Graduate School in Science – Biodiversity & Evolution syllabus
prerequisites of admission: basic genetics general ecology, introductory zoology and botany.
course General School Seminar Biodiversity I: Prokaryotes, protists, algae, fungi and vascular plants Biodiversity II: Invertebrate and vertebrate zoology From Genes to Phenotypes: Genetics Developmental Biology Molecular Ecology Laboratory Project Evolutionary Ecology 2 optional lectures* tutorials seminar lecture, classes lecture, classes lecture, seminar lecture, seminar lecture, seminar students laboratory practical course lecture tutorial activity
hours/ hours/ form of crediting week year 2 60 participation 2 2 3 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 5 45 2x2 2 50 30 50 30 30 60 15 30 30 30 150 45 60 60 exam exam exam/test exam/test exam project report project report essay or test as arranged with tutor
credits 4 6 3 6 3 3 5 1 2 4 2 10 4 6 5
Required number of credits to complete 1st year: 64
course General School Seminar Evolution Phylogenetic reconstruction Diploma Project 2 optional lectures* tutorials
activity seminar lecture seminar lecture seminar laboratory or theoretical project lecture tutorial
hours/ hours/ form of crediting week year 2 60 participation 2 30 test 2 30 2 30 test 2 30 12 360 diploma exam 2x2 2 60 60 test as arranged with tutor
credits 4 5 3 5 3 30 6 5
Required number of credits to complete 2nd year: 61
---------optional lectures of student’s choice from the list of lectures for all School specializations
General School Seminar – with participation of students and tutors of various specializations. Seminar Format: two hours per week in two semesters. Description: General Seminar aims at improving interdisciplinary background of School students and their better integration. Responsible – School Management Biodiversity: Prokaryotes, algae and fungi Course format: two hours of lecture and one hour classes er week in the first semester (20+10h) Description: Diversity of prokaryotes, algae and fungi with emphasis on their evolution and symbiosis; role of fungi in colonization of land by plants; anthropogenic impact on fungal and plant diversity; role of soil microbiota in plant protection and ecosystem restoration. Responsible - Prof. K. Turnau Free-living protists Course format: One hour of lectures and two hours of practical classes in the second semester (10+20h) Description: Morphological, physiological and life-history diversity of protists, primary producers, consumers and predators; microbial food webs and their interactions with metazoans; mixotrophy and symbiosis with prokaryotes; spatial and temporal distribution of protists; microecosystems in laboratory experimentation. Responsible: Assoc. Prof. K. Wiąckowski Vascular plants Course format: two hours of lecture and one hour of practical classes in the second semester (20+10 h) Description: Major groups of vascular plants; modification of the plant form as adaptation to the environment. Ecology of pollination. Sexual and apomictic reproduction in plants. Responsible – Associate Prof. A.Jankun Invertebrate zoology Course Format: two hours of lecture and two hours of seminar per week in the first semester (30+30h) Description: Origins of major groups of metazoa, invertebrate diversity in continental and marine habitats, insects as the most successful gorup of land invertebrates, plant insect associations. Responsible – Prof. J. Wojtusiak Vertebrate zoology Course format: two hours of lecture per week in the second semester (20h ) Description: Vertebrate body plan, Cephalochordata – the sister group of vertebrates, early Palaeozoic Agnathans, fish diversity, tetrapods – origin and colonization of land, reptiles past glory, bird lords of the air, radiation of mammals. Responsible - Prof. J. Rafiński From Genes to Phenotypes: Genetics Course format: two hours of lecture and four hours of seminar per week in the first semester (30 + 60 h.) Description: Molecular methods of gene function analysis, analysis in-silico. Transgenesis as a powerful tool in medicine, new approach in transgenesis – gene-trapping. The future of genetics. Resposible: dr P. Grzmil Developmental Biology Course Format: one hour of lecture and two hours of seminar per week in the first semester (15+30h) Description: Gametogenesis. Accumulation of developmental information. Oocyte maturation and fertilization. Patterns of embryonic cleavage; mechanisms of gastrulation. Regional specification in development. Induction; cellular interactions during organ formation; mechanisms of cellular differentiation. Germ cell determination and migration. Developmental mechanisms of evolutionary change. Responsible – Prof. S. Biliński i dr M. Jaglarz Evolution Course Format: two hours of lecture and two hours of seminar per week in the first year (30+30h) Description: The rise of evolutionary biology; evolutionary genetics; natural selection and adaptation; theory of speciation; rates of evolution; progress and extinction. Responsible – Prof. J. Rafiński
Molecular Ecology Course format: two hours of lecture and two ours of seminar per week in the second semester (30+30h) Description: Molecular markers in population and systematic biology; genetic identity at the molecular level; paternity analysis; genetic structure of populations; phylogeography; natural hybridization, conservation genetics. Responsible – Prof. J. M. Szymura Evolutionary ecology Course format: Practical field course in a mountain station in the second semester (45 h = one week) Description: Planning and conducting of experimental studies, data analysis, writing research report and its evaluation. A short research project in evolutionary ecology will be carried out individualy in the field Responsible: Assoc. Prof. Mariusz Cichoń Phylogenetic reconstruction Course format: two hours of lecture and seminar, and two hours of practical classes with real data analysis Description: trees and their interpretation, selection and analysis of various data, coding, numerical resampling, distances, phenetic analysis, phylogenetic analysis: algorythmic vs optimality criterion-based techniques, searching for the best tree, Fitch-Margoliash and minimum evolution, parsimony, maximum likelihood, spectral analysis, two or more trees and/or data sets, reliability of inferred trees. Responsible – Prof. A. Falniowski Laboratory Project – aims at acquainting students with basic experimental tools and methods in surveying biodiversity at many levels of biological hierarchy such as field work, live observation. sample collecting and preservation, culturing and identification of major taxonomic groups, DNA sequence variation methods (DNA amplification PCR, RFLP-restriction fragment length polymorphism, microsatellites, RT-PCR, Northern and Southern blotting, DNA cloning and sequencing), allozyme electrophoresis, gene expression analysis (in silico Northern-blot, in silico PCR, ORF-finder, BLAST), as well as basic methods of population genetic analysis. It consists of a series of small projects supervised by the teaching staff. Diploma Project – a one year project, supervised by a professor, fullfills requirement for MS Diploma Thesis at the Jagiellonian University and most European Universites The seminars associated with lectures aim at detailed analysis of relevant experimental aspects of the problems presented in the lectures.