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					John Ensign

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John Ensign
John Ensign

United States Senator from Nevada
Incumbent Assumed office  January 3, 2001 Serving with Harry Reid Preceded by Richard H. Bryan

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Nevada's 1st district
In office January 3, 1995 – January 3, 1999 Preceded by Succeeded by Born Nationality James Bilbray Shelley Berkley March 25, 1958 Roseville, California American

Political party Republican Spouse(s) Children Darlene Ensign Trevor Ensign Siena Ensign Michael Ensign Las Vegas, Nevada Oregon State University (B.S.) Colorado State University (D.V.M.) Veterinarian International Church of the Foursquare Gospel

Residence Alma mater Occupation Religion

John Eric Ensign (born March 25, 1958) is the junior United States Senator from Nevada, serving since January 2001. He is a member of the Republican Party and the former chairman of the Senate Republican Policy Committee.

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Early life, education, and early career
Ensign was born in Roseville, California, to Sharon Lee Cipriani and a father whose surname was Mueller; his maternal grandfather was of Italian descent.[1] Ensign claims to be one eighth (1/8) Filipino American.[2] Ensign's family moved to Nevada when he was a child. His mother remarried Michael S. Ensign, a gaming industry executive who subsequently became chairman of the board of directors of Mandalay Bay,[3] and who adopted John. Ensign attended the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, becoming a member of the Sigma Chi fraternity, and later graduated from the Oregon State University with a Bachelor of Science degree in 1981. He went on to receive his Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree from the Colorado State University in 1985 and entered veterinary practice soon after. He then became a successful businessman, opening a 24-hour animal hospital in Las Vegas. He owned two animal hospitals before entering politics.[4]

Political career
House of Representatives
In 1994, Ensign won the Republican nomination for Nevada's 1st congressional district, based in Las Vegas. He trailed four-term incumbent Democrat James Bilbray by a wide margin for most of the campaign. However, Ensign gained considerable momentum after reports surfaced that a Bilbray aide stood to make a huge profit from lands legislation sponsored by Bilbray.[5] Ensign won by 1,400 votes. He was reelected in 1996 by seven points, even as Bill Clinton carried the district by a large margin.

U.S. Senate
In 1998, Ensign ran for the Senate but was defeated by the Democratic incumbent, future Senate Floor Leader Harry Reid, by 428 votes.[6] See also: United States Senate election in Nevada, 1998 Ensign won a Senate seat on his second try in 2000, defeating Democratic opponent Ed Bernstein by a 55%-40% margin,[7] to succeed the retiring Democratic incumbent, Richard H. Bryan. Ensign was reelected in 2006; he defeated businessman Jack Carter. Ensign and Reid have developed a fairly good relationship, despite their bruising 1998 contest. They frequently work together on Nevada issues.[8]

Political future
In April, Ensign was planning a June 1, 2009, trip to Iowa, the first in his career, causing speculation that he was mulling a presidential campaign in 2012.[9] Given the disclosure of his extramarital affair in mid-June, his presidential aspirations were put in limbo.[4] On July 14, 2009, Ensign announced his plan to run for re-election to his Nevada Senate seat in 2012, even though his polling numbers have recently decreased.[10]

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Committee assignments
• Committee on the Budget • Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation • Subcommittee on Aviation Operations, Safety, and Security • Subcommittee on Communications, Technology, and the Internet (Ranking Member) • Subcommittee on Surface Transportation and Merchant Marine Infrastructure, Safety, and Security • Committee on Finance • Subcommittee on Health Care • Subcommittee on Taxation, IRS Oversight, and Long-Term Growth • Subcommittee on Social Security, Pensions and Family Policy • Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs • Subcommittee on State, Local, and Private Sector Preparedness and Integration (Ranking Member) • Committee on Rules and Administration

Political positions
Animal advocacy
Ensign is considered one of the Humane Society's biggest allies in Congress.[11] Along with Senators Maria Cantwell (D-Wa.), Arlen Specter (D-Pa.) and Dianne Feinstein (D-Ca.), Senator Ensign—a veterinarian—was a lead sponsor of the Animal Fighting Prohibition Enforcement Act, which makes it a felony to transport animals across state lines for the purpose of fighting. According to a press release from Ensign's office, "Fifty states currently have laws against dogfighting and forty-nine have laws against cockfighting. This bill complements these state laws."[12]

Cuba
Senator Ensign is a member of the Congressional Cuba Democracy Caucus.

