IPv6 For eBusiness by slappypappy127

VIEWS: 81 PAGES: 62

									                      IPv6 For eBusiness
                  Melbourne Workshop March 22, 2007

                               Tony Hill
                           ISOC-AU IPv6 SIG

                               Mike Biber
                         IPv6 Forum Downunder

                            Nurani Nimpuno
                                APNIC

                              AusRegistry
www.ipv6.org.au                                       IPv6 for eBusiness
   IPv6 for eBusiness Workshop Agenda
 1. Mapping and Awareness: This will describe the IPv6 capabilities that
     Australian businesses can access right now, and what is needed for further
     IPv6 deployment.
 2. Enabling: This will discuss the Enabling Tools developed by this project,
     including business case scenarios, a Return On Investment evaluator, a
     transition checklist and an Easy Access Device.
 3. Infrastructure: This session will cover underpinning infrastructure issues for
     IPv6, the auDA IPv6 Registry Testbed and the Domain Name System under
     IPv6.
 4. IPv6 Easy Access Demonstration: The IPv6 Easy Access Device provides
     access to IPv6 tunnelling even when your ISP supplies only IPv4. It
     provides a simple, low-cost one-step solution to achieving IPv6 connectivity
     for small to medium businesses. A demonstration of the device and its
     capabilities.
     Plus IP addressing issues from APNIC … potential exhaustion of the
     current IPv4 space, and IPv4 and IPv6 address allocation in the Asia Pacific
     region


                                                                                  2
www.ipv6.org.au                                                     IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B Mapping
                         Presented by

                           Tony Hill

                            President
                  Internet Society of Australia

                           Chair
                      ISOC-AU IPv6 SIG




                                                                3
www.ipv6.org.au                                   IPv6 for eBusiness
     Past IPv6 Australian Activity
 •   Launch of IPv6 Forum Downunder
 •   Participation in IPv6 Summits, Washington DC
 •   Formation of ISOC-AU IPv6 SIG
 •   Member of the Asia Pacific IPv6 Task Force
 •   Australian National ICT Industry Alliance
      – Endorsement of national discussion
 • Engagement with Australian Government
 • Tony Hill Keynote speaker at Global IPv6 Summit 2005,
   Korea
 • First Australian IPv6 Summit 2005, Canberra


                                                                  4
www.ipv6.org.au                                     IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6 in 2006 for Australia
 • IPv6 Forum Downunder/ISOC-AU co-branding
 • IPv6 World Congress Meeting Feb 2006
 • IPv6 Readiness Survey
      – http://www.ipv6.org.au/survey.html
 • Second Australian IPv6 Summit 2006, Canberra
      – http://www.isoc-au.org.au/ipv6summit/
 • IPv6 for e-Business project commenced 2006
      – http://www.ipv6.com.au
 • 2nd Australian IPv6 Summit 2006 – follow-up

                                                              5
www.ipv6.org.au                                 IPv6 for eBusiness
  Key International IPv6 Issues for Australia
 • Key Trading & Strategic Partners
      – Japan: developing since 1998, commercial IPv6
        offerings
      – South Korea: IT839 mandating IPv6 by 2010
      – China: IPv6 demonstration Projects by 2008
      – USA: defence & government backbones IPv6 by 2008




                                                            6
www.ipv6.org.au                               IPv6 for eBusiness
  Map of the IPv4 Internet




                             Source: xkcd.com, used under license -
                                  http://xkcd.com/license.html



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www.ipv6.org.au                         IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6 for e-Business Project
 • IPv6 for e-Business is a project for
   documenting, developing business tools,
   raising awareness and assessing
   readiness for Internet Protocol version 6,
   to build Australian capacity to take
   advantage of future innovation, especially
   in the area of business-to-business supply
   chains.


