The attached, possessive form for by umsymums38

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									The Second Unit

                                      ���� �� ���� ���� �� ���
                                I am in a valley and you are in a valley.

1.    A second way to make a noun definite is to attach a possessive pronoun directly to the end of
      the word. When an a possessive pronoun is attached, the definite article, / �� / must be removed.
       door                                      ���
       the door                                 �����
       my door                                  ����
       your (m) door                              �
                                                �� ��
       your (f) door                            �
                                                � ���
2.                                                                                  �
      The stand-alone, nominative form for the pronoun 'you' masculine is / � �� / and for 'you'
                     �
      feminine is / � �� /. The attached, possessive form for the pronoun 'your' is / � /. Remember
      that this has the sound 'ak' for male singular possessive / � / (occasionally pronounced 'ik') and
                                                      �
      'ich' for female singular possessive pronoun / � / .

3.    The stand-alone, nominative form for the pronoun 'I' is /   ���/. The attached, possessive form for
      the pronoun 'my' is /�/.

          I keep the key in my chest.                 ������ �� ������� ��� ����� ���
                                                                                    .
4.       �          �
      / �� / and / �� � / both are translated 'with' and are prepositions used for association of people or
      things in close personal proximity. It is often used for things you wear or have with you.

5.        �
      /���� / is also translated 'with' but is a much broader term, though occasionally there is an overlap
                         �          �
      in use with / �� / and / �� � /. It usually indicates general ownership or possession, rather than
      close personal proximity. It is sometimes the equivalent of "chez" in French.

       I have (own) a cup                   �
                                  ����� �����              I have (with me) a cup.          ����� ��� �
                                                           I have (with me) a cup.                  �
                                                                                            ����� ��� �
      The student should listen over a period of time to get a feel for the use of these prepositions.
         He ate with me (in my house).                                               �
                                                                                ����� ���
         He ate with me (at the same table).                                         �
                                                                                 ��� ���
         I have a cup in the house.                                                     �
                                                                     ����� �� ������ ����
         And I have the key (with me).                                       ������� ����

     The Vocabulary                                                                            ��������
       Ate                                   ���        To                                ���
       Bag                           �����\���          To/for                             �
                                                                                           �
       Chair                       �����\����  �        To you (f, s)                    �
                                                                                         � ��
       Children                            �����        To you (m, s)                    ���
       Evening                             ����         With, have                         �
                                                                                         ���
       Far                            (��) ���� �       With, have                        ���
       House                              �
                                       ���� \����       With, have
       I                                      ���       You (f)                        � ��
                                                                                       �
       In                                    ��         You (m)                        �
                                                                                       � ��
       Letter, message              �����\������        Your (f, s)                      �
                                                                                    (ich)� �
       Near                          (��) ����  �       Your (m, s)                  (ak)���
       Morning (always s)                 �����

 The Body 1                                                               1 �����
Eye                          ���� \ ���                 Hand , forearm      ����� \ ��
Head                        ���� \ ���                  Nose             ���� \ ���
Ear                           ������� \ ����            Mouth               ����� \ ��
Hair                                     ‫ﺵ‬
                                       ���              Leg              ��‫�ﺝ� \ �ﺝ‬




                                                    2
                                                                               ������
                                                                   .����� ���� : ����
                                                                   .����� ���� : �����
                                                    �                �
                                                   �� ���� ��� ��� �� ��� ��� : ����
                                                        � �
                                                       �� �� ���� ���� .� ����� : �����
                                                                       .� ����� : ����

                                                                         ���� ��� – �������
                                                                  .���� �� ����� ����   : ����
                                                                  .���� �� ����� ����   : ����
                                                                             ���� ���   : ����
                                                                            .����� ���  : ����
                                                                     .������ �� .���    : ����
                                                                           .����� ��    : ����
Pattern 5: Where is your book, Ali?                                                          �
                                                                                    ���� �� �� ��� ���
1.      Repeat and then substitute items of Chart A in:
                                                                                           � �
                                                                :�� /A/ ������ �� ������� �� �� �� �    1
                                                    �
                                       ���� �� � �� ��� ���
                                                  �
                                       ����� �� � � � ��� ���

