Prints of Peace
Greetings from the director
Vol. 2, Number 2
The year bears fruit
his January 15, 2009, Martin Luther King’s birthday, was the first anniversary of our Center for Peacemaking. For the past year, with the guidance of our stellar steering committee, we’ve been engaged in what Gandhi would call a “constructive program.” This phase of satyagraha emphasizes the formation of a community prepared to undertake the action for justice that nonviolence requires. One of the ways we develop the spirituality of our mission is to begin and end every school year with a retreat. This past September, Ken Butigan of Pace e Bene Nonviolence Services led our opening retreat. Ken is a
There are two rules we announce to you when you visit our Center. First, you have to pray. Second, you have to laugh twice while you’re here.
nationally known organizer–even the Hip Hop Caucus invited him to help organize their nonviolent campaign. You can read more about this in Rachel Stowers’ report on page 5. In addition, Carlo Giombi facilitated a group of community members in silent meditation every Thursday night. We have reflection sessions for folks returning from nonviolent actions as well. And our closing retreat and Mass will be on Sunday, April 26th. Mark your calendars. Our mission in the university calls for us to develop the intellectual as well as spiritual dimension of nonviolence. Urged by Dianne Henke and other members of Peace Action Wisconsin, we invited Patricia Isasa to our campus for Gandhi’s birthday. Isasa is a torture survivor and anti-torture activist from Argentina. Perhaps you’ve also heard her at the SOA/WHINSEC protests. She gave a series of presentations, and her “Real People, Real Stories” session, co-sponsored by J.U.S.T.I.C.E., Campus Ministry, and Manresa, was “Standing Room Only.” Chris Ahrends’s visit to campus followed closely after Ms. Isasa’s. Chris, a former chaplain for Desmond
Tutu, was our second “Peacemaker in Residence.” He facilitated our second retreat, conducted three evening classes, visited classes and the law school, and even celebrated Mass at a local Episcopal church. Chris had so impressed the students from the South Africa program that we wanted him to share his insights on peacemakG. Simon Harak, SJ ing with our community here in Milwaukee. In the meantime, we gathered together a simply wonderful group of students to study the theory and practice of nonviolence. We were joined at each meeting by George Martin, our Milwaukee Community Peacemaker. George has been engaged in nonviolence nationally and internationally since he was a teenager, standing fifteen feet from Martin Luther King, Jr., as he gave his “I Have a Dream” speech. As last semester went on, the bonds of our community strengthened. This semester we
Our mission in the university calls for us to develop the intellectual as well as spiritual dimension of nonviolence.
will continue to explore together the power of nonviolence. We meet every Tuesday night at the Center. You should come. You would be welcome in our growing community. Some of our students told us that they were reluctant to come to presentations on peace and justice issues because they felt they didn’t know enough to benefit from the discussions. A solution was suggested by Kerry McGrath, one of our student leaders at the
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Center and former Szymczak Intern. She suggested that we do brief podcasts about major problems in the world: fifteen minutes of “Darfur 101,” “Israel-Palestine 101” “War Profiteering 101.” These short video intros would also be available on our web site. Then people would come to more formal presentations to discuss and find out more. Kerry would love to have you join her in this project. We also decided that we want to put out an academic journal. So, under the leadership of Dr. Michael Duffey, we’re going to host a conference of activists and
As last semester went on, the bonds of our community strengthened. This semester we will continue to explore together the power of nonviolence.
academics here on campus next October. Already many luminaries like Jonathan Schell and Sr. Helen Prejean have signed up to come. The best papers from that conference will make up the Center’s first journal. We’re delighted to partner with the Milwaukee community in our work for peace. Dr. Duffey initiated a listening program for vets. In view of all their difficulties and in light of the fact that vets returning from Iraq and Afghanistan are committing suicide at the rate of eighteen per day (Foreign Policy in Focus, May, 2008), this is a crucially important program to heal the wounds that war inevitably brings. Dr. Duffey initiated still another community outreach effort, the peer mediation/nonviolent conflict resolution program. This effort, supported by a series of generous grants from Lee Thomas of Louisville, KY, has been very successful in three Milwaukee schools.