                                                   8
www.ipv6.org.au                      IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6 for e-Business Team
 •   Kate Lance, (former) ED of ISOC-AU
 •   Narelle Clark, VP of ISOC-AU
 •   Mike Biber, IPv6 Forum
 •   Tony Hill, President of ISOC-AU
 •   Holly Raiche, new ED of ISOC-AU




                                                        9
www.ipv6.org.au                           IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6 for e-Business Project
     IPv6 for e-Business has four aspects:
     • Mapping: to document Australian services, software
       and technologies currently taking advantage of IPv6 as
       of July 2006
     • Enabling: to develop integrated business models,
       checklists and tools to enable Australian businesses to
       easily adopt IPv6
     • Awareness: to provide information resources,
       documents and seminars to build broad awareness of
       IPv6 opportunities
     • Infrastructure: to assess infrastructure support for
       applications with the IPv6-ready .au Registry testbed

                                                               10
www.ipv6.org.au                                   IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B Project Sponsors
 • Consortium




 • Endorsed



 • ITOL Supported


                                          11
www.ipv6.org.au              IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B Project Activity 1 MAPPING




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www.ipv6.org.au                 IPv6 for eBusiness
  Service Providers for Australia
     Service providers with IPv6 addresses
     advertised in the last 12 months:
 •   Telstra                     •   CityLink (NZ)
 •   AARNet                      •   UUNet
 •   NTT Australia               •   iiNet
 •   IPv6 Data FX                •   AusRegistry
 •   Pacific Internet

     IPv6 Summit 2006 connectivity provided through AARNet


                                                                  13
www.ipv6.org.au                                      IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6 Survey – Nov 2006
 • 86% interested in IPv6
 • 80% have implemented or are learning
 • 63% will offer to customers or partners
   by 2008
 • Key barriers – top three:
      – Lack of connectivity
      – Lack of business case
      – Lack of customer demand
 • 63% expect connectivity by 2008




                                                   n > 100
                                                          14
www.ipv6.org.au                              IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B IP Addressing


                         Presented by

                  Nurani Nimpuno/Gerard Ross
                            APNIC




                                                            15
www.ipv6.org.au                                IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B Project Activity Enabling
                      Presented by

                        Mike Biber
                        Convener
                  IPv6 Forum Downunder




                                                      16
www.ipv6.org.au                          IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B Project Activity 2 Enabling

                  1. Business Case Models

                  2. ROI Assessment Tools

                  3. Transition Checklists

                  4. Easy Access Device


                                                          17
www.ipv6.org.au                              IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B Project Activity 2 Enabling
    2.1 Business Case Scenarios
            1.    The 'do nothing' case
            2.    It's inevitable, may as well go with the flow
            3.    Competitive differentiation
            4.    Competitive protection
            5.    Return on investment
            6.    Known opportunities - understood and tangible
            7.    Unknown opportunities - preparing fertile
                  ground



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www.ipv6.org.au                                        IPv6 for eBusiness
  Business Case 1 – Do Nothing
 2.1 'Do nothing' case
 • All scenario studies should start with the 'do nothing'
    case.
 • IPv6 was developed with a strong design goal of being
    backwards and forwards compatible.
 • In a broad sense, the only applications or network
    communications that will 'break' are the cases where
    they are deliberately designed to do so.
 • Applications specifically written for IPv6 may not work as
    effectively or at all in an IPv4 world.
 • One may not be disadvantaged in the short to medium
    term by not adopting IPv6, however there will be
    increasing examples of functional benefits that will be
    denied to non-IPv6 users.

                                                                19
www.ipv6.org.au                                    IPv6 for eBusiness
  Business Case 2 – It’s Inevitable
 2.2 It's inevitable, may as well go with the flow
 • There is a certain inevitability to the IPv6
   juggernaut. Overseas government departments
   are being mandated to use or make provision for
   IPv6 in reasonably short timeframes (Japan
   2003, Switzerland 2005, Europe 2006, Korea
   2006, USA 2008). Other countries such as
   China, Taiwan, the UK and Germany are
   actively integrating IPv6 planning into their
   strategic IT scenarios.

                                                      20
www.ipv6.org.au                          IPv6 for eBusiness
  Business Case 3 - Differentiation
 2.3 Competitive differentiation
 • IPv6 offers opportunities to differentiate service offering
    from competitive offerings.
 • At a superficial level, this might include straight
    connectivity options - IPv6 web sites that are hidden
    from non-IPv6 users.
 • More substantially, IPv6 offers advantages in security,
    authentication, and enhanced trust relationships that
    may allow a tiered service offering based on a rich set of
    customer/consumer Quality of Service parameters.
 • The increased security and functionality afforded by IPv6
    can be parlayed in many different marketing messages.

