Liquid Plastic Limit Tests - Cone penetrometer method by grapieroo13

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                                      APPENDIX B


   LABORATORY TEST RESULTS OF ATTERBERG LIMITS

               Liquid & Plastic Limit Tests - Cone penetrometer method


Location : Tapah (kaolin)                                              Liquid Limit: 49.4
                                                                       Plastic Limit: 35.4
                                                                           Plasticity
                                                                               Index: 13.9


LIQUID LIMIT

Test No.                    1           2          3      4      5

Gauge:         First    15.00         17.50       17.91 20.20 23.50
(mm)           Second   15.10         17.80       17.57 20.00 23.40
               Mean     15.05         17.65       17.74 20.10 23.45
Tin or bottle No.       FM1           FM2         FM3    FM4    FM5
Wet soil + tin (g)       33.46         38.46 37.58 53.58 60.32
Dry soil + tin (g)       27.12         29.88 28.80 39.20 42.00
Mass of tin   (g)               9.7         9.9   9.90   9.90   9.90
Mass of water (g)        6.34          8.58       8.78   14.38 18.32
Water content (%)       36.39         42.94       46.46 49.08 57.07

PLASTIC LIMIT


Test No.
                            1           2
Tin or bottle No.       FMPL1 FMPL2
Wet soil + tin (g)      10.67         10.01
Dry soil + tin (g)          9.6        9.2
Mass of tin   (g)           6.6        6.9
Mass of water (g)        1.07          0.81
Water content (%)        35.7          35.2
                                                                         143




              Liquid & Plastic Limit Tests - Cone penetrometer method


Location: KTDI (silt)                                         Liquid Limit: 73.9
                                                              Plastic Limit: 44.0
                                                           Plasticity Index: 29.9



LIQUID LIMIT


Test No.                  1        2        3      4

Gauge:         First     15.9     17.3     19.1   21.7
(mm)           Second    16.2     17.5     19.4   21.9
               Mean      16.1     17.4     19.3   21.8
Tin or bottle No.       FM1      FM2      FM3     FM4
Wet soil + tin (g)      16.55     19.8    21.25   14.49
Dry soil + tin (g)      13.82    15.447   16.433 11.13
Mass of tin   (g)        9.8      9.3      9.8    6.73
Mass of water (g)        2.73    4.353    4.817   3.36
Water content (%)        67.9     70.8     72.6   76.4



PLASTIC LIMIT


Test No.
                          1        2
Tin or bottle No.       FMPL1 FMPL2
Wet soil + tin (g)       27.2     28.1
Dry soil + tin (g)       20.9     21.6
Mass of tin   (g)        6.7      6.7
Mass of water (g)        6.3      6.5
Water content (%)        44.4     43.6
                                                                                144


                                    APPENDIX C


LABORATORY TEST RESULTS OF STANDARD PROCTOR
AND MODIFIED PROCTOR TESTS



C1      Standard Proctor Test


Location: KTDI
Soil type: silt
Reference: BS 1377:1990




                                    Test No:     1       2       3       4
             Mass of mould + base, Mb (g)       4550    4550    4550    4550
  Mass of mould + base + compacted soil,
                                                6100    6340    6450    6420
                                 M (g)
            Mass of compacted soil, Mc (g)      1550    1790    1900    1870
          Bulk density of compacted soil, ρ
                                                1.550   1.790   1.900   1.870
                                 (Mg/m3)
                  Water content container No.   FCM1    FCM2    FCM3    FCM4

                        Water content, w (%)    11.79   19.08   24.24   31.20

Dry density of compacted soil, ρd (Mg/m3)       1.386   1.503   1.529   1.425
                                                               145




1.80
             Air voids    0%
1.70
                          5%

1.60                     10%

1.50


1.40


1.30


1.20
       10      15              20   25       30   35      40




       Maximum dry density ρd(max) (Mg/m3)
                                                  1.537

       Optimum water content wopt (%)
                                                  23.0
                                                                             146



Location: Tapah
Soil type: kaolin
Reference: BS 1377:1990




                                  Test No:     1       2       3       4
             Mass of mould + base, Mb (g)     4550    4550    4550    4550
  Mass of mould + base + compacted soil,
                                              6229    6485    6520    6465
                                 M (g)
           Mass of compacted soil, Mc (g)     1679    1935    1970    1915
         Bulk density of compacted soil, ρ
                                              1.679   1.935   1.970   1.915
                                (Mg/m3)
               Water content container No.    FCM1    FCM2    FCM3    FCM4

                     Water content, w (%)      8.8    15.1    20.3    25.44
          Dry density of compacted soil, ρd
                                              1.543   1.681   1.637   1.526
                                 (Mg/m3)
                                                                            147




1.9
              Air voids 0%
1.8
                      5%

1.7                   10%
          Figure 4.4 Dry density – moisture content curves for Tapah
1.6


1.5


1.4


1.3


1.2
      5          10          15        20         25         30        35




          Maximum dry density ρd(max) (Mg/m3)
                                                           1.682

          Optimum water content wopt (%)
                                                            16.1
                                                                               148



C2      Modified Proctor Test


Location: KTDI
Soil type: silt
Reference: BS 1377:1990



                                                 1       2       3       4
                                    Test No:
              Mass of mould + base, Mb (g)      4550    4550    4550    4550
   Mass of mould + base + compacted soil,
                                                6100    6340    6450    6420
                                  M (g)
            Mass of compacted soil, Mc (g)      1550    1790    1900    1870
          Bulk density of compacted soil, ρ
                                                1.550   1.790   1.900   1.870
                                 (Mg/m3)
                  Water content container No.   FCM1    FCM2    FCM3    FCM4

                        Water content, w (%)    11.79   19.08   24.24   31.20
           Dry density of compacted soil, ρd
                                                1.386   1.503   1.529   1.425
                                  (Mg/m3)
                                                                    149


1.80
                Air voids    0%
1.70
                             5%

1.60                        10%

1.50


1.40


1.30


1.20
       10         15              20   25         30   35      40




            Maximum dry density ρd(max) (Mg/m3)
                                                       1.537

            Optimum water content wopt (%)
                                                       23.0
                                                                             150

Location: Tapah
Soil type: kaolin
Reference: BS 1377:1990




                                               1       2       3       4
                                  Test No:
             Mass of mould + base, Mb (g)     4550    4550    4550    4550
  Mass of mould + base + compacted soil,
                                              6229    6485    6520    6465
                                 M (g)
           Mass of compacted soil, Mc (g)     1679    1935    1970    1915
         Bulk density of compacted soil, ρ
                                              1.679   1.935   1.970   1.915
                                (Mg/m3)
               Water content container No.    FCM1    FCM2    FCM3    FCM4

                     Water content, w (%)      8.8    15.1    20.3    25.44
          Dry density of compacted soil, ρd
                                              1.543   1.681   1.637   1.526
                                 (Mg/m3)
                                                                  151



1.9
           Air voids 0%
1.8
                   5%

1.7                10%


1.6


1.5


1.4


1.3


1.2
      5       10          15        20          25     30    35




          Maximum dry density ρd(max) (Mg/m3)
                                                     1.682

          Optimum water content wopt (%)
                                                     16.1
                                                                   152


                      APPENDIX D


        PHOTOGRAPHS OF THE PROJECT




Figure D1   Laboratory of specific gravity with small pycnometer




    Figure D2   Cone penetrometer for Atterberg limits test
                                                         153




      Figure D3    Mechanical compactor device




Figure D4    Sample extruded from the extruder machine

								
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