Adobe Premiere Elements Table of Contents

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					                    Adobe Premiere Elements
                                    Table of Contents

                Introduction......................................................2

                Create a Video from Still Images .....................9

                The Timeline..................................................20

                Editing Video Clips ........................................23

                Titles..............................................................31

                    Creating a Custom Title ...........................33

                    Titles from a Template .............................43

                    Scrolling and Crawling Titles ....................47

                Chroma Key Effects.......................................50

                Transitions..................................................... 57




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    Adobe Premiere Elements - Introduction
                         The Start-Up Splash Screen




The Start-up Spash Screen will list recent projects.
To return to a recent project or to make another selection from the Icons across
the top:
    •   New Project – start the program with a blank work area.
    •   Open Project – open a project that is located on the computer.
    •   Capture video – will open a new project, connect to the camera, and
        proceed to the Capture Video workspace.


Click on New Project




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    Adobe Premiere Elements - Introduction




Type in a name for the project.
Press the Browse button and navigate to a convenient location on the computer.
(My Videos in side the My Documents folder is usually a good choice.)
Click on the OK button




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    Adobe Premiere Elements - Introduction




Edit Workspace
This is the default display that appears when a new project is opened.
The Edit Movie Workspace will be available with either the Sceneline or
Timeline view displayed.




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    Adobe Premiere Elements - Introduction




Sceneline vs. Timeline

With Premiere Elements 3.0 Adobe has included a new Sceneline
workspace. The Sceneline workspace is billed as an easier to use,
drag and drop, alternative to the Timeline workspace. The Sceneline
workspace does not include many of the features and flexibility found
in the Timeline workspace.

The Sceneline does allow the user to quickly and easily rearrange
thumbnails of video clips, transitions and effects simply by dragging
them to new locations.




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    Adobe Premiere Elements - Introduction




Edit Workspace

        The four buttons (icons) that are available in the Media window
        include:
           1. Available Media
           2. Get Media From
           3. Effects and Transitions
           4. Title Templates

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    Adobe Premiere Elements - Introduction




Create DVD Workspace

When the Create DVD tab is clicked, the workspace changes and the
default area is DVD Templates. Two other work areas are available –
Get Media From and Available Media.




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    Adobe Premiere Elements - Introduction




    1. Open Adobe Premiere Elements 3.0 and make sure the Timeline button
       is selected.

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            Create a Video from Still Images
    2. Make sure the Get Media from button is selected and click on Files and
       Folders




Navigate to the Media Clips folder and select all the clips.

There are several ways to import all the clips.

    1. One at a time
       Selecting a clip, click Open
       Repeat over and over.
    2. Click-Shift-Click
       Click on the first clip needed. Hold the Shift key and click on the last clip
       in the sequence. Then click Open to import all the selected clips.
    3. Ctrl-A
       Hold the Ctrl key on the keyboard and press the A key to select All the
       files.
       Click Open.

Choose the method that works for you and import all the video clips.




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            Create a Video from Still Images




Shortcuts (NOT the actual clips) now reside in the Media window.

The actual clips in their original location will remain intact no matter what editing
is done to the shortcuts in the project.




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            Create a Video from Still Images




Expand the Media window by dragging the right edge and bottom edge. (As the
cursor approaches the edge of the Media window the pointer becomes a two-
headed arrow. Click and drag to enlarge the window.)

The other windows will conform to how the Media window is manipulated – A
good thing.




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            Create a Video from Still Images




With the Media window enlarged several details now become visible.
   • The Media Type – Is it a video clip (Movie), Still Image or Audio clip.
   • The Frame Rate – something we need not worry about here.
   • The Media Duration – if a video or audio clip, how long is it?

The three buttons at the top section of the Media window are used to
automatically organize the various clips. By selecting one of these buttons only
the corresponding clips will be shown. (When all buttons or no buttons are
selected, all clips will appear.)




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            Create a Video from Still Images




Click on the Show Still Images button.

Hold the Ctrl key and select the following image in order:
 Gator.jpg
 Dock and Life ring.jpg
 palms2.jpg
 Fort Myers Beach.jpg
 Flamingo.jpg
 sailboat_sunset.jpg
 Pelican.jpg
Release the Ctrl button.

