Winter 2008 Volume 2, Number 1
Organic Food Goes to School
A cross America, school districts food is offered. The St. Paul, Minnesota
Source: Steven R. James, Oregon State University
have rewritten their wellness policies school district began offering more fruits
with the goal of including healthy and vegetables in its school lunch program
nutrition in school cafeterias. The Local at the same time the number of kids buying
School Wellness Policy, part of the Child lunch increased.
Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act More school board wellness policies,
of 2004, required each school district when discussing nutrition, now emphasize
participating in the National School serving locally grown food and sometimes,
Lunch Program and/or School Breakfast organics. The Berkeley, California
Program to develop a local wellness wellness policy states, “the food served
policy. shall be organic to the maximum extent
These policies had to be in place possible.” The wellness policy of the the
by fall of 2006. In some instances, the children’s urine to pesticide residues on Eugene Oregon 4J School District states,
policies mention serving organic food conventionally grown food. When parents “The district will look for opportunities to
in the school cafeteria. switched their kids from a conventional integrate local, organic foods into the meals
Now, NCAP is poised to conjoin our to an organic diet, those residues became served to students … based on availability,
agriculture program that helps farmers undetectable “almost immediately.” acceptability and price.”
grow and market organic potatoes with
food distributors that supply school School lunches nourish children
districts. NCAP expects to see organic Using information gleaned from the new
potatoes in two pilot school districts by studies, more school boards throughout
late 2008. the country are discussing how access to
organic food can be part of their health and
Studies reveal chemical traces nutrition policies.
in children’s bodies For many children, the school cafeteria
Getting children to eat organic produce is the best source of steady nutrition.
is proving more and more critical. Over According to the USDA, five billion
the past several years, a number of school lunches were served in 2006.
published studies have revealed that the More than half of those meals were
amount of pesticide residues in children’s served to children qualifying for free or
urine is linked to their diet. Scientists reduced priced lunch. The majority of those
are concerned about organophosphate children are between the ages of 8 and 13.
insecticide residues affecting children’s NCAP’s goal is to bring organically
brain development and nervous systems. grown food to this vulnerable population,
According to a March 2003 many of whom are least likely to afford In 2005, 400 school districts nationwide
Environmental Health Perspectives organic. Feeding such a large, sensitive were purchasing locally grown food. In
study, concentrations of common population organic food can only have 2006, Woodbury County, Iowa became
insecticide breakdown products found positive outcomes for learning and future the first county in the U.S. to mandate the
in urine were six to nine times higher in health. purchase of locally grown, organic foods.
kids eating conventional diets compared Will children eat healthier lunches? To make organic food widely accessible,
to kids eating primarily organic diets. A recent University of Minnesota study NCAP is working with Idaho potato farmers
In a February 2006 study in the same found that the number of children who to help them go organic.
journal, scientists linked pesticides in buy lunch does not decrease when healthy continued on page 2
Northwest Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides • P. O. Box 1393 Eugene Oregon 97440 • (541) 344-5044 • www.pesticide.org
Board of Directors
Cliff Bradley, Montana
Carrie Wullen Frazier Donates AND Volunteers!
Jean Cameron, Oregon
Woody Deryckx, Washington ith two small children in tow, Carrie about donation slips and envelopes getting buried
Gail Gutsche, Montana Wullen putted around Eugene in her pickup at the bottom of a stack of mail,” says Wullen,
Helen Haberman, Oregon truck a few months ago, stopping in and out of adding, “We like knowing
Betty McArdle, Oregon businesses to pick up auction items donated for that NCAP can count on a
Susan Medlin, Idaho DEDICATED
NCAP’s 30th Anniversary Celebration. Then she regular donation from us.”
Soozie Nichol, Washington
came into the office and helped with admin- DONOR AND Wullen originally
John O’Connor, Idaho
Randy Selig, Oregon istrative tasks, as she’s done for several years. SPECIAL became involved in
Deanna Simon, California As if that level of volunteerism weren’t pesticide-related issues
when she interned with
Staff Pesticide Action Network
Executive Director North America (PANNA) in San Francisco in
Norma Grier the early 1990s. She was later hired as Assistant
Program Coordinators Development Director.
Megan Kemple During her time at PANNA she learned about
Aimee Code NCAP.