Eminent domain
Ensign has become a leading voice against the Kelo v. New London Supreme Court ruling, and introduced a bill that would blunt the effects of the ruling.[13] In Kelo, the Court ruled that local governments could use eminent domain not just for public use but for any project that involves a public purpose. Specifically, the Court permitted the City of New London, CT to force a homeowner to sell her home for a parking lot for a new development of private, big box stores. The use of governmental condemnation for a private purpose caused a backlash.

Fiscal responsibility
The conservative fiscal watchdog group Citizens Against Government Waste awarded Ensign a 92% lifetime rating—the fourth highest Senator after Jim DeMint, Tom Coburn and Jon Kyl—as of 2007.[14] In 2005, Ensign introduced legislation to create a government waste commission called the Commission on the Accountability and Review of Federal Agencies. [15] The commission would compile a list of unnecessary, outdated, wasteful, or duplicative discretionary programs, and require Congress to vote up-or-down to eliminate all programs on the list. The process is much like the BRAC process Congress uses to close military bases.

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Marriage
In 1998, after President Bill Clinton admitted to having committed adultery with Monica Lewinsky, Ensign called on him to resign, saying, "He has no credibility left."[16] In 2004, Ensign spoke on the Senate floor in favor of the proposed Federal Marriage Amendment, which would have barred states from recognizing same-sex marriage. Ensign said: Marriage is the cornerstone on which our society was founded. For those who say that the Constitution is so sacred that we cannot or should not adopt the Federal Marriage Amendment, I would simply point out that marriage, and the sanctity of that institution, predates the American Constitution and the founding of our nation.[17]

Abortion
Ensign considers himself pro-life, and both the National Right to Life Committee and NARAL Pro-Choice America identify him as having a pro-life voting record.[18] [19] Ensign authored the Child Custody Protection Act in 2003 that prohibits taking minors across State lines in circumvention of laws requiring the involvement of parents in abortion decisions.[20]

Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq
Ensign voted in support of the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Terrorists, which authorized the President to use the United States Armed Forces to "deter and prevent acts of international terrorism against the United States." This is the authorizing legislation for the invasion of Afghanistan and removing the Taliban from power.[21] Ensign also voted in support of the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002, which authorized the President to use the United States Armed Forces "as he determines to be necessary and appropriate" in order to "defend the national security of the United States against the continuing threat posed by Iraq; and enforce all relevant United Nations Security Council Resolutions regarding Iraq."[22] Ensign supported the counterinsurgency policy in Iraq in 2007 and opposed withdrawing troops from Iraq in 2007 and 2008.

Actions in the U.S. Senate
Chairmanship of National Republican Senatorial Committee
Ensign was elected Chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee (NRSC). As chairman of the NRSC, Ensign was charged with assembling a staff to win back the U.S. Senate for Republicans in the 2008 elections. Ensign chose Mike Slanker and Lindsey Slanker of Nevada based political consulting firm November Inc. to be the Political Director and Finance Director of the NRSC. Ensign often expressed pessimism about the upcoming election, stating that a good night for Republicans would be the loss of just four seats.[23] The Republicans went on to lose eight US Senate seats in the 2008 election.

