"CAPE TOWN SOUTH AFRICA"
The Role of Cotton in Economic Development and Ensuring Food Security During a CAPE TOWN Period of Global Economic Crisis SOUTH AFRICA 7 to 11 September 2009 www.icac.org agriculture Department: Agriculture REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary Meeting ORGANIZING COMMITTEE Organising committee of the 68th ICAC Plenary Meeting 1. Billy Morokolo - Project Leader 2. Maliga Moodley - Project Manager 3. Dr Terry Townsend – ICAC secretariat 4. Carmen S. Leon - ICAC secretariat Committees Members Hennie Bruwer Nic Greyling Tom Mabesa Danie Olivier Fanie Friie Dr Graham Thompson Dr Gert van der Linde Cotton industry Stan Rudman Hansie Willemse L. Venter Brian Brink Technical and Sub- Phineas Gumede stance Subcommittee Simon Molope Maliga Moodley Thabo Ramashala Japie Smit Linda Sifumba Esther Kujane Jo-Anna Lanecki Department of Agriculture Martha Manoto Walter Mokgobu Maserame Mcucwa Wellington Muzondo- Project Management Support Ofﬁce Thapsana Molepo Eric Govuza Security and Health Fanta Venter and Wellness subcom- Department of Agriculture M. Steffen mittee Nomiso Mashalaba Maria Sekgobela Rudolf Abercrombie Budget subcommittee Department of Agriculture/Cotton Hennie Bruwer South Africa D. Henrico Steve Galane Communication Gugu Gumede subcommittee Portia Mabuse Department of Agriculture Rebecca Tlhabane Hennie Bruwer Pauline Skhosana Eugenie Parker Victor Mncube Logistics subcommit- Trevor Colyn Department of Agriculture/ tee Thandeka Mafu Travel with Flair - Events manage- Doreen Sedibe – contact person for accom- ment company/Cotton SA modation Penny Maketekete Hennie Bruwer Contents Organising Committe ............................................................................................................................................. p Welcome Remarks ................................................................................................................................................ p Cotton and Textiles in South Africa ....................................................................................................................... p 68th Plenary Meeting Preliminary Agenda ............................................................................................................ p Overview of the Programme and Timetable .......................................................................................................... p Hospitality Services ............................................................................................................................................... p Accommodation and Reservation Conditions........................................................................................................ p Host City - Cape Town .......................................................................................................................................... p General Information on South Africa ..................................................................................................................... p Daily excursions .................................................................................................................................................... p COTTON AND TEXTILES IN SOUTH AFRICA Cotton in South Africa Although ﬁrst planted at the Cape of Good Hope in 1690, cotton was still a relatively unknown crop in South Africa up to 1970, however, since 1974 the area under cotton production has increased steadily. Notwithstanding this, production met demand only on two occasions when production reached its peak in the late eighties. In terms of world cotton production, South Africa is an insigniﬁcant cotton producer, contributing less than 0.05 % of world production. Compared to other South African ﬁeld crops, the importance of domestically produced cotton, in terms of its gross value is also very low, less than 0.2 % of the total South African agricultural production. It is, however, a most suitable crop for small-scale farmers as it is drought toler- ant and nonperishable. Cotton production is also labour intensive, providing numerous job opportunities on farm level and production can be expanded without causing surpluses. Although cotton production may not always seem to be ﬁnancially lucrative, it is often the most economic and viable crop in mar- ginal dryland production areas and contributes to the social upliftment of people in remote areas. Cotton in South Africa is currently mostly produced under irrigation, mainly in the warmer Limpopo and Northern Cape provinces. The major dryland production areas are in the Limpopo Province and in north- ern KwaZulu-Natal, where more than 3 000 small-scale cotton farmers reside. Although local cotton production is small, the qualities produced are generally excellent, with about 80% of the crop normally in the higher categories of Middling to Good Middling. Biotech varieties make up more than 90 % of the crop, with more than 85% of the crop being stacked-gene cotton. South African cotton yields, compared to the rest of Africa, are also outstanding. On average yields are lately between 700 kg and 1 000 kg cotton lint per hectare, about 3 times