Click the More button, located in the upper right corner of the Media window.

In the drop-down menu select Create Slideshow.




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            Create a Video from Still Images




The Create Slideshow window now opens.

This window contains several choices:

Ordering - In a drop-down menu the following choices appear:
   • Sort Order – The order in which the images appear in the Available
      Media window.
   • Selection Order – The order in which the items are chosen.
Play Duration – How long an image will stay in view.
   • This time is editable.
   • The play duration can be determined by the number of frames or by
      seconds.
Transition Duration – How long it takes to transition from one image to the next.
   • The user can choose to not have a transition (the slides move immediately
      from one to the other) or to have a transition based on the default choice
      for transitions When the program is first Installed the default transition is
      Cross Dissolve).
   • This time is editable.
   • The transition duration can be determined by the number of frams or by
      seconds.

In the Ordering drop-down menu, select Selection Order and click OK.




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            Create a Video from Still Images




Make sure the Timeline is selected.




     Copies of the
     images are
     transferred to the
     Timeline.




Press the Spacebar to start and stop the movie.




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            Create a Video from Still Images

                         Changing the Default Transition




       Open the Effects and
       Transitions window.

       Close all other areas
       and expand the Video
       Transitions area.




       Open the Dissolve area to find a
       black box around Cross Dissolve.
       This indicates Cross Dissolve is
       currently the Default Transition.




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            Create a Video from Still Images


 Expand the Iris area.

 Right-click on Iris
 Points.

 Click on Set
 Selected as Default
 Transition.




     Rewind the movie by
     dragging the Current
     Time Indicator (Playback
     Head) left to the
     beginning of the movie.

Press the Spacebar to play the movie.
The Old Default Transition is still in effect! There was no change!




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            Create a Video from Still Images

With the Mouse, drag across all the
clips (from right to left gets the best
results).
Notice the banners for the clips will
have turned gray.

Press the Delete key to remove the
clips from the timeline.




Quickly, return to the Available Media window and re-create the slideshow.



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            Create a Video from Still Images




Slide the Current Time Indicator all the way to the beginning, press the Spacebar
and play the movie.
Now, the changes are there. The movie is using the new Default Transition.




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                             The Timeline




The Timeline is a very powerful tool to use while editing videos.
Let’s take a few minutes to explore a few of the features available through the
Timeline.

There are several ways to get clips to the Timeline.
   • We just explored one as we created a slideshow with a customized order.
   • Clips may also be dragged from the Available Media window directly to
      the Timeline. Once on the Timeline, clips can be rearranged by dragging
      and dropping.
Currently, our collection of clips appear crammed and there are no details
available.


  The minus Magnifier                                       The plus Magnifier
  compresses the                                            expands the
  Timeline.                                                 Timeline.
                                                            The Slider offers
                                                            infinite control.


Click the plus Magnifier three times to expand the Timeline.
Three clicks keeps the seven clips of this movie on the screen (we could always
scroll), but allows us to explore some details.




We can now see the titles of our seven clips and where the transitions lie at the
ends of each clip. If we would expand the view a bit more we would even see
the transition names.


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                               The Timeline




The Timeline’s major components can be defined as follows:
    •   Video Tracks (1) – Premiere Elements has 3 video tracks by default.
        This will allow up to 3 video tracks to mixed together as one final project.
    •   Audio Tracks (2) – Each video track has an audio track associated with it.
        In addition, there is a Narration Track and a Soundtrack (for background
        music from an outside source).
    •   On the video tracks the user can use both still images and video clips.
        These are easily differentiated by different colors: purple for still images
        (3) and; green for video clips (4).
    •   Video Clips – that are imported from outside sources generally have an
        audio track associated them (5).
    •   Moving within a video project is made easier through the use of the
        Current Time Indicator (6).
    •   The Time Code Display (7) indicates the exact location of the Current
        Time Indicator. It reads in Hours;Minutes;Seconds;Frames.
    •   As a project grows it is often easy to become lost in the complete project
        while trying to work on a smaller portion or scene. The Work Area Bar (8)
        is used to define a small portion of the project to enable the user to
        concentrate on details within a smaller area.




