Espoo

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Espoo
Espoo Espoo – Esbo
—  City  — Espoon kaupunki Esbo stad

Tapiola in December 2004

Logo

Coat of arms

Location of Espoo in Finland Coordinates: 60°12′20″N 024°39′20″E Country Region Finland Uusimaa

Espoo

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Sub-region Charter City Government - City manager Area (2009-01-01) - Total - Land - Water Area rank [1] 528.16 km2 (203.9 sq mi) 312.22 km2 (120.5 sq mi) 215.94 km2 (83.4 sq mi) 224th largest in Finland [2] Marketta Kokkonen Greater Helsinki 1458 1972

Population (2009-06-30) - Total - Density Population rank

243169 778.84/km2 (2017.2/sq mi) 2nd largest in Finland [3]

Population by native language - Finnish - Swedish - Others Population by age - 0 to 14 - 15 to 64 - 65 or older Time zone - Summer (DST) Municipal tax rate Website [4] 19.7% 69.8% 10.5%

83.6% (official) 8.3% (official) 8%

EET (UTC+2) EEST (UTC+3) [5] 17.5% www.espoo.fi [6]

(Finnish) (Swedish) (English)

Espoo (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈespoː]; Swedish: Esbo, Swedish pronunciation: [ˈɛsbo])) is the second largest city and municipality in Finland. The population of the city of Espoo is 243169 (30 June 2009)[2] . It is part of the Helsinki Metropolitan Area along with the cities of Helsinki (Helsingfors), Vantaa (Vanda), and Kauniainen (Grankulla). Espoo shares its eastern border with Helsinki and Vantaa, while enclosing Kauniainen. Today, Espoo is the only municipality in Finland to fully enclose another municipality. The city is on the shore of the Gulf of Finland, in the region of Uusimaa. Other bordering municipalities of Espoo are Nurmijärvi and Vihti in the north and Kirkkonummi (Kyrkslätt) in the west. The national park of Nuuksio (Noux) is situated in northwest Espoo. Espoo encompasses 528 square kilometres (204 sq mi), of which 312 km2 (120 sq mi) is land.[1] Espoo has several local regional centers. Espoo is thus divided into seven major areas (Finnish: suuralueet, Swedish: storområden): Vanha-Espoo (Gamla Esbo, with administrative center), Suur-Espoonlahti (Stor-Esboviken), Pohjois-Espoo (Norra Esbo), Suur-Kauklahti (Stor-Köklax), Suur-Leppävaara (Stor-Alberga), Suur-Matinkylä

Espoo (Stor-Mattby) and Suur-Tapiola (Stor-Hagalund). The Helsinki University of Technology is based in Otaniemi, Espoo, along with a thriving science community that includes numerous startups and organizations such as VTT – the Technical Research Center of Finland. Nokia, the telecommunications company, is headquartered in Keilaniemi, Espoo, along with other high-tech companies such as KONE and Fortum. The city is bilingual, with majority being Finnish and minority Swedish speakers.

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History
The name Espoo probably comes from the Swedish name for the River Espoo, Espå (or Espåå), which in turn comes from the old Swedish word äspe, meaning stand of aspen, and the Swedish word for "river", å. The name was first mentioned in 1431. The first inhabitants in the area arrived about 9,000 years ago. A permanent settlement was established during the 12th and 13th centuries. The King's Road that passes through Espoo on its way from Stockholm via Turku to Viipuri dates back to the 13th century. The oldest preserved building in Espoo, the Espoo Cathedral, originates from the 1480s. The administrative center Espoon keskus has grown around the church and the railway station. In 1920, Espoo was only a rural municipality of about 9,000 inhabitants, of whom 70% were Swedish speaking. Agriculture was the primary source of income, with 75% of the population making their living from farming. Kauniainen was separated from Espoo in 1920, and it gained city rights the same year as Espoo, in 1972. Espoo started to grow rapidly in the 1940s and '50s. It quickly developed from a rural municipality into a fully-fledged industrial city, gaining city rights in 1972. Due to its proximity to Helsinki, Espoo soon became popular amongst people working in the capital. In the fifty years from 1950 to 2000, the population of Espoo grew from 22,000 to 210,000. Since 1945, the majority of people in Espoo have been Finnish speaking. In 2006, the Swedish speaking inhabitants represented barely 9% of the total population. The population growth is still continuing, but at a slower rate.

Demographics
Historical population of Espoo[7] Year Population Year Population

1901 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970

5,888 1975 7,891 1980 8,817 1985 11,370 1990 13,378 1995 22,878 2000 53,042 2006 92,655 2030 (est.)

