
                 DESIGN OF SUPER       AND WE TESTED,
                 TALL BUILDINGS        BY WIND TUNNEL
                 IS THAT THE           TEST, SEVERAL
                 BUILDING HAS          VARIATIONS OF
                 THE SHAPE             THE CONCEPT
                 NECESSARY TO          UNTIL WE
                 SHED NEGATIVE         GOT THE
                 FORCES IMPOSED        ORIENTATION
                 ON IT BY THE          AND STEPPING
                 WIND MOVING           SYSTEM TO
                 AROUND THE            OPTIMUM
                 BUILDING.             PERFORMANCE
                 COMMONLY              AND VERIFIED
                 KNOWN AS              THAT THE
                 VORTICES, THESE       BUILDING SHAPE
                 ARE THE FORCES        RESPONDED
                 THAT MOVE A           PROPERLY TO
                 BUILDING FROM         THE MAXIMUM
                 SIDE TO SIDE. THE     WINDS EXPECTED
                 SHAPE OF THE          ON THE SITE.”
                 BUILDING IS VERY
                                       -ADRIAN SMITH
Reverse stack effect
    the upside down chimney

                              With hot
                              temperatures
                              outside, and cold
                              air inside, the
                              designers were
                              required to deal
                              with a reverse stack
                              effect. cold air
                              settling inside the
                              building would pull
                              warm outside air in,
                              and down through
                              the structure.
Structure don’t fall down’
    ‘why buildings




                  “The structure of the Burj Dubai
                  is modular, with a central
                  hexagonal shaft or core and
                  three branches that spread out
                  at 120 degrees from each other.
                  Attached to these braches are
                  wall-like columns at 9-meter
                  spacing that simply drop off as
                  each leg sets back, avoiding the
                  complex and costly structural
                  transfers.” -Adrian Smith
Exterior Wall




 “The tower’s exterior wall is solid and reflective, shielding sunlight
 from its interior spaces. At the tower’s base, the fins are deeper
 and the glazing elements are more horizontal in proportion. The
 exterior skin is typical on all surfaces of the tower above the
 third floor until it becomes the spire, at which point the density of
 the verticals increases as the radius of the surfaces decreases. The
 primary focus of the design for the exterior wall was to eliminate
 any horizontal surfaces that could collect the fine-grained desert
 dust and sand.” -Adrian Smith
SUN STUDIES   FYI, DUBAI GETS A LOT OF SUN




                                             Although,
                                             apparently
                                             not a major
                                             concern, when
                                             constructing a
                                             2600’+ tower,
                                             one does case
                                             a considerable
                                             shadow. The
                                             step backs help
                                             to mitigate
                                             this side effect.
Tier layout
Interior Designyou serious...
    ‘By Giorgio Armani, are
               Pretty big, eh?




Sources
Smith, Adrian. “The architecture of adrian Smith, SOM: Toward a
   Sustatinable Future.” Mulgrave, Australia: The images publishing
   Group, 2007.

“Burj Dubai Skyscraper.” <http://www.burjdubaiskyscraper.com/>.

“Burj Dubai Official Website.” < http://www.burjdubai.com/>.

“Burj Dubai.” < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burj_Dubai>.

				
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