2.      Transform the pattern by making necessary changes to:

                                                               �                                  �
                                               ������ ����� ������ ������ ��� �� ������� ������� �� �   2

                                                  �
                                        ���� �� ��� ��� ���
                       ����� 3                         ����� 2                          ���� �� 1
                        ��� 6                        ���� �� 5                             � ��� 4
                                                                                           �
                        ��� 9                       ���� �� 8                          ����� �� 7
                    �‫21 �� ��ﺵ‬                          �� 11                           ��� �� 10
                       ��� 15                      ���� �� 14                             ���� 13

3.      Communicate
Ask each other where some things are. Then the one who answers asks the next question. Use any
vocabulary you know (body parts, places, etc.) If you do not know the word, you may first point to
something and ask the teacher ���� ��� �‫ . ﺵ‬Don’t forget to use / � / for the possessive in your
question as in the example below.


                                                  3
       ���� ���‫���� ����� ���� ����� ��� ��� ���� ��� ��ﺵ��� �� �ﺝ��� ����� ����� ����� �� ���� �ﺵ‬                3
          � ���� �� ��� ������ ���� �� ����� � ����� �� ������ ���� �� ��� �‫������ �� ���� ����� ���� ������ ﺵ‬
                                 . ������ ������ ���� ����� ���� ������� � .. ���� � ���� ��� ������� ������ ������

                                . ���� / ���                           �
                                                             � ���� �� � �� ���

Pattern 6: Where’s my book?                                                                         ������ ���
1.        The teacher holds the female doll (Jamila) and asks the question. Students reply and substitute
          items of Chart A in:
     �
     � �� ���‫������ ������ ���� ��� ����� �� ���� ���� ��� ���� ������ ﺝ���� ������ ������� �������� ﺽ‬       1
                                                                                                         �
                                                                              :�� /A/ ������ �� ������� �� ���

                                            ������ ���               : ����‫ﺝ‬
                                                 �
                                  .����‫���� � ���� �� ﺝ‬             :�����
2.        The teacher holds the male doll (Salem) and asks the question. Students reply and substitute
          items of Chart A in:
      � �
     �� �� � � �� ���‫������ ������ ���� �ﺝ� ����� ������ ��� ���� ������ ���� ������ ������� �������� ﺽ‬     2
                                                                                     :�� /A/ ������ �� �������

                                             ������ ���               : ����
                                                    �
                                    .���� �� ���� �� ���           : �����
3.        Repeat the previous two drills using the plural nouns.
                             . ���� � ����� �� ��� ����� ������� �� ����� � ���� ����‫���� ����� ������ ﺕ‬         3

4.        Substitute the following items in:
                                                                                                       �
                                                                                  :�� ������� ������� �� �      4
                                                    .��� ����
                            ��� 3                            ����� 2                (�����) ���� 1
                              �
                           (f)� � 6                                �
                                                             (m)�� 5                         ���� 4
                          ���� 9                             ��� 8                          ���� 7
                          ��� 12                             ���� 11                         �� 10
                        ����� 15                               ��� 14                     ���� 13




                                                         4
5.        Game
Part I -- The teacher takes an object or two from each student (a book, a pen, a paper, etc.) The
student may give an object from the bag instead if they wish. However, the game works better if some
of the objects are the same. The teacher places the items in various places around the room. Students
must remember which things belong to which student. Next, students take turns asking each other
questions such as, �____ �� ����� ��� .
The other student must answer and point to their object. . ���� �����

                                                                                                    ����       5
���‫������ ���� ﺵ�� �� �� ���� �� ﺵ���� �� ﺝ��� : �� ﺵ�� �� ����� ) �� ����� �� ﺕ���� ��ﺵ‬            : $ % &'(
     ���� ����� �� ���� �� ���� � ����� ����� ����� �� ���‫��� ���� ���� ����� ( ���� ���� ��� ������ ��� ��ﺵ‬
                                     �
 �� ����� ��� : ��� ) ���� ������� ��� ��� � ���� ���� ��� ���� . ����� �� ������ ����� ���� ���� ��� ���� ���‫��ﺵ‬
                                                     . ���� ����� ����� ����� ����� �� ������ ������ ���� ( ...