                                                                21
www.ipv6.org.au                                    IPv6 for eBusiness
  Business Case 4 - Protection
 2.4 Competitive protection
 • As competitors increase their use of IPv6, others may be forced to comply
    to be seen to be compatible - this is the counter point to competitive
    differentiation.
 • There will be cases where B2B, Extranet, social networking or other loose
    collaborative interactions may demand IPv6 compliance just to be allowed
    to participate.
 • It may be that non-IPv6 authentication or access will not be acceptable.
    Microsoft's Windows Collaboration (also known as Windows Meeting
    Space) application in Windows Vista and Longhorn Server uses IPv6, so
    you must have IPv6 installed and enabled on your network adapter to use
    WMS. IPv6 is installed and enabled by default in Windows Vista.
 • Staying competitive with our trading partners and neighbouring countries
    will increasingly dominate Australia's geo-strategic thinking.
 • Australian industry will not be able to sell into advanced markets as they will
    lack an intimate and comprehensive appreciation of IPv6 networking.
 • We may also become the dumping ground for obsolete IPv4 hardware and
    software applications.



                                                                                 22
www.ipv6.org.au                                                     IPv6 for eBusiness
  Business Case 5 - ROI
 2.5 Return on investment
 • The return on investment for IPv6 adoption
   follows a similar profile to any other IT project.
 • The IPv6 for eBusiness project developed ROI
   tools based on an Excel spreadsheet that can be
   used to calculate the NPV (net present value),
   ROI (return on investment) and payback periods,
   typically over a 15 year period.



                                                         23
www.ipv6.org.au                             IPv6 for eBusiness
  Business Case 6 – Known Issues
 2.6 Known opportunities - understood and tangible
 • There are many cases where interoperability is a
    paramount requirement and current arrangements for
    addressability, security and compatibility need to be
    enhanced.
 • Disparate entities are thrown together for short and
    longer times and need to interoperate.
      – E.g., emergency services respond to a natural disaster. The Fire,
        Police, Ambulance, rural fire authorities, SES, government
        departments, Utilities, Railways, Defence personnel and many
        others are thrown together with little opportunity for planning.
      – IPv6 based networking is increasingly used internationally to
        allow interoperability between these services on an ad hoc basis.

                                                                         24
www.ipv6.org.au                                             IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B IPv6 Known Opportunities

         are supported by the protocol’s unique
           technical properties

         …explored in more detail on the
          ipv6.org.au website and can be
          summarised as…




                                                        25
www.ipv6.org.au                            IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6 - Unique Attributes
 6.1 Vastly increased address space
      – Extending the 4 billion IPv4 address space to the 3.4
        x 10^38 IPv6 address space allows many existing and
        new processes to receive addresses.
      – It has been said that in the future, any device worth
        more than $10 will have at least one IP address and
        be networked
        (source: Dr. Dean Economou, CENTIE 2002).




                                  Are we there yet?
                                                               26
www.ipv6.org.au                                   IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6 - Unique Attributes
 6.2 Fixed 40-byte headers
      – IPv4 packet headers vary in size depending on the
        attributes that are assigned - they are typically around
        20 bytes.
      – With IPv6, a significant rationalization has taken place
        such that the IPv6 header is now a fixed 40 bytes.
      – Although this is approximately twice as big, the
        advantage of a fixed versus variable header cannot
        be understated.




