ARCHAEOLOGY PALEONTOLOGY

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					&             PALEONTOLOGY
        ARCHAEOLOGY


                                                                ARCHAEOLOGY
                                                                Mitchell Prehistoric Indian Village – Mitchell




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                                                                A tour at the Thomson Center Archeodome will unveil artifacts that
                                                                are more than 1,000 years old. Previous excavations at the Mitchell
                                                                Prehistoric Indian Village site have uncovered clues of village life
                                                                including the food the villagers ate and the tools they used. The
                                                                Boehnen Museum and Patton Gallery displays a model of what the
                                                                village may have looked like and also a life-size reconstructed lodge.


                       I
Greenhorn’s Guide to




                                                                A team of 22 British student fieldworkers and two professors return for
                          f you have the itch to dig, join      a fourth year this summer, July 5 – Aug. 5, to excavate and map the site
                       a real-life excavation to explore a      as well as clean artifacts. Visitors to the site have an opportunity to
                       prehistoric world that tells the story   view a live excavation, learn the techniques of archeological recovery
                       of the first humans who walked on        and preservation, and gain an understanding of this prehistoric
                       this land. The largest Tyrannosaurus     farming/hunting culture.
                       rex ever discovered, Sue, was found
                       in 1990 in northwest South Dakota.       Admission is charged. Call (605) 996-5473, e-mail
                       Coming in May of 2008, visitors          info@mitchellindianvillage.org or visit www.MitchellIndianVillage.org.
                       will have the chance to see Sue on
                       display in South Dakota as part of the
                       Traveling “Sue” Exhibit.                 Burghduff Bison Kill – Northwest South Dakota
                                                                After the discovery of three Alberta points in the northwestern corner
                                                                of the state, a 9,000-year-old bison kill site was uncovered. Two small




2007
                                                                units have been placed at the site since it was first uncovered. So far,
                                                                the site has yielded numerous bison bones and appears to have been
                                                                a bison kill event. Additional excavations will determine if this was




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                                                                a communal event from populations across the northern and western
                                                                plains or a small band of local inhabitants.

                                                                Volunteers are invited to take part in this excavation. Call
                                                                 (605) 394-1936 or e-mail mike.fosha@state.sd.us for dig dates.
PALEONTOLOGY
III
               Big Pig Dig – Badlands National Park                                                   Mammoth Kill Site – Brookings
               In June of 1993, two visitors at Badlands National Park discovered                     Three fishermen canoeing along the banks of
               a fossil bed more than 32 million years old. The site is thought                       the Big Sioux River spotted in the side of a cliff
               to represent a prehistoric watering hole where thirsty animals                         what they thought looked like animal remains in
               became stuck. Paleontologists have uncovered 12 types of animals,                      the side of a cliff. Later investigation revealed
               including a cow-sized rhinoceros, a pig-like animal, a small, three-                   evidence of an 11,000-year-old mammoth kill site.
               toed horse, a type of tortoise and a rabbit ancestor.                                  Archaeologists uncovered the skull, jawbone, ribs
                                                                                                      and other bones of a mammoth and some bison
                                                  Site excavation continues this summer               along with stone tools.
                                                   through mid-August. The public is
                                                    invited to observe paleontologists in             The public is encouraged to visit the site and learn
                                                     action. Visitors can also view fossils           how a paleontological dig is conducted. Visitors
                                                      of the ancient creatures on the Fossil          can study fossils and talk to paleontologists. Call
                                                       Exhibit Trail. Open daily 9 a.m.- 4:30         (605) 394-1936 or e-mail mike.fosha@state.sd.us




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                                                        p.m. Park entrance fee required. Call         for dig dates.
                                                         Rachel Benton, Badlands National
                                                          Park, at (605) 433-5261 or e-mail
                                          na l Park        rachel_benton@nps.gov for dig
                                    Natio
                          Badl ands                         dates.
               Dig   in
        ig Pig




V
    B




 Marine Fossil Dig – Chamberlain
 Paleontologists are working to discover how the sea that
 once covered mid-America changed at the end of the




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 Mesozoic Era.
                                                                                                                   Traveling through geological time at
 Excavations continue the first two weeks in August                                                                The Journey Museum
 near Chamberlain at a marine fossil site. Volunteers are
 welcome to help scientists dig for giant reptiles, such
 as 36-foot-long mosasaurs and plesiosaurs that swam                          The Mammoth Site – Hot Springs
 the oceans, as well as fish, flying reptiles, birds, turtles,
 sharks, ammonites and other invertebrates. The dig can                       The simple act of getting a drink of water led to the deaths of hundreds of
 be taken for college credit.                                                 mammoths and other animals 26,000 years ago. After entering the spring-
                                                                              fed sinkhole to drink and bathe, the mammoths were unable to climb back
 Fee charged. Call (605) 394-2467, e-mail                                     up the slippery banks and became trapped, ultimately starving to death.
 James.Martin@sdsmt.edu or visit www.sdsmt.edu.                               Since 1974, 53 Columbian mammoths and three woolly mammoths have
                                                                              been unearthed, making this the first site both species have been found
                                                                              together. Other fossils discovered include camel, llama, giant short-faced
                                                                              bear, wolf, coyote and prairie dog.

                                                                              Visitors may tour the working dig and Ice Age exhibit year-round. The
                                                                              Earthwatch Institute sponsors an excavation at the site each year. Contact
                                                                              Earthwatch at 1-800-776-0188 for more information. The Mammoth Site
                                                                              also offers a Junior Paleontologist Program seven days a week through Aug.
    A recovered                                                               15. This simulated dig allows participants to excavate replicas of actual
 mammoth at the                                                               bones found at the site. Merit badges in geology for Boy and Girl Scouts are
  Mammoth Site                                                                offered.

                                                                              Admission is charged. Call The Mammoth Site at (605) 745-6017 or visit
                                                                              www.MammothSite.com.
                                                           MUSEUMS
          South Dakota Cultural Heritage Center – Pierre
          Take a step back in time at the Cultural Heritage Center. Learn the history
          behind the people who made South Dakota the diverse state it is today.

          Listen to recordings of Native Americans speaking Dakota, Lakota and
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                                                                                                The Black Hills Museum of Natural
                                                                                                History – Hill City
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          Nakota. Touch the different types of fur traded by trappers in the state’s
          early days. A train car serves as a theater for a video about the railroad,
                                                                                                The Black Hills Museum of Natural History
          and visitors learn about the Missouri River while standing at the helm of
                                                                                                in Hill City is home to the original
          a steamboat. Hand-milk a model cow and learn about life in the 1900s in
                                                                                                65-million-year-old Stan, one of the two
          “Changing Times.”
                                                                                                most complete Tyrannosaurus rex fossils ever
                                                                                                found. Paleontologists from the museum have
          The Cultural Heritage Center
                                                                                                participated in the excavation and restoration
          also houses the state archives,
                                                                                                of eight T-rex skeletons since 1990.
          which has a public research
          room. Admission is charged.
                                                                                                See Stan, along with an immense collection
          Call (605) 773-3458 or visit
                                                                                                of invertebrate, mammal and fish fossils. The
          www.sdhistory.org/mus/
                                                                                                museum also boasts a massive assortment of
          museum.htm.
                                                                                                minerals and agates, and a vast meteorite
                             American Indian Prayer Rock at the Cultural Heritage Center        collection.




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                                                                                                Admission is free. Call (605) 574-4505 or visit
                                                                                                www.bhmnh.org.