higher than the sub-Saharan average. South Africa’s average production over the past 10 years of about 24 000 tons of cotton lint is insufﬁcient to meet the local demand for cotton lint, which averaged about 60 000 tons over the same period. The importation of cotton is therefore a certainty with 99 % of all cotton lint imports originating from countries within the Southern African Development Community: Zambia, Zimbabwe and Malawi being the main suppliers. Textile and apparel industry Meeting g The textile and apparel industry is one of South Africa’s larger employers in the manufacturing sector, providing approximately 110 000 jobs and representing close to 9 % of the total workforce in the manu- International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M facturing sector. The industry is also a major payer of rates and taxes in towns and cities across South Africa in which it is located. e The country has a number of mills producing not only cotton and cotton-blend yarns and fabrics, but also a wide variety of other types of textiles and clothing. There is sufﬁcient production capacity available lo- cally, however, textile factories are currently only producing at around 85 % of capacity. m The local textile and clothing industry contributes approximately 4% to South Africa’s GDP, while its share of the country’s total manufacturing output represents nearly 2,5%. During 2008 exports of textiles and clothing represented approximately 1% of total South African exports. i The South African textile and clothing industry’s strengths lie in its ability to design innovative products and to produce high–quality goods. ter C 1 68TH PLENARY MEETING PRELIMINARY AGENDA Main Topic of the 68th Plenary Meeting The Organising Committee in South Africa selected the theme of the 68th Plenary Meeting as “ The Role of Cotton in Economic Development and Ensuring Food Security During a Period of Global Eco- nomic Crisis”. The theme was selected to provide opportunities for discussion of problems confronting policy makers and businesses on the role of cotton in the current economic situation and how cotton contributes towards food security. Preliminary Agenda The Preliminary Agenda of the 68th Plenary Meeting includes four plenary sessions. Plenary ses- sions are sessions in which observers are permitted; however, participation in discussions is limited to government representatives. 1. Inaugural plenary session for open remarks 2. First plenary session for discussion of government measures 3. Second plenary session for statements from international organizations, member countries and nonmember countries 4. Closing plenary session for concluding remarks Open sessions, in which observers may participate 1. Policies to enhance food security 2. Facilitating smallholder cotton production 3. Cottonseed and value addition 4. Outlook for supply, demand and prices of cotton and inputs 5. Technical seminar: Biosafety regulations, implementation and consumer acceptance 6. The impact of social and environmental standards on demand for cotton and textiles Breakout sessions open to all participants 1. The role of organisations in the cotton economy Meeting g 2. Progress towards harmonisation of trade rules 3. Enhancing demand for cotton products International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M 4. The impact of carbon trading on the cotton industry 5. Best practices in cotton ginning e 6. Best practices in instrument testing Social and cultural activities of the 68th Plenary Meeting 6 September Sunday Welcome cocktail, ICC Cape Town 7 September Monday Welcome dinner m 9 September Wednesday Sightseeing and shopping opportunities. 10 September Thursday Gala dinner t C i 2 OVERVIEW OF THE PROGRAMME AND TIMETABLE Sunday, 6 September, 2009 8:00 Erecting trade booths at the convention centre 10:00 Registration at the CTICC Ballroom Gallery 16:00 Tours and shopping opportunities (depart from the Convention Centre) 10:00 Meeting of the Expert Panel on Social, Environmental and Economic Performance of Cotton Production (SEEP) The Boardroom 13:30 Meeting of the Task Force on Commercial Standardisation of Instrument Testing of Cotton (CSITC) (Observers welcome, preregistration requested) The Boardroom 14:30 Round table discussion: The role of organic cotton in the cotton industry 19:00 Welcome reception, Ballroom East, CTICC Monday, 7 September, 2009 8:00 Registration at the CTICC 9:00 Inaugural session, Ballroom West Chairperson of the Plenary Meeting • Government ofﬁcial: Welcoming remarks • Chairperson of the Plenary Meeting: Opening remarks Meeting g • Report of the Chairperson of the Standing Committee, Ashraf El-Rabiey, Embassy of Egypt, USA International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M • Report of the Executive Director, Terry Townsend • Report of the Private Sector Advisory Panel, Sebahattin Gazanfer, Chairperson of the Pri vate e • Sector Advisory Panel (PSAP) • Keynote presentation: Positioning cotton as a solution to global problems during the IYNF • Approval of the Agenda of the 68th Plenary Meeting • Welcoming remarks on behalf of all delegates by Turkey m 11:00 Tea/coffee 11:30 First open