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                             The Timeline




Moving the Current Time Marker:
    •   We have already seen how to move the Current Time Marker by dragging
        the blue “Playback Head” back and forth.
    •   To move the Current Time Marker to the beginning or end of the movie
        press the Home key or the End key on the keyboard
    •   Click on the ruler to jump the Current Time Marker to an approximate
        position.
    •   To move slowly through the movie or to help determine an exact location,
        use the right-arrow (   ) and left-arrow (   ) keys on the keyboard.
    •   To move to an exact location use the Code Time Display. By inputting
        exact numbers into the Time Code Display the user can move to a precise
        location defined by the frame. The example above shows the Current
        Time Marker is set at 00 hours;00 minutes;03 seconds; and 15 frames into
        the movie.
.
The Spacebar versus the Enter key:
When the Spacebar is pressed, Adobe Premiere Elements will play the movie or
clip in the Monitor window. However, when the Enter key is pressed Adobe
Premiere Elements will first Render the workspace. What is the difference?
When a movie is played, Adobe Premiere Elements combines the tracks and
effects in the background, while playing the resultant movie in the Monitor panel.
If, instead, the movie is rendered, Adobe Premiere Elements creates preview
files and saves them on the hard disk. Once rendered, Adobe Premiere Elements
needn’t process the tracks and effects again and can play the preview files
directly. Similarly, preview files can save time when the final movie is exported
because Adobe Premiere Elements can use the information stored in the preview
files rather than render again.
While working on a scene or clip, it is often best to simply play the clip using the
Spacebar. Once happy with that scene, constrain it with the Work Area Bar and
render it. This will save time later.




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                         Editing Video Clips
Thus far, we have worked with a simple movie created through a wizard type
utility and using Still Images. The same process could be used with video clips
but, is probably not typical of the process that would be used. Let’s shift to a
more “real-world” process.

Start by deleting the clips currently on the Timeline:
Drag across all the clips (they will turn gray) and press the Delete key.
The Timeline should now be empty.




In addition, resize the Media Available window back to a more traditional size by
dragging the right edge to the left and the bottom edge up.




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                         Editing Video Clips
Unless you have made changes, the Still
Images button at the top of the Media
Available window should still be the only
one selected.
Click this button to release it.
Now all the imported media is shown.




Drag the following clips to the Timeline in the following order:
    1. palms2.jpg
    2. John and Jack in Waves.wmv
    3. Shamu.wmv
    4. Long Day.wmv
    5. sailboat_sunset.jpg
As each clip is placed make sure is placed on the Video 1 line and that it “snaps”
to the clip to the left of it by dragging it close to the previous clip
It may be necessary to scroll the Timeline to get the last 2 clips on the end.




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                         Editing Video Clips




A quick check can be made by pressing the End key on the keyboard. This
moves the Current Time Marker to the end of the movie and allows us to
determine the exact length – 3 minutes, 53 seconds and 24 frames.




The longest segment of the movie, in it’s current form, is the Shamu.wmv video
clip. Slide the Current Time Marker to the approximate start of the Shamu.wmv
clip and press the Spacebar on the keyboard (or click the Play button on the
Monitor window). Please wear headphones or turn the sound WAY DOWN
on the computer!

Wow! That’s a lot of killer whale!
I was over it after the first two big splashes!



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                          Editing Video Clips




By now you have several methods for moving the Current Time Marker to a
specific location.
Move it to 00;00;29;10.




   Click the Split Clip
   icon on the
   Monitor window.




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                         Editing Video Clips




Click on the title of the second clip. It will turn gray.




Press the Delete key on the keyboard. The second portion of the clip is gone.
Press the End key on the keyboard. The movie is now about 42 and-a-half
seconds long (remember, 30 frames equals 1 second).


 Place the
 Current
 Time
 Marker at
 the
 beginning of
 John and
 Jack in
 waves.wmv.


Press the Spacebar to play the clip (it is only about 9 seconds long). Press the
Spacebar again to pause the clip.

Notice that about two-thirds of the way through the camera man shakes the
camera.




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                          Editing Video Clips
 Double-click the title
 of the clip to open
 the Preview
 window.




 The Preview
 window contains
 several controls that
 make editing a clip
 easier that working
 directly on the
 Timeline.