120,632 137,409 156,778 172,629 193,754 213,271 235,019 305,000

Population by grand district (in 2006) Area Population Area Population

Leppävaara Espoonlahti

58,048 Vanha-Espoo 48,649 Pohjois-Espoo

33,613 9,754

Espoo

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Tapiola Matinkylä 41,905 Kauklahti 33,613 6,191

The population by nationality 1 January 2007 was 95.1% Finnish and 4.9% other nationalities. Religious affiliation was 77.4% Lutheran, 1.3% Orthodox, 1.3% other, 19.9% no religious affiliation. Espoo contains many high income suburbs, and six out of the ten highest average income postal code areas in Finland are in Espoo.

Culture
Espoo hosts a Museum of Modern Art called EMMA (Espoo Museum of Modern Art), built in a renovated old print house, the WeeGee house, named after an old book print company Weilin & Göös. The same building hosts also Finland's only Museum of Horology (Finnish: Kellomuseo, Swedish: Urmuseum) and a Toy Museum. In Tapiola (Swedish: Hagalund), is located a Culture House, where numerous concerts, and theater performances are held. Espoo has several manors of which open to public are two. The most important is Espoon kartano (Swedish: Esbo gård, Espoo Manor), mentioned first time in 1495, and belonging to the noble Ramsay family since 1756. The current main building dates from 1914, but a mill dates from the 1750s and Finland oldest walved stone bridge from 1777 is on the King's Road (Finnish: Kuninkaantie, Swedish: Kungsvägen) which passes by the manor. The main building can be rented for weddings and similar occasions. Guided tours on request for groups. The other manor open to public is Pakankylän kartano (Swedish: Backby gård), located on the northern shore of Lake Bodom. The manor hosts a restaurant and club rooms, partly with original furniture open to the public, but meant original to Kaisankoti sanatory and old people's home located on ground of the manor. The Melodic Death Metal band Children of Bodom comes from Espoo, Finland. They are named after the unsolved murder known as the Lake Bodom murders which took place at Lake Bodom, a lake in northern Espoo. The bands Norther and Kiuas also come from Espoo.

Sports
Espoo is home to several premier league sports teams. The Espoo Blues play at Barona Areena in the SM-Liiga – professional ice hockey league. The club was established in February 1984 as "Kiekko-Espoo" and played their first season in 1984–1985 in the Finnish Second Division. In 1988 they achieved a place on the Finnish First Division and in 1992 they celebrated their promotion to the SM-liiga. The club and the team changed their name in 1998. The name came from the dominant colour of their home jersey. The full name of the club is Blues Hockey Oy. The Blues are a contender for the title almost every year, but have not ever won the gold medal game. They have won the silver medal several times though. Biggest rival: Oulun Kärpät Another sports club from Espoo, FC Honka, is a football club based in Tapiola in southern Espoo. It was promoted into the Finnish premier division (Veikkausliiga) for the first time in its history at the end of the 2005 season. The manager of the club is Mika Lehkosuo, and it plays its home matches at Tapiolan urheilupuisto. Originally founded in 1953 as "Tapion Honka", it changed its name into FC Honka in 1975. FC Honka is largely known in Finland for its extensive youth scheme with over 1000 young players playing in various age groups. Espoo is the birthplace of 2000 and 2002 World Rally Champion Marcus Grönholm, 2007 Formula One World Champion Kimi Räikkönen, Dallas Stars forward Jere Lehtinen (three time NHL Selke Trophy winner), former Formula One driver JJ Lehto,professional downhill mountain biker Matti Lehikoinen, and 2009 European Figure Skating Champion Laura Lepistö. <tr bgcolor="#ADADAD"> <td width="150px">Club <td width="120px" align="left">Sport

Espoo <td width="270px" align="left">League <td width="180px" align="left">Stadium <td width="50px" align="left">Logo <tr bgcolor="#ffffff"> <td width="150px">FC Honka <td width="120px" align="left">Football <td width="270px" align="left">Veikkausliiga <td width="180px" align="left">Tapiolan urheilupuisto <td width="50px" align="left"> <tr bgcolor="#ffffff"> <td width="150px">Espoo Blues <td width="120px" align="left">Ice hockey <td width="270px" align="left">SM-liiga <td width="180px" align="left">LänsiAuto Areena <td width="50px" align="left"> <tr bgcolor="#ffffff"> <td <td <td <td <td width="150px">Espoo Blues width="120px" align="left">Ice hockey width="270px" align="left">Women's SM series width="180px" align="left">Laaksolahti Arena width="50px" align="left">

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<tr bgcolor="#ffffff"> <td <td <td <td <td width="150px">Tapiolan Honka width="120px" align="left">Basketball width="270px" align="left">Korisliiga width="180px" align="left">Tapiolan urheiluhalli width="50px" align="left">