session: Policies to enhance food security i o Speaker, The role of biotech cotton 13:30 Lunch for all participants C Ballroom East 15:00 Second open session: Facilitating smallholder cotton production Speaker, o Speaker Stakeholder relations to move the cotton industry forward 3 17:00 Adjourn 19:00 Welcome dinner Tuesday, 8 September, 2009 8:00 Registration 9:00 Third open session: Cottonseed and value addition • CIRCOT cotton stalks project report 9:00 First breakout session: The role of organisations in the cotton economy Chairperson: Cotton South Africa 10:30 Tea/coffee 11:00 Fourth open session: Outlook for supply, demand and prices of cotton and inputs 13:00 Lunch for all participants Ballroom East Lunch meeting of the International Forum for Cotton Promotion (IFCP) The Boardroom 15:00 First plenary session: Overcoming impediments to progress in multilateral trade negotiations • Report from the Secretariat • Discussion (government representatives only) 16:00 Meeting of the Private Sector Advisory Panel (PSAP) The Boardroom (by invitation, private sector observers welcome with pre-registration) 17:00 Adjourn Meeting g 19:00 Evening programme open Wednesday, 9 September, 2009 International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M e 9:00 Second plenary session: Statements • Statements from International organisations • Statements from member countries m 9:00 Second breakout session: Progress toward harmonisation of trade rules Rooms 1.61 and 1.62 i Chairperson: Mr Peter Wakeﬁeld, Chairperson, CICCA 10:30 Tea/coffee C 11:00 Second plenary session: Statements (continued) • Statements from member countries • St t t f b ti Statements from nonmember countries t 4 11:00 Third breakout session: Enhancing demand for cotton products Rooms 1.61 and 1.62 Moderator: Jeff Silberman, Executive Director of the International Forum for Cotton Promotion (IFCP) • Panel discussion organised by the IFCP 12:30 Lunch for all participants 14:00 Sightseeing and shopping opportunities 18:00 Evening programme open Thursday, 10 September, 2009 7:30 Breakfast meeting of plenary meeting host committees, The Boardroom (by invitation) 8:00 Registration 9:00 Fifth open session (Meeting of the Committee on Cotton Production Research) Technical seminar: Biosafety regulations, implementation and consumer acceptance 10:30 Tea/coffee 11:00 Fifth open session (technical seminar) continued: • Reports of Regional Technical Networks/Associations • Award-ICAC Researcher of the Year 11:00 Fourth breakout session: The impact of carbon trading on the cotton industry 12:30 Lunch for all participants, Ballroom East 13:45 Meeting of the Drafting Group (member country delegates) Meeting g 13:45 Fifth breakout session: Best practices in cotton ginning 15:30 Tea/coffee 16:00 Meeting of the Steering Committee (member country delegates) International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M e Chairperson: Ashraf El-Rabiey, Chairperson of the Standing Committee • Election of Standing Committee Ofﬁcers • Consideration of working papers • Approval of the Statement of the 68th Plenary Meeting m • Other business 16:00 Sixth breakout session: Best practices in instrument testing 17:30 Adjourn i 19:30 Gala Dinner, venue to be announced C 5 Friday, 11 September, 2009 9:00 Sixth open session: The impact of social and environmental standards on demand for cotton and textiles 10:30 Tea/coffee 11:00 Closing plenary session • Invitation from Uzbekistan to the 69th Plenary Meeting • Closing comments by Burkina Faso • Closing comments by other countries • Closing comments by the Chairperson on behalf of South Africa 12:00 Lunch for all participants HOSPITALITY SERVICES Airport transfer services The Organising Committee will open a help desk at the International and Domestic arrival terminal of Cape Town international airport. All registered delegates will be met with logos of the 68th Plenary Meet- ing and will be transferred to their hotels free of charge. Guests who wish to beneﬁt from this complimen- tary transfer are kindly requested to forward their ﬂight details in advance to Travel with Flair to achieve a high- standard service. Advance arrangements in advance can be made for return transfers from the hotels to the airport with Travel with Flair. Information on the meeting place The 68th Plenary Meeting will be held from 6 to 11 September 2009. The International Convention Cen- tre (ICC) is located on Cape Town’s northern foreshore, beneath Table Mountain; the Cape Town Inter- national Convention Centre (CTICC) provides a ﬂexible facility – which is crucial in meeting conference organiser expectations. The centre provides a variety of subdivisible and ﬂexible convention and exhibi- Meeting g tion space. All lunches and meetings will be held at the ICC. International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M m e Convention Square1Lower, Long Street, i Cape Town, 8001 South Africa Tel: +27 (0) 21 410 5000 C Fax: +27 (0) 21 410 5001 E-mail: email@example.com Website: www.capetownconvention.com t 6 Accommodation The organising committee has assigned Travel with Flair, to make all the arrangements, including trans- fers from the