Jennifer Miller When Wullen moved to Eugene with her
family in 2004, she wanted to get involved in
the community and NCAP “was a natural fit,”
Financial Manager she says. “I was familiar with NCAP’s work and
Edward Winter helping to ensure a safe and healthy place for
Development Director my sons to live is a priority.”
Stacey Janssen Wullen says she “was delighted” when her
Carrie Wullen Frazier with son Finnegan neighborhood park, Shadowood, was included in
Lynn Buckman Eugene, Oregon’s pesticide-free parks program.
enough, Wullen and her spouse are also regular “I can now visit the park with my children and
Katie Schuessler donors to NCAP. feel confident that they can play in the grassy field
They’ve chosen to donate to NCAP using the without coming into contact with herbicides or
Find Us automatic monthly payment option. “It’s easy for pesticides,” she says.
NCAP us to budget accordingly and I don’t have to worry
P.O. Box 1393
Eugene, OR 97440-1393
(541) 344-5044 (phone)
(541) 344-6923 (fax)
Organic Food in School, continued
www.pesticide.org Western Farmers,
Starting at the source: helping
ISSN: 1937-6545 farmers go organic Researchers to Convene
NCAP is helping farmers make the transition
to organics by offering information they need. Organic potato farmers and researchers are
NCAP membership dues: NCAP Sustainable Agriculture Program Director gathering in Portland in January to discuss
Jennifer Miller has secured funding for research how they manage insects, diseases and weeds
Limited Income $15 and market assessments and helped disseminate without chemicals. Hailing from the five
Associate $50 the results. major organic potato producing states in the
Sustainer $100 Farmers have said they need help managing west, California, Colorado, Idaho, Oregon and
weeds without chemicals, fertilizing with Washington, the group’s members will also
legumes and composting, identifying rotation identify research and education needs.
a member of crops and accessing new markets for organically This strategic planning session is commonly
Earth Share of grown potatoes. done for crops grown conventionally, with
Oregon Through NCAP’s work, those new markets, support of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
such as school districts, will be reached, NCAP is helping to bring this USDA method
providing an outlet for an ever increasing of strategic planning for pest management to
NCAP is a member of EarthShare number of organically grown crops. an organically grown crop for the first time
of Oregon. Employees at participating NCAP continues to look to the future ever.
EarthShare of Oregon workplaces
may give to NCAP by payroll
for organic food. With more school districts The report generated from the meeting
deduction. Ask your employer, or recognizing the importance of going organic will help researchers obtain federal funds to
contact EarthShare of Oregon at and NCAP working with farmers, the prospect support work on high priority needs of organic
503-223-9015. for organic food in schools making the grade is potato farmers.
a definite “A.”
2 Northwest Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides • P. O. Box 1393 Eugene Oregon 97440 • (541) 344-5044 • www.pesticide.org
Stories of a Neighborly Approach
Karen McCarthy promotes spraying, and got nowhere.
More bureaucratic stonewalling came
simple, often “homespun,” ways to deal when then Governor Gray Davis vetoed
with landscape challenges for her clients the Healthy Schools Act bill, citing it
in Bainbridge Island, Washington, often as too costly.
using the tips she receives from NCAP’s Not to be deterred, Maselbas worked
Healthier Homes and Gardens program. with other parents and an attorney to
She says she’s noticed the more she convince the school to use least-toxic
offers pesticide-free solutions, “the less methods and post when the fields were
likely the gardeners are to go to what
I call ‘the stinky aisle’ at the hardware ACTIVATORS
store to solve their problems.”
McCarthy quickly adds that although going to be sprayed.
she uses the word “problem,” she tries “We drafted a policy and procedure
to help her clients understand what with the superintendent to come up with a
they might perceive to be a problem plan that didn’t limit use of pesticides but
“is really just part of nature’s cycle and required them to try least-toxic methods Bainbridge Island, Washington landscaper
rhythm, which is often resolved without first,” she says. Karen McCarthy teaches homespun, responsible
ways to deal with nature’s cycles and rhythms.
intervention from us.” “That took years and was not an
easy process,” says Maselbas. “The
groundskeeper had always used pesticides, Monday. We ended up on the front page of
so he was quite resistant to change.” the paper on Sunday.”
‘Every effort we make to be Although Maselbas looks back at the
media coverage as “horrendous,” it was
responsible, no matter how effective.
small, all adds up — one way Monday came. No one sprayed.