Electronic fund-raising reports
In September 2007, it was discovered that Ensign had used the secret hold rule (a parliamentary procedure within the Standing Rules of the Senate that allows one or more Senators to prevent a motion from reaching a vote on the Senate floor) to prevent a bill requiring senators to file fund-raising reports electronically from being voted upon without consideration on an amendment from Ensign that would also strengthen disclosure rules.[24] Ensign’s amendment would force groups petitioning the Senate Ethics committee to disclose the identity of donors giving more than $5,000.[25]

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2006 re-election campaign
Ensign faced Democrat Jack Carter, son of former President Jimmy Carter, in the November general election. Both he and Carter defeated token opposition in their August 15, 2006 primaries. Ensign defeated Carter in the general election on November 7, 2006, 55% to 41%.[26]

Personal life
Ensign is a member of the Pentecostal International Church of the Foursquare Gospel, and is the only Pentecostal in the Senate. He resides at the influential C Street religious house in Washington, D.C.[27] Ensign moved out of the C Street house in November 2009, after disclosure of an extramartial affair and reports that he used his influence to pressure several parties to keep quiet about it.[28] When in Las Vegas he attends a northwest Foursquare church.[29] According to The New York Times, during college at Colorado State, he became a born-again Christian and he and his wife, Darlene, were active in the Promise Keepers, an evangelical group.[4] He and his wife have three children. He is a member of the Family also known as the Fellowship, described by prominent evangelical Christians as one of the most politically well-connected fundamentalist organizations in the US.[30] [31]

Extramarital affair
Ensign had an extramarital affair with Cynthia Hampton, who was married to one of his top aides, and[8] [32] who worked for Ensign for Senate, and for Battle Born PAC, a conservative political action committee, of which Ensign was the honorary chairman.[4] At the time of the affair, Cynthia Hampton's husband, Douglas Hampton, was a top administrative aide in Ensign’s Capitol Hill office, and Ensign and his wife had been close friends with the Hamptons before they were hired to work for Ensign. When the affair came to light in 2009, an Ensign spokesperson asserted that it had occurred between December 2007 and August 2008,[8] but Doug Hampton said that it began at Christmas 2006.[33] In early 2008, Ensign was confronted by Douglas Hampton regarding the affair. Ensign then contacted political and corporate supporters in Nevada, seeking work for Hampton. Within the next few months, Ensign arranged for Hampton to join a political consulting firm in Nevada and lined up several corporations who had been Ensign campaign donors as lobbying clients for Hampton. Senior aides, such as Hampton, are prohibited from lobbying the Senate for a year after leaving their posts. Hampton said he and Ensign were aware of the lobbying restriction but chose to ignore it.[34] In April 2008, Ensign's parents gave Cynthia Hampton and her family $96,000.[35] On July 9, 2009, when the payments were reported in the news, Ensign's lawyer, Paul Coggins, issued a statement on Ensign's behalf stating "The payments were made as gifts, accepted as gifts and complied with tax rules governing gifts."[36] In late 2009, Hampton told Nightline the opposite, saying it was "crystal clear" that the $96,000 was, in fact, severance and not a gift.[33] In 2008, after Hampton began working for the political consulting firm, Ensign and his staff repeatedly contacted federal agencies, often after requests from Hampton, on behalf of the companies that were Hampton's clients. In a statement published on October 1, the date that The New York Times reported on Ensign's arrangements for Douglas Hampton, Ensign said: "I am confident we fully complied with the relevant laws and rules governing current and past employees. I have worked on these Nevada issues with these Nevada companies for years, long before Doug Hampton left my office."[34] The watchdog group Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington also has asked the Senate to investigate Mr. Hampton's addition charge that Senator Ensign sexually harassed his wife, which his wife has declined to deny.[37]

