Transport Problem in Hong Kong

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					   Transport in Hong Kong

          Chapter 1 Highways in Hong Kong


Chapter 2 Transport linkages with the Pearl River Delta
                      Chapter 1      Highways in Hong Kong

1. Why do we construct more highways (Expressway)?


To escape from busy urban streets, highways have a positive effect to reduce time
from travelling place to place with a certain distance.
To reduce transportation costs
To use a shortest and straightest route
To have a high economic effects and turnover
To minimum the negative effects to environment


2. Expressways in Hong Kong


All Expressways in Hong Kong are supervised by the Hong Kong Ordinance Chapter
374Q Road Traffic (Expressway) Regulations.


Nowadays, there are 19 expressways in Hong Kong.
      N.T.: Cheung Tsing Highway, Fang Ling Highway, Lantau Link, North Lantau
       Highway, Penny’s Bay Highway, San Tin Highway, Sha Tin Road, Shenzhen
       Hong Kong Western Corridor and Bridge, Tate's Cairn Highway , Tolo
       Highway, Tsing Kwai Highway, Tsing Long Highway, Tsing Yi North Coastal
       Road, Tsuen Wan Road, Tuen Mun Road, Yuen Long Highway



      Kowloon: Kwun Tong Bypass, West Kowloon Highway

      Hong Kong: Island Eastern Corridor




        Road Sign of the Entrance of Expressway



         Road Sign of the Exit or End-point of Expressway



3. Case study: The Route 3 in Hong Kong
Information of the Route 3:

Route 3 is a 27.4km series of expressways in Hong Kong from Sai Ying Pun on the
Hong Kong Island to Yuen Long in the New Territories, via Yau Ma Tei, Sham Shui
Po, Kwai Chung and Tsing Yi Island.
From south to north, Route 3 can be divided into four parts. The first part runs across
the Victoria Harbour through the Western Harbour Crossing from Sai Ying Pun to Yau
Ma Tei.


The next section travels between Yau Ma Tei and Lai Chi Kok on the West Kowloon
Highway.


The third part runs across between Lai Chi Kok to Tsing Yi. From the end of West
Kowloon Highway, Tsing Kwai Highway started and via Cheung Tsing Bridge and
Cheung Tsing Tunnel to the western part of Tsing Yi Island. After the Cheung Tsing
Tunnel is the Cheung Tsing Highway until to the Tsing Long Highway.


The forth part travels from the Tsing Long Highway via Ting Kau Bridge and Tai Lam
Tunnel to Yuen Long.
The whole Route 3 ends with the intersection with Route 9.


The advantage of the Route 3:

Escape from urban districts and Time-saving:


Route 3 (expecially the West Kowloon Highway and Tsing Kwai Highway) is a
typical example of main roads in Hong Kong escaping urban district centres and
connecting CBD to sub-urban districts which can afford high volumea of car capacity.
West Kowloon Highway is a dual-3 lane with road shoulders highway runs for 4.2 km
and has a maximum speed limit of 100 km/h. It connects West Harbour Tunnel to Lai
Chi Kok. Tsing Kwai Highway is a dual-4 lane with road shoulder highway runs for 3
km and has a maximum speed limit of 80 km/h. It connects Lai Chi Kok with Tsing Yi
Island. West Kowloon Highway and Tsing Kwai Highway successfully escape from
Tsim Sha Tsui, Yau Ma Tei, Mong Kok and Sham Shui Po. Those areas are the busiest
in the Kowloon Peniesula.
Before the constructions of these two highways, road transports of between and
within the above areas were to be relied on the dual-2 lane road, West Kowloon
Corridor (belongs to Rt 5) and the urban roads such as Nathan Road, Cheung Sha
Wan Road, Shanghai Street, Lai Chi Kok Road, etc. The West Kowloon Corridor is
only allowed to have a maximum speed limit of 70 km/h. Other roads in urban areas
are needed to stop at traffic lights and have a maximum speed limit of 50 km/h.
Therefore West Kowloon Highway is more convenient to drivers.


Lower the air and sound pollution


West Kowloon Highway was constructed on the reclamation areas in Kowloon West.
There are fewer people and residential housing in the new areas. Therefore it is
suitable and better for building highway. Air and sound pollutions will be far from
citizens.
But the West Kowloon Corridor was built in urban area. Along the corridor, there are
residential buildings. Pollutants from vehicles are directly blown to houses nearby.
Moreover, sound pollutions are serious too.