After the issue was publicized, a
or the other.’ —Karen McCarthy
community forum was held, which brought
in many more parents. The greater numbers
helped in establishing an IPM (integrated
McCarthy says she has many clients pest management) committee to arrive at a
and colleagues who are older and who are no-spray agreement with the school board.
often thrilled to be reminded that people Shortly thereafter, when the Healthy
managed pest and weed issues without Schools Bill was floated the second time
pesticides and herbicides until recently. around, Davis signed it.
She adds, “With this inspiration, Now, the parent group is currently
people frequently recall methods working on refining policies and procedures
that were modeled to them in their June Maselbas stopped the spraying at her
son’s school in Marin County. so they’ll be in place no matter which
youth. This is a great way for me to learn parents are involved, or who the new
new ‘old’ approaches that I can then share superintendent is. (The current
with others.” While the parent committee and lawyer superintendent is retiring this year after 27
Lastly, McCarthy reminds her clients were drafting policies and procedures with years in the position.)
that, “Every effort we make to be the superintendent, a verbal agreement “We’ll get more specific about
responsible, no matter how small, all adds ensured that no pesticides would be sprayed procedures that will happen,” says
up — one way or the other.” until a policy was written. Maselbas.
But then the parents found out the
T groundskeeper was going to spray.
en years ago, June Maselbas The parent committee sent a letter to
discovered the playing fields at her son’s every parent in the school, explaining the he crawled through her Tucson home
elementary school in the Kentfield School spraying was occurring and why it was not in the middle of the night, seeking out noisy
District of Marin County, California good for children. crickets, can of Raid in hand.
were being sprayed with pre-emergent “I put down five board of trustees’ phone That was 23 years ago. Today, Baker
herbicides. Not wanting her son and numbers and suggested they call,” says City, Oregon resident Suzanne Fouty is
other children to be exposed to the toxic Maselbas. the pesticide reform activist of her 'hood.
chemicals, she took action. She also mailed the letter to the local
She approached the board of trustees continued on page 4
paper, the Marin Independent Journal.
of the school district to ask for a stop to “The groundskeeper was to spray on
Northwest Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides • P. O. Box 1393 Eugene Oregon 97440 • (541) 344-5044 • www.pesticide.org 3
When Fouty recently moved into her help her with her vegetable garden, Fouty
new neighborhood, her next-door neighbor says, “I was clear we use no pesticides
mentioned he sprayed malathion for aphids and no fertilizers, and we had an amazing
in his ornamental trees, mentioning “He crop — not a single bug. That just blew her
has to be careful because if he inhales it his away. She told her sister.”
face goes numb,” says Fouty.
She asked NCAP for information on
safe alternatives and bought some Safer
She asked NCAP
soap for her neighbor to use. for information on safe
“He was willing to give it a try,”
says Fouty. alternatives and bought
“The first year the aphids weren’t bad
and they were in dormancy the next year,” Baker City, Oregon resident Suzanne Fouty, some Safer soap for
her neighbor to use.
pictured here with her dogs, shares pesticide-
free tips with her neighbors.
Fouty then decided to plant a
vegetable garden in her front yard. Her
neighbors began bringing her grass The fact there were no bugs on the
clippings for her garden and she told tomatoes was a “big selling point,” says
them she could only take their clippings ‘I was clear we use no Fouty.
if they used no pesticides and no “We planted beans, tomatoes, lettuce,
fertilizers. pesticides and no fertilizers, cucumbers and we share. I encourage all
That raised awareness in the
neighborhood, as did her request that and we had an amazing the neighbors to come pick. I tell them I
like for their children and pets to be safe
neighbors let her know if they were going crop — not a single bug.’ coming by and picking.” Fouty adds she
to use pesticides so she could keep her dogs also feels that way about the birds and
off their lawns. —Suzanne Fouty
squirrels that come by.
“I’m lucky I have wonderful neighbors,” Fouty says the transition from Raid user
says Fouty. “I don’t know if that’s something to organic gardener hasn’t been difficult.
you can always get.” “Once you start reading the back of the
When one of her neighbors offered to labels it’s pretty creepy,” she says.
Join Other Green Givers Sign Up a Friend!