airport, accommodation, tours and social programmes. A sufﬁcient number of rooms are reserved at the selected hotels. Below you may ﬁnd the designated hotels for the 68th Plenary Meeting. For additional information about hotel reservations please visit the website www.icac.com For any questions concerning hotels, tours and airport transfers please do not hesitate to contact Ms Doreen Sedibe on +27 (0)12-424 3303/0860 777 747 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org. The rooms will be allocated on a ﬁrst-come-ﬁrst-serve basis. As September is a busy month in Cape Town, participants are highly recommended to make their room reservations well in advance to beneﬁt from the special accommodation arrangement. ACCOMMODATION AND RESERVATION CONDITIONS List of hotels in Cape Town o o Mandela Rhodes Hotel Corner of Burg and Wale Streets Cape Town 8000 South Africa Tel: +27 (0)21 481 4000 Fax: +27 (0)21 481 4001 E-mail: frontofﬁce@mandelarhodesplace.co.za Website: www.mandelarhodesplace.co.za b a The Westin Grand – Arabella Quays Convention Square, Lower Long Street Cape Town, 8000 South Africa, Meeting g Tel: +27 (0)21 412 9999 Fax: +27 (0)21 412 9001 International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M E-mail: www.westin.com/capetown Website: Jaclyn.Petzer@westincapetown.co.za e l Southern Sun Cullinan 1 Cullinan Street m Cape Town Waterfront Cape Town, 8001 Tel: +27 21 418 6920 i Fax: +27 21 418 3559 E-mail: email@example.com Website: www.southernsun.com C 7 n r Southern Sun Waterfront Southern Sun Waterfront, Cape Town 1 Lower Buitengracht Cape Town, 8001 Tel: +27 21 409 4000 Fax: +27 21 409 4444 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.southernsun.com e e Premier Cape Manor Hotel 1 Lower Bree Street Cape Town, 8002 South Africa Tel: +27 21 430 5000 Fax: +27 21 430 5320 E-mail: email@example.com Website: www.proteahotels.co.za e e Premier Cape Manor Hotel 1 Marais Road, Sea Point, Cape Town, 8002 Tel: +27 (0) 21 430 3400 Fax: +27 (0) 21 439 6896 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Meeting g Website: www.premierhotels.co.za International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M Urban Hips Hotel-Circa e 15 Anton Anreith Square, Cape Town, 8002 South Africa Tel: +27 (0)21 410 4000 m Fax: +27 (0)86 616 0714 E-mail: email@example.com Website: www.urbanhiphotels.com t C i 8 e r Hallow in the Square Hotel 9 Ryk Tulbagh Square Hans Strijdom Avenue Cape Town, 8002 Tel: +27 (0)21 421 5140 Fax: +27 (0) 86 606 5722 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.hallowonthesquare.co.za e City Lodge Waterfront Cnr Dock and Alfred Roads Cape Town, 8002 South Africa Tel: +27 21 419-9450 Fax: +27 21 419-0460 E-mail: email@example.com Website: www.citylodge.co.za Park Inn Hotel 10 Greenmarket Square Road Cape Town, 8001 South Africa Tel: +27 (0) 21 423 2050 Fax: +27 (0) 21 423 2059 E-mail: - Meeting g Website: www.parkinn-capetown.co.za International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M s e Holiday Inn Express Hotel e 101 St George’s Mall, Cnr St George’s Mall and Church Street, Cape Town, 8001 South Africa Tel: 27 (0)21 480 8300 m Fax: +27 (0)21 480 8330 E-mail: www.holidayinnexpress.com Website: firstname.lastname@example.org C i 9 C Urban Hips Hotel-ICON Corner of Lower Long Street and Hans Strijdom Avenue, Foreshore, Cape Town, 8002 South Africa Tel: +27 (0)21 410 4000 Fax: +27 (0)86 616 0714 E-mail: email@example.com Website: www.urbanhiphotels.com Details Rates Break- fast Distance Hotel name Star from venue Single Double included 5 R1 560 R1 710 Yes On site Hotel Mandela 5 R1 090 R1 706 Yes 5 min. drive Rhodes Cullinan 4 R1 400 R1 600 Yes 2 min. walk Waterfront 4 R1 400 R1 600 Yes 3 min. walk Hotel Executive R1 000 *Circa Hotel 4 Penthouse R1 140 No 5 min. walk 1 bedroom apartment R1 000 1 bedroom apartment R1 000 *Icon Hotel 4 2 bedroom apartment R1 180 No 5 min. walk Meeting g Studio apartment R850 International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M Protea North 4 R1 198 R1 400 Yes 2 min. walk Wharf e Hallow on the 4 R900 R1 240 Yes 5 min. walk Square City Lodge 3 R1 100 R1 385 Yes 5 min. drive Waterfront m Park Inn Hotel 3 R720 R1 440 Yes 10 min. drive i Holiday Inn Yes 5 min. drive/ 3 R810 Express 15 min. walk C Premier Cape R960 R1 910 Yes 3 10 min. drive Manor * The CIRCA and ICON hotel cater for the delegates who participate in the Ramadan t Fest 10 Maps Indicating locations of hotels and ICC venue C i m e Meeting International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M g 11 Terms of payment Payments can be made by bank transfer or credit card (Visa, Mastercard accepted). Cancellation Policy for Room Reservations All cancellations must be written, by e-mail or fax and should be addressed to Travel with Flair. Please note that each hotel has its own cancellation requirements which are as follows: 1. Mandela Rhodes Place • Should rooms be cancelled 30 days prior to arrival, 100 % of the room rate will be charged. • All credit cards will be used as a guarantee and no holds will be made. Clients will settle the amount in full on arrival. 