How to… rédiger CV et lettre de motivation
Les mots-clés et expressions
CV >CV, résumé: a detailed summary of your professional and academy life. Lettre de motivation >Cover letter, letter of application (USA), covering letter (UK): a letter that is sent with a résumé (or CV). DG > CEO (chief executive officer, USA), managing director (UK): the highest person in an organization, usually reports to the chairman of the board. Conseil d'administration >Board of directors: a group of people elected by stockholders to establish corporate policies and management of a corporation. Président du conseil d'administration >Chairman of the board. PDG > CEO and chairman of the board. