Wind power generation is a relatively new

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					Innovations for New Markets | Saving Energy in the U.S.



Bright Future for Wind Power
W     ind power generation is a relatively new
      technology. It was only 30 years ago, in
1979, that the first wind turbine — with an
                                                         ness year 2008 alone, the company was
                                                         awarded contracts for the installation of 1,500
                                                         MW of output. Orders here include 130 units,
output of 22 kilowatts — entered service in              each with an output of 2.3 MW, to be delivered
Denmark. Today, these zero-emission genera-              to two wind parks in Washington State, and
tion units can produce well over 100 times that          141 units of the same size that will be set up at
output, in addition to also achieving a maxi-            Biglow Canyon Wind Farm in Oregon. The com-
mum efficiency of 45 percent. So no one                  bined total output of these units is enough to
should be surprised that the wind turbine busi-          provide 180,000 American households with
ness is booming, especially with the looming             environmentally-friendly electricity.
threat of climate change and the general de-                In September 2007, Siemens put into oper-
pletion of resources that the world is experi-           ation its first U.S. rotor blade factory in Fort
encing. Energy from the wind is also rapidly be-         Madison, Iowa, in order to more effectively




In the U.S., Siemens manufactures rotor blades and has installed turbines with a total output of over 2,700 MW.


coming more popular in the U.S. — not least              meet the country’s growing demand for wind
because the country’s new administration has             power. Since then, the facility has been pro-
set itself the goal of increasing the share of re-       ducing around 600 rotor blades per year for the
newable energy sources in the U.S. electricity           U.S. market. Each of these blades is 45 meters
mix to 25 percent by 2025. By comparison, the            long and weighs 12 tons. The plant has already
share of electricity from such sources was only          reached the limits of its manufacturing capac-
2.5 percent in 2007, according to the U.S. En-           ity, which it is now planned to double.
ergy Information Administration. Nevertheless,               Siemens also recently commissioned the
the conditions required for this tremendous              construction of a new research and develop-
shift are in place. The U.S. is already the world’s      ment center in Boulder, Colorado. Work at the
largest wind energy market — and Siemens is              center will be focused on improving the aero-
one of that market’s leading suppliers.                  dynamics, static properties, and reliability of
    Siemens has installed wind power facilities          Siemens’ wind turbines, thereby further con-
with a combined output of more than 2,700                solidating the company’s leadership in the U.S.
megawatts (MW) in the U.S. to date; in busi-             wind energy sector.                          sw


                                                         Pictures of the Future | Spring 2009              103
Innovations for New Markets | Saving Energy in the U.S.



Green Buildings Save Big Bucks                                                                                                                                             Clean Water for
B    uildings are real energy hogs. They account
     for roughly 40 percent of all energy con-
                                                        $5 million on energy costs and were honored
                                                        together with Siemens in 2006, receiving the
                                                                                                                                                                           Growing Cities
sumption worldwide, and their electricity and
heat consumption are responsible for about 21
percent of all greenhouse gas emissions.
                                                        Governor’s Award for Excellence in Energy, an
                                                        honor presented by the State of Ohio.
                                                            And in Las Vegas, Nevada, Siemens is cur-
                                                                                                                                                                           W       ater treatment plants need to filter out a
                                                                                                                                                                                   variety of substances from dirty water,
                                                                                                                                                                           including germs, agriculture-related toxins, and
    But modern technology can change that               rently equipping a gigantic construction proj-                                                                     heavy metals such as lead. One of the most ef-
gloomy picture, reducing building energy con-           ect with environmentally-friendly technology.                                                                      fective water treatment procedures involves
sumption by around 30 percent — without sac-            Here, the MGM Mirage hotel chain is building                                                                       the use of membrane filters that are being de-
rificing comfort. Siemens is among the world’s          its CityCenter facility, a complex with about                                                                      veloped by Siemens in the United States. The
leading companies specializing in this field. To        5,500 rooms, a theater, conference center,                                                                         filters’ fine hairline fibers hold back viruses,
date, Siemens has used its energy-efficient, en-        shopping mall, and even its own power plant.                                                                       bacteria, and tiny particles when polluted wa-
vironmentally-friendly solutions to optimize            When this “city within a city” opens, a multi-          St. Elizabeth’s saves over one million dollars per year.   ter is pressed through them at high pressure.
more than 6,500 buildings worldwide, realiz-            tude of Siemens lighting systems, combined                                                                         What’s more, this process does not require the
ing total energy savings of more than €2 billion        heat and power facilities, water treatment sys-             Siemens is playing a key role in an equally            use of chemical additives.
and annual CO2 emission reductions of 1.2 mil-          tems, automation systems and motors — for               exciting project in Houston, Texas, where the
lion tons.                                              example compressors for the air conditioning            city government intends to modernize its pub-
    The majority of these buildings are in the          systems — will ensure a comfortable stay for            lic buildings. The planning for this multi-phase
U.S. At one location — St. Elizabeth Health             guests. Siemens solutions for the project will          project calls for Siemens to initially analyze the
Center in Youngstown, Ohio — efficient venti-           also satisfy the demanding efficiency require-          optimization potential of the 271 structures in
lation and lighting systems have been provid-           ments of the U.S. Green Building Council, an            question and then determine which solutions
ing an atmosphere conducive to well-being               organization dedicated to sustainability. Using         can be used to upgrade them. The project also
since 2002. And the hospital also covers most           efficient solutions like these pays off. For ex-        could deliver enormous savings. Experts are ex-
of its energy needs by means of a special               ample, most of the motors provided by                   pecting not only environmental benefits, but
waste-incineration plant. In the first four years       Siemens are so efficient that they will be amor-        also annual cost reductions totaling several
alone, the hospital’s operators saved more than         tized within one to two years.                          million dollars.                                sw         Membrane filters: very clean water, no chemicals.


                                                                                                                                                                               Siemens, the number one company in
                                                                                                                                                                           North America for water and wastewater treat-
Melding Public Transport and Traffic Guidance                                                                                                                              ment facilities, has installed more than 1,650
                                                                                                                                                                           membrane systems to date in the U.S. alone.
                                                                                                                                                                           One of the systems can be found in Waxa-
                                                                                                                                                                           hachie, Texas. Faced with a rapidly growing
                                                                                                                                                                           population, in the spring of 2009 the city put
                                                                                                                                                                           into operation a new water treatment plant
                                                                                                                                                                           containing four filter units from Siemens. The
                                                                                                                                                                           facility processes 77.6 million liters of water
                                                                                                                                                                           daily, and plans call for its capacity to be in-
                                                                                                                                                                           creased to more than 300 million liters per day
                                                                                                                                                                           over the next few decades.
                                                                                                                                                                               Another city that is preparing for projected
                                                                                                                                                                           population growth with Siemens technology is
                                                                                                                                                                           Scottsdale, Arizona. There, Siemens has ex-
                                                                                                                                                                           panded the water treatment facility and
One of every three trams and light-rail systems in North America is built by Siemens. The systems help to reduce traffic jams and carbon dioxide emissions.                equipped it with membrane technology. The
                                                                                                                                                                           plant now purifies 190 million liters of water a

T    ransportation accounts for approximately
     14 percent of the world’s total annual
greenhouse gas emissions — and a consider-
                                                            Over the past few years, the company has
                                                        repeatedly demonstrated the benefits offered
                                                        by efficient, local public-transport networks —
                                                                                                                ducing road traffic. The Mobility Division’s
                                                                                                                long-term goal in the U.S. is therefore to pool
                                                                                                                and effectively utilize all traffic-related infor-
                                                                                                                                                                           day, compared to its previous daily capacity of
                                                                                                                                                                           76.5 million liters.
                                                                                                                                                                               Because of their modular design, Siemens
able amount of vehicle emissions is caused by           and today, one out of every three trams and             mation. The first step here has already been               water filters can be used on a very small scale
traffic congestion. Traffic jams in the U.S.            light-rail systems in North America is built by         taken, with one of every six cities in the U.S. al-        as well. One example is offered by the portable
alone, for example, generate approximately 25           Siemens. Cities including Los Angeles, San              ready using a traffic guidance system from                 water treatment solution known as SkyHy-
million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions         Diego, Houston, and Denver use light-rail sys-          Siemens. In the future, transport by car and               drant, which can purify 10,000 liters of drink-
each year.                                              tems from Siemens, which helps to get cars off          train will be more effectively aligned with one            ing water per day. The system is used mainly in
    Advanced transportation solutions can pro-          the streets while also reducing the burden on           another through the use of additional solu-                areas where people have no access to clean
vide relief — and Siemens’ Mobility Division is         the environment.                                        tions, such as public transportation informa-              drinking water — in parts of Kenya, for exam-
one of the market leaders for such solutions in             Such systems, however, represent only one           tion systems, all of which will help to further            ple, as well as in regions of China and
the United States.                                      of several options available for significantly re-      reduce CO2 emissions.                          sw          Bangladesh that have been devastated by natu-
                                                                                                                                                                           ral disasters.                                sw

104           Pictures of the Future | Spring 2009