East Metro Youth Services (EMYS) is a community- based children's by umsymums38

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									  East Metro Youth Services (EMYS) is a community-
 based children's mental health centre, accredited by
   Children’s Mental Health Ontario, which has been
serving young people and their families in East Toronto
                 for over thirty years.
Our staff work in partnership
with families, schools, and
other health professionals to
help young people achieve
their personal best.

We provide a range of
prevention, assessment,
and diagnostic services, as
well as counselling, day
treatment, transitional
support residential and
community development /
prevention services.
Violence Prevention is
 NOT a School Issue
          – It is a community issue that
            requires a community response

          – Everyone has a role to play in
            reducing and eliminating
            violence, and everyone’s role is
            critical

          – Partnerships between schools
            and community agencies are
            the ideal model
   Not All Violence Prevention
Programming Makes Things Better

• Some programs can even make things worse
  (boot camp, scared straight)

• Programming should be intensive, long term and
  involve people at all levels

• Programs should be based on current evidence,
  research and best practices
  Addressing Youth Bullying / Dating
Violence and Gendered Harassment…
 We need to be aware of
  what does not work…
 • Peer Mediation
 • Anger Management
 • Shaming a person out of
   bullying
 • Punitive consequences
 • Short term Interventions
 • Making the youth being
   targeted responsible for
   solving the problem
What works…
   •   Creating a school wide bullying prevention plan and
       giving it time to work. Real change takes time

   •   Involve youth in solutions and programming

   •   Find alternatives to suspension and expulsion. Give
       youth who seek power a chance to have it in a
       positive place.

   •   Focus on by-stander culture

   •   Never ignore bullying even if subtle and always follow
       up with all involved (separately) when bullying is
       reported or identified.

   •   Remember that we are the models for the use of
       power and “children’s capacity for healthy
       relationships grows out of their relationships with
       adults” (PrevNet, 2007)

   •   Measure program effectiveness and use empirically
       validated programs.
RISE (Respect In Schools Everywhere)
       is a youth-engagement
    violence prevention program.
Core Components
of RISE:

 Youth-led

 Whole school approach
 to violence prevention

 Based on the principles
 of youth engagement
Youth engagement is the
meaningful participation
and involvement of youth
in an activity with a focus
outside of him or herself.

 Meaningful youth
engagement is built on the
recognition that every
young person has
something to contribute to
the active betterment of
Canadian society.

(The Centre of Excellence for Youth
Engagement, 2003)
RISE focuses specifically on some of the
most pressing issues facing youth today,
  namely bullying and cyber-bullying,
                              bullying
   As well as
dating violence
  and sexual/
 gender-based
  harassment
   Each Grade 7-10 class in the host high
school and “feeder” middle schools receive
2 workshops on the topics. Workshops are
 facilitated by RISE Reps and a RISE staff.
  RISE also conducts school-wide
violence prevention activities, such
   as poster contests, t-shirt logo
    contests and sports events
   In The RISE Program, Youth:
• Develop and make
  decisions about
  programming for their
  schools
• Deliver the programming
  by leading workshops
  and school-wide
  initiatives
• Mentor younger youth
• Have a platform to have
  their voices heard
• Have positive power
               RISE - Skill Building


•   Public Speaking / Event Planning

•   Decision Making / How to Run a Meeting




•   Social Skills – Conflict Resolution

•   Multi-media as a way to give youth a voice and connect with other
    youth (and learn how to use computers, software, video equip)
    Developmental Milestones
• Developing Identity




• Helping youth see themselves in a
  different way… as a service provider, not
  recipient

• Help them eliminate previous labels and
  give opportunities to “offset shame”.
  Other Developmental Milestones
           Addressed:
• Strong Peer Associations




• Have youth speak to other youth as “when
  youth speak, other youth listen”
• Creating a pro-social peer group for youth
  who are “negative leaders”
    The RISE Model addresses the various
 developmental milestones for adolescents, as
        true youth engagement should.




• Risk Taking
• Exploration

                         -Safe Risks

                        -Public speaking /
                        Challenging Activities
            Evaluating RISE
• Collaborative Process
  – Researchers and program leaders work together
  – Identify key questions


• Research Process Evolves over Time
     • Began with very simple research strategies
     • Developed an understanding of the program
     • Recently initiated a rigorous evaluation
     Research strategies for
        Evaluating RISE
• Assess student acceptance with
  workshop evaluation surveys

• Measure changes in bullying and dating
  aggression with standardized measures of
  knowledge and behavior

• Conduct focus groups with teachers and
  students at the end of the year
Student Acceptance
         • 83% of students say
           the workshops were
           interesting
         • 93% said RISE Reps
           were well informed
         • 73 % said they
           learned a lot from the
           workshops and would
           use RISE information
           for themselves or to
           help a friend
Comparison of students, before
    and after workshops
            Knowledge of Bullying


                       90

                       85
           % correct


                       80

                       75

                       70

                       65

                       60
                             Participated in workshop?


                       Before Workshop       After Workshop
Significant change from before to after workshop
                           Victim of Bullying


                           60

                           55
            % victimized

                           50

                           45

                           40

                           35

                           30
                                Participated in workshop?

                      Before Workshop           After Workshop
Significant change from before to after workshop
Knowledge About Dating Aggression


   75

   70

   65                 Before
                      Workshop
                      After Workshop
   60

   55

   50
     Victim of Dating Aggression

15

14

13                     Before
                       Workshop
                       After Workshop
12

11

10
Student and Teacher
Opinions of RISE
Expressed in Focus
Groups

Conducted at the End
of Three Years
                            RISE Works



•   “Personally I’ve seen fights stop.. that people go in and actually stop it, bystanders.
    So I think it is making a good impact on the school and it will help ..some abuse and
    bullying and violence” Grade 7 student

•   “I think that the program definitely needs to stay.. because … they’re not going to
    respond to any other program that ever has come in about bullying and violence”
    Teacher

•   “I think the kids are starting to feel comfortable about coming forward to adults. ..We
    had a student come forward and say… “one of my good friends is in a relationship
    and I think that he is abusing her” Guidance
      Youth Leadership is Critical
•   “..the most important thing is that the workshops are designed and
    led by kids. And the kids are a very diverse group, pro-social and
    perpetrators of bullying. Teacher

•   “It’s made a huge difference in the RISE kids, and other students
    can’t help but watch the changes, and so its really coming from a
    role-modeling perspective.” Guidance

•   The student led presentation is the most powerful piece of the entire
    project. Everything else we can work around, but if you take that
    piece out then it is just going to be another anti-bullying curriculum
    delivered by a teacher. Teacher
            Target Middle Schools

•   “often it is this age group that gets missed, but this is the age where
    you need to get to them and sometimes even in talking to secondary
    students, once they are in grade 9, its too late for them” Teacher in
    Middle School

•   “.. we have students coming into our school as grade 9 students,
    and it’s great that they have had a connection to kids in our school.
    It’s helpful to develop the culture of the middle schools, and its also
    really helpful to develop the culture of our school because we’re
    bringing in kids that have had that sort of anti-violence message”
    Teacher in High School
 Next Steps with the Research
• Compare students in schools that do not
  have the RISE program with students in
  schools those that do

• Examine whether the program works in
  lots of different schools, with different
  RISE staff

• Sustainability
Youth Perspectives…
RISE would like to thank our
    program funders:
Materials presented are the property of the RISE
Program, a division of East Metro Youth Services.
Not to be copied or reproduced without express
permission of the RISE Program.

								
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