Press the Home key on the keyboard to take the Current Time Marker to the
beginning of the clip.
Press the Spacebar on the keyboard to start the video clip.
When the clip begins to shake, press the Spacebar to pause the clip.



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                         Editing Video Clips


 Use the Arrow keys
 to position the
 Current Time Marker
 to the location just
 before the camera
 view begins to shake.

 This should be at
 approximately
 00;00;06;15 on the
 Time Code Display.




 Click on the Set Out
 icon.

 This causes the Set
 Out Marker to move
 to the location
 indicated by the Time
 Control Marker.




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                         Editing Video Clips
   At the same time, on
   the Timeline, the clip
   has reflected the
   change in its length.




Hold the Ctrl key and drag the Teacups.wmv clip to bring all the clips together.
(The Ctrl key combination causes the whole chain connected to the
Teacups.wmv clip to move as one.)
The next clip – Teacups.wmv – appears to be okay the way it is. It will not need
to be edited.
However, a basically static shot of the child sleeping in the stroller for over 7
seconds seems a bit long. Five seconds would be more appropriate.

Point to the end of the Long
Day.wmv clip. Two things
happen:
1. The cursor changes to a
Red Bracket with a double-
headed arrow.
2. An information pop-up
appears.

The original duration was 07;15.
We want the clip to be 05;00.
This is a difference of 02;15 (2
seconds and 15 frames).
Drag the end of the clip to the left
until it has been shortened 02;15.

The clip is shortened and all the clips to the right are drawn together.


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                           Creating Titles
Titles are a valuable addition to a movie and serve many purposes, from naming
the people and places in the movie, to providing professiona-style credits at the
beginning and end. Titles can be created using any font installed on the
computer. Titles can incorporate any graphic or photo-image on the computer or
those graphics custom made using the Titler’s shape creation tools.
With the Titler the user can create titles from scratch by using the text and shape
tools, or the user can use one of the included templates, preset text styles, and
images to quickly create an attractive title.




Creating a new title:
There are several ways to create a new title.
The easiest method is to click Add Text in the Monitor pane.




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                             Creating Titles
This opens The Adobe Premiere Elements Titler.




In addition, it places a new item (the title) on the Timeline at the location indicate
by the Current Time Marker..

If the Current Time Marker
is located at an empty area,
the title is placed on the
Video 1 line. If the area is
occupied, the title is placed
on the next available Video
line.
Titles can easily be relocated
by dragging and dropping to
a new location on the
Timeline.




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                              Creating Titles
                           Creating a Custom Title




The Titler has all the tools needed to create a custom title.




When a title is first created, the text tool is active by default.
Drag across the text in the text box and type the desired text for the title.
The style of type, font size,and alignment can all be chosen.
Hint: Some functions require the text to be highlighted.

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                             Creating Titles
 Once the text has
 been entered the
 title can be moved
 about the frame by
 using the Selection
 Tool. Click on the
 Selection Tool in the
 toolbar and use it to
 drag the textbox to
 the desired location.




 The Centering
 Tools are used to
 place the Textbox in
 the exact center of
 the frame, either
 horizontally,
 vertically or both.




After working on
another area of the
movie, it is easy to re-
open the title.
Simply double click on
the title in the Timeline.




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                            Creating Titles




Some color fun!
Select the textbox. (Click on the selection tool – the arrow – in the toolbar, and
   click on the textbox.)
Change the Type Style to one with broad open letters.
Increase the font size to at least 90.




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                          Creating Titles




Click on the Color Properties button.
The Color Properties window opens.




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                               Creating Titles




Create a fill or stroke:
    Definitions:    Fill is the color or texture of the inside of the letters.
                    Stroke is the outline of the letter.
    •   Select the text or shape to be adjusted (we have already selected the
        textbox).
    •   Click the Color Properties button.
    •   Click the Fill button (the button is selected when it appears depressed).
    •   For now, leave the Gradient selection at Solid.
    •   If the Color Slider is not visible, click in the Color Bar. Use the Color
        Slider to adjust the preferred color. Note, the color of the text is changing
        as the Color Slider is moved.
    •   Opt for a Drop Shadow by clicking in the Drop Shadow selection box.


To create a Stroke (color outline) around the text, click on the Stroke button and
repeat these procedures to select a complementary color for the Stroke.