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www.ipv6.org.au                                      IPv6 for eBusiness
IPv6 Header – Comparison with IPv4
    bit                                                                    bit
    0                  8             16               24              31   0          4           12       16                 24               31

    Version      IHL       Service Type             Total Length            Version       Class                 Flow Label

                   Identifier             Flags         Fragment Offset              Payload Length             Next Header        Hop Limit

           Time to Live      Protocol             Header Checksum

                                32 bit Source Address
                                                                                                   128 bit Source Address
                            32 bit Destination Address


                                Options and Padding



          IPv4 Header                                                                             128 bit Destination Address
          20 octets, 12 fields, including 3 flag bits
          + fixed max number of options


                           Changed            Removed



                                                                                 IPv6 Header
                                                                                 40 octets, 8 fields
                                                                                 + Unlimited Chained Extension (options) Header


                                                                                                                                               28
 www.ipv6.org.au                                                                                                       IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6 - Unique Attributes
 6.3 Autoconfiguration
      – Autoconfiguration is the automatic configuration of
        devices without manual intervention, software
        configuration programs or jumpers, and devices
        should just "Plug and Play".
      – This process also includes duplicate address
        detection, multihoming and other useful network
        administration activity.




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www.ipv6.org.au                                     IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6 - Unique Attributes
    6.4 Default IPsec Security
         – IPv4 was developed at a
           time when Security was
           not uppermost as a
           concern.
         – Authenticating protocols
           such as IPsec were
           developed later and need
           to be retrofitted into IPv4
           protocol stacks.
         – Conforming standards-
           based IPv6 protocol stacks
           have IPsec as a
           mandatory requirement.


                                                      30
www.ipv6.org.au                          IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6 - Unique Attributes
 6.9 Flow Label QoS
    – All of the Differentiated Services (DiffServ) and
       Integrated Services (IntServ) Quality of Service
       attributes from IPv4 are carried over into IPv6.
    – In addition, IPv6 exclusively has a 20-bit Flow Label
       field.
    – This field is being developed to provide a rich set of
       Quality of Service attributes for the growing IPv6
       world.




                                                                31
www.ipv6.org.au                                    IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6 - Unique Attributes
 6.5 End to end trust
      – Network Address Translation (NAT) has broken the
        end to end trust that was a hallmark of early IPv4
        services.
      – Authenticated IPv4 Internet connections stop at these
        NAT gateways.
      – Authenticated IPsec IPv6 sessions will route from end
        to end.




                                                                32
www.ipv6.org.au                                    IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6 - Unique Attributes
 6.6 Attribute Extension Headers
    – To conserve space in the IPv6 packet header, a
      series of Extension Attribute packets have been
      defined.
    – This vastly speeds up the router packet forwarding
      rates and improves the efficiency of the
      communications sessions.




                                                              33
www.ipv6.org.au                                  IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6 – ‘Unique’ Attributes
 6.7 Anycasting
      – Anycasting was a unique attribute of IPv6.
      – In IPv4, only Unicast and Multicast addressing was
        originally supported.
           • But you can’t keep a good idea down…
      – Anycast addressing refers to a single source calling a
        predetermined list of Anycast destinations, but only
        one destination responds and participates in
        subsequent transmissions.




                                                                 34
www.ipv6.org.au                                     IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6 - Unique Attributes
 6.8 MobileIPv6
      – When a device moves from its home network, its IP address and
        gateway address will be recognized as a foreign address in its
        new location and will be denied service.
      – To overcome this limitation, a process called MobileIP was
        developed in IPv4. This consisted of the devices calling 'home'
        and telling the home network of its changing gateway
        environments (the foreign correspondent model).
      – In MobileIPv6, a foreign correspondent server is continuously
        updated as to the network the device is in and which gateway to
        use to reach the travelling device.
      – This vastly improves performance and reliability, and reduces
        cost.



                                                                        35
www.ipv6.org.au                                            IPv6 for eBusiness
  Business Case 7 - Unknowns
 2.7 Unknown opportunities - preparing fertile ground
      – the Internet is now a mainstream activity Compared with only a short
        time ago, whole armies of engineers, entrepreneurs and programmers are
        dedicating their professional lives to exploiting the capabilities of the Next
        Generation IP.
      – New and innovative enhancements are being made every day to the
        Internet Protocol Suite. It can be anticipated that unforeseen and
        innovative applications will continuously come into being. Students being
        taught IPv6 protocols today will continue to find opportunities to express
        themselves in new and challenging ways as they graduate into the
        workforce.
      – IPv6 protocol suite is not a closed system. Using the open framework
        approach of Extended Attribute packets, IPv6 is an extensible protocol
        that has no practical limits.
      – IPv6 is uniquely positioned to support new and innovative applications
        such as Peer to Peer (P2P), Sensor Networking, GRID and Ambient
        Intelligence.
      – It is the platform both of the Future, and for today.