You can green up your giving, save precious resources and increase
A recent NCAP survey showed nearly
40 percent of respondents heard about
your support for NCAP by becoming a Monthly Donor. It’s simple, with NCAP from a friend.
many benefits. This type of networking is invaluable
As the donor, you choose the amount you want deducted from your account to our organization. Please help us
each month and we do the rest. You may also choose to contribute on a continue to spread the word by sharing our
quarterly basis. Because you spread your tax-deductible donation throughout information with your friends and family.
the year, you can increase your annual support for NCAP without stressing You can sign up someone you know for
Being a Monthly Donor saves paper, time and postage because NCAP no
longer sends renewal notices or requests for contributions in the mail. Your a free copy of the Naysprayer by emailing
membership simply renews automatically each year. us their name and address, along with your
NCAP is committed to making the most of every dollar you give for our full name, at firstname.lastname@example.org
important work to reduce pesticide use and promote healthy alternatives. If We’ll send your friend a copy of the
you are interested in greening up your giving, join NCAP’s Monthly Donor Naysprayer, along with a note telling them
program. you’ve brought them into the loop.
Please contact Stacey Janssen at email@example.com or at Happy New Year from all of us at
(541) 344-5044, ext. 23. NCAP!
4 Northwest Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides • P. O. Box 1393 Eugene Oregon 97440 • (541) 344-5044 • www.pesticide.org
Pesticide-free Parks Program Given Green Light
N CAP’s pesticide-free parks program ‘The pesticide-free parks
in Portland, Oregon has proved successful.
Implemented three years ago in October program is an important
2004 as a three-year trial in just three part of the City of Portland’s
parks, the pilot program culminated with
a big boost recently when Portland Parks efforts to protect human
Commissioner Dan Saltzman announced health and the environment...’
the program would be continued and Parks Commissioner, Dan Saltzman
expanded to include at least two additional announces the expansion of the —Portland Parks Commissioner Dan Saltzman
pesticide-free parks program at NCAP’s
parks. 30th anniversary event in Portland.
Saltzman gave the good news on
October 20th at NCAP’s 30th Anniversary
staff liaison, demonstrating the
Celebration in Portland.
city’s level of commitment to the
“The pesticide-free parks
program and to its responsibility
program is an important part of
to manage its parks in ways that
the City of Portland’s efforts to
ensure the health of people,
protect human health and the
animals and the environment.
environment, while involving
That commitment has been
community members in the
essential for the program’s
process,” he says.
According to Pesticide-free
Parks Program Coor-dinator,
Megan Kemple, “People want
pesticide free parks! We’re very
‘People want pleased the city of Portland
has made the commitment to
pesticide-free Rachel Carson Awards for Excellence in Pesticide continue the program and expand
Reduction were given to Portland parks staff
Martin Nicholson, left, and Pesticide-free Parks it to include more parks.”
—Megan Kemple, NCAP
volunteers Curtis Eivers, Caran Goodall and While looking forward to expanding
Linda Parrish. Dan Saltzman stands between
Goodall and Parrish.
the program in Portland, NCAP is also
excited that more Northwest parks are
becoming pesticide-free. Oregon City
Since the inception of the program at NCAP has partnered with Portland
and Milwaukie, just outside of Portland,
Portland’s Lair Hill, Sewallcrest and Arbor Parks and Recreation (PP&R) to make
recently established their first pesticide-free
Lodge parks, people have shown their the program successful. NCAP recruits
parks, and all city parks in Lincoln City,
enthusiasm for places they can go with volunteers, coordinates monthly work
Oregon were just designated pesticide-free.
their families and pets where they won’t be parties in each of the pesticide-free parks
The movement is growing!
exposed to pesticides. Proving they want and evaluates progress. The volunteers who
If you are interested in seeing your
to leave a legacy of clean water, clean air keep things happening attend the monthly
neighborhood parks designated pesticide-
and healthy ecosystems for their children work parties and make sure to meet the
free, please contact Megan Kemple at
and others, nearly 300 volunteers have maintenance standards set by the parks
firstname.lastname@example.org or call
contributed more than 1,400 hours of labor department using techniques such as hand-
(541) 344-5044, ext 17.
and 1,422 people have signed petitions in weeding, flame-weeding and mulching.
support of pesticide-free parks. For its part, PP&R provides a program
NCAP’s WISH LIST
• Newer digital camera
• Ergonomic office chairs in good condition don’t let friends
• Volunteers to help in office use pesticides!