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                             Creating Titles
   Gradient types and options
   When a gradient fill or stroke is created
   there are several types to choose from:
   •   Solid Creates a fill of a single color.
   •   Linear Gradient Creates a two-color
       gradient fill that changes color from left
       to right. Click each gradient button to
       specify the different colors. Click the
       Reverse icon to reverse the order of
       colors. Drag the Angle control to
       change the angle where the colors
       meet. The gradient buttons can be
       dragged to adjust where the gradient
       color begins.
   •   Radial Gradient Creates a two-color
       gradient fill that changes color from the
       center. Click each gradient button to
       specify the different colors. Click the
       Reverse icon to reverse the order of
       colors. Click the Repeat value to
       change the number of times the
       gradient repeats itself.
   •   4-Color Gradient Creates a gradient
       of four colors. Click each of the four
       gradient icons to specify each of the
       four colors.
   •   Bevel Creates a colored bevel edge.
       Adjust the Size and Balance controls to
       specify edge properties.
   •   Eliminate Makes the fill or stroke
       invisible.
   •   Ghost Makes the fill or stroke
       invisible, but leaves the shadow visible.




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                           Creating Titles




To add a Gradient to the title:
  1. Make sure the Textbox is selected.
  2. Click the Color Properties button.
  3. Select Fill.
  4. Click the down-arrow to choose the type of gradient
  5.    Select Linear Gradient




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                            Creating Titles




  6. Click on the Beginning Color Marker. When the little square is selected, the
     arrowhead above it darkens to indicate it’s selected.
  7. Move the Color Slider to select the predominant color.
  8. Click in the shade area to select the exact color.
Note how the title changes as these selections are made.




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                            Creating Titles




  9. Select the Ending Color marker
  10. Move the Color Slider to the predominant color
  11. Click to select the exact shade
  12. The Start and End Color markers can be dragged back and forth to adjust
      exactly how the gradient appears on the letters.




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                          Creating Titles




The color gradient can be reversed by simply clicking on the Reverse Icon.
The angle the gradient sweeps across the text can be adjusted by dragging the
Angle pointer around the circle.
Once again the changes are immediate on the subject text.
Click Okay to save the changes.




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                              Creating Titles
                     Creating a Title from a Template
   There are times when it is not in the best
   interests of effort and creativity to create a
   custom title.
   Adobe Premiere Elements contains a fairly
   large selection of Title Templates that can
   greatly reduce the time and effort needed to
   produce an attractive title.


   In the Media Pane select Title Templates.




   The Title Templates
   box lists all the
   templates, grouped by
   theme.
   Click the triangle
   (twisty) next to travel.




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                               Creating Titles

   Travel has now opened
   to reveal a set subset of
   travel categories.
   Click the triangle twisty
   for Beach Resort.




 Choose the last title in the
 Sub-Category. It is called
 “beachresort_title”.




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                           Creating Titles




Drag the beachresort_title Title Template to the Monitor pane.




The view in the left pane changes to Available Media with the new title template
located at the bottom.
The Monitor pane now contains the title template with the Text tool active.




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                           Creating Titles
 Carefully click until
 the existing text
 boxes are
 selected.
 If the style is
 acceptable, use it
 by continuing to
 type.
 If it is not
 acceptable, delete
 it and type new
 text.
 Resize, add
 gradients, strokes
 and change fonts




Titles are automatically made part of the project and are saved when the project
is saved.




Since new titles are automatically placed on the Timeline wherever the Current
Time Marker is located, it might be necessary to drag it to its proper location.




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                             Creating Titles
                         Scrolling and Crawling Titles
Everyone knows what a credit slide looks like in a movie.
Credit shots are easy to do with Adobe Premiere Elements.
Move the Current Time Marker to the last image of the movie. Some like this to
be a still image while others may prefer to overlay the credits on a video clip.




In the Menu line at the top of the screen, click Title.
In the first sub-menu click New Title.
In the next sub-menu choose either Default Roll or Default Crawl.
    A Roll moves from the bottom of the screen up and out the top of the screen.
    The typical credits at the end of a movie are Rolls.
    A Crawl enters the screen on the right and moves across the screen to leave
    at the left. The news banners one sees on CNN and other TV channels are
    Crawls.




