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2009 Ashura Iran anti-government protest

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					2009 Ashura Iran anti-government protest

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2009 Ashura Iran anti-government protest
2009 December Iran anti-government protests Part of the 2009 Iranian election protests

Protesters in Tehran on 27 December 2009 Date December, 2009

Location Iran Result Conflict ongoing

Belligerents Iranian security forces Green Movement of Iran, Protesters Strength 90,000 Basij (full-time) Hundreds of thousands Casualties and losses Unknown conflicting reports: 15 dead (1,500 - 3,000 Arrested)
[1] [2]

-37 killed

[3]

The 2009 Ashura Iran anti-government protest are a series of ongoing demonstrations by Iranian citizens opposed to the current dictatorship which have escalated since June 2009 when the 2009 Iranian Presidential Election was marred by accusations of fraud, sparking post-election protests. In December 2009, the protests saw an escalation in violence.[4] The Iranian Government security forces opened fire on protesters on the Shiite holy day of Ashura, a day "symbolically about justice" and during which any kind of violence is forbidden, it thus aroused anti-government anger among Iranians.[5]

Background
Irregularities during the 2009 Iranian presidential election led many Iranians to the conclusion that the government in power is illegitimate. While post-election protests were mostly peaceful, some violence broke out and security forces beat and killed unarmed protesters. Government authorities also detained political opponents. The government relied heavily on its security apparatus to suppress the dissent but failed to resolve the underlying crisis over the disputed election.

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Events
In December 19 the Grand Ayatollah Hossein Ali Montazeri died; he was a at-onetime close associate of Khomeni and had become later a spiritual leader of the opposition. His funeral two days later in Qom was attended by a large gathering of people[4] and security forces and mourners clashed [6] Subsequently funeral demonstrations in Qom and Isfahan saw further clashes.[6] On December 24, further funeral demonstrations were apparently forbidden with the exception for at his birthplace and Qom. Funeral demonstrations of his mourning fed into the Day of Ashura (December 27) the climax of Muharram, the month of mourning. Hundreds of thousands of Iranians conducted anti-regime protests on the 26th and 27th of December 2009.[7] Basij security forces in Tehran stormed a mosque where Khatami was speaking on December 26; this incited religious muslims who joined the protesters.[4] On December 27 violent clashes occurred in Tehran and opponents fought back. According to Jaras, a news media of the critics, eight to ten people died while state media initially denied any deaths but on December 28 indicated that there had been 15 victims including ten “well-known anti-revolutionary terrorists”.[4] The Shiite Ashura which is "symbolically about justice" was projected to provide an important occasion for the protest.[8] It did and the Iranian government security forces opened fire on protesters on the holy Shiite day of Ashura , a day on which any kind of violence is forbidden and it raised anti-government anger among Iranians. [5] At the beginning, police sources, denied reports of shooting at protesters and death reports. However, state television later acknowledged fatalities. [9] Later, the Police Chief Azizollah Rajabzadeh indicated that police has not been carrying such weapons.[10] Days before Ashura and the subsequent events, in response to a question on whether Ashura protests can see any of state repressions and if the state dares to arrest the opposition politician the religious authority Ayatollah Kadivar said that "You cannot rule out the possibility; at the same time, the rulers also fear any kind of escalation -- and rightly so. The next level could be open rebellion."[8] The 32-year-old nephew of Mir-Hossein Mousavi, Seyed Ali Mousavi, was among protest dead.[7] [6] Later, it was reported that his body had disappeared precluding the possibility of a quick burial. State source indicated that it was undergoing an autopsy.[6] There were reports of similar protests from other cities including Isfahan, Najaf Abad, Shraz, Mashhad, Arak, Tabriz, Babol, Ardebil and Orumieh. [7] [11] Four people were reportedly killed in Tabriz, in north western Iran on December 27th, and one in Shiraz in the south of Iran. [9] [11] Access for international news media was severely restricted by the Iranian government.[6]

Arrests
Within the government there have been calls to hold Mousavi and Karroubi accountable for the demonstrations, however, the government has not arrested them.[4] It has, however, arrested Ebrahim Yazdi, some of the advisors of Mouzavi and Karroubi and hundreds of other people it considers in opposition.[6] Shirin Ebadi’s sister was detained apparently in an effort to silence Ebadi who is abroad.[12]

Reactions
The governments of the US, Great Britain, France, Germany and Canada among others condemned the violence.[6] President Obama openly criticized the Iranian government's violent crackdown on the protests in a speech and declared “The decision of Iran's leaders to govern through fear and tyranny will not continue.”[6]

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Slogans
Since the protest coincided with Ashura, the commemoration observed by Shi'as for the death of Imam Hussein, the third Imam of Shia's who were killed by the order of Umayyad Caliphate Yazid I, protesters deliberately blended their political message with the Ashura's religious one in this protest. They alternated anti-government slogans with ancient cries of mourning for Imam Hussein. [11] • "This is a month of blood. The dictator will fall"[7] Protesters equated Ayatollah Khamenei with Yazid I, the Umayyad Caliphate who ordered Imam Hussein’s killing.[11] • "Death to the dictator"[7]

External links
• • • • Five pictures of demonstrations from Spiegel.de - Descriptions are in German [13] Street fighting pictures by Foxnews - Attention: The pictures are very disturbing! [14] Very graphic pictures of dead demonstrators - Attention: The pictures are very disturbing! [15] Videos on BBC [16]

References
[1] [2] [3] [4] http:/ / www. nytimes. com/ 2009/ 12/ 30/ world/ middleeast/ 30iran. html?_r=1 http:/ / www. spiegel. de/ international/ world/ 0,1518,669317,00. html " Jaras Exclusive/ Total of 37 killed on Ashura (http:/ / www. rahesabz. net/ story/ 6669/ )" (in Persian). . Ulrike Putz (December 29, 2009). " Violence in Tehran; Iranian Demonstrators Put Regime on the Defensive (http:/ / www. spiegel. de/ international/ world/ 0,1518,669317,00. html)". Spiegel International. . Retrieved December 29, 2009. [5] SCIUTTO, JIM (December 28, 2009). " Protester: 'Killing Muslims on Ashura Is Like Crucifying Christians on Christmas.' (http:/ / abcnews. go. com/ WN/ iranian-government-arrests-hundreds-tensions-mount/ story?id=9436148)". ABC NEWS. . Retrieved December 28, 2009. [6] BBC (December 28, 2009). " Iran opposition figures arrested after protests (http:/ / news. bbc. co. uk/ 2/ hi/ middle_east/ 8432297. stm)". . Retrieved December 29, 2009. [7] Erdbrink, Thomas (December 27, 2009). " Anti-government protests turn deadly in Tehran (http:/ / www. timesonline. co. uk/ tol/ news/ world/ middle_east/ article6562649. ece)". Washington D.C., USA: Washington Post. . Retrieved December 27, 2009. [8] Kadivar, Ayatollah Mohsen (December 28, 2009). " Iran Ayatollah: 'I Am Convinced that the Regime Will Collapse' (http:/ / abcnews. go. com/ International/ iran-ayatollah-kadivar-iranian-regime-opposition-movement/ story?id=9433282& page=2)". Spiegel Online. . [9] " Iran protesters killed, including Mousavi's nephew (http:/ / news. bbc. co. uk/ 2/ hi/ middle_east/ 8431523. stm)". BBC News. December 27, 2009. . Retrieved December 27, 2009. [10] CNN (December 28, 2009). " Iranian official: Arrest anti-government demonstrators (http:/ / edition. cnn. com/ 2009/ WORLD/ meast/ 12/ 28/ iran. protests/ index. html)". . [11] Robert F. Worth and Nazila Fathi (December 27, 2009). " Police Are Said to Have Killed 10 in Iran Protests (http:/ / www. nytimes. com/ 2009/ 12/ 28/ world/ middleeast/ 28iran. html)". New York Times. . Retrieved December 28, 2009. [12] " Iran detains Nobel laureate's sister (http:/ / edition. cnn. com/ 2009/ WORLD/ meast/ 12/ 28/ iran. ebadi. sister/ index. html)". CNN. December 29, 2009. . Retrieved December 29, 2009. [13] http:/ / www. spiegel. de/ fotostrecke/ fotostrecke-50195. html [14] http:/ / www. foxnews. com/ slideshow/ world/ 2009/ 12/ 27/ violent-protests-iran [15] http:/ / mehdisaharkhiz. wordpress. com/ [16] http:/ / news. bbc. co. uk/ 2/ hi/ middle_east/ 8432037. stm

Article Sources and Contributors

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Article Sources and Contributors
2009 Ashura Iran anti- government protest  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=334945830  Contributors: 1j1z2, BanyanTree, Ekem, HJ Mitchell, Knowledgekid87, Kylelovesyou, Polarpanda, Professional Assassin, WIMYV, Xashaiar, Yellowdesk, Yug, ‫ 3 ,هدازآ ریشدرا‬anonymous edits

Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
image:Ashura protest in Iran.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Ashura_protest_in_Iran.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Komeil_4life File:Flag of Iran.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Iran.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Various

License
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported http:/ / creativecommons. org/ licenses/ by-sa/ 3. 0/


				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: The 2009 Ashura Iran anti-government protest are a series of ongoing demonstrations by Iranian citizens opposedto the current dictatorship which have escalated since June 2009 when the 2009 Iranian Presidential Election wasmarred by accusations of fraud, sparking post-election protests. In December 2009, the protests saw an escalation inviolence. [4] The Iranian Government security forces opened fire on protesters on the Shiite holy day of Ashura, a day"symbolically about justice" and during which any kind of violence is forbidden, it thus aroused anti-governmentanger among Iranians