Comparison of West Kowloon Highway and West Kowloon Corridor:

                            West Kowloon Highway         West Kowloon Corridor



Start at                    Tsim Sha Tsui                Yau Ma Tei

Finish at                   Lai Chi Kok                  Lai Chi Kok

Finishing year of           1997                         1977
construction

Belongs to                  Rt 3                         Rt 5

Length                      4.2KM                        2.5KM

Maximum speed limit         100 km/h                     70 km/h

Number of Lanes             10 (8+2 road shoulders)      4-5

With Road Shoulders         Yes                          No

Built with modern Highway Yes                            No
Standard
Entrances and Exits       Lai Chi Kok                    Lai Chi Kok
                          Sham Shui Po                   Container Port
                          Tai Kok Tsui                   Cheung Sha Wan
                          Mong Kok                       Tsim Sha Tsui
                          Yau Ma Tei
         Chapter 2     Transport linkages with the Pearl River Delta

1.Hong Kong-Shenzhen Western Corridor
2.Lok Ma Chau Railway
3.Proposed Kong Zhu Macua Bridge
                    1. Hong Kong-Shenzhen Western Corridor
Hong Kong-Shenzhen Western Corridor is a 5.5-kilometre long dual 3-lane
carriageway of which the Hong Kong section is 3.5-kilometre. Spanning across Deep
Bay (Shenzhen Bay) , the Hong Kong section links up the northern end of Deep Bay
Link at Ngau Hom Shek with the Mainland section of the Hong Kong-Shenzhen
Western Corridor.




Benefits to the transport linkages:

1. Time-saving

   HK-SZ Western Corridor is the first linkage between the western parts of the both
   places. Cross boundary transportations between western SZ, even though western
   Guangdong are longer needed to be burden by Lok Ma Chau (Huanggang) and
   Man Kam To Control Stations.



                           2.Lok Ma Chau Spur Line

The KCR Lok Ma Chau Spur Line is the second railway link between Hong Kong
SAR and Shenzhen Municipalicity. The 7.4 km Spur Line will branch off the existing
KCR East Rail north of the Sheung Shui Station and with a terminus at Lok Ma Chau
Station with customs and immigration facilities will be provided. The rail terminus
and control station will be connected to the new Futian Control Station in Huanggang
and the Huanggang Metro Station by a pedestrian bridge across the Shenzhen River.
Statistics of Lok Ma Chau Spur Line:

Length: 7.4 km
Journey Time: 6 mins (from Sheung Shui to Lok Ma Chau)
Train Frequency: 10 mins




Benefits to the transport linkages:

The KCR Lok Ma Chau Spur Line is the second cross-boundary rail system between
Hong Kong and Shenzhen. This can help to solve the problem of over-crowded in
KCR Lo Wu Station and provide a faster way for HK travelers to travel to the
mid-west to western part of Shenzhen.

Problems to the environment:

In the earliest planning of this spur line, there would be a viaduct railway track would
pass through the Long Valley Wetland (塱原濕地). But this planning was strongly
objected by the environmentalists. Those green groups claimed that the constructions
would badly damage the landscape of the wetland. The KCR promised that they
would recover the wetland after the buildings. But environmentalists did still not
support it.

After a long study by the KCR, they promised the spur line would be built as tunnel,
through the Long Valley Wetland, instead of viaduct railway track. Although this will
lower the profit and turnover rate of the KCR Group, it wins the support of citizens
and environmentalists.



                        3. Proposed Kong Zhu Macua Bridge

The Hong Kong Zhuhai Macau Bridge is a faster linkage between Zhu Jiang western
coast and east coast. After the construction of the bridge, passengers and goods
traveling between the two coasts, especially between the two SARs are no longer
needed to go through Shenzhen, Dongguan, Zhongshan.
Besides, Hong Kong logistics to western Guangdong will be faster too.


Hong Kong Zhuhai Macau Bridge can absolutely increase the passenger and goods
carriage volume from Hong Kong to Zhu Jiang Delta. Moreover, it is an energy and
time-saving benefits.