John Ensign Melanie Sloan, executive directory of the progressive watchdog group Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington, told ABC that if true, the $96,000 unreported severance payoff for Mr. Hampton, Senator Ensign's actions in aiding and abetting Mr. Hampton's violation of the one-year lobbying prohibition for ex-Senate staffers, or Senator Ensign sexually harassing Cindy Hampton, would amount to felonies.[38] The Senate Ethics Committee and the Department of Justice are investigating the lobbying charges and subpoenas have been issued.[39] On June 11, 2009, Douglas Hampton sent a letter to Megyn Kelly, a Fox News reporter,[40] in which he said that "The actions of Senator Ensign have ruined our lives and careers and left my family in shambles", and that "I need justice, help and restitution for what Senator Ensign has done to me and my family".[41] The network said it did not receive a mailed letter, but got the letter as an e-mail attachment on June 15.[42] In a statement on June 16, 2009, Ensign admitted that he had the affair. Also on June 16, Ensign's wife issued a statement that said, in part, "Since we found out last year we have worked through the situation and we have come to a reconciliation."[4] On June 17, 2009, Ensign stepped down from his post as chairman of the Republican Policy Committee, the fourth-ranking spot in the Republican party's leadership.[43] On June 19, the date that Douglas Hampton's June 11 letter to Fox News became public news, Ensign's office issued a statement that included the charge that "Within the past month, Doug Hampton's legal counsel made exorbitant demands for cash and other financial benefits on behalf of his client." The Hamptons' attorney said that the couple was weighing how to respond to the Ensign statement.[42] On July 8, the Las Vegas Sun reported that Douglas Hampton had spoken publicly for the first time about the affair, saying Ensign continued his affair with Cynthia Hampton even after intermediaries, including Republican Senator Tom Coburn of Oklahoma, tried to convince him to stop the affair and help the Hamptons pay off their home and move to Colorado.[44] According to Mr. Hampton, Senator Coburn brokered a meeting in which "Senator Coburn said, 'What I would do, Doug, if I was you, is I would have them buy your home, give you a million bucks so you can start over, and that is what I am willing to help you negotiate,'" he said. "John said, 'No can do, not going to happen.' [Coburn] volunteered to help. He called me. And he recommended a significant number as one that he would float to the Ensigns."[38] After initially denying it, Senator Coburn has admitted to attempting to broker a settlement to maintain secrecy and prevent the disclosure of Senator Ensign's affair with Ms. Hampton and his dealings with Mr. Hampton from becoming public.[38]

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Electoral history
Nevada's 1st congressional district: Results 1994–1996
Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct 3rd Party Party

[45]
Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct

1994

James H. Bilbray

72,333 48%

John Ensign

73,769 48%

Gary Wood

Libertarian

6,065 4%

1996

Bob Coffin

75,081 44%

John Ensign

86,472 50%

Ted

Independent 4,572 3%

James Libertarian 3,341 2% Dan

Richard Natural 3,127 2% Eidson Law

Gunderson American

John Ensign
Senate elections in Nevada: Results 1998–2006
Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct 3rd Party 1998 Harry Reid 208,621 48% John Ensign 208,220 48% Michael Cloud Libertarian 8,129 2% Michael Natural E. Williams 2000 Ed Bernstein 2006 Jack Carter 238,796 41% 238,260 40% John Ensign John Ensign 322,501 55% 330,687 55% Kathryn Rusco David K. Independent 7,774 1% Green 10,286 2% J. J. Johnson Brendan Libertarian 5,269 1% Trainor Libertarian 5,395 1% None of 11,503 2% * these * None of 8,232 1% these * Law 2,781 1%

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[45]
Party Votes Pct 3rd Party None of 8,113 2% these * Votes Pct

Schumann American

*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 2000, Independent American candidate Ernie Berghof received 2,540 votes; Citizens First candidate Bill Grutzmacher received 1,579 votes; No Vote Cast received 457 votes; and Over Vote received 69 votes. ** Nevada law since 1975 allows dissatisfied voters to vote for "None of These Candidates."

External links
• United States Senator John Ensign [46] official Senate site • John Ensign for Senate [47] official Campaign Site • • • • • • • • • • Biography [48] at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Voting record [49] maintained by The Washington Post Campaign finance reports and data [50] at the Federal Election Commission Campaign contributions [51] at OpenSecrets.org Biography [52], voting record [53], and interest group ratings [54] at Project Vote Smart Issue positions and quotes [55] at On The Issues New York Times — John Ensign News [56] collected news and commentary SourceWatch Congresspedia — John Ensign [57] profile Las Vegas Sun - John Ensign [58] collected news stories, blogs and videos Nevada 2006 Election Results [59]
United States House of Representatives Preceded by James Bilbray Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Nevada's 1st congressional district 1995 – 1999 United States Senate Preceded by Richard Bryan Party political offices Preceded by Elizabeth Dole Preceded by Kay Bailey Hutchison Chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee 2007 – 2009 Chairman of the Senate Republican Policy Committee 2009 United States order of precedence Succeeded by John Cornyn Succeeded by John Thune United States Senator (Class 1) from Nevada 2001 – present Served alongside: Harry Reid Incumbent Succeeded by Shelley Berkley