 The Journey Museum                                       Washington Pavilion of Arts and Science – Sioux Falls
 Rapid City                                               Unearth your own dinosaur bone at the Kirby Science Center in the Washington
 Take an incredible trek through time                     Pavilion of Arts and Science in Sioux Falls. The center is home to more than 80
 at The Journey Museum in Rapid City.                     hands-on science exhibits and a full-size replica of a Tyrannosaurus Rex found in
 Visitors can begin their “journey” 2.5                   western South Dakota.
 billion years ago in the abyss – a period of
 unrecorded time – and then continue on                   Visitors may touch a real dinosaur bone and a fossilized dinosaur egg. Children and
 to trace South Dakota’s history through                  adults may conduct their own excavation to discover dinosaur bone replicas. For
 exhibits on rock formations, dinosaurs,                  youngsters, the center offers a giant bone puzzle of the state fossil, the Triceratops.
 Native American cultures, pioneers and
 modern history. Interactive exhibits                     Admission is charged. Call 1-877-WASHPAV or visit www.WashingtonPavilion.org.
 allow for a unique first-hand learning




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 experience.

 Admission is charged. Call
 (605) 394-6923 or visit
 www.JourneyMuseum.org.                                               Museum of Geology – Rapid City
                                                                      A new collection of baby plesiosauruses from Antarctica is now on display.
                                                                      With a collection of 350,000 vertebrate fossils and 6,000 minerals, the
                                                                      Museum of Geology always has interesting pre-historic stories to tell.
                                                                      Visitors may view fossils of ancient residents of South Dakota, such as saber-
                                                                      tooth cats, small camels, giant pigs and a mother oreodont. The museum is
                                                                      located on the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology campus in
                                                                      Rapid City.

                                                                      Admission is free. Call (605) 394-2467 or 1-800-544-8162, ext. 2467 or
                                                                      visit www.sdsmt.edu/services/museum.

                                                                   Marine fossils at the
                                                                   Museum of Geology
      SOUTH DAKOTA’S BLACK HILLS
      enlarged to show detail


                   • Sturgis
                                                                                             Mobridge                                              •
                                                                                            •                  Aberdeen                    Sisseton
          •                               • Buffalo                                                                     •
         Deadwood
     Lead                                   II                                                                                                                     •
                                                                                                                                                           Milbank
                       Rapid •   XI                                                                                Redfield
                                                                                                                                     Watertown
                       City                                                                                             •                           •
Black Hills                      IX
National Forest                       • Belle Fourche
                                                                                                          Miller

                                                                                          VII Pierre
                                                                                                              •
                                                                                                                              •
                                                                                                                                           De Smet
                                                                                                                                              •         IV
    Hill City
                VIII                                                                                                          Huron               Brookings
                                                                                                                                                               •
                                                                                        Fort
                                                                                        Pierre
                                                 Rapid City
                                                 •              Wall
                                                                  •             Murdo                     V                             Madison
                                                                                                                                                       •
                                                                                    •
                                                      Badlands  III        •
                                                                                                          Chamberlain
                                                                                                          •
                                                      National Park    Kadoka                                                          I
                                                                                                 Winner
                                                                                                                                  Mitchell
                                                                                                                                                    Sioux
                                                                                                                                                               X
                                                                                                 •
                   VI                                                 Martin
                                                                                                                                                    Falls
                       Hot Springs                                         •
     • Edgemont
                                                                                                                                      Yankton
                                                                                                                                               •        Vermillion
                                                                                                                                                           •

                                                                                                                                                                       North
                                                                                                                                                                       • Sioux
                                                                                                                                                                          City




                                                                                                                            SOUTH DAKOTA
                                                                                                                            ORGANIZATIONS
                                                                                                                            HOSTING DIGS
                                                                                                                            THIS SUMMER
                                                                                                                            Archaeological Research Center
                                                                                                                            Rapid City
                                                                                                                            (605) 394-1936
                                                                                                                            www.sdsmt.edu/wwwsarc

                                                                                                                            The Mammoth Site
                                                                                                                            Hot Springs
                                                                                                                            (605) 745-6017
                                                                                                                            www.mammothsite.com

                                                                                                                            Museum of Geology
                                                                                                                            Rapid City
                                                                                                                            (605) 394-2467
                                                                                                                            www.sdsmt.edu/services/museum