<tr bgcolor="#ffffff"> <td <td <td <td <td width="150px">Espoon Oilers width="120px" align="left">Floorball width="270px" align="left">Salibandyliiga width="180px" align="left">Tapiolan urheiluhalli width="50px" align="left">

<tr bgcolor="#ffffff"> <td width="150px">Uinti-Espoo "Cetus" <td width="120px" align="left">Swimming <td width="270px" align="left">-

Espoo <td width="180px" align="left">Espoonlahden uimahalli <td width="50px" align="left">

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Gallery

The Helsinki University of Technology, in Otaniemi, Espoo

Nokia world headquarters in Keilaniemi, Espoo

The 55 districts of Espoo The headquarters of Fortum, located in Keilaniemi, Espoo

Tapiola centre in Espoo during the summer

Leppävaara railway station

Träskända Mansion in Espoo

Espoo Cathedral

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International relations
Twin towns — Sister cities
Espoo is twinned with:

Nuuksio National Park in the autumn

• • • • •

Esztergom, Hungary • Gatchina, Russia Irving, United States • Køge, Denmark Kongsberg, Norway • • •

Kristianstad, Sweden Nõmme, Estonia Sauðárkrókur, Iceland Shanghai, China Sochi, Russia

See also
• Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context, signed in Espoo 1991 • Districts of Espoo • 2009 Espoo shopping mall shooting

References
• Espoon kaupungin taskutilasto 2007, issued by the City of Espoo, 2007

External links
• • • • • City of Espoo [6] – Official website (Finnish) City of Espoo (Esbo) [8] – Official website (Swedish) City of Espoo [9] – Official website (English) Espoo Convention & Marketing [10] Espoo for travellers (Finnish) (Swedish) (English) Helsinki University of Technology [11] – located in Espoo (Finnish) (Swedish) (English)

Espoo • Helsinki.fi [12] – Helsinki region in a nutshell (Finnish) (Swedish) (English)

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References
[1] " Area by municipality as of 1 January 2009 (http:/ / www. maanmittauslaitos. fi/ Pintaalat_kunnittain_1. 1. 2009. pdf)" (in Finnish and Swedish) (PDF). Land Survey of Finland. . Retrieved 20 February 2009. [2] " Population by municipality as of 30 June 2009 (http:/ / www. vrk. fi/ vrk/ files. nsf/ files/ AE1290D892E86719C22575EB002B065C/ $file/ 090630. html)" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Information System. Population Register Center of Finland. . Retrieved 26 July 2009. [3] " Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008 (http:/ / pxweb2. stat. fi/ Dialog/ varval. asp?ma=060_vaerak_tau_107_fi& amp;ti=Väestö+ kielen+ mukaan+ sekä+ ulkomaan+ kansalaisten+ määrä+ ja+ maa-pinta-ala+ alueittain+ + 1980+ -+ 2008& amp;path=. . / Database/ StatFin/ vrm/ vaerak/ & amp;lang=3& amp;multilang=fi)". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. . Retrieved 29 March 2009. [4] " Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008 (http:/ / pxweb2. stat. fi/ Dialog/ varval. asp?ma=050_vaerak_tau_104_fi& ti=Väestö+ iän+ (1-v. )+ ja+ sukupuolen+ mukaan+ alueittain+ 1980+ -+ 2008& path=. . / Database/ StatFin/ vrm/ vaerak/ & lang=3& multilang=fi)". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. . Retrieved 28 April 2009. [5] " List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2009 (http:/ / www. vero. fi/ nc/ doc/ download. asp?id=6425;167571)". Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2008. . Retrieved 8 March 2009. [6] http:/ / www. espoo. fi/ [7] http:/ / www. espoo. fi/ default. asp?path=1;28;11894;1033;1042 [8] http:/ / www. esbo. fi/ [9] http:/ / english. espoo. fi/ [10] http:/ / www. visitespoo. fi/ [11] http:/ / www. hut. fi/ [12] http:/ / www. helsinki. fi/ en/