(Let us know how you would like to plug in!)
• Volunteers with SQL programming experience
Email us at email@example.com or call us at (541) 344-5044, ext. 22
Northwest Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides • P. O. Box 1393 Eugene Oregon 97440 • (541) 344-5044 • www.pesticide.org 5
NCAP Celebrates 30 Years
T hank you to NCAP supporters for a Linda Parrish, Dona Hippert, Caran
wonderful 30th Anniversary Celebration! Goodall, Xander Patterson and Martin
Together we toasted 30 years of success with Nicholson.
organic wine generously donated by Frey Thanks to their hard work, Portland Parks
Vineyards and enjoyed tasty appetizers. We Commissioner Dan Saltzman announced
were entertained by the stunning sounds of the three-year pilot program had proved
Grammy-winning guitarist Doug Smith successful and will continue.
and Judy Koch Smith on flute. It was a thrill to meet so many old friends
Thanks to the generosity of our sponsors and to see some new faces, as well. NCAP
and donors, our silent auction was a success. is fortunate that our board members, staff
Check out the extensive list of donors on and dedicated volunteers were on hand to
the next page. make the evening flow smoothly. Happy
We awarded our volunteers who make anniversary, NCAP!
our Pesticide-free Parks program in
Portland so successful. Recipients of the
Rachel Carson Award for Excellence in Norma Grier Executive Director Norma Grier
highlighs 30 years of NCAP success
Pesticide Reduction were Curtis Eivers, Executive Director
at the celebration.
an important role
in helping people
Thanks for all
your terrific work
over the past 30
NCAP Financial Manager Edward Winter, Norma
— Andy Harris Grier, Board Members Betty McArdle, Susan
Physicians for Social Medlin, Jean Cameron, Gail Gutsche, John NCAP Board President Jean Cameron
Responsibility O’Connor. Seated: Helen Haberman, Deanna and Portland Parks Commissioner Dan
Simon. Saltzman peruse the silent auction.
‘NCAP is the first
call we make when
we need to know
impacts of a
pesticide or solutions
—Dan Kent, Managing
Program Coordinator Director, Salmon Safe Project Program Coordinator Aimee Code (right) with
Megan Kemple. daughter Haley Ann and mother, Judith Waugh.
6 Northwest Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides • P. O. Box 1393 Eugene Oregon 97440 • (541) 344-5044 • www.pesticide.org
Thanks to our 30th Anniversary Sponsors!
Lead Sponsor: Ergonica Moby Dick Hotel & Oyster Farm
Mountain Rose Herbs Eugene Textile Center Mother Nature’s Baby Store
Food Front Cooperative Grocery Mountain Rose Herbs
Sponsors: Footwise - the Birkenstock Store New Seasons Market
Frontier Natural Products Co-op ForeverGreen Eco Weeders Old Wives’ Tales Restaurant
Nature’s Control Frey Vineyards Oregon Ki Society
New Seasons Market Fyberworks Boutique Peaceful Valley Farm and
Rosie Hippo’s Toys Gazelle Natural Fibre Clothing Garden Supply
Trillium Natural Foods Grampa’s Gardenware Co. People’s Food Co-op
Hawthorne Auto Clinic, Inc. Pine Dune Pottery
HealthQuest Spa Pioneer Organics
Auction Item Donors: Holly Berry Portland Bamboo Company
Hound Dog Products Portland Patagonia Store
Hummingbird Wholesale Portland Rock Gym
I Run With Scissors Roo Bling
Jean Cameron Rosie Hippo’s Toys
Breathe Deep Productions
Jennifer M. Moore Sandy Eastoak
Breitenbush Hot Springs
NorthWest Outdoor Center Steven Rotter MD
Café Mam Coffee
Dr. Joyce R. Young, N.D., IBCLC The Sugar Beets
Kathleen Piper Suzinn Weiss Garden & Design
Choice Organic Teas
Karla Comartin Territorial Seed Co.
Lindsey O’Rear Tin Shed Café
Clouds Hill Farm
Mama Rose’s Naturals Tin Woodsman
Contech Electronics Inc.
