Steps of Proper Lifting Techniques
Prepared by Breton MacKenzie Umlah
Student Nurse, St. Francis Xavier University
Adapted From Canadian Fundamentals of Nursing by A. Perry and P.
Potter; 2nd Edition
Before performing any lifting, a person should assess the weight of
their object to be lifted and if they require any type of assistance.
Whether working in cooperation with others or alone; the
following steps should be performed when lifting any objects:
Lifting Objects From Below
1) Tighten stomach muscles and tuck pelvis; this
provides one with balance and protects one’s back.
2) Bend at the knees; this will help to maintain a center
of gravity, and allows the stronger muscles of the legs
to do the majority of the lifting.
3) Keep the weight of the object as close to the body as
possible; this positions the weight of the object in the
same plane as the lifter and close to one’s center of
gravity for balance.
4) Maintain an erect trunk and have knees bent so that
multiple muscle groups work together in unison.
5) Avoid twisting. Twisting has the potential to overload
your spine and lead to serious injury.
Reaching/Lifting Objects From Above
1) Use a safe, stable step stool or ladder for elevation.
Avoid standing on tiptoes with the feet together; this
will decrease one’s base of support, cause the center of
gravity to elevate, and diminish one’s balance
2) Stand as close to the shelf as possible. This will
decrease the amount of time that one must support the
weight of the object with their arms.
3) Transfer the weight of the object from the shelf to the
arms and over the base of support. This maintains
one’s base of support and aligns the weight of the
object close the one’s center of gravity.