2. The Westin Grand In the case of the delegates settling direct, the company or agent has to supply the hotel with full guest details, including their credit card details, registration details and credit card authorisation instructions. On receipt of the details, the hotel will charge one night accommodation as a nonrefundable guarantee/ deposit for the reservation. Cancellation policy The following will apply: • Between 120 to 90 days prior to arrival, a charge of 50 % of the contracted value will be levied. • Between 89 to 60 days prior to arrival, a charge of 75 % of the contracted value will be levied. • Between 59 to 0 days prior to arrival, a charge of 100 % of the contracted value will be levied. • The customer will forfeit all deposits paid if the event is cancelled 180 days or less before the event. • Any indemnity or extra costs covered in the contract must be covered by the individual guest, as the Department of Agriculture will not take liability thereof. 3. Southern sun (Cullinan and Waterfront) Meeting g Cancellation of a booking needs to be done by yourself. Should you cancel, postpone or shorten the duration of your booking for any reason, the hotel will charge a cancellation fee to compensate the hotel International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M for any loss it may have suffered. The hotel will also charge you for any costs incurred for any equipment or special facilities it may have hired or arranged to hire on your behalf and these will be added to any e cancellation fee. For no-show delegates full stay of accommodation will be levied. Any cancellation of conﬁrmed reservations received with in 30 days of the arrival date will result in the forfeiting of deposits. Should your function/accommodation be cancelled/reduced, the hotel reserves the right to charge a cancellation fee for hotel accommodation and the loss on food and beverage. If your booking is can- celled, conﬁrmation thereof is required in writing. m • Should a booking be cancelled up to 61 days prior to function/accommodation date, no cancellation fee will be charged. • Should a booking be cancelled between 60 and 31 days prior to the function/accommodation date, i 50 % of the anticipated revenue will be charged. • Should a booking be cancelled between 30 and 0 days prior to the function/accommodation date, 100 % of the full anticipated revenue will be charged. C • In the event that the hotel is able to resell cancelled/reduced rooms at the same rate, there will be no cancellation fee. • The client’s credit card will be debited with 50 % of the accommodation rate at least 30 days prior to arrival. t 12 4. Protea Hotel North Wharf When making a reservation, 30 % of total accommodation should be paid by delegates. The outstanding balance should be paid by delegates no later than 30 days prior to the arrival date. Cancellation fees • 30 % - if booking cancelled 60 to 30 days prior to arrival. • 100 % - if booking cancelled 29 to 1 day prior to arrival. 5. The Cape Manor • All Credit Cards will be charged in case of a no show or a late cancellation. • All bookings that are cancelled later than 30 days prior to arrival will be charged in full 6. Urban Hips: Icon and Circa Hotels Terms of payment: Payments according to the following schedule must be made: • Bookings will only be regarded to be guaranteed on the receipt of proof of payment in full, signed credit card authorization form or proof of EFT transfer. • Credit card will be debited with a 50 % amount, 45 days prior to arrival, the outstanding amount will settled in full on arrival. • Bookings must be cancelled 2 days prior to arrival to avoid late cancellation fee of a night. • Provisional bookings: Until receipt of payment, all bookings are regarded as provisional and as such we cannot guarantee these bookings. We also reserve the right to cancel the bookings mentioned if required. 7. Hollow on the Square • No shows will be charged 100 % of the room rate for guests’ total intended length of stay. Meeting g • When Travel with Flair makes an individual reservation it shall provide the hotel with credit card de- tails and credit card authorisation form of such individual, who will be required to provide the hotel International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M with a credit card guarantee on check-in and shall on check-out be required to settle any outstanding account in full by credit card, local currency or such method as approved by the hotel. e • All credit card information given, may only be used as a guarantee and no holds may be placed until arrival date, however, the card will be debited the day of arrival or in case of a no show. • Any indemnity or extra costs covered in the contract must be covered by the individual guest, as the Department of Agriculture will not take liability thereof. m 8. Park Inn Hotel • All cancellations must be received in writing. i • The hotel must receive the ﬁnal room requirements, rooming list and full prepayment 30 days prior to the arrival of the group. Any rooms subsequently cancelled will be charged for in full. • If arrival of the group is within 30 days of the reservation, the ﬁnal room requirements, rooming list and full prepayment must be received by the hotel within 