The French Revolution 1789-1815 by slappypappy121

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									The French Revolution 1789-1815

Background
What would you do?
Imagine the people you live with suddenly were told that they had to give ¾ of their salaries to taxes. They will now be make less than half what they used to. Then you go to Wegman’s and most of the shelves are empty because of a food shortage. Then you see President Bush on TV in Diamonds, and fur and he is building a new Palace to live in. What would your reaction be? What would you do about it?

What about the Enlightenment?
Based on this reading -What was the relationship between the Enlightenment and the French Revolution?
When the French revolutionaries drew up the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen in August 1789, they aimed to topple the institutions surrounding hereditary monarchy and establish new ones based on the principles of the Enlightenment, a philosophical movement gathering steam in the eighteenth century. . . Its advocates committed themselves to "reason" and "liberty." Knowledge, its followers believed, could only come from the careful study of actual conditions and the application of an individual's reason, not from religious inspiration or traditional beliefs. Liberty meant freedom of religion, freedom of the press, and freedom from unreasonable government (torture, censorship, and so on). Enlightenment writers, such as Voltaire, Montesquieu, and Rousseau, influenced ordinary readers, politicians, and even heads of state all over the Western world. Kings and queens consulted them, government ministers joined their cause, and in the British North American colonies, American revolutionaries put some of their ideas into practice in the Declaration of Independence and the new Constitution of the United States. (Copied from - http://chnm.gmu.edu/revolution/chap3a.html)

Based on this reading -What was the relationship between the Enlightenment and the French Revolution?

R.S.V.P. in the French Revolution Reasons
Look at your textbook and see if you can decide what the major causes of the French revolution were. 1. ______________________________________________________________________________ 2. ______________________________________________________________________________ 3. ______________________________________________________________________________ 4. ______________________________________________________________________________

Social Class
The French Revolution had major conflicts between its 3 social classes. Can you determine what these social classes were? 1. ____________________________- ________________________________________________ 2. ____________________________- ________________________________________________ 3. ____________________________- ________________________________________________

Vocabulary
The French Revolution has some very specific vocabulary that goes with it. Let’s define some of it. National Assembly – _______________________________________________________________________ Tennis Court Oath - ________________________________________________________________________

Storming of the Bastille – ___________________________________________________________________

Liberty, Equality, Fraternity – _________________________________________________________________

Jacobins - _________________________________________________________________________________

Reign of Terror - ___________________________________________________________________________

Maximilien Robespierre ______________________________________________________________________

Phases
The French Revolution was divided into 3 major phases. Look at the pictures Mr. Russell shows you and see if you can tell which phase the picture represents and three facts about each phase.

Know the Three Phases – Phase One - ___________________________________   

Phase Two - ___________________________________   

Phase Three - __________________________________   

One of the most influential documents ever written is the Declaration of the Rights of Man. It is important to understand exactly what the document says to truly understand why it is so influential. -> highlight the most important sections of the preamble.

Declaration of the Rights of Man - 1789
The representatives of the French people, organized as a National Assembly, believing that the ignorance, neglect, or contempt of the rights of man are the sole cause of public calamities and of the corruption of governments, have determined to set forth in a solemn declaration the natural, unalienable, and sacred rights of man, in order that this declaration, being constantly before all the members of the Social body, shall remind them continually of their rights and duties; in order that the acts of the legislative power, as well as those of the executive power, may be compared at any moment with the objects and purposes of all political institutions and may thus be more respected, and, lastly, in order that the grievances of the citizens, based hereafter upon simple and incontestable principles, shall tend to the maintenance of the constitution and redound to the happiness of all. Therefore the National Assembly recognizes and proclaims, in the presence and under the auspices of the Supreme Being, the following rights of man and of the citizen:

What does the preamble tell you about the purpose of this document?

__________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________

Declaration of the Rights on Man – The Articles: 1. Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. Social distinctions may be founded only upon the general good.

2.

The aim of all political association is the preservation of the natural and imprescriptible rights of man. These rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression.

3.

The principle of all sovereignty resides essentially in the nation. No body nor individual may exercise any authority which does not proceed directly from the nation.

4.