We also wanted to extend our peacemaking beyond our immediate environs. . . . Over the summer, two of our interns worked abroad.
peace studies in Jesuit schools. Over the summer two of our Szymczak Interns worked abroad in Honduras and Northern Ireland. And now, due to a generous grant from the Frankel Family Foundation, we plan to send five students to Israel-Palestine in the summer of 2010 to work with people who are struggling for nonviolent coexistence between these two great peoples. We’ve already started our preliminary discussions with meetings every month this semester (Spring, 2009). We will start accepting applications for this exciting program early next semester (Fall, 2009). Check our website for updates. There are two rules that we announce to you when you visit our Center. First, you have to pray (Our associated director John De Mott adds, “There are six million ways of praying. Pick one.”). Second, you have to laugh twice while you’re here. (And John De Mott says, “ … or once, for a longer time.”). And we have, we believe, the best stash of chocolate at Marquette. In closing let me say that we very much look forward to your joining us at our Center. Pitch in on one of our projects or start your own. In the meantime, the blessings of forgiveness, justice and peace.
(l to r) Grace Tynan, Carlo Giombi, Garrett Gundlach, and Erin O’Donnell at the Tuesday night nonviolence group.
Encouraged by the success of that program, a team led by Natalie Fleury of the Law School applied for and received a grant of $100,000 from Milwaukee Brighter Futures to expand the program to five additional schools. We also wanted to extend our peacemaking beyond our immediate environs. You already know about our “Jesuit Schools Project,” now headed by Dhwani Rawal. This project plans to develop a ratio studiorum for
Prints of Peace is a tri-annual publication of the Marquette University Center for Peacemaking to inform the community about the center’s activities. For information call 414-288-8444 or email to email@example.com. Editor: Elizabeth Martorell Logo: Mark Tartara Web design: Christopher Jeske, Melissa Genrich Center artists: Theresa Lauer, Laura Roettgers Jesuit School Liaisons: Dhwani Rawal, Erin O’Donnell
Marquette University Center for Peacemaking
Chris Ahrends – Peacemaker in Residence
by Erin O’Donnell
South African scholar and Anglican priest who served eighteen years as chaplain to Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Chris Ahrends assumed a very different role last semester as Peacemakerin-Residence at the Center for Peacemaking. He extends his service to Marquette this semester through teaching a course Chris Ahrends entitled Theology of Reconciliation and Forgiveness in the Marquette South Africa Service Learning program. Ahrends’s spiritual perspective on peacemaking provided a unique approach to thinking about nonviolence and social change. Building from Otto Scharmer’s “Theory U,” Ahrends and several of his colleagues have developed their own “Theory W” which they call “a journey into the world of possibility that every person should make.” Throughout his workshops, in keeping with the saying “you can’t give what you don’t have,” Ahrends emphasized the importance of finding “peace within” before addressing peace throughout a community and between people. Ahrends led participants through his “Theory W” program in a series of three talks which began with reflection and progressed toward growth. In the first part, Confronting Limitations, Ahrends encouraged participants to explore the context of their lives so as to better understand its content, thereby becoming fully awake to its possibilities. To fully engage in this key process of reflection, Ahrends led a morning meditation. Continuing with the next session, titled Freeing Energy, Ahrends described the principle of ubuntu, the African idea of the interconnectedness of all people. He explained that we can see ourselves in others only when we transcend boundaries between people at every level in society—individual, group, and national. That change begins with individual. Finally, in the last session called Creating Possibilities, Ahrends encouraged participants to visualize the future in the present tense and make declarations of possibilities that they will commit to making reality. While visiting Marquette, Ahrends also spoke in several classes and hosted a faculty luncheon in which he explained “Theory W,” placing specific emphasis
on its application to the development of students in the South Africa study abroad program. After spending most of the 1980s in a general social struggle for peace in South Africa, Ahrends now concentrates on contributing to the peace movement by inspiring peace, and the action it requires, on a personal level.
