Cell Organelle Review Sheet by hcj


									Name: ____________________________ 2008 Biology Fall Final Exam Review 100 question scantron - mostly multiple choice, some matching, and some data analysis STUDY THIS SHEET!!! (Review notes and other review sheets after you know everything on here) Question breakdown – 15 questions on graphing/data analysis Chemistry – 14 questions Scientific Method – 5 questions Biochemistry – 16 questions ATP, Anaerobic, and Aerobic Respiration - 13 Photosynthesis – 10 questions Cell Cycle & Meiosis – 13 questions Cell Organelles & transport – 14 questions Chemistry 1. This is called the ______________________________. 1 2. This tells you how many ____________________________________ H are in a neutrally charged atom. Hydrogen 3. This is called the ________________________________. 1.008 4. This is called the ________________________________. 5. How many neutrons are in one H atom? ____________ How did you find the answer? 6. How many electrons can be found in the 1st energy level? _____ The 2nd? ____ The 3rd? ____ 7. What are water’s properties? 8. Distinguish between covalent & ionic bonds 9. Distinguish between polar and nonpolar molecules 10. Distinguish between ions and isotopes 11. Other terms to know – atoms & subatomic particles Biochemistry 12. Terms to know: polymer, monomer, catalyst, substrate 13. What elements are found in each of the 4 organic compounds? 14. What are the monomers for each of the 4 organic compounds? 15. Give examples of polymers for each of the 4 organic compounds. 16. Distinguish between dehydration synthesis &. hydrolysis 17. Describe the breakdown of glycogen Cell Transport 18. Passive transport vs. active transport 19. What molecules will diffuse through a membrane? What won’t? 20. What are some functions of proteins in the cell membrane? 21. What are enzymes? Photosynthesis 42. What are the 2 steps of photosynthesis? What are their products and reactants? 43. What organelle is key in this process? 44. What are 2 other names for the Calvin cycle? 45. What absorbs the sun’s energy? 46. What compounds must plants have in order to make glucose? 47. What is glucose’s chemical formula? 48. What compound delivers electrons for the e.t.c in photosynthesis?

Cell Organelles Use the words to match the function of the following organelles. A) cilia B) microtubules C) lysosomes D) mitochondria E) nucleus F) cytoplasm G) cell membrane H) golgi apparatus I) vacuole J) ribosomes K) nucleolus L) endoplasmic reticulum M) centriole N) cell wall O) nuclear membrane P) chloroplast ______22. Membrane separating the contents of the nucleus from the rest of the cell ______23. Protein synthesis ______24. Helps in animal cell division ______25. Contains DNA ______26. Regulates what enters and exits the cell ______27. Converts food into useable energy ______28. Converts the sun’s energy into a usable energy form ______29. Supports the plant cell ______30. Lipid formation and protein modification ______31. Hydrolysis of old cell parts Also know the terms prokaryote vs. eukaryote ATP & Respiration 32. What are the components of ATP? 33. The ability to do work is ____________________. 34. Equation for energy being released vs. energy stored. What enzyme is key in this process? 35. What is the equation for aerobic respiration? Write the names of the 3 steps, where they occur, and the number of net ATP molecules produced. 36. What organisms carry out alcoholic fermentation? 37. What happens if you exercise without enough oxygen being delivered to your cells? 38. What is oxygen’s job? 39. What is the waste product produced during the Krebs’s cycle? 40. For anaerobic respiration, write the names of the steps, where they occur, and the number of net ATP molecules produced. 41. Why is fermentation important? Cell Cycle & DNA 49. When is the DNA replicated? _______________ 50. How can you tell a plant cell division from an animal cell division? 51. After mitosis is complete in a human cell, how many chromosomes will each resulting daughter cell have? _________ 52. Two daughter cells result from a single cell through the process of _________________________. 53. If a diploid cell has 30 chromosomes and undergoes mitosis, how many chromosomes will each new daughter cell contain? ______ What if it’s a germ cell? _____ 54. What hold 2 sister chromatids together? ______________________________ 55. What are the two phases of the cell cycle? 56. Mitosis consists of what phases? ___________ The M phase consists of what phases? _________ 57. How is crossing over beneficial to living things? 58. What are the nucleotide composed of for both DNA and RNA? 59. Compare and contrast meiosis and mitosis.

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