Liberty consists in the freedom to do everything which injures no one else; hence the exercise of the natural rights of each man has no limits except those which assure to the other members of the society the enjoyment of the same rights. These limits can only be determined by law.

5.

Law can only prohibit such actions as are hurtful to society. Nothing may be prevented which is not forbidden by law, and no one may be forced to do anything not provided for by law.

6.

Law is the expression of the general will. Every citizen has a right to participate personally, or through his representative, in its foundation. It must be the same for all, whether it protects or punishes. All citizens, being equal in the eyes of the law, are equally eligible to all dignities and to all public positions and occupations, according to their abilities, and without distinction except that of their virtues and talents.

7.

No person shall be accused, arrested, or imprisoned except in the cases and according to the forms prescribed by law. Any one soliciting, transmitting, executing, or causing to be executed, any arbitrary order, shall be punished. But any citizen summoned or arrested in virtue of the law shall submit without delay, as resistance constitutes an offense.

8.

The law shall provide for such punishments only as are strictly and obviously necessary, and no one shall suffer punishment except it be legally inflicted in virtue of a law passed and promulgated before the commission of the offense.

9.

As all persons are held innocent until they shall have been declared guilty, if arrest shall be deemed indispensable, all harshness not essential to the securing of the prisoner's person shall be severely repressed by law. No one shall be disquieted on account of his opinions, including his religious views, provided their manifestation does not disturb the public order established by law.

10.

11.

The free communication of ideas and opinions is one of the most precious of the rights of man. Every citizen may, accordingly, speak, write, and print with freedom, but shall be responsible for such abuses of this freedom as shall be defined by law.

12.

The security of the rights of man and of the citizen requires public military forces. These forces are, therefore, established for the good of all and not for the personal advantage of those to whom they shall be entrusted.

13.

A common contribution is essential for the maintenance of the public forces and for the cost of administration. This should be equitably distributed among all the citizens in proportion to their means.

14.

All the citizens have a right to decide, either personally or by their representatives, as to the necessity of the public contribution; to grant this freely; to know to what uses it is put; and to fix the proportion, the mode of assessment and of collection and the duration of the taxes.

15.

Society has the right to require of every public agent an account of his administration.

16.

A society in which the observance of the law is not assured, nor the separation of powers defined, has no constitution at all.

17.

Since property is an inviolable and sacred right, no one shall be deprived thereof except where public necessity, legally determined, shall clearly demand it, and then only on condition that the owner shall have been previously and equitably indemnified.

Reign of Terror
Desi gn ed by Dr Joseph Guillotin e, a man described as kindl y and wh o wanted to make execu ti on more hu man e, th e guillotin e qui ckl y became a symbol of tyrann y du ring th e Fr e n c h Rev ol uti on . Vi ctims were placed on a ben ch , face down , and th eir n ecks positi on ed between th e uprigh ts. Th e actu al beh eadin g was very qui ck - often to th e gath ered crowd's di sgu st - takin g less than half a second from blade drop to th e vi ctim's h ead rolling into th e waiting basket. However, debate rages over wh eth er th e quickn ess of th e execu tion was hu man e or n ot, as man y doctors put forward th e n otion that it could take u p to 30 secon ds before th e victim l ost con sci ou sn ess. Th at pi ece of gru esome n ews would n ot h ave worried th e crowd, which continu ally called for aristocratic and royalist bl ood to be spilt. An estimated 40,000 people traveled on th e tu mbrils th rou gh Paris to die un der Madame Guillotine. Facts and Figu res      Total weight of a Guillotine was about 580 kilos (1278lb) The blade weighed over 40 kilos (88.2lb) Height of side posts was just over 4m (14ft) The blade drop was 2.3m (88 inches) Power at impact was 400 kilos (888lb) per square inch

Napoleon Bonaparte

During the presentation of the PowerPoint, answer the following questions:
1) Who was Napoleon Bonaparte?

2) How did Napoleon become Dictator/Emperor of France?

3) How did he restore order to France? What examples?

4) What were some of Napoleon’s goals?

5) How big did Napoleon’s Empire get?

6) What were the causes of Napoleon’s downfall?

7) What happened at the Congress of Vienna?