                                                                                  36
www.ipv6.org.au                                                      IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B Project Activity 2 Enabling

                  1. Business Case Models

                  2. ROI Assessment Tools

                  3. Transition Issues

                  4. Easy Access Device


                                                         37
www.ipv6.org.au                             IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B Project Activity 2 Enabling
   ROI Assessment Tools
       Return on Investment tools will assess three to five-
        year strategic needs under various scenarios.

       An Excel spreadsheet freely available from
          www.ipv6.org.au
       This software will run in Excel 2003 and later
          (probably in earlier versions too).
       It also runs in OpenOffice2.0 on Linux operating
          systems

                      The Quality Improvement Company
              http://www.thequalityimprovementcompany.com.au/
                                                                             38
www.ipv6.org.au                                                 IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B Return On Investment Tool




                                            39
www.ipv6.org.au                IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B Return On Investment Tool
   Worked Example
       We consider a hypothetical mining operation with 2000 personal computers, 400 trucks for ore haulage and
          a total of 20 IT staff paid, on average, $114K per year. The operation sees the benefits to be derived
          from transition to IPv6 as follows:

       –   About 6% of its IT staff are involved in managing NATs and ensuring the interoperability of applications
           with NATs. This costs around $150K per year, or $75 per PC per year and can be essentially
           eliminated almost immediately by use of IPv6.

       –   The use of IPv6 will also allow great improvement in real-time two way communication with the truck
           fleet as it operates. A transponder system will become operational a couple of years after IPv6 is
           enabled. This is seen to have 3 main benefits: maintenance costs will be reduced by an estimated 1%
           from the current $100K per truck per year, a saving of $1K per truck per year; truck replacement, at a
           cost of $160K per truck, will be delayed for an additional year, extending the current 3-year
           replacement cycle to 3.3 years, a saving of $7.6K per truck per year; and enhanced scheduling is
           expected to improve throughput and add $516K to the mine's pre-tax profit ($1.29K per truck per year).


       –   Finally, the organisation expects to improve IT security. On average, the organisation has incurred
           security costs of $300K per year ($0.15K per PC), mainly due to virus attacks and unauthorised
           access. (The loss due to data theft is not known.) It is believed that the improved security protocols
           enabled by IPv6 will reduce the frequency of security breaches by 70%; but it will take a few years
           before these can be introduced.



                                                                                                                      40
www.ipv6.org.au                                                                                   IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B Return On Investment Tool




                                            41
www.ipv6.org.au                IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B Return On Investment Tool




                                            42
www.ipv6.org.au                IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B Return On Investment Tool




                                            43
www.ipv6.org.au                IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B Project Activity 2 Enabling
   2.3       Transition Issues
         Organisations planning to test or deploy IPv6 would usually follow the
           phases below to ensure a non-disruptive transition:
             •    Start off with a pilot project, testing IPv6 on existing IPv4 networks.
             •    Run separate IPv4 and IPv6 networks on the same infrastructure.
             •    Transition to networks with 'dual-stack' IPv4 and IPv6 devices.
             •    Finally move fully to IPv6 networks, with legacy IPv4 phased out over
                  time.
         For each of these phases, most organisations will need to follow a
           similar series of steps:
             •    Assess business requirements, risks and benefits
             •    Survey existing network infrastructure
             •    Educate technical staff professionally
             •    Resource network and security infrastructure
             •    Phase-in and test IPv6-capable devices
             •    Inform and set policies for general staff
             •    Monitor and maintain procedures and infrastructure




                                                                                            44
www.ipv6.org.au                                                                IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B Project Activity 2 Enabling
   2.3      Information Resources
   • A brief Introduction to IPv6 with some technical detail
     (May 2001).
   • An excellent IPv6 Deployment Guide (Sept 2005, 5.5MB
     .pdf format). It covers IPv6 addressing, services,
     transition, routing, network management and security at a
     technical level.
   • The IPv6 Forum Roadmap and Vision, discusses IPv6
     business and technology drivers (May 2006, 1.3MB, pdf
     format).
   • Analysis of the Exhaustion of IPv4 Address Space (March
     2006, 0.8MB pdf format).
   • This is a growing list of IPv6-enabled products,
     applications and services.
   • A graphical visualisation of IPv6 and IPv4 topology from
     CAIDA, March 2005.