Article Sources and Contributors

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Article Sources and Contributors
Espoo  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=335416863  Contributors: AB, Acrajan, Ahoerstemeier, Almost Anonymous, Apalsola, ArséniureDeGallium, Avala, AxG, Azure Shrieker, BD2412, Bawss8607, Beginning, Bentley4, Betacommand, Caid Raspa, Camalartrece, Canderson7, Cherrero77, Chowbogan, Cnbrb, Conscious, D6, Dani 7C3, Darin-0, Darius Dhlomo, Docu, Dogaroon, Dr. Blofeld, Elrith, Espoo, EspooU, Farside, Februarygirl, Fudoreaper, Gene Nygaard, Gilgamesh, Gisograf, Green Giant, Gunnar Larsson, Hapsiainen, Icelandic power, Interwiki gl, Islander(Scandinavia), JIP, JaGa, Janka, Jonik, Jontts, Joose ra, Jpk, Jyril, KFP, Kaspazes, Kuohatti, Kwamikagami, Lradrama, Lupin, MacTire02, Mappase, MapsMan, Marek69, Maximus Rex, Mic, Midgrid, MikaMattiR, Miraceti, Mr. Deadman, Mysid, Neilbeach, Nk, P0ppe, Parkstad, Parslad, Patricknoddy, Pjbeef, PoccilScript, Pprkl007, Prolog, Pvosta, Querto, Quidam65, Revelian, Riku p, Robin Patterson, Russian Blue Kitty, Sakuragi, Sam Hocevar, Sanna Laine, SchuminWeb, Shikker, Shyam, SidP, Silvonen, Sjc, SteveDay, Supaman89, Supersonickim, TUF-KAT, Tbackstr, Tellervo, Template namespace initialisation script, TheEgyptian, Timo Honkasalo, Tonym88, Toukola, Untifler, Vkem, WojPob, Zakuragi, Zinjixmaggir, Zisa, 189 anonymous edits

Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
File:Tapiolan keskustaa illalla.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Tapiolan_keskustaa_illalla.jpg  License: GNU Free Documentation License  Contributors: J-P Kärnä File:Espoo.vaakuna.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Espoo.vaakuna.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: ChristianBier, Ningyou, Väsk File:City of Espoo logo.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:City_of_Espoo_logo.png  License: unknown  Contributors: Parkstad File:Espoo.sijainti.suomi.2008.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Espoo.sijainti.suomi.2008.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Care File:Naisetblueslogo tr5.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Naisetblueslogo_tr5.png  License: unknown  Contributors: User:Cydebot, User:Gay Cdn, User:Riku p File:Espoonoilerslogo.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Espoonoilerslogo.png  License: unknown  Contributors: User:Cydebot, User:Riku p File:Fortum HQ, Espoo.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Fortum_HQ,_Espoo.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: User:KFP File:Helsinki University of Technology auditorium.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Helsinki_University_of_Technology_auditorium.jpg  License: GNU Free Documentation License  Contributors: J-P Kärnä File:Nokia HQ.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Nokia_HQ.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: User:Majestic File:Espoo districts.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Espoo_districts.png  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Migro File:Espoon Tapiola kesällä.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Espoon_Tapiola_kesällä.jpg  License: GNU Free Documentation License  Contributors: J-P Kärnä File:Espoon tuomiokirkko.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Espoon_tuomiokirkko.jpg  License: GNU Free Documentation License  Contributors: J-P Kärnä File:Leppävaaran juna-asema Espoo Finland.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Leppävaaran_juna-asema_Espoo_Finland.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Apalsola, Evakonpoika, Skorpion87 File:Träskända gård.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Träskända_gård.jpg  License: GNU Free Documentation License  Contributors: User:Islander File:Nuuksioruska.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Nuuksioruska.png  License: GNU Free Documentation License  Contributors: User:Clem23 File:Flag of Hungary.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Hungary.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:SKopp File:Flag of Russia.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Russia.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: AndriusG, Davepape, Dmitry Strotsev, Drieskamp, Enbéká, Fred J, Gleb Borisov, Herbythyme, Homo lupus, Kiensvay, Klemen Kocjancic, Kwj2772, Mattes, Maximaximax, Miyokan, Nightstallion, Ondřej Žváček, Pianist, Pumbaa80, Putnik, R-41, Radziun, Rainman, Reisio, Rfc1394, Rkt2312, Sasa Stefanovic, SeNeKa, SkyBon, Srtxg, Stianbh, Wikiborg, Winterheart, Zscout370, Zyido, ОйЛ, 34 anonymous edits File:Flag of the United States.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_the_United_States.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Dbenbenn, User:Indolences, User:Jacobolus, User:Technion, User:Zscout370 File:Flag of Denmark.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Denmark.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Madden File:Flag of Norway.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Norway.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Dbenbenn File:Flag of Sweden.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Sweden.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Hejsa, Herbythyme, J budissin, Jon Harald Søby, Klemen Kocjancic, Lefna, Mattes, Meno25, Odder, Peeperman, Quilbert, Reisio, Sir Iain, Str4nd, Tabasco, Tene, Thomas Blomberg, Thuresson, Wiklas, 31 anonymous edits File:Flag of Estonia.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Estonia.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:PeepP, User:SKopp File:Flag of Iceland.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Iceland.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason File:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_the_People's_Republic_of_China.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Denelson83, User:SKopp, User:Shizhao, User:Zscout370

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