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Preceded by Debbie Stabenow D-Michigan United States Senators by seniority 56th Succeeded by Maria Cantwell D-Washington

References
[1] " Senators: Ensign (http:/ / freepages. genealogy. rootsweb. com/ ~battle/ senators/ ensign. htm)". Ancestry.com. . Retrieved 2009-06-17. [2] Rafael, Dan (06). " My postfight sit-in with Pacquiao (http:/ / sports. espn. go. com/ espn/ print?id=4146231& type=story)" (interview article). ESPN.com:Boxing. ESPN Internet Ventures. . Retrieved 2009-05-11. ""Turns out Ensign is a huge boxing fan and one-eighth Filipino, so he was excited to meet Pacquiao and have him pose for a photo with him and his kids."" [3] "Mandalay Details Spending, Share Buyback Program" (http:/ / gamblingmagazine. com/ articles/ 05/ 05-218. htm), Gambling Magazine, 2001 [4] "Senator Ensign Admits Extramarital Affair" (http:/ / thecaucus. blogs. nytimes. com/ 2009/ 06/ 16/ senator-ensign-admits-extramarital-affair/ ?hp& apage=2#comments) by David M. Herszenhorn, The New York Times Caucus blog, June 16, 2009, 6:24 pm EDT. Retrieved 6/16/09. [5] Wasserman, David; Larry J. Sabato (October 5, 2006). " OCTOBER SURPRISE! (And a Leadership Demise?), Crystal Ball, U.Va. (http:/ / www. centerforpolitics. org/ crystalball/ article. php?id=DNW2006100501)". University of Virginia Center for Politics. . Retrieved 2009-06-22. "Nevada Rep. James Bilbray (D) was felled after it was revealed days before the election that his aide stood to profit millions from lands legislation he had sponsored" [6] Nevada Secretary of State — 1998 US Senate Recount Results (http:/ / sos. state. nv. us/ nvelection/ 1998recount/ ) [7] Nevada Secretary of State — 2000 General Election Results (http:/ / sos. state. nv. us/ nvelection/ 2000General/ ElectionSummary. htm) [8] Freking, Kevin (June 17, 2009), " Sen. Ensign admits affair with ex-campaign staffer (http:/ / www. guardian. co. uk/ world/ feedarticle/ 8561969)", The Guardian, , retrieved 2009-11-26 [9] Chris Cillizza, "John Ensign's Unapologetic Critique" (http:/ / voices. washingtonpost. com/ thefix/ the-rising/ john-ensigns-unapologetic-crit. html), Washington Post The Fix Blog, April 23, 2009. [10] BALL, MOLLY (July 19, 2009). " New poll reveals Ensign's status sinking, But most Nevadans still say Republican senator should not resign (http:/ / www. lvrj. com/ news/ 51133132. html)". Las Vegas Review-Journal (Stephens Media, LLC). . Retrieved 20 July 2009. [11] Vegan in The Henhouse - Washingtonpost.com (http:/ / www. washingtonpost. com/ wp-dyn/ articles/ A50953-2004Aug8_4. html) [12] United States Senator John Ensign (http:/ / ensign. senate. gov/ public/ index. cfm?FuseAction=Media. PressReleases& ContentRecord_id=b2fe146a-9f85-42c7-a21d-3ce4e1dba850& Region_id=& Issue_id=) [13] United States Senator