3 working days of the reservation. Any C rooms subsequently cancelled will be charged for in full. • No shows will be charged for accommodation in full. 13 9. Holiday Inn • All reservations cancelled 45 days prior to arrival will not be charged for, however after this, all can- cellations will charged for in full. • No shows will be charged for in full of the 1 night accommodation. • The credit card details will be used as a guarantee and no hold will be made. • The clients should settle the account in full on arrival. Host City - Cape Town t Meeting International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M C i m e g 14 In 1652 the Dutch East India Company, yielding to repeated petitions and recommendations from their ships' ofﬁcers, at last decided to establish a victualling station at Table Bay. They sent three small ships, the Dromedaris, the Reijger and the Goede Hoop under the command of 23-year-old Jan Antony van Riebeeck to establish a stronghold on the shores of Table Bay. Their objective was to grow vegetables and fruit, barter for livestock with the Hottentot tribes and build a hospital and a sanctuary for the repair of ships. Jan van Riebeeck's ﬁrst fort, subsequently replaced by the existing Castle of Good Hope, was Cape Town's ﬁrst building. The seventeenth century was the Golden Age of the Dutch Republic. Its merchants were the most suc- cessful businessmen in Europe; the Dutch East India Company was the world's greatest trading corpora- tion and had sovereign rights in the East and the Cape of Good Hope, and by mid-century was the dominant European maritime power in southeast Asia. Its ﬂeet, numbering some 6 000 ships, was pos- sibly manned by 48 000 sailors. The Cape became an outstation of the Dutch East India Company's eastern empire, based in Batavia in Java, and fell directly under the Governor-General of the Indies. From 1672 the Cape had a Governor of its own, however, it remained under eastern control until the end of the Company period in 1795. From Table Bay, the Cape Peninsula extends southward, a long, narrow mass of highlands varying in width from three to seven miles, until it tapers to the high, narrow promontory of Cape Point, nearly 48 kilometres away. Only in the neighbourhood of Table Bay and along the eastern ﬂank of the mountains as far as False Bay were there large areas of relatively level lowland suitable for early settlement. The Cape Flats, which links the Peninsula to the mainland of Africa, was at that time covered by sand dunes and dune vegetation. Every winter hollows between the dunes were ﬂooded by rains. Some of the larger ones, such as Princess Vlei, persisted as lakes throughout the year. The name Zeekoevlei is still remi- niscent of the hippopotami that resided in the larger lakes. Wagon Road Chapman’s Peak Drive Robben Island C Meeting International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M i m e g Cape Port 15 The wagon road used by the woodcutters to the tree-covered mountain slopes of Newlands and Kirsten- bosch was the ﬁrst road to be opened by the European settlers. The patches of forest in Orange Kloof were preserved a little longer by their inaccessibility, however, the woodcutters were soon at work in the moist valley bottom below. From the nearby anchorage near Orange Kloof, which was named Hout Bay (Wood Bay), the wood was shipped around the mountain to Table Bay. The peninsular forests, never extensive, lasted barely a generation. Though trees now cover large areas of the mountain slopes once again, these are mostly exotic species. Trial crops of wheat, oats and barley ﬂourished admirably on the deep, loamy soils of the Liesbeek River valley, and this led to the relocation of the Company's grain-farming enterprise to the area in 1657. A large granary, De Schuur, was built near a round grove of thorn trees initially known as Rondedoornbos- jen (modern Rondebosch). The residence Groote Schuur, reconstructed in 1896 on this site, is a beauti- ful example of old Cape architecture. It was formerly the residence of Prime Minister Cecil John Rhodes and was bequeathed by him as the ofﬁcial residence of the Prime Minister of South Africa. To supplement the Company's crops, a number of its servants were discharged and settled as independ- ent farmers along the valley in the areas currently known as Rondebosch and Rosebank. Van Riebeeck himself acquired an estate further upstream, on a wooded hillside known as Bosheuvel (now the Bishop- scourt Estate) where, in 1658, he established the ﬁrst extensive “wynberg” or vineyard in South Africa. In 1662 van Riebeeck handed over the government of the Colony to Zacharias Wagenaar and returned home to his native country. In 1666, the cornerstones of the Castle of Good Hope were laid. This pentagonal building served as gar- rison for the soldiers from 1674 onwards. In about 1667 the Company established a new cattle-post on the other side of Table Mountain, in the Hout Bay valley. Cape Town is a tourist attraction, which not only includes Table Mountain and the Castle of Good Hope but also the renowned Robben Island. GENERAL INFORMATION ON SOUTH AFRICA Location The Republic of South Africa, also known by other ofﬁcial names, is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa. The South African coastline stretches 2,798 kilometres (1,739 miles) and bor- ders both the Atlantic and Indian oceans. To the north of South Africa lie Namibia, Botswana and Zimba- Meeting g bwe, to the east are Mozambique and Swaziland, while the Kingdom of Lesotho is an independent en- clave surrounded by South African territory. International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M How to reach Cape Town Most of the International ﬂights come to Cape Town, however, a ﬂight connection can be made at O.R. e Tambo international airport. To obtain further information on ﬂights visit the following website www.