Part II – After every object has been located, they take turns asking each other the opposite question,
such as, �___ �� ����� ��� and the other student would point and give an answer such as, �����
���� . If a student makes a mistake either in fact or in grammar, they should try to answer again.
    ����� ����� ������ ������� (.. ����� ��� : ��� ) ������ ������ ���� ����� ���� ��� ���       :) &'(
�� ������ ����� �� ������ ���� ����� ������ ������ ���� �� ���� ��� ���‫����� ���� . ) ����� : ��� ������ ﺝ‬
                                                                                           ( ������ �� ������


Part III – Now students can ask each other either type of question. That is about the location of their
own object or about the location of the other student’s object.
                                                                             �
                                  . ������� ���� ����� ��� ������ ������ �� �� �� �� ������ ���     :*     &'(


6.   Communicate
Converse with the class asking each student in turn. Use a map of the area to answer the question.
       ������� �� � ���� �‫������ ����� �� ���� ����� �� ���� ��� ���� � ������� ���� ��� �� ����ﺽ‬              6
                                                                          . �������� ����� �����

                  .���� �� ���� ��� ����                                  �
                                                                         �� ��� ���
                   .���� �� ���� ��� ����


Arabic Names                                                                                      ����� �����
1. Activity -- Name as many Arabic names as you can. The teacher will write them on the board.
First, list all the female names. Then list all the male names. The teacher should think of some other
common names and add them to the list until you have a maximum of twenty of each. Take note of
the spelling of each name.
                                                                                                          ����1
    ������ ������ ���� ) ������ ������ ���� ������� � ������ ���� ������� ������ ��� ������ ���� �� ������ ���
                                                                      �
   ������ �� ������ ������ ���� ��� ���� ( ������ ��� ���� ������� �� � ����� ���� ������ ���� ����� � ������� ��
                 . ������ ����� ����� ������ �� ����� ���� 20 ��������� ��� ��� ��� ����� ��� �‫���� � ﺕ�ﺝ‬




                                                       5
2.      Transform the pattern by making necessary changes to:
                                                                  �                                  �
                                                  ������ ����� ������ ������ ��� �� ������� ������� �� �        2