Name: _______________________________________ Mr. Russell Global 10 Date: ________________________________________

_________ out of 100 writing points

________ out of 5

Napoleon’s Affect on Europe
Directions: Use the information from the class discussion to fill in the chart below. Then use that information to answer the following question:

Did Napoleon change Europe for the better or for the worse?
Changes for the better 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Changes for the worse 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

We have discussed Napoleon in class and you just watched a video about him. Now that you see all that Napoleon did, decide whether you think he changed Europe for the better or for the worse. Explain your answer below. Remember to clearly state your opinion and the use evidence to support your answer. __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________

Continue writing on the back

__________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________

Revolution = Change
Ultimately, the French Revolution changed France forever. What were the permanent changes in France? 1. ________________________________________________________________________________ 2. ________________________________________________________________________________ 3. ________________________________________________________________________________ 4. ________________________________________________________________________________

Name: _______________________________________ Mr. Russell Global 10 Date:_________________________________________

_________ out of 100 homework points

Due _____________________________

French Revolution
Directions: Use your textbook, read pages 651 – 662 to answer the following questions. You will not receive any points for information copied directly from the book.

Define the importance of the following discoveries. Tell me why you think this term is important. (5 points
each) 1. estates – Estates were an important of the French Revolution because __________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________ Louis XVI (the sixteenth)– Louis XVI was important because __________________________________________________

2.

________________________________________________________________________________________________ The Estates-General – The Estates-General was important because ________________________________________________

3.

________________________________________________________________________________________________ the Great Fear – The Great Fear was important because _______________________________________________________

4.

________________________________________________________________________________________________ Jacobins – Jacobins were important because _______________________________________________________________

5.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

Use the readings listed above to answer the following questions:
6. Why was the third estate unhappy with the government in France before 1789? (15 points)

__________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________

7.

The people of France took three major steps to overthrow King Louis XVI. What were the three steps? Which of these three step do you think was the most important and why? (15 points)

1. __________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. __________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. _______________________________________________________________________(this step is not in bold) Which one is most important and why? __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________

8.

What was the Declaration of the Rights of Man? What American document do you think it is similar to?(10 points)

__________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ 9. What was the Reign of Terror? Why do you think the French people allowed the Reign to happen? (15 points)

__________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________

10.

Based on what you have read, which do you think was worse, France before the French Revolution or France during the French Revolution? Provide three pieces of evidence to support your opinion. (20 points) Your opinion

__________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ Evidence 1. __________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. __________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. __________________________________________________________________________________________

Name: _______________________________________ Mr. Russell Global 10 Date:_________________________________________

_________ out of 100 homework points

Due _____________________________

Napoleonic Europe
Directions: Use your textbook, read pages 663 – 675 to answer the following questions. You will not receive any points for information copied directly from the book.

Define the importance of the following discoveries. Tell me why you think this term is important. (5 points
each) 11. lycées – Lycées were important because __________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________ concordat – Napoleon’s concordat with the Pope was important because _________________________________________________

12.

____________________________________________________________________________________________ Continental System – Napoleon’s Continental System was important because ___________________________________________

13.

____________________________________________________________________________________________ Congress of Vienna – The Congress of Vienna was important because _______________________________________________

14.

____________________________________________________________________________________________

15.

balance of power – Balance of power in Europe was important because________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

Use the readings listed above to answer the following questions:
16. Napoleon is often credited with his great achievement as the Napoleonic Code. Do you think this was a great achievement? Use evidence to support your answer. (15 points) Your opinion

__________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ Evidence 1. __________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. __________________________________________________________________________________________

17.

What were three important improvements that Napoleon brought to France after 1801? (10 points)

1. __________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. __________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. __________________________________________________________________________________________

18.

What were three important failures that Napoleon brought to France after 1801? (10 points)

1. __________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. __________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. __________________________________________________________________________________________

19.

What was the relationship between France and Spain during Napoleon’s reign? (10 points)

__________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________

20.

How was Napoleon finally defeated and driven from France? (10 points)

__________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________

21.

What was the purpose of the Congress of Vienna? Imagine that the Congress never took place. How might things have been different in Europe today? Give at least two examples of how Europe might be different today. (20 points)

Purpose? __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ What if it had not happened? __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________


								
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