John Ensign (http:/ / ensign. senate. gov/ public/ index. cfm?FuseAction=Media. PressReleases& ContentRecord_id=b5e6e427-bf9b-4dc0-939e-2f6edf7ed33b& Region_id=& Issue_id=) [14] 2007 Senate Ratings Final (http:/ / councilfor. cagw. org/ site/ DocServer/ 2007_Senate_Ratings_Final. pdf?docID=3282) [15] Brian M. Riedl, "An Innovative and Bold Budget Proposal in the Senate" (http:/ / www. heritage. org/ research/ budget/ hl806. cfm), The Heritage Foundation, October 26, 2005 [16] Batt, Tony (September 11, 1998), " Ensign urges Clinton to quit (http:/ / www. reviewjournal. com/ lvrj_home/ 1998/ Sep-11-Fri-1998/ news/ 8200206. html)", Las Vegas Review-Journal, [17] John Ensign (July 13, 2004). " Ensign Defends Sanctity of Marriage on Senate Floor (http:/ / ensign. senate. gov/ public/ index. cfm?FuseAction=Media. PressReleases& ContentRecord_id=f9bddfd1-c3eb-4551-9257-da9b945e42eb& Region_id=& Issue_id=7fb85906-844e-4cb4-b113-82f3ca2ccba4)". Press release. . Retrieved 2009-06-17. [18] Federal Legislation - Legislative Action Center (http:/ / www. capwiz. com/ nrlc/ scorecard. xc?chamber=S& state=US& session=111& x=16& y=17) [19] Search Results (http:/ / www. prochoiceamerica. org/ search. jsp?query=ensign& x=0& y=0) [20] 108th CONGRESS 1st Session S. 851 To amend title 18, United States Code, to prohibit taking minors across State lines in circumvention of laws requiring the involvement of parents in abortion decisions. (http:/ / thomas. loc. gov/ cgi-bin/ query/ z?c108:S. + 851:) [21] On the Joint Resolution (S.J. Res. 23 ) (http:/ / www. senate. gov/ legislative/ LIS/ roll_call_lists/ roll_call_vote_cfm. cfm?congress=107& session=1& vote=00281), U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 107th Congress - 1st Session, September 14, 2001 [22] On the Joint Resolution (H.J.Res. 114 ) (http:/ / www. senate. gov/ legislative/ LIS/ roll_call_lists/ roll_call_vote_cfm. cfm?congress=107& session=2& vote=00237), U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 107th Congress - 2nd Session, October 11, 2002 [23] Breshnahan, Josh (September 10, 2008). " GOP bristles at Ensign's 'truth' (http:/ / www. politico. com/ news/ stories/ 0908/ 13318. html)". Politico. . Retrieved 2009-06-17. [24] "Let the Sun Shine In", New York Times, Sept. 27. 2007. [25] "Ensign vows to keep e-filing bill in limbo", The Hill, Sept. 28. 2007. [26] " NVSOS.GOV - Elections Results: 2006 Statewide General Election Coverage and Reports (http:/ / sos. state. nv. us/ elections/ results/ 2006StateWideGeneral/ ElectionSummary. asp)". Nevada Secretary of State. November 7, 2006. . Retrieved 2009-06-22. [27] http:/ / www. washingtonpost. com/ wp-dyn/ content/ article/ 2009/ 06/ 25/ AR2009062504480. html [28] http:/ / www. politicsdaily. com/ 2009/ 11/ 09/ john-ensign-moves-out-of-infamous-c-street-house/