                                                          �
                                           ���� �� ����� �� ��
                     ���� �� 3                            ���� �� 2                      �� ��� �� 1
                     ����‫6 �� ﺝ‬                            ��� �� 5                       ����� �� 4
                      �‫9 �� ��ﺵ‬                          ����� �� 8                        ���� �� 7
                    ���� �� 12                            ��� �� 11                     ����� �� 10
                    ���� �� 15                           ����� �� 14                     ���‫31 �� ﺵ‬
3. Game
         Make two teams. Each team tapes a piece of paper on the board far from the other team’s
paper. One from each team goes to the board to write on the paper, so each team needs a pencil. With
every book and notebook closed, try to remember how to write as many Arabic names as you can.
In turn, each team sends the next person to the board to write a name. The first round of the game is
only girl names. When the person at the board finishes writing a name, he or she returns to the team
and gives the marker to the next one from the team. This continues until one team reaches 15 names.
                          �
The teacher says, stop !� � and both teams must stop. At this point the teacher looks at the names
and gives a point for each legible and correctly spelled word.
         Teammates may help each other by calling out the correct letters to spell the names but must
be careful or the other team will overhear the name. Finally, after you read and understand the
instructions, close this book and play.
         Round two is boy names.
                                                                                                           ���� 3
������ ������ ���� �� ����� ���� �� ���‫ﺕ���� ��� ������ �� ������ ����� ��� ���� ��� � ���� ����� ��� ����� �ﺕ‬
������ ��� ����� ( ���� ���� ) ����� ������� ����� ��� ���� ������ ��� ������ ���� �� �� ���� ���� ��� ���� �
  �                                                                         �
�� �� �� ���� � ������ ������ ��� ��� ���� ������ �� ���� ����� �� � ����� ������ �‫��� ����� � �ﺕ��� �� �����ﺕ‬
 ������� � ��� 15 ��� �������� ��� ��� ���� ������ � ����� ���� ������ ����� ����� ����� ��� �‫������ ������� ��ﺝ‬
                                                                                       �
 ������ � ���� ��� ��� ���� ����� ������ ���� ������ ��� ���� � ������� �� ���� �� �� �������� ���� �� ����
    ������ � ��� ����� ������ ���� ������� ������� �������� �� ������ ������ ����� ���� ) ����� ����� ������
                                                                �
                                         . ������ ����� ������ ��� ��������� ���� �� ��� ������ ( ������ ������ ���



Pattern 7: No, your book is not here, Fatima.                                               �
                                                                           .����� �� ��� �� � ���� ��
1.      Repeat and then substitute items of Chart A in:
                                                                                               � �
                                                                    :�� /A/ ������ �� ������� �� �� �� �        1
                                               �
                             .����� �� ���� �� � ���� ��

2.      Repeat and then substitute items of Chart A in:
                                                                                               � �
                                                                    :�� /A/ ������ �� ������� �� �� �� �       2
                                               �
                             .��� �� ����� �� �� ��� ��

3.      Converse using items of Chart A.

                                                        6
Chain drill. A student asks a classmate who answers and then asks another student. The teacher
starts the chain by asking a student a question like the models below.
                                                                                                �
                                                              /A/ ������ �� ������� �������� �� �‫ﺕ‬       3
       . ����� ���� ������ ���� ������ ���� ����� ���� ������� ����� ���� ������ ����� ������ : ����� ����‫ﺕ‬

                                  �
                        .��� �� �� ��� ��                           ���� ������___ ��          (from a man)
                                �
                       .���� �� � ���� ��                          ����� ����� �___��          (from a woman)


4.      Converse using items of Chart A. Chain drill. (Same way as above.)

                                                                / A / ������ �� ������� �������� ����‫ﺕ‬        4

                .��� �� ����� ��                                            �
                                                            ��‫��� �� ���� �� ��ﺵ‬
                 .��� �� ����� ��                                         �
                                                           ������ �� ���� � ����
5.    Communicate
Put objects that you have with you on top of your desk. Your teacher will use these things and
ask you questions about them.
      ����� � ��� ) ������ �� ���� ���� ������ ������� ������� ��� ����� ��‫��� ����� �� ����� �� ﺵ‬            5
                                                                  �
                                                        ( ����� � � ���� � ����� � �� � �� � ���� � ����


Pattern 8: Do you have your book, Ali?                                                      �      �
                                                                                  ���� �� ��� ��� �� ��
1.      Repeat and then substitute items of Chart A in:
                                                                                            � �
                                                                 :�� /A/ ������ �� ������� �� �� �� �         1

                                                     �     �
                                       ��� ��� �� ��� ��� �� ��
                                                  � �
                                       ������ �� �� ���� � ���

2.      Repeat and then substitute items of Chart A in:
                                                                                           � �
                                                                :�� /A/ ������ �� ������� �� �� �� �          2

                                                           �
                                         ����� �� ������ �� ��
                                                         �
                                         ����� �� ������ � ���

