Free, Libre, and Open-Source Software

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					Free, Libre, and Open-Source Software.
By Robert Barker, 2007-04-13

Freeware: Free proprietary software. Author retains rights to source-code, development and distribution.
Cross-Platform: Software that runs on many computer platforms such as Windows, Macintosh and Linux.
The Community: Enthusiastic volunteers, who develop, maintain and support open-source software.
Open-source: A licensing philosophy that empowers enthusiasts with the freedom (libre) to obtain the
“source-code” for free software to use, customize, improve, fix, or redistribute the software.

1) Web

     Mozilla Firefox                                                                      open-source cross-platform
     http://www.mozilla.com/firefox/
     NCSA Mosaic, created by two students at the University of Illinois, was the first program widely used to
     browse the World Wide Web. Mosaic evolved into Netscape, which was later released to the community
     as Mozilla; and finally as Firefox. Firefox is a stable web browser that is less vulnerable to loss of personal
     information, spyware and viruses. Firefox is available for Windows, Macintosh and Linux.

     NVU                                                                        open-source cross-platform
     http://www.nvu.com/
     NVU is a full-featured HTML web page editor. Pronounced n-view, NVU’s roots are in the original
     Netscape Composer, which evolved into the now retired Mozilla Composer. As an open-source project,
     volunteers continue to develop NVU, which runs in Windows, Macintosh, and Linux.

2) Office Productivity

     AbiWord                                                                open-source cross-platform
     http://www.abisource.com/
     Created by SourceGear, and released to the community, AbiWord is a Word-like word processor.
     AbiWord is a small download and runs quick. AbiWord is open-source, cross-platform and runs on
     Windows, Macintosh, and Linux.

     Foxit PDF Reader
     http://foxitsoftware.com/
     Foxit Reader is a freeware alternative to Adobe Reader for reading PDF. Foxit is substantially smaller,
     faster, and simpler than Adobe’s Reader. Foxit Reader will allow you to type on a PDF. Foxit Reader is
     freeware and is available for Windows.

     OpenOffice.org                                                               open-source cross-platform
     http://www.openoffice.org/
     Created in the 80’s, acquired by Sun in 1999, released to the community in 2000, OpenOffice.org is a
     mature productivity suite. OpenOffice.org includes Base database, Excel-like Calc, Draw image editor,
     the PowerPoint-like Impress, Math equation editor, Word-like Writer and will make PDF files.
     OpenOffice.org is open-source, cross-platform, and runs in Windows, Macintosh and Linux.

     Scribus                                                                          open-source cross-platform
     http://www.scribus.net/
     Scribus is a page-layout desktop publishing program; similar to Publisher or Adobe PageMaker. Scribus
     is suitable for newsletters, brochures, and other publications. Scribus is open-source, cross-platform and
     runs on Windows, Macintosh, and Linux. Requires GhostScript framework.

Created by Robert Barker, District Systems Support                                           Word 2004 on Mac OS X Tiger 10.4.8
Lebanon R-III School District                              Created: Monday, February 19, 2007 – Printed: April 12, 2007 at 11:53 PM
3) Imaging

     Paint.NET                                                                   open-source
     http://www.getpaint.net/
     Created as a senior project at WSU, Paint.NET as an open-source alternative to the Windows Paint
     applet. Less mature than the GIMP, Paint.NET has grown to be a fully functional image editor.
     Paint.NET is not cross-platform, but runs well on Windows. Requires .NET 2.0 framework.

     The GIMP, GNU Image Manipulation Program                                     open-source cross-platform
     http://www.gimp.org/
     Created by Berkeley students in 1995, the GIMP has evolved into a mature image editor that compares to
     Adobe Photoshop. The GIMP offers endless image editing features. The GIMP is open-source, cross-
     platform and runs on Windows, Macintosh and Linux. Requires GTK+ framework.

4) Creativity

     ArtRage Free                                                                                   cross-platform
     http://www.ambientdesign.com/
     Ambient Design’s ArtRage Free is a freeware version of the fun painting program ArtRage. ArtRage
     Free is particularly capable when paired with a tablet. ArtRage Free is proprietary and its license restricts
     ArtRage Free to personal use. ArtRage Free runs in Windows and on Macintosh.

     Tux Paint                                                                      open-source cross-platform
     http://www.tuxpaint.org/
     Created in 2002, Tux Paint gets its name from Tux, the penguin mascot for the Linux operating system.
     Tux Paint is a kids painting program, which will provide endless hours of fun. Parents and teachers can
     turn Tux Paint drawings into backgrounds, screensavers or wall art. Tux Paint is open-source, cross-
     platform, and is available for Windows, Macintosh and Linux.

5) Drawing and Diagramming

     Inkscape                                                                       open-source cross-platform
     http://www.inkscape.org/
     Inspired by Xara Xtreme, Inkscape is a vector graphics editor; useful for graphic design, logos,
     illustrations, geometric patterns, illustrations, diagramming, flowcharting and other scalable graphics.
     Inkscape is open-source, cross-platform and runs in Windows, Macintosh, and Linux.