ﬂy- saa.com. Visa requirements An ofﬁcial entry visa is required in South Africa. Please visit www.dfa.gov.za for further information on m visa requirements. Language i South Africa has 11 ofﬁcial languages of which English is the most widespoken. Time South Africa standard time is GMT–2. Shops are open generally from 09:00 to 18:00 from Mondays to C Sundays. t 16 Climate During the month of September the temperatures oscillates between 22 and 29 degrees Celsius. Currency The currency used in South Africa is the South African Rand. The exchange rate is calculated on a daily basis. There are many banks and exchange bureaus throughout the city. Electricity and water 220 volt, 50 cycles. Most hotels have a receptacle for 110 volts. Socket type is the standard three-pin. In the main city, tap water is drinkable; however, for personal consumption bottled water is preferable. Communications There are three mobile telephone companies, namely MTN, Vodacom and Cell C and one land-line company, namely Telkom. It is possible to use most cellular phones in South Africa. Ofﬁcial Holidays and Public Holidays 1 January – New Year’s Day 21 March – Human Rights Day 10 April – Good Friday 13 April – Family Day 27 April – Freedom Day 18 June – Youth Day 9 August – Notional Women’s Day Religious Holidays Ramadan Fest – Ramadan in 2009 will start on Friday, 21 August and will continue for 30 days until Monday, 21 September. Although Ramadan is always celebrated on the same day of the Islamic calendar, the date on the Gre- gorian calendar varies annually because the Gregorian calendar is a solar calendar and the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar. This difference means that in the Gregorian calendar Ramadan shifts ap- Meeting g proximately 11 days every year. The date of Ramadan may also differ in various countries, depending on whether the new moon has been sighted or not. Customs International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M e Customs formalities generally include banned or limited items being brought into the country, or items registered beforehand in the owner’s passport. For further information, see the website www.sars.gov. za. Tipping m Tipping is not included for services. In any case tipping is your prerogative, a reward for services. The standard is 10 %. Driver’s licence i To drive a vehicle in South Africa, visitors have to be in possession of an international driver’s licence. C 17 South Africa Meeting International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M g DAILY EXCURSIONS e Registration for tours A help desk for daily tours and post-meeting tours will be available during the course of the plenary meet- ing to assist delegates and spouses in arranging other tours than those indicated below. CITY TOUR 6 SEPTEMBER 2009 t C i m 18 The Mother City tour will show you the Castle of Good Hope, Heerengracht and Adderley Streets, known for a variety of monuments, such as the Groote Kerk and Cultural History Museum. On top of Table Mountain (weather permitting) the city’s most wellknown landmark. We will also visit the South African Museum. We continue with a stroll through the former Vegetable Gardens of the Dutch East India Com- pany. View the Malay Quarter, after driving through the scenic Tamboerskloof and Greenmarket Square, ending at the Victoria and Alfred Waterfront with an abundance of shops, restaurants and entertainment areas. The excursion up Table Mountain is not included in the rate. If the weather permits, please pay the tour- guide for the ticket. This tour can terminate either at the Victoria and Alfred Waterfront or at your hotel, as preferred. Date tour will be available: 6 September Includes transport, guide, entrance to sa museum, lunch Time: 09:00–16:00 Cost per person: R 650,00 You need: comfortable shoes, a light jacket, sunscreen, camera HARMANUS AND WHALE ROUTE 7 SEPTEMBER 2009 C Meeting International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M i m e g 19 Enjoy a drive towards Hermanus via Gordon’s Bay and Betty’s Bay – a most scenic drive. Hermanus is the country’s whale-watching capital and this tour gives you a wonderful opportunity to walk through the village, and along the cliffs listening to the call of the whale crier – and to the sound of the blows from the whales. Lunch will be for your own account and at leisure. You will also be given free time to explore and to visit the shops if you feel like it. Return in the late afternoon