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                            Creating Titles




The credit style chosen now appears. To preview how the new title will appear,
drag the Current Time Marker back and forth across the title in the Timeline.


Creating the rest of the title is a simple as changing the sample text.




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                             Creating Titles




To cause the title to fade in or out:
Leave the Edit Title mode by clicking on a blank spot on the Timeline.
Note the Properties Pane changes.
Click on the “Twisty Triangle” next to Opacity.




Click on the Fade In and Fade Out buttons. As each button is clicked, the yellow
“Rubber Band” across the images changes.
This rubber band represents the Opacity of the clip or title. It stretches across
the whole movie as it is created.
Over the title clip it is now adjustable. The small white “handles” allow the user to
edit how the fade in or out effects appear.




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                         Chroma Key Effects




The Chroma Key effect “keys out” all image pixels that are similar to a specified
“key color”. When a color value is “keyed out” of a layer, that color or range of
colors becomes transparent for the entire layer. The range of transparent colors
can be controlled by adjusting the tolerance level. The edges between the
transparent and opaque areas can be smoothed by feathering the edges.


Chroma Keying can allow the creativity to run wild as objects or talent can be
placed in any scene imaginable.




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                         Chroma Key Effects

 Clear the Timeline by
 selecting all the clips and
 press the Delete key on the
 keyboard

 In the Media Available pane
 locate the video clip entitled
 Driving.avi and drag it to the
 beginning of the Timeline.
 It should have pushed the
 current clips to the right
 along the timeline.




Press the Home key on the
keyboard.
Press the Spacebar to play
this clip.
This is a pretty boring clip –
someone stuck a video
camera out the window and
shot about eleven seconds of
driving past some buildings.




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                         Chroma Key Effects




     Drag the Running.avi video
     clip to the Video 2 Timeline.
     Slide it to the right to offset it
     about 3 seconds.




         In the Media
         pane click on the
         icon for Effects
         and Transitions.




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                         Chroma Key Effects




In the Effects and Transitions window click on the ”twisty triangle” for Video
Effects.
After Video Effects expands click on the “twisty triangle” to expand Keying.
Find the Chroma Key effect and drag it to the video clip with the green
background (Running.avi).
Notice in the Properties pane, a new property (Chroma Key) has appeared.




Click on the Running.avi clip in the Timeline to ensure that is the “working” clip.
Click on the “twisty triangle” to expand the Chroma Key effect.

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                         Chroma Key Effects




In the expanded Chroma Key effect the first selection is Color. In the Color
area are two items:
    •   A color swatch (it is probably white at this time)
    •   An Eyedropper icon.
Click on the Eyedropper icon The cursor becomes an Eyedropper.
Find an area in the green background that represents the most predominant
color and “suck up” that color by clicking the left mouse button. That color now
fills the Color Swatch.
Some of the background starts to bleed through.




Now fine adjustments need to be made.




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                         Chroma Key Effects
    In the Properties pane, pointing
    to one of the blue numbers will
    cause the cursor to be enhanced
    with a 2-headed arrow. By
    dragging left or right with the
    enhanced cursor the numbers can
    be changed.




Adjust the Chroma Key settings as needed:
•    Similarity – Broadens or reduces the range of color that will be made
     transparent. Higher values increase the range. (Try setting the Similarity to a
     value around 10.0 to 15.0.
•    Blend – Blends the clip being keyed with the underlying clip. Higher values
     blend more of the clip.
•    Threshold – controls the amount of shadows in the range of color that is
     keyed out. Higher values retain more shadows.
•    Cutoff – Darkens or lightens shadows. Drag to the right to darken shadows,
     but do not drag beyond the value on the Threshold slider; doing so inverts
     gray and transparent pixels.
•    Smoothing – Specifies the amount of anti-aliasing that Adobe Premiere
     elements applies to the boundary between transparent and opaque regions.
     Anti-aliasing blends pixels to produce softer, smoother edges. Chose None
     to produce sharp edges with no anti-aliasing. This option is useful when it is
     advantageous to preserve sharp lines, such as those in titles. Choose Low or
     High to produce different amounts of smoothing.
•    Mask Only – Displays only the clip’s alpha channel, as modified by the key
     settings.