     Dia                                                                            open-source cross-platform
     http://live.gnome.org/Dia/
     Inspired by Visio, Dia is useful for, but not limited to, diagramming, flowcharting, circuits and layouts.
     Dia is open-source, cross-platform and runs in Windows and Linux. Requires GTK+

     Google Sketchup                                                                         cross-platform
     http://sketchup.google.com/
     Created by @Last Software, acquired by Google in 2006, Google Sketchup is now a freely available 3D
     modeling program, or a vector graphics editor. Sketchup will allow students to design any sort of 3D
     object. While not open-source, it is freeware and will run in Windows or Macintosh.




Created by Robert Barker, District Systems Support                                          Word 2004 on Mac OS X Tiger 10.4.8
Lebanon R-III School District                             Created: Monday, February 19, 2007 – Printed: April 12, 2007 at 11:53 PM
6) Exploring Earth and Stars

     Google Earth                                                                              cross-platform
     http://earth.google.com/
     Created by Keyhole Inc., acquired by Google in 2004, Google Earth is a freeware virtual globe. Filled
     with satellite imagery and maps, Google Earth will let you browse Earth, see state, county, city, school
     district, and political borders, plus more. Google Earth runs in Windows and Macintosh.

     Stellarium                                                                     open-source cross-platform
     http://www.stellarium.org/
     The French derived Stellarium planetarium features a library of over 120,000 stars and our solar system.
     Stellarium is open-source, cross-platform and runs in Windows, Macintosh and Linux.
     Celestia                                                                       open-source cross-platform
     http://www.shatters.net/celestia/
     Billed as a space simulation, Celestia features 120,000 stars, our solar system, and extra-solar planets.
     Celestia is open-source, cross-platform and runs in Windows, Macintosh and Linux.

7) Anti-virus and Anti-spyware

     ClamWin Antivirus                                                       open-source cross-platform
     http://www.clamwin.com/
     With roots in the Unix world, and based on ClamAV, “ClamWin” is on-demand antivirus software for
     Windows. ClamWin is open-source and cross-platform; ClamWin runs in Windows, ClamXav is
     available for Macintosh and the original ClamAV is available for Linux.

     Windows Defender
     http://www.microsoft.com/windowsdefender/
     Originally created by Giant Company Software, and later acquired by Microsoft, Windows Defender is
     anti-spyware software for Windows. Windows Defender is freely available for Windows XP and is
     included with Windows Vista.

8) Audio and Video

     Audacity                                                                     open-source cross-platform
     http://audacity.sourceforge.net/
     Created by a grad student at Carnegie-Mellon, Audacity is an audio recorder, mixer, and editor, which
     enables you to cleanup noise, change speed, cut, copy and paste audio. Audacity is open-source, cross-
     platform, and is available for Windows, Macintosh and Linux.

     VirtualDub                                                                    open-source cross-platform
     http://www.virtualdub.org/
     Started as a college project, VirtualDub is used to capture video, cleanup video, and edit video.
     VirtualDub is open-source, although not cross-platform, and will run in Windows.

     VLC Media Player                                                             open-source cross-platform
     http://www.videolan.org/
     Originally developed in 2001, today VLC media player plays hundreds of audio and video file formats.
     VLC is a free, open-source, and cross-platform and runs in Windows, Macintosh and Linux.




Created by Robert Barker, District Systems Support                                        Word 2004 on Mac OS X Tiger 10.4.8
Lebanon R-III School District                           Created: Monday, February 19, 2007 – Printed: April 12, 2007 at 11:53 PM
9) Utilities

     7-Zip                                                                              open-source cross-platform
     http://www.7-zip.org/
     Used to compress files and folders into one file, 7-Zip is useful for archiving files or reducing the size of
     email attachments. 7-Zip is cross-platform, open-source and runs in Windows, Macintosh and Linux.

     Allsnap
     http://www.allsnap.org/
     Allsnap is a freeware tiling window manager for Windows. Allsnap enables you can open a series of
     windows, organize or resize them, and the edges will snap to the edges of other windows.

     Belarc Advisor
     http://www.belarc.com/free_download.html
     Belarc Advisor is a freeware program that collects and displays information about your computer,
     operating system, and software. It is an informational tool. It runs in Windows.

     CleanUp!
     http://www.stevengould.org/software/cleanup/
     CleanUp! is a freeware utility to clean up temporary files left behind when surfing the Internet and other
     clutter that accumulates in Windows.

     iStat Pro
     www.islayer.net/
     iStat Pro is a freeware program that displays real-time information about your computer in the form of a
     Widget. It is an informational tool, and runs in Mac OS X 10.4 Tiger.

     Onyx
     http://www.titanium.free.fr/
     Onyx is a freeware utility to cleanup temporary files, customize Mac OS X settings, and other general
     maintenance for Macintosh.




Created by Robert Barker, District Systems Support                                          Word 2004 on Mac OS X Tiger 10.4.8
Lebanon R-III School District                             Created: Monday, February 19, 2007 – Printed: April 12, 2007 at 11:53 PM