CITING SOURCES WITH APA FORMAT
SOURCE: Authors: Baffour Ankohma and Khalid Bazid. Name of Article: "Who Says Africa Is Independent?" Periodical: New African Date: July 2003 Pages: 14-18 How would you cite the following information in the body of the report? Do so in
the body of each of the following sentences.
1. From pages 14 and 15: Ankohma and Bazid (2003) suggest that Africa remains so poor because it has not yet attracted short-term speculative capital (pp. 14-15).
2. From page 15: “Africa has entered the new millennium as a continent full of dysfunctional national economies out of synch with the global economy" (Ankohma & Bazid, 2003, p. 15). 3. Same source, later reference within same paragraph: “Its status as exporter of practically nothing but raw materials and basic commodities has been reinforced by [IMF and World Bank] Structural Adjustment Programmes [which require further reductions in subsidized medical care, free education, etc., to its citizens]” (Ankohma & Bazid, p. 15).
4. Same source, later reference in different paragraph: “Its status as exporter of practically nothing but raw materials and basic commodities has been reinforced by [IMF and World Bank] Structural Adjustment Programmes [which require further reductions in subsidized medical care, free education, etc., to its citizens]” (Ankohma & Bazid, 2003, p. 15).
Source: Book Title: This Is Botswana Author: Publisher: Peter Joyce New Hall London 1994
Place of Publication: Year of Publication: Pages: 1. Pages 19-20 14-54
The diamond pipe has exceeded all expectations, yielding 9M carats annually by the end of the 1980s (Joyce, 1994, pp. 19-20). 2. Page 32 “[Yet],” according to Peter Joyce (1994), “the formal sector can provide work for barely 20% of the economically active population” (p. 32).
Source: Author: Bruce D. Schaefer Title: Multilateral Economic Development Efforts in Sub-Saharan Africa Source: http://www.heritage.org/Research/TradeandForeignAid/hl858.cfm (Heritage Foundation) Date of article: December 20, 2004 Date retrieved: 4/7/08 1. Second paragraph “Several years ago Congress created the International Financial Institution Advisory Commission (IFIAC) to assess the impact of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank, and other international financial institutions (IFIs) in achieving their stated goals--of which one of the most important is helping poor nations increase economic growth. The final report of the Commission concluded that the IFIs were not providing positive contributions toward development” (Schaefer, 2004, para. 2). Source: Author: None noted Name of magazine article: Commonwealth: Whose Wealth? Name of magazine: New African Date: February 2004 Pages: 48-75 1. Page 63 “Since Africa has little manufacturing or infrastructure, this places the life-ordeath existence of most African nations, including the export earnings of several nations, in the cartel's hands" (“Commonwealth,” 2004, p. 63).
Ankohma, B., and Bazid, K. (2003, July). Who says Africa is independent?
New African, 14-18.
Commonwealth: Whose wealth? (2004, February). New African, 48-75. Joyce, P. (1994). This is Botswana. London: New Hall. Schaefer, B.D. (2004, December 20). Multilateral economic development efforts in Sub-Saharan Africa. Heritage Foundation. Retrieved April 7, 2008, from http://www.heritage.org/Research/TradeandForeignAid/hl858.cfm