After selecting settings, click on the Timeline, press the Home key on the
keyboard to move the Current Time Marker to the start of the video and press
the Spacebar to view the video.
Further adjustments may be necessary to achieve the final look.




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                         Chroma Key Effects
Notes on shooting Chroma Key clips:
The success of any Chroma Key effect depends greatly on two items.
•   The first is the background color. Most schools have the Visual
    Communicator kit that included a Green Screen curtain. That is what was
    used for this lesson. Because they are vinyl, these curtains can reflect
    different colors due to fold, wrinkles and the effects of draping the curtain.

    Taping the edges all the way around will help produce a more even effect and
    a more consistent color.

    The Visual Communicator curtain was also designed to do “head shots” and
    not large scenes as was attempted in the examples in this manual. Thus, it is
    easy to see the boundaries of the screen and the detrimental effects that
    occur when the boundaries show.

    There are “green screen” paints that are designed specifically for this use.
    They ARE EXPENSIVE but, if a lot of Chroma Key work is going to occur, it
    may be worth the investment. Be sure to apply it to as FLAT a surface as
    possible to prevent shadows from cracks, seams and dimples found in most
    school construction.
•   The second factor affecting successful Chroma Key effects is lighting.

    Smooth, consistent lighting, both on the subject and on the background
    screen can make all the difference. Several light sources on both sides and
    from above are always recommended.

    One thing to strive for in lighting is to use the SAME TYPE OF LIGHTING
    throughout the room. Try not to mix fluorescent and incandescent lighting on
    the subject.




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                               Transitions




Transitions
By default, whenever two clips are placed next to each other on the Timeline, the
transition is called a Cut. Simply stated a Cut is when the last frame on one clip
is immediately followed by the first frame of the next clip. At times this works and
other times it can be quite “jarring” and too abrupt.
When it is desirable to add an emphasis or a special effect to a scene change
there are a variety of Transitions to do so. There are Wipes, Zooms, Fades,
and Dissolves, just to mention a few.
Transitions are applied to clips in the Timeline using the Effects and
Transitions window. They are then edited and modified using the Timeline and
the Properties window.
In most cases transitions should be kept simple and unobtrusive. Most
professionals use a simple fade or dissolve for a large percentage of their
transitions. That doesn’t mean that a Star Zoom doesn’t have its place in some
movies. However, too many different transitions can detract from the content of
the movie. Transitions are the best when they are used sparingly.




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                               Transitions
Clear the Timeline – Select all the clips on the Timeline and press the Delete key
on the Keyboard.




Prepare a short movie with only 2 clips.
•   Drag Teacups.wmv to the Timeline
•   Drag I’m King of the World.wmv to the Timeline
•   Drag the Current Time Marker to 00;00;17;00 seconds.
•   Click the Split Clip button in the lower right of the Monitor window.
•   Click on the second portion of the I’m King of the World.wmv clip.
•   Press the Delete key on the Keyboard to delete the second part.
•   This leaves a 17 second video made up of 2 clips.




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                             Transitions
 In the Task bar click on
 the Effects and
 Transitions button to
 open the Effects and
 Transitions window.




 Click the ‘Twisty
 Triangle” to expand
 Video Transitions.
 Click the “twisty
 triangle” to expand
 Dissolve.
 We are going to use
 the Cross Dissolve
 for this demonstration.
 Drag the Cross
 Dissolve transition to
 the cut between the
 clips.




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                               Transitions




As the transition is dragged to the cut between clips, one of three icons will
appear depending on exactly where the transition is between the clips.
•   The End at Cut transition icon appears when the transition is over just one
    clip – the first clip.
    This will cause the transition to be applied only on the first clip.
•   The Center at Cut transition icon appears when the transition is centered
    over both clips.
    This will cause the transition to be applied equally to both clips.
    Most transitions will Center at Cut by default.
•   The Start at Cut transition icon appears when the transition is over just one
    clip – the second clip.
    This will cause the transition to be applied only on the second clip.
To preview the transition after it has been applied, click the Home button the
keyboard to move the Current Time Marker to the start of the movie. Press the
Spacebar on the keyboard to start and pause the movie.




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                         Additional Resources




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                         Additional Resources




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