John Ensign
[29] Morrison, Jane Ann (March 19, 2000). " Race opens for Bernstein, Ensign (http:/ / www. reviewjournal. com/ cgi-bin/ printable. cgi?/ lvrj_home/ 2000/ Mar-19-Sun-2000/ news/ 13169727. html)". Las-Vegas Review Journal. . Retrieved 2009-06-17. [30] Belz, Emily; Pitts, Edward Lee (August 29, 2009). " All in the Family (http:/ / www. worldmag. com/ articles/ 15778)". World Magazine. . Retrieved August 14, 2009. [31] Sharlet, Jeff (2008). The Family: The Secret Fundamentalism at the Heart of American Power. HarperCollins. p. 18. ISBN 978-0-06-055979-3. [32] J. Patrick Coolican and Lisa Mascaro (June 17, 2009). " Ensign’s mistress saw salary double, son was paid $5,400 (http:/ / www. lasvegassun. com/ news/ 2009/ jun/ 17/ ensign-resigns-gop-leadership-post)". Las Vegas Sun. . [33] " Exclusive: Doug Hampton Speaks Out on Sen. Ensign's Affair With His Wife (http:/ / abcnews. go. com/ Nightline/ doug-hampton-speaks-sen-john-ensigns-affair-ethic/ story?id=9140788& page=3)". ABC News. November 23, 2009. . Retrieved 2009-11-24. [34] Eric Lichtblau and Eric Lipton (October 2, 2009). " Senator’s Aid to Mistress’s Husband Raises Ethics Flags (http:/ / www. nytimes. com/ 2009/ 10/ 02/ us/ politics/ 02ensign. html)". The New York Times. . [35] Chris Cillizza (July 9, 2009). " Ensign Acknowledges Mistress Payment (http:/ / voices. washingtonpost. com/ thefix/ senate/ ensign-acknowledges-mistress-p. html)". Washington Post. . [36] " Statement: Ensign's parents give mistress' family $96K (http:/ / www. cnn. com/ 2009/ POLITICS/ 07/ 09/ ensign. affair/ index. html?iref=mpstoryview)". CNN. July 9, 2009. . Retrieved July 9, 2009. [37] STEVE TETREAULT (25 June 2009). " Ethics panel gets complaints on Ensign (http:/ / www. lvrj. com/ news/ 49081186. html)". Las Vegas Review-Journal. . Retrieved 6 December 2009. [38] McFadden, Cynthia, Arons, Melinda & Sher, Lauren (November 23, 2009)."Exclusive: Doug Hampton Speaks Out on Sen. Ensign's Affair With His Wife." (http:/ / abcnews. go. com/ print?id=9140788). ABC Nightline. Retrieved on December 5, 2009. [39] Lipton, Eric (December 4, 2009). "Ethics Committee Issues Subpoenas in Ensign Inquiry." (http:/ / thecaucus. blogs. nytimes. com/ 2009/ 12/ 04/ ethics-committee-issues-subpoenas-in-ensign-inquiry/ ) New York Times. Retrieved on December 5, 2005. [40] Jeff German and Lisa Mascaro (June 19, 2009). " Spouse in Ensign affair sought help in letter to Fox News; Husband’s account of how wife’s affair with Ensign ‘ruined our lives and careers’ comes to light (http:/ / lasvegassun. com/ news/ 2009/ jun/ 19/ we-have-suffered-indescribable-pain/ )". Las Vegas Sun. . [41] " Text of Doug Hampton’s letter to Fox News (http:/ / www. lasvegassun. com/ news/ 2009/ jun/ 19/ text-husbands-letter/ )". Las Vegas Sun. June 19, 2009. . [42] Paul Kane and Howard Kurtz (June 20, 2009). " Husband of Ex-Mistress Sought Cash, Ensign Says (http:/ / www. washingtonpost. com/ wp-dyn/ content/ article/ 2009/ 06/ 19/ AR2009061902327. html)". Washington Post. . [43] Espo, David (June 17, 2009). " Ensign quits Senate GOP leadership post (http:/ / news. yahoo. com/ s/ ap/ 20090617/ ap_on_go_co/ ensign_affair)". Associated Press (Yahoo). . Retrieved 2009-06-17. [44] J. Patrick Coolican (July 8, 2009). " Hampton speaks publicly, says Ensign paid severance (http:/ / www. lasvegassun. com/ news/ 2009/ jul/ 08/ spouse-ensign-affair-says-senator-should-resign/ )". Las Vegas Sun. . [45] " Election Statistics (http:/ / clerk. house. gov/ member_info/ electionInfo/ index. html)". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. . Retrieved 2007-08-08. [46] http:/ / ensign. senate. gov/ [47] http:/ / www. johnensign. org/ [48] http:/ / bioguide. congress. gov/ scripts/ biodisplay. pl?index=e000194 [49] http:/ / projects. washingtonpost. com/ congress/ members/ e000194 [50] http:/ / herndon1. sdrdc. com/ cgi-bin/ can_detail/ S8NV00073 [51] http:/ / www. opensecrets. org/ politicians/ summary. asp?CID=N00006619 [52] http:/ / www. votesmart. org/ bio. php?can_id=HCNIP8092 [53] http:/ / www. votesmart. org/ voting_category. php?can_id=HCNIP8092 [54] http:/ / www. votesmart. org/ issue_rating_category. php?can_id=HCNIP8092 [55] http:/ / www. ontheissues. org/ Senate/ John_Ensign. htm [56] http:/ / topics. nytimes. com/ top/ reference/ timestopics/ people/ e/ john_ensign/ index. html [57] http:/ / www. sourcewatch. org/ index. php?title=John_Ensign [58] http:/ / www. lasvegassun. com/ news/ news/ john-ensign/ [59] http:/ / sos. state. nv. us/ nvelection/ 2006StateWideGeneral/ ElectionSummary. htm