                                                               45
www.ipv6.org.au                                   IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B Project Activity 2 Enabling
   2.3      IETF Guides to IPv6 Deployment

   • Small Business and Home Office
     Networks
   • Large Enterprise Networks
   • Internet Service Provider Networks
   • Transition Techniques
         – The key RFCs are linked from the www.ipv6.org.au website



                                                                     46
www.ipv6.org.au                                         IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B Project Activity 3 AWARENESS
          Specific activities include:
          • Information: IPv6 Basics, awareness
            website and resources, first phase
          • Promotion: publicity for website,
            brochures, seminars via the IPv6
            Summit 2006
          • Seminars: presentations for business
            and SMEs in seven major cities
          • Updates: website and resources,
            second phase - progress, outcome of
            activities

                                                          47
www.ipv6.org.au                              IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B 2007 Australian Workshops

         •   Sydney      Tuesday 6 March
         •   Brisbane    Wednesday 7 March
         •   Adelaide    Thursday 15 March
         •   Perth       Friday 16 March
         •   Hobart      Wednesday 21 March
         •   Melbourne   Thursday 22 March
         •   Ballarat    Friday 23 March


                                                     48
www.ipv6.org.au                         IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B Infrastructure
                         Presented by

                           Tony Hill

                            President
                  Internet Society of Australia

                           Chair
                      ISOC-AU IPv6 SIG




                                                               49
www.ipv6.org.au                                   IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B INFRASTRUCTURE
    IPv6 infrastructure is underpinned by a set of
    attributes that support:
            •     Address Allocation
            •     DNS Operations
            •     Transition Support
            •     E-Commerce
            •     Security Keys
                  …these are discussed in more detail on
                  the ipv6.org.au website
                                                            50
www.ipv6.org.au                                IPv6 for eBusiness
   IPv6e-B Project Activity 4 INFRASTRUCTURE
     Utilising the IPv6 ready .au registry, the project
     assessed the status of infrastructure planning,
     development and the potential of Australian
     infrastructure to support development of test bed
     applications
          •   IPv6 Infrastructure Directions: address allocation processes,
              DNS operations issues, IPv6 connectivity availability, IPv6
              transition planning support, e-Commerce dimensions, and
              Security key infrastructure.
          •   IPv6 Testbed Development: assessing readiness for
              applications such as RFID-based, remote sensing, Internet
              mobile phone address expansion, powerline delivery of
              network data, WiMax-enabled devices, voice and video over
              IP, desktop applications on mobile devices.


                                                                            51
www.ipv6.org.au                                                IPv6 for eBusiness
   IPv6e-B Transition Case Study


                   Moving to IPv6 for
                     AusRegistry

                        Chris Wright
                  Chief Technology Officer




                                                          52
www.ipv6.org.au                              IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6-eB AusRegistry Moving to IPv6
 • auDA and AusRegistry are working together to IPv6 enable the .au
   DNS and its associated infrastructure
 • AusRegistry identified the following perquisites to be able to IPv6
   enable the infrastructure:
    – IPv6 enabled Network equipment (Cisco & F5 equipment used)
    – IPv6 enabled Operating Systems (Redhat Enterprise Linux)
    – IPv6 transit provider (tunnelled via Telstra)
    – IPv6 enable software (BIND,Java,
      in-house software)




                                                                         53
www.ipv6.org.au                                            IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6-eB AusRegistry
 What has been completed?
 • Registry has been modified to accept IPv6 glue records for .au
   domains and publish them to the DNS (AAAA record support)
 • AusRegistry obtained IPv6 assignment from APNIC
 • IPv6 enabled Registry Network infrastructure
 • Obtained IPv6 transit
 • IPv6 enabled DNS servers for .au 2LDs (further testing of recursive
   server/resolver behaviour is required)