3.      Chain drill. Ask each other questions using items of Chart A.
                                                                                                �
                                                              /A/ ������ �� ������� �������� �� �‫ﺕ‬       3
       . ����� ���� ������ ���� ������ ���� ����� ���� ������� ����� ���� ������ ����� ������ : ����� ����‫ﺕ‬

                 .����� ���� ����                                      �      �
                                                          ������ �� ��� ��� �� ��
                 .����� ���� ����                          ����� �� �� ���� � ���
                                                                     � �




                                                      7
4.        Transform by making necessary changes to:
                                                                   �                                  �
                                                  :������ ����� ������ ������ ��� �� ������� ������� �� �   4

                                                   �       �
                                         ���� �� ��� ���� �� ��
                           ���� 3                     ����� �� 2                               ����� 1
                            ��� 6                           ���� 5                              ��� 4
                           ����‫9 ﺝ‬                         �‫8 ��ﺵ‬                             ����� 7
                          ���� 12                           �
                                                         ���� � 11                            ���� 10

Pattern 9: I don't have your book.                                                             �
                                                                                             .�� ��� ���� ��
1.   The teacher will use the male and female dolls to indicate who you should address,
Mohammad or Sabha. Substitute items of Chart A in:
                 �
     �� ������� �� ��� ������ ���� ����� ���� ���� ( ������� �‫��� ������ �� ����� ����� ����� ) ���ﺝ‬        1
                                                                                     :�� /A/ ������
                                                   �
                                       .���� �� ��� ��� ���� ��
                                                  �
                                      .����� �� �� ���� ���� ��

2.      Chain drill. Converse using items of Chart A. Continue until everyone can ask and answer the
        questions easily without looking at the book. It is beneficial for the speaker to use his/her
        hands to indicate possession (my book, your book, with me, with you, etc. …) First, the teacher
        asks the questions.
                                                                                    �
                                               : �� /A/ ������ �� ������� �������� �� �‫ﺕ���� ����� :ﺕ‬       2
                        . ������ �� ���� �� ����� ������ ������ ���� �� ���� ���� �� ���� ��� �����

                .����� ���� �� ��                                       ������ ����
                .����� ��� �� ��                                         ������ ���
                .����� ���� �� ��                                       ������ ����
                 .����� ��� �� ��                                                �
                                                                         ������ �� �
3.      Communicate
Part I: Look at the items in chart A or use any other objects you know and complete the following
sentences truthfully for yourself. Listen to what your classmates say.
         ������� ����� �� �� ���� �� �� (A) ������ �� ���‫('& % $: ��� ����� �� ������ ����� ��ﺵ‬              3
                                                       . ������ �� ������� ���� ������ ���‫�������� �������� �ﺝ‬

                   . _________ ��� ��                                         . _________ ���
           .����� �� ________ ���� ��                                .����� �� _________ ����
                    . ________ ���� ��                                         . ________ ����




                                                       8
Part II: Turn to the person on your right and tell them what you remember about what they said.
Then, do the same with the person on your left.
Note: The letter / � / below stands for / ��� / (example)
     �‫��� �� ���� �� ����� �� ������ ���� ��� ����� ����� �����ﺕ�� ������� ���� ����� ����� ﺵ‬        :) &'(
                                                                                    . ������ �� ��� ������ ��� ���

        . . . .����� �� ��‫�� ��� ���. � ������ ����. ���� ��ﺝ� . ��ﺝ‬                                      �

4. Activity
Look through your wallet, bag, or purse and tell what you have.          ���     or__����
Or you may say something like        ��� �����   ����� ���� .
                                                    or
If you don’t know what something is called in Arabic, say ��� ����               and ask the teacher ����     �‫. ﺵ‬
Next, ask each other questions. Even if you already know the answer, it is good practice to ask.
                                            �____ ����                  �____ ���       �___ ����
                                                ... ����                 (��)     .____ ���� �� ��

Note: It is important to do this activity without looking at your book.