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Article Sources and Contributors

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Article Sources and Contributors
John Ensign  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=335541580  Contributors: 4twenty42o, 789so7isstuffed, Academic Challenger, Adamc33, Adoubleplusgood, Ajdz, Alex2706, Alfredsp39, All Hallow's Wraith, Allstar86, Anders.Warga, AndySimpson, Anomalocaris, Arbustoo, Astuishin, BD2412, Balcer, Bearcat, Binarybits, Bjones, Blanchardb, Blueboy96, Brandon W, Bremskraft, Bridge Partner, Cassandro, Causticmatt, Centrx, ChapDPop, ChrisCork, Chuckwh, Clarityfiend, Conradege, Conti, Cool3, Copana2002, Coyets, CrazyLegsKC, Cube lurker, CylonCAG, D6, Daiank, Dalinnen, Darolew, Dauster, Davidasinger, Dcmacnut, Deltabeignet, Desde El Exilio, Downtown dan seattle, Dr who1975, Drilnoth, DriveMySol, DuKot, Duk, EVula, Emeraldcityserendipity, Erik9, Fabhcún, Falcorian, Faustus37, Flatterworld, Fratrep, Gamaliel, Gloriamarie, Gokusandwich, Good Olfactory, Greenspun Interactive, Gunsnroads, Haemo, Harro5, Hekerui, Howcheng, Hu12, Huangdi, Hux, Iamcuriousblue, Iamwisesun, Iman2464, Intelligentsium, IronAngelAlice, JForget, Jack Cox, James Kemp, JamesMLane, Jayron32, Jeglecer, Jengod, Jetman, Jjbilotta, Jnocook, John, John Broughton, John Kenney, Jonxwood, Jsnruf, Justine4all, Justinpwilsonadvocate, Kbdank71, Levineps, Lightmouse, Likesausages, Lockesdonkey, Love to sleep, Lovingphish, MECU, MakeBelieveMonster, MatTrue, Maximusveritas, Melanchthon, Mike 7, Minesweeper, Minivet, Mlaffs, ModRocker86, Moodyfloydwhofan, Moore103, Mweymar, N734LQ, Neilc, Neslgrad09, Nevermore27, NewEnglandYankee, Nurg, OCNative, Oakshade, ObfuscatePenguin, OhioBuckeyeBill, Packerfansam, Pete Mo$$, PollShark, Polutlas, Questors, Qwanqwa, RandN, RandomCritic, Rapscallion, Reywas92, Rickasue, RightCowLeftCoast, Rito Revolto, Rrius, Rushadthomas, Samaniego68, Satori, Scoutersig, Secretlondon, Settler, ShadowRangerRIT, Skywriter, SnowFire, Storm Rider, Sundevil4life, Swliv, TRATTOOO, Texastalker, The Mystery Man, The wub, Threeafterthree, Threeonezero, Tom, Tvoz, UnitedStatesIndia, Uwhoff, VegaDark, Vegaswikian, Vic Troy, VitaleBaby, Wetman, Woohookitty, Yankeepigdog, YellowMonkey, Zephyrnthesky, Zerschmettert die Schändliche, Zipcedric, Zscout370, Zzyzx11, Æthelwold, 145 anonymous edits

Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
file:Sen John Ensign official(2).jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Sen_John_Ensign_official(2).jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: United States Senate

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