Focus Presentation on
Indian Transport Scenario
Prof. B.P. Chandrasekhar
Director (Technical), NRRDA,
Ministry of Rural Development,
Government of India
Sri Lanka, April, 2005
Profile of India
Area: 3.3 million Sq. Kms.
Population: 1.027 billion (2001 Census)
GDP: 1100 US $ billion.
Per capta income: 1220 US $
Present Scenario of Transport Sector
Total Road Length: 3.38 million kms.
Railways: Track Kms- 108706
Ports: 12 Major and 195 Minor Ports.
Airports: 5 International, 87 Domestic
Inland Waterways: National Waterways
2716 kms. Total Navigable length 14,544
kms of Major rivers and 485 kms of
ROADS : MoRTH, NHAI, State PWDs,
Panchayati Raj/ Rural Engineering
Departments, Municipalities and UDAs.
RAILWAYS: Ministry of Railways.
PORTS: Ministry of Surface Transport.
AIRPORTS: Ministry of Civil Aviation, Airport
Authority of India.
WATERWAYS: Ministry of Water Resources,
System Development Policies and
Each Sub Sector of transport has its own
developmental policy, targets and
Each Ministry or Organization responsible,
will prepare action plans at different levels
under the overall policy and approval of
Co-ordination and establishment of
compatibility is the responsibility of the
Transport Demand Handled by Sub Sectors.
o Passenger Movement : 3000 bpk.
o Goods Movement: 800 btk
o Passenger Movement: 4833 millon
o Freight Movement: 473.5 million tonnes.
o Freight Handled- 276 million tonnes (Major Ports).
o Freight Handled: 36 million tonnes (Minor Ports)
o Passengers: 11,235 million seat kms.
o Freight : 1138 Tonne kms
Growth Trends in GDP and Traffic in
the Past 5 Decades in %.
GDP: 3.91 to 5.78
Passenger Traffic: 4.25 to 7.94.*
Freight Traffic: 4.07 to 9.30 *
* Pertains to only roads and railways.
Variation in Plan wise Expenditure from
First to Eighth Five Year Plans.
First Five Year : 22.1
Second Five Year : 23.5
Third Five Year : 23.1
Fourth Five Year : 16.0
Fifth Five Year : 14.1
Sixth Five Year : 12.8
Seventh Five Year : 13.5
Eighth Five Year : 12.6
Shift in the Modal Shares
Year Rail Based Road Based
Freight Passenger Freight Passenger
1950-51 90% 74% 10% 25%
2000-01 40% 20% 60% 80%
Each of the Sub Sectors established and
maintained performance indicators suitable
There is no uniformity in the indicators
No Centralized agency to maintain the
indicator data of all the Sub Systems for use
by different organizations.
Performance Indicators in Road Transport
For Highways, Urban Roads, Project Roads and
Rural Roads the information collected and
maintained include :
- Total Length in kms.
- Length of Surfaced and Unsurfaced Roads.
- Length of Surfaced Roads by its category such as WBM,
BT, CC etc.
Above information is collected and maintained
State wise (including Union Territories), by
organization wise such as MoRTH, State PWDs,
Municipalities, UDAs, Project Roads by
Road accident statistics including fatality and
Performance Indicators in Railways
Total Track Kms.
Route Kms by type of traction.
Traffic in terms of Passenger Kms and
Wagon and track utilization operating
Ratio of net revenue to capital – at-charge
and investment from capital fund.
Statistics on safety.
Available tonne –kms.
Revenue tonne kms.
Overall load factor.
Available seat kms.
Revenue passenger kms.
Passenger load factor.
Performance Indicators in Ports
Average turnaround time.
Pre - berth waiting time.
Total tonnage handled: Inbound and
Summary of the Present System
In addition to normal accountancy indices of
expenditure and revenue, each sub sector has
identified basic indicators on both physical entities
and performance parameters.
The parameters defer in sub sectors based on the
type of operations involved.
The indicators are assessed in isolation with no
coordination or impact of other sub systems.
Key indicators applicable for Planning are not
Indicators that reflect impact of transport on the
society are not being brought out.