                                                                                                      ����          4
        ���� �� ______ ��� ����� ���� ���� �� �� �� ����� �� ������ �� ���� ���‫�� ���� ���� �� ��ﺵ��� ����ﺝ‬
               � ��� �‫______ . ���� ������ �� ��� ﺵ� ��� ����� ���� ���� ������� ���� ���� ��� ����� ������ ﺵ‬
                                                                             . ����� ����� ������ ����� ������
                                                      . ������ ����� ���� �� ���� ������� ��� ���� -: �����



Miscellaneous & Review                                                                  ��‫������ ����ﺝ‬
1.        Transform by making necessary changes.
                                                                               �                                  �
                                                              :������ ����� ������ ������ ��� �� ������� ������� �� �

                                                 ���� ������
                               � 3                           ����� 2                            ����� 1
                            ���� 6                             ���� 5                             ���� 4
                                �
                           (m)�� 9                             � �� � 8
                                                               ��                                ��� 7
                             �
                          ��� � 12                           ��� 11                         ����‫01 �� ﺝ‬
                          ��� 15                             ��� 14                             �
                                                                                               �� �� 13
                          ����� 18                           � �� � 17
                                                             ��                                ���� 16
                         ����� 21                            ���� 20                            ��� 19

2.     Body Parts
Part I: The teacher will drill you on the words for body parts introduced in this unit. Answer his
questions by pointing.
                                                  ����‫��� ﺵ‬
                                                         9
Part II: Students practice with another student.
                                                                                                  ?@( 2
      .����‫('& % $: ������ ���� ) ��� ...�( ��� ������ ����� ����� ��� ���� ���� ����� �� ������� ���ﺵ‬
                                                      .������� �������� ��� ���� ������ ����� :) &'(

                                      .��� ���‫ﺵ‬            ����‫��� ﺵ‬
                                      .���� ���‫ﺵ‬           ����‫��� ﺵ‬
3.      Translate the following sentences into Arabic. Do not write your answers in the book.
                                                                                         :����� ��� �‫ﺕ�ﺝ‬    3
         1.       No, your door isn’t near, Fatima.
         2.       No, my house isn’t far.
         3.       No, your house isn’t there, Abdullah.
         4.       No, my house isn’t near.
         5.       Where is your house, Samiira?
         6.       My house is far.
         7.       The first unit is there.
         8.       The first lesson is with me.
         9.       The second lesson is not with me.

Student Note: This book will sometimes introduce dialogues which are more difficult, such as the
following conversation. The purpose is for you to be exposed to aspects of the language which you
may not fully grasp now, to give you a feel for things to come, and to increase your passive
vocabulary, that is words and expressions you have heard and have a general understanding of.

                                                                                                �����       4
                                                   ����� ��� ����� �� :��‫ﺝ‬
         �� ���� �� ����� ���� �� �� ���� ����� ���� ����� �� �� �� :����
                                                              .����� ������
                                                            ����� ���� :��‫ﺝ‬
                                                              �
                     .������ �� �‫����: �� �� � �� ����� ���� ����� ���ﺝ‬
                                                     ������ ���� ��� :��‫ﺝ‬
     ���� ���� ���� ���� ������� ������ ����� ���� �� ����� ���� ��� :����
                                                                         �
                                                                        .� �
       by God                  �
                               � ��                                       two sons                  �����
                              ����                                       my children
       valley                                                                                      �����
                                                                     (includes the wife)
       I return               �‫��ﺝ‬                                           I go                   ����
     woman, wife                  �
                              �����                                        so then                    ���


 ���� ���� �‫�������� �������� �� �����. �� ���� ��� ������� ��� �������� �� ��� ����� ��� ������ �� ��ﺝ‬     5
                                                                                 ����� �� ������ ���
                                                      10
5.     For discussion and to think about at home. Look at the proverb   �� ���� ���� �� ���
����. What does it mean? In what context would you use it? Do you agree with what it says? Is there
a proverb in your country that means roughly the same thing?




                                                11

								
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