Careers in Zoology by P_Gallo


									Careers in Zoology
Overview of a zoologists career
Zoologists are life scientists who study animals, observing them both in the laboratory and in
their natural habitat. They study the origin and development of species, their habits, behaviors
and interactions. They also research the development of animal diseases. Zoologists are
sometimes known as animal scientists or animal biologists, as zoology is the branch of biology
that relates to the animal kingdom.
Zoology is a wide field offering many career opportunities for research, as there is still a great
deal to learn. It offers a way to make a difference to the planet's ecology through conservation
work. Most zoologists are employed by colleges and universities, where they undertake research
and teach students. Here is a brief summary of some of the main careers available.

      Zookeepers are employed by a zoo or aquarium, where they manage and befriend the
       animals on display.

      Zoo Curators are responsible for acquiring animals for zoos, either through breeding
       programs, through purchase from other zoos, or very occasionally from the wild.

      Animal and Wildlife Educators work in a public venue, such as a sanctuary, museum or
       aquarium, the educator creates a range of materials that help visitors to understand the
       wildlife they are seeing.

      Wildlife Rehabilitators care for ill, injured or orphaned wild animals that have been
       damaged by bushfires, oil spills, or other major disasters. They are responsible for then
       releasing the animals back into the wild.

      Animal Behaviorists train zoo employees how to interact with and successfully care for
       animals. They are usually trained in ethology (the study of animal behavior in natural
       habitats) and have had direct experience working with animals themselves.

      Conservationist work for conservation agencies, reporting on what is impacting on a
       particular species' survival or on a region's ecosystem.

      Researchers conduct research in private organisations or in university departments, where
       they also teach students.

Daily tasks for zoology careers
With such a wide range of different zoology careers, daily tasks vary enormously. Here are a few
of the key tasks in some of the roles.
A zookeeper's role includes:

      Preparing animals' meals.
      Caring for the animals.

      Cleaning enclosures.

      Monitoring and recording behavior.

      Ensuring that animals are healthy.

      Grooming, exercising and training the animals.

      Talking to visiting groups about the animals; etc.
Amongst other duties, a wildlife educator will:

      Reside at the venue and study, research and explore various intricacies of wildlife

      Research and write information to be printed as leaflets, brochures, etc.

      Write information for websites.

      Prepare information for educational visits.

      Design and prepare displays.

      Buy or rear animals for exhibiting; etc.
A researcher will:

      Run experiments.

      Identify new data achieved through research.

      Use data to help solve environmental or health problems.

      Breed and raise specimens.

      Dissect animals and preserve their bodies.

      Use computers, microscopes, and other equipment to analyze and record their findings.

      Prepare collections of preserved specimens or slides for identification and study.

      Research species in their natural surroundings.

      Collect specimens to study in the lab.

      Collect or catalog species.

      Write papers and give speeches.

      Prepare grant proposals to gain funding; etc.
A rehabilitator will:

      Care for ill, injured or orphaned wild animals and birds.

      Release them back in to their habitat.

      Acquire relevant permits from state and federal wildlife agencies; etc.

Would a zoologists career suit you?
To pursue a career in zoology, you first need to gain knowledge in biology, mathematics and
chemistry. A degree in education is important: you'll need at least a first degree in biological
science. If you want a zoology career within research then a masters and doctoral degree are
Working conditions vary widely. Most zoology careers offer full-time positions, and involve
either working in a laboratory, or outside in the animals' habitats. Travel to conferences or other
organizations is more likely if there is more responsibility with the position. There are always
low risks when working with animals, such as bites or stings, kicks or contact injuries. In many
positions, there is a low level of social contact with other people.
Teaching in academic institutions can inspire some, but others may find it boring and too distant
from the subject: the animals.

Salary and prospects for careers in zoology
After years spent studying, the majority of zoologists work in academic institutions, researching
and teaching. A smaller number work for government agencies in wildlife management,
conservation, and agriculture. A few work for pharmaceutical companies, biological supply
houses, or other private organizations involved in areas such as biomedical or agro-chemical
research and development. Relatively few zoologists are employed by museums and zoos, or
within conservation organizations, where salaries tend to be modest and applications far
outweigh jobs available.
Being numerate scientists, the skills and expertise of Zoology graduates will always be in
constant demand in the private sector.
Salaries vary depending on the education, experience, assignments, area of specialization, and
type of employing organization. Career prospects in zoology will depend on your speciality, the
type of organization with which you are seeking employment, and the general economic
condition of that region

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