Marco’s Café and Espresso Bar Trade Roots
Core Star: Center for the Living Arts
Margaret Feller Trillium Natural Foods
McArdle Projects Two Dudes Flyfishing
Denise Jessup with Holly Berry
Michael Wickes Photography Wildwood Restaurant
Donna Sakamoto Crispin
Misty River Yoga Pearl
NCAP Sponsors The Great Food and Farm
Celebration Tour in Idaho
NCAP’s Sustainable Agriculture Guests were treated to an organic feast at
Program Director Jen Miller and NCAP Susan’s home. They also toured four farms
Board Member Susan Medlin celebrated 30 that are important local food suppliers.
years of NCAP’s success with the “Great The tour included the Boise Urban
Food and Farm Celebration Tour” in Boise Garden School, Meadowlark Farm,
on July 8. Sweetgrass Farm and Peaceful Belly
Boise event sponsors included:
Bigwood Bread Peaceful Belly Farm
Boise Co-op R’You Being Served
Boise Urban Garden School Red Feather
Chocolat Bar Rodenator
Classic Signs Snake River Winery
Farm Management, Inc. Sustainable Growth
Lava Lake Land & Livestock Sweetgrass Farm
Magic Valley Compost TNT Seed Company
Residents learn pesticide-free
Meadowlark Farm Western Ag Research techniques while touring the Boise
Nu Earth Wild Birds Unlimited Nature Shop Urban Garden School.
Northwest Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides • P. O. Box 1393 Eugene Oregon 97440 • (541) 344-5044 • www.pesticide.org 7
The NaySprayer NONPROFIT ORG
Northwest Coalition for US POSTAGE
Alternatives to Pesticides PAID
PO Box 1393 EUGENE, OR
PERMIT NO. 672
Eugene, OR 97440-1393
ADDRESS SERVICE REQUESTED
What’s New on the Web
Members Help Build NCAP
Please see www.pesticide.org for recent Your membership makes NCAP’s work • Keep you informed about
articles on pesticides and your health. possible by underwriting our efforts to: effective pesticide-free solution for
homes and gardens.
Autism and Insecticides:
Autism: A new study on children born • Protect the health of people
in California’s Central Valley suggests and wildlife by reducing pesticide More than 70 percent of NCAP’s
that autism in those children might use that contaminates waterways funding comes from the generous gifts
be linked to prenatal exposure to two and natural areas. of people like you. NCAP receives
insecticides used on fields near their financial support from more than 2,300
mothers’ homes. (See excerpt below.)
• Promote farming practices that individuals and families each year.
NCAP’s 2006 Annual Report sustain farm families and produce Tax-deductible annual memberships
healthy food. are available in various amounts.
Alternatives Factsheets: Please join or renew your membership
Clothes Moths • Lead the movement to bring today by visiting our website at
Invasive English Ivy
Vinegar in Herbicides pesticide-free parks to Northwest www.pesticide.org or calling Stacey
cities. Janssen at (541) 344-5044, ext. 23.
Autism Spectrum Disorder • Advocate for the public’s right Thank you in advance for helping to
to know and product safety related to protect human health and the environment
Linked to Maternal Exposure pesticides. by promoting alternatives to pesticides.
A new study focusing on children born
in California’s Central Valley suggests Children were six times more likely to development of the nervous system. They
that cases of autism in those children have been diagnosed with autism if their conducted this exploratory study using
might be linked to prenatal exposure to mothers had spent early pregnancy in information gleaned from several state
two insecticides used on fields near their homes within 500 meters (547 yards) of databases, focusing on children born in
mothers’ homes. fields with the highest levels of dicofol and Central Valley, an agricultural region.
Cases of autism and related disorders endosulfan applications when compared to After identifying children who had been
were associated with maternal exposure a group whose mothers did not live near diagnosed with autism, they matched the
to applications of dicofol and endosulfan agricultural fields. mothers’ addresses to agricultural activity
during early pregnancy. The rate of autism Autism is characterized as a in the area. They then honed in on specific
increased as the amount of pesticide neurodevelopmental disorder. California pesticides that had been used nearby during
use increased. Distance of the mother’s researchers wanted to test the idea that the mother’s first eight weeks of pregnancy.
residence was also a factor, with cases of pesticide exposure from living near Read more at:
autism decreasing the farther away she agricultural fields during pregnancy http://www.pesticide.org/hhg/autism.html
lived from the fields. might contribute to problems with fetal
8 Northwest Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides • P. O. Box 1393 Eugene Oregon 97440 • (541) 344-5044 • www.pesticide.org