April Awareness Campaign Alcohol Awareness Child Abuse Prevention Sexual Assault Awareness 2009 April is Alcohol Awareness Month: “Saving Lives: Prevent and Reduce Underage Drinking” Underage Drinking Myths v. Facts Myth: Alcohol isn’t as harmful as other drugs. Fact: Alcohol increases your risk for many deadly diseases, such as cancer. Drinking too much alcohol too quickly can lead to alcohol poisoning, which can kill you. Only 72% of the students in the Siouxland tri-state feel that drinking two glasses of alcohol nearly every day is harmful. They also feel that drinking alcohol is much less harmful than smoking cigarettes, smoking marijuana, or using methamphetamine. Myth: All of the other kids drink alcohol. I need to drink to fit in. Fact: If you really want to fit in, stay sober. Most young people don’t drink alcohol. Locally, more than 72% of youth haven’t had a drink in the past month. Myth: Adults drink, so kids should be able to drink too. Fact: A young person’s brain and body are still growing. Drinking alcohol can cause learning problems or lead to adult alcoholism. People who begin drinking by age 15 are five times more likely to abuse or become dependent on alcohol than those who begin drinking after age 20. Information provided by the US Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, www.samhsa.gov Parents, only 79% of our students felt you would think it is very wrong or wrong for them to drink alcohol. Perceived parental disapproval is the strongest influence on youthful alcohol use. Children who believe their parents would strongly disapprove of their using a particular substance are less likely to do so than those whose parents somewhat disapprove or neither approve or disapprove. Parents can help. Ask: Who? What? Where? When? Remember: It’s not pestering. It’s parenting. (National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign) START TALKING BEFORE THEY START DRINKING!!! Start the conversation any way you can. Contact Siouxland CARES to receive information on how to start talking or go to www.drugfree.org CARES Greater Sioux City Metro Area Youth Survey Results – 2008 (4,779 students in grades 6, 8, 10, & 12 from eight area school districts participated) 50% percent of our 12th graders and 63% percent of our 10th graders have never used alcohol in the past 30 days. 62% of our area 12th graders and 76% percent of our 10th graders have reported that they did not participate in binge drinking (more than 5 drinks at one time) in the past 30 days. 33% of the area 12th graders and 19% of the area 10th graders have driven a car after using alcohol or other drugs in the past year. The survey reports that we have increased the number of 10th graders who have never been around other teens using alcohol by 29% since 1999. Currently 45% report never having been around other teens using alcohol. Alcohol—From Use to Dependence Andrea Rohlena, Jackson Recovery Centers Problems associated with alcohol exist on a continuum ranging from use of the substance to dependence. According to the American Psychiatric Association, alcohol use disorders are also known as alcohol dependence and alcoholism. This occurs when the individual has lost control over their drinking and will drink despite negative consequences. Alcohol abuse is characterized by clinically significant impairment or distress but does not entail physical dependence. Risky drinking includes drinking beyond moderate levels either on a regular basis or on a particular occasion. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, nearly 14 million Americans – one in every 13 adults -- abuse alcohol or are alcoholic. Fewer than 25% of those who need treatment get it in a given year. Much research has been completed to explain why some individuals can use alcohol without problems but others cannot. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, genetics, having an alcoholic family member, and certain factors in a person’s environment increase an individual’s chances of developing alcoholism. Professionals in the substance abuse treatment field as well as those suffering from alcoholism and other addictions are continually struggling with the stigma associated with the disease of addiction. Many still believe addiction is a moral issue or a matter of willpower. Addiction is a chronic, progressive, primary, potentially fatal brain disease. The path to addiction begins with using an addictive substance. Over a period of time, a person's ability to choose not to take that substance is compromised. This in large part is a result of the effects of prolonged substance use. People suffering from an addiction are in the grip of a powerful "craving," or uncontrollable need, which overrides their ability to stop. These cravings for alcohol last for a lifetime and can be as strong as the need for food or water. Prevention of Alcoholism Addictions are preventable as well as treatable. Statewide prevention departments are focusing on preventing adolescent substance abuse to stop addiction before it starts. Many nationwide initiatives are promoting the importance of parental involvement and discussion with adolescents on alcohol and use. Parents can help deter alcohol and drug use by implementing the following suggestions: Teach young people how to refuse offers for cigarettes, alcohol and drugs. Making children comfortable with what they can say goes a long way. Talk to young people about how to avoid undesirable situations or people who break the rules. Remind children that there is strength in numbers and can feel supported in stressful peer pressure situations if they have friends for support. Let young people know that it is okay to seek an adult’s advice. Nurture strong self-esteem to make positive decisions. For more information or to get help for alcohol abuse or alcoholism, individuals can contact the state substance abuse treatment provider at Jackson Recovery Centers at (712) 234-2300 or www.jacksonrecovery.com. Individuals may also refer to the following websites: www.samhsa.gov, www.nida.nih.gov, www.csat.samhsa.gov, or www.niaaa.nih.gov. Alcohol-Branded Apparel Study A recent study found a link between AlcoholBranded Apparel and Underage Drinking Teens who own merchandise promoting alcoholic beverages are more likely to start drinking and become binge drinkers. The study conducted by researchers at Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center surveyed 6,522 youths aged 10 to 14 about their drinking behaviors and drinking susceptibility, including peer pressure and other indicators. The number of these adolescents who