Concept of Oxidation State in Organic Compounds by sparkunder23

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									          Concept of Oxidation State
            in Organic Compounds

                    alkanes

   increasing       alkenes, alcohols, ethers, alkyl halides
   oxidation
   state            alkynes, aldehydes, ketones

                    carboxylic acids, esters

as you go down this list, compounds in each group
contain one more oxygen or two less hydrogens than the
compound with same number of carbons in the group above.

oxidation is formally equivalent to dehydrogenation
(ie removal of two H's)

reduction is addition of two hydrogens (remember catalytic
hydrogenation of alkenes, alkynes) or removal of one oxygen.

								
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