                                                                       54
www.ipv6.org.au                                           IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6-eB AusRegistry
 Outstanding Tasks
 • Complete research into resolver/recursive server
   behaviour in mixed IPv4/IPv6 environments
 • Pending results of above, publish IPv6 records for Name
   Servers to the DNS
 • IPv6 enable .au WhoIs
 • IPv6 enable .au Registration System & associated
   interfaces (EPP & Websites)




                                                             55
www.ipv6.org.au                                 IPv6 for eBusiness
  IPv6e-B Project Activity 2 Enabling
   Easy Access Device
       The easy access device provides infrastructure to
         allow IPv6 connectivity with a 'tunnel terminator' for
         small businesses and home offices. It will allow
         straightforward, inexpensive IPv6 connectivity,
         without time-consuming and technically complex
         site-by-site deployments, and will be implemented
         on an open standards device.




                                                                   56
www.ipv6.org.au                                       IPv6 for eBusiness
   IPv6e-B Easy Access Device
     The Easy Access Device is intended for use by small businesses and home offices.
     It provides the basic services for an IPv6 Local Area Network on the user's side,
     and sets up a tunnel to the native IPv6 Internet.




                                                                                     57
www.ipv6.org.au                                                         IPv6 for eBusiness
   IPv6e-B Easy Access Device
      •The essential features of the device are:
           It is the access point for the IPv6 tunnel
           It runs DHCP on the user's side to provide IPv6
           addresses
           It runs local DNS to provide lookups between Internet
           names and addresses
           It passes addresses in use to the upstream DNS
           where available
           It has IPv4 and IPv6 firewalls to provide security
           Its web pages are accessible via IPv6
      •The device runs on a generic small-sized personal
                computer running Ubuntu Linux, currently version
                6.06LTS, kernel version 2.6.18.
      •It also runs iptables for firewall services.
                                                                 58
www.ipv6.org.au                                     IPv6 for eBusiness
   IPv6e-B Easy Access Device
      •Future steps in development of the device
          Add wireless facilities
          Add a variety of services
          Add a choice of Internet Service Providers


                           2007 Easy Access Device Testing

           Taking place through BuildersNet, with small and medium sized
           enterprises working in the construction industry, fundamentally
           connected into a broad range of businesses in the Australian
           economy.

           The Defence establishment through ADIESA will be invited to
           participate as well as other selected SMEs.

           By focusing initially on the needs of construction and Defence
           SMEs, the IPv6 for e-Business project will gain greater
           understanding of adoption issues across a wide range of sectors.
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www.ipv6.org.au                                                              IPv6 for eBusiness
  Interoperability & Internet Technology
                            IPv4                         IPv6

 Scalability - Numbers of   4 x 10^9                     3.4 x 10^38
 Devices
 Ease of Implementation     Manual & DHCP                Autoconfiguration

 Security                   Application layer            Built into the Protocol
                            (if at all)
 End to End                 NAT common                   Direct addressing (with
                                                         no NAT requirement)
 Interoperability           Constrained                  Extensive


                            Source: Tony Hill, Global IPv6 Summit 2005, Seoul, Korea


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www.ipv6.org.au                                                        IPv6 for eBusiness
  Business Value Points
 •   Massively increased address space
 •   Expansion of Internet interoperable capabilities
 •   Compliance with government mandates
 •   Ease of implementation
 •   Security inherent, rather than ad hoc
 •   Direct addressing of all devices
 •   Increased potential for remote sensing




                                                          61
www.ipv6.org.au                              IPv6 for eBusiness
  Expansion in Connected Devices
 •   Interoperability between IPv6 and RFID
 •   Explosion of Internet enabled mobile phones
 •   Potential of broadband over power lines
 •   Growth of WiMax
 •   VoIP
 •   Desktop applications as a mobiles, hand-held
     PCs and integrated devices give us a new TLA
     to ponder … IMS
      – IP Multimedia Subsystems


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www.ipv6.org.au                           IPv6 for eBusiness

								
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