owned alcohol-branded merchandise ranged from 11 percent at the 8-month survey to 20 percent at the 24-month survey. The most common products were clothing (64 percent), hats (24 percent) and other items such as jewelry, key chains, shot glasses, posters, and pens. Seventy-five percent of the brands featured were beer. The report is published in the March issue of the "Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine". Child Abuse Prevention Month Angela Mack, Mercy Child Advocacy Center Child abuse is no longer a secret. It happens in all socio-economic classes and all walks of life. Perpetrators come in all shapes and sizes. Child abuse is a serious problem that can lead to longterm affects including sudden changes in behavior, such as becoming withdrawn, becoming aggressive, and running away or failing in school. Some children may have nightmares, disrupted sleep patterns or regressions in behavior like thumb sucking or bedwetting. A child may have vaginal or rectal bleeding, pain, itching, discharge or torn or bloodied underwear. A child may have an unusual interest in or knowledge of sexual matters or may express affection in ways inappropriate for a child of that age. Some children develop a fear of a person or a place. Children may feel guilt or shame, may suffer from depression or may have difficulty forming interpersonal relationships. Some children may resort to destructive methods of coping such as use of alcohol or drugs, or may attempt suicide. It would not be uncommon for an abused child to feel lonely, isolated or alienated and be confused about his or her family relationships. It is important to know that although some children may exhibit signs that they are being abused, there are other children who will show no signs whatsoever. Children who have been abused may benefit from counseling. Children are usually relieved to talk about what happened with someone who is not directly involved. Many children, out of concern for their parents, don’t want to tell them things that will make them sad. The counseling session provides a safe place for children to deal with their feelings. Parents can also learn about other ways to help their child through their recovery by keeping a close relationship with the child’s counselor. Many counselors will set aside time to talk with you about your child’s progress and what you can do at home to help. Your willingness to seek counseling for your child at any stage that difficulties arise will help your child to heal. No matter what kind of counseling your child receives, your relationship with your child will be the most crucial element in his or her recovery. Taking one day at a time and understanding that all problems are not solved immediately is helpful for caregivers when dealing with a crisis. Take care of yourself so that you can be emotionally available to your child. Child abuse affects the entire family so counseling for parents and siblings may be needed as well. It is important to recognize that the family is enduring a stressful situation and mental health intervention can be helpful for everyone involved. As a caretaker, it is important to have open communication with your child about body safety. Your child needs to know that his or her body belongs only to him or her. Remember, it is rare that a stranger abuses a child. Children need to know that it is their right to say “no” to anyone who touches them. If you suspect child abuse, report the abusive incident to Child Protective Services (in Iowa: 800-362-2178, in Nebraska 800-652-1999, and in South Dakota 866-847-7338) and cooperate with the authorities throughout the subsequent investigation. Sexual Assault Information April is Sexual Assault and Awareness Month. Every 90 seconds someone is being sexually assaulted in America One in four girls and one in seven boys are sexually assaulted before their 18th birthday One in four college girls and one in three women in their lifetime are sexually assaulted in their lifetime 7-10% of adult rape victims are male Anyone can become a victim For more information, call the Council on Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence, 712-258-7233 or go to www.safefromabuse.com. MAKE MEMORIES…NOT HEADLINES… Celebrate Drug-Free!! Prom 2009 April 18 Dakota Valley Maple Valley-Anthon-Oto-Mapleton Woodbury Central April 25 Bishop Heelan Lawton Bronson Sergeant Bluff-Luton Westwood Elk Point- Jefferson South Sioux City May 2 Sioux City North Sioux City West River Valley May 9 Sioux City East Have a Safe Prom and Graduation! Celebrate Drug and Alcohol Free! Calendar of Events Friday, April 3, Mayor’s Youth Commission 8th Grade Leadership Forum, Long Lines Family Rec Center, 8:30-Noon. Friday, April 3, Protecting Families Conference, The Forensic Exam & Mimics of Abuse, Sioux City Convention Center, 8:45 a.m. to 3:45 p.m. Contact Mercy Medical Center’s Education Department at 712-279-2152. Tuesday, April 7, Teen Court Training, 4:007:00 p.m., Siouxland Chamber of Commerce Building, students in grades 9-11 are invited to become a volunteer for Teen Court. Please contact Missy at 255-3188 to register. No charge. Monday, April 20, Sioux City Mayor’s Youth Commission meeting, 7 p.m., City Hall Council Chambers, 405 6th Street, Sioux City, drug dog demonstration by Jim Bauerly, Woodbury County Sheriff’s Department. April 26, National Council on Youth Leadership, Siouxland Chapter, Youth Salute, for selected high school Juniors at Morningside College MAKE YOUR CHARACTER COUNT IN SIOUXLAND Be…Trustworthy • Respectful • Responsible • Fair • Caring • a Good Citizen Businesses are including the Six Pillars of Character in their company's values and educating their staffs and boards on making ethical decisions. For free posters and window clings, contact Siouxland CARES at 712-255-3188 or www.siouxlandcares.org Learn more about Character Counts: www.charactercounts.org or www.charactercountsiniowa.org "Character is who you are when no one is looking." -J.C. Watts Trustworthiness: Think it. Be it. Respect: Give it. Get it. Responsibility: Take it. Teach It. Fairness: Share it. Practice it. Caring: Show it. Receive it. Citizenship: Have it. Honor it. The information in this newsletter is compiled by Siouxland CARES About Substance Abuse, 101 Pierce Street, Sioux City, Iowa 51101, (712) 255-3188, Email email@example.com; Website: www.siouxlandcares.org Funding made possible through a Drug Free Communities Support Program grant to Siouxland CARES from SAMHSA and ONDCP. Siouxland CARES is a United Way affiliated agency.
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