via Sir Lowry’s pass. Date tour will be available: 7 September Includes transport, guide, entrance to sa museum, lunch Time: 09:00–17:00 Cost per person: R 650,00 You need: comfortable shoes, a light jacket, sunscreen, camera KIRSTENBOSCH GARDENS HALF-DAY TOUR 8 SEPTEMBER 2009 e Meeting International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M g This half-day tour is a lovely morning out to enjoy the very beautiful Kirstenbosch Gardens well known in Cape Town. Tea and scones will be served after you have had leisure time to enjoy long walks through the gardens. The site of the Kirstenbosch Botanical Gardens was bequeathed to the state by Cecil Rhodes in 1902. m The ﬁrst Director of the gardens when they were established in 1913 was Harold Pearson, whose grave is in the gardens. Within this hill area of 528 ha/1 304 acres (some 60 ha/150 acres of which are culti- vated) are more than 20 000 indigenous South African plant species which are collected, grown and i studied here. The number of species that can ﬂourish here, however, is limited by the cool, damp winters: the area has an annual rainfall of almost 1 500mm/60in, spread over an average of 140 days per year. t C 20 Date tour will be available: 8 September Includes transport, guide, entrance to sa museum, lunch Time: 09:00–13:00 Cost per person: R 460,00 You need: comfortable shoes, a light jacket, sunscreen, camera 9 SEPTEMBER 2009 MORNING WILL BE AT LEISURE AT THE CTICC FOR THE SPOUSES, COMPLIMENTARY SHUTTLES COULD BE ORGANISED WITH THE HOTELS FOR SHOPPING. A choice of visiting one of the following: Table Mountain, Robben Island, city tour, Cape Point tour or winelands tour is available after lunch for all delegates and spouses at no extra cost. Please indicate your choice during registration. WINELANDS TOUR: 10 SEPTEMBER 2009 m Meeting International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M e g Leaving the city on the N1, our ﬁrst stop is Paarl and the impressive Afrikaans Language Monument. This town was founded around 1717 and received its name from a massive rock, which when in direct sunlight gives a pearly reﬂection. Join a cellar tour and enjoy an introduction to the different South i African wines. We continue to the small town of Franschhoek, ﬁrst founded by the French Huguenots. We visit the Huguenot Memorial in its beautiful protea surroundings. After lunch continue over Hell- shoogte Pass to Stellenbosch, the second oldest town in South Africa, founded in 1679. Visit the Dorpsmuseum, with its 4 dwellings representing the different eras of the Cape. Oom Samie se Winkel, C a Victorian shop, is a wonderful trip into the past. Enjoy another wine tasting before returning to Cape Town. 21 Date tour will be available: 10 September Includes transport, guide, entrance to sa museum, lunch Time: 09:00–17:00 Cost per person: R 855,00 You need: comfortable shoes, a light jacket, sunscreen, camera WINELANDS TOUR: 11 SEPTEMBER 2009 This morning out will be to the local townships (informal settlements) of Cape Town. The tour provides Meeting g an insight into the lives of the people living in these regions, which is a real eye-opener and a South Af- rica reality. Although most of the local people are content and happy, a huge effort is still needed to International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M overcome the poor living conditions of some people in South Africa. e Date tour will be available: 11 September Includes transport, guide, entrance to sa museum, lunch m Time: 09:00–13:00 Cost per person: R 460,00 i You need: comfortable shoes, a light jacket, sunscreen, camera C * Please note that all daily excursions have a cost attached except the tour on Wednesday 9 September 2009 for delegates and spouses. t 22 PRE TOUR OPTION – SAFARI KRUGER NATIONAL PARK LUKIMBI SAFARI – LUKIMBI 2 NIGHTS This is a two night safari option to the Lukimbi Game reserve situated in the heart of the Kruger National Park . Fly into Johannesberg with your international flight and connect to Nelspruit to KMIA . You will be met and transferred to the lodge .For the afternoon you will be taken on an open game drive to search for animals. Dinner back in the camp. Animals found on the Reserve are, Rhino, Buffalo, Giraffe, Lion, large herds of Zebra, Black and Blue Wildebeest, Red Hartebeest, Warthog, Eland, Springbok, Blesbok, Ostriches, Gemsbok, Hippo, Crocodile and other indigenous game. For the second day you will be woken up early for another lovely game drive as the sun rises. Breakfast will be enjoyed back at the camp. Relax and then prepare for your afternoon game drive to enjoy the magic of a safari again. Dinner at the camp. On the third day another early game drive and breakfast before transfer to the KMIA airport for flight directly to Cape Town . DATES TOUR WILL BE AVAILABLE : 4 SEPTEMBER – 6 SEPTEMBER 09 INCLUDES TRANSPORT GUIDE ACCOMMODATION FOR 2 NIGHTS FULL BOARD AND GAME ACTIVITIES , DOMESTIC FLIGHTS COST PER PERSON SHARING R 10890.00 : COST PER PERSON SINGLE R12890.00 YOU NEED : COMFORTABLE SHOES LIGHT JACKET SUN SCREEN CAMERA AND JACKET FOR GAME DRIVES C i m e Meeting International Cotton Advisory Committee 68th Plenary M g 23