His warm, inspiring message
by Mike Ziegler
onikered the “Hogwarts Room” by many students for its fireplace and plush leather armchairs, the Eisenberg Memorial Hall in Sensenbrenner building is usually reserved for relatively formal events. So when Chris Ahrends came with rolled back sleeves and an easy British accent, I wasn’t quite sure what to expect. I found his extremely personal and down to earth delivery a bit incongruous with his surroundings. However, the value of his message was worthy of a room with even more grandiose amenities. Being the only non-law student in the audience of about 25, I wasn’t sure if Mr. Ahrends’s’s message would be legal pearls before the single undergraduate swine that was myself. However, his recounting of his experience in South Africa could have been addressed to anyone. Chris Ahrends, the former chaplain for Desmond Tutu, has lived in South Africa his whole life. He played an integral part in fighting for freedom from Apartheid and healing its resulting wounds through reconciliation. As Marquette’s “Peacemaker in Residence,” Chris spoke at various venues around the campus and facilitated retreats during the last week of October. Mr. Ahrends’s talk at the Law School centered on how resolution to conflict is possible through reconciliation and restoration, as modeled in South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission. The crux of his message was that for peace to surface after conflict, it must exist in all three levels of society— within, between, and among. Coloring his message with personal experience, his delivery was characteristic of his personality—warm, inspiring, and sincere. For the twenty-some muggles who had a chance to be in his presence, Chris Ahrends left the “Hogwarts Room” a little more magical.
Marquette University Center for Peacemaking
Pondering the School of the Americas Vigil
by Theresa Lauer
n November 21-23, 2008, fifty student and faculty members from Marquette traveled to Fort Benning, Georgia, where they joined thousands of others in protest of the School of the Americas (SOA) renamed Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation (WHINSEC). Based in Fort Benning, the SOA/WHINSEC is a combat training school for Latin American soldiers. Since its establishment in 1946, over 61,000 Latin American soldiers have been trained in counterinsurgency techniques, sniper training, commando and psychological warfare, and military intelligence and interrogation tactics. Many of the school’s graduates have been responsible for some of the worst human rights violations in Latin America. Yet the school, funded by American tax dollars, remains open. Marquette representatives participated in a mass protest and funeral procession in an attempt to call attention to the school’s long association with torture and human rights abuses, to hold our government accountable, and to stand as witnesses for the hundreds of thousands of people who have suffered and died at the hands of the school’s graduates. Organizers hope that the 2008 protest to close SOA/WHINSEC will have been the last. In June, 2007, the amendment to defund the school lost by only six votes. On November 4, many of the Representatives who voted to continue funding the school lost their seats in Congress. In addition, five countries from Latin America have already pledged to stop sending their troops to the training facility. Today as I walk through the rally at Fort Benning, I feel overwhelmed by all the bustling people, pressing issues, clashing sounds, and array of faces. I try to
make sense of the faces before me. There is the man who organizes the puppetistas every year. There is the woman who led the Chilean delegation. There is the photographer who documents the vigil annually. Yet, there are thousands of faces that still remain unknown. The faces of educators, union organizers, religious leaders, grandparents, children, mothers and fathers— all those people who have suffered under the banner of this place. It is necessary to bring those faces to the forefront, to name them, to learn from them, and to allow ourselves to be changed by them. Perhaps that’s why I’m here. As we say “presente,” I like to imagine that we are calling upon our ancestors to be with us as we stand in opposition to a school, to a foreign policy, and to way of living that we find reason to oppose. If nothing more, today is an exercise in love.
Fr. Roy Bourgeois, Founder SOA Watch
Marquette University Center for Peacemaking
Ken Butigan challenges students
n Sunday, September 7, 2008, the Center for Peacemaking hosted a one-day workshop (Resources for Nonviolent Social Change) facilitated by Ken Butigan and Lisa Haufschild. Butigan has worked closely with Pace e Bene, a Franciscan group dedicated to “Dignity, Justice, and Peace for all.” Everyone who attended agreed that Butigan’s enthusiasm, Ken Butigan real world experience, and love of peace were both an inspiration and a motivator to follow in the footsteps of Jesus Christ. Using a mixture
by Rachel Stowers
of small group discussions, role playing techniques, “games” that got everyone’s minds questioning what injustice was, larger group lectures which were always open to discussion and questions, and even a short film segment on the Nashville sit-ins, Butigan was able to teach everyone present about nonviolence and the impact it can have on any conflict. Some of the biggest points Butigan made was how organized a group must be to provide a nonviolent front in the face of conflict. Another was the stages a group goes through in a peaceful path towards its end goal. The workshop was a great success and all of the attendees requested more workshops covering different issues Butigan had discussed.
Victim of torture addresses community
by Rachel Stowers
n October 2, 2008, Patricia Isasa spoke about her experience as a torture victim. In 1976, when she was 16 years old, the military broke into her home in Argentina and arrested her on false charges of being a terrorist. For two-and-a-half years Isasa and several others were held and tortured—without a trial. Isasa explained that her torturers were graduates of the SOA. She spoke fervently about the need to eradicate this unjust and immoral school. Along with the account of her story, Isasa also reminded the attendees that beliefs such as “an eye for an eye” don’t hold up when you take a closer look. Isasa also told attendees why she felt that torture was ineffective. She explained that if you torture seven people, it is very likely you will end up with seven different versions of the same event; people will say anything to end their suffering, even if it is only for a moment. Isasa’s noon talk, a Campus Ministry “Soup with Substance,” drew such a large audience that at the last minute the group had to be moved to a larger room to accommodate the lecture. The group’s diversity was also remarkable—men in business suits sat next to students in jeans, retired women chatted with professors. All knew they could learn something by listening to Patricia Isasa’s words of experience and wisdom.
Isasa introduces the documentary on her experience.
They put a hood on my head and tied my wrists to a rickety old bed. First, I remember feeling something cold on my stomach, and then I felt it. I felt the first electric shock. You feel this burning pain. It’s a horrible thing. They also humiliated me. They were laughing at me. They ejaculated onto me. They were enjoying themselves.
Patricia Isasa, November 2006 radio interview
Marquette University Center for Peacemaking
Exploring the power of nonviolence
Staff G. Simon Harak, S.J., Director Deidre Hughes, Associate Director John De Mott, Interim Associate Director Steering Committee Terry Rynne, Founder, Marquette alumnus Robert Ashmore, Philosophy, emeritus Claire Badaracco, Advertising and Public Relations Louise Cainkar, Social Justice and Cultural Sciences Sharon Chubbuck, Educational and Policy Ali Clark, Student Emma Cotter, Student Robert Deahl, College of Professional Studies Michael Duffey, Theology Gerry Fischer, University Christian Ministries Carlo Giombi, Student Christohper Jeske, Student Liz Lajeunesse, Student Theresa Lauer, student Timothy G. McMahon, History Terence Miller, International Education Kathleen Scannell, Student Bobbi Timberlake, Service Learning Program Theresa W. Tobin, Philosophy John Zemler, Theology Michael Ziegler, Student Advisory Board Ali Abunimah, Chicago, IL Paula Anderson, Milwaukee, WI Sonia Azad, London, UK Daniel Berrigan, S.J., New York, NY Anne Brotherton, Atlanta, GA Dr. Anna Brown, Jersey City, NJ Mary C. Byrne, Milwaukee, WI Janet Lew Carr, Milwaukee, WI Neena Das, New York, NY John Dear, S.J., Cerillos, NM Joyce Ellwanger, Milwaukee, WI Kate Fontanazza, Milwaukee, WI Mary Ellen Frustaci, Doylestown, PA Angela Gius, New York, NY Rick Guerard, Milwaukee, WI Luke Hansen, S.J., Chicago, IL Dr. Stanley Hauerwas, Durham, NC Dianne Henke, Milwaukee, WI Kathy Kelly, Chicago, IL Marion Küpker, Hamburg, Germany Dan Lococo, Milwaukee, WI Camy Matthay, Racine, WI Dr. Margaret Musgrove, Baltimore, MD Chamomile Nusz, Amherst, WI Dr. Byron Plumley, Denver, CO Dr. Gail Presbey, Detroit, MI Eric Stoner, New York, NY Lori Zahorodny, Milwaukee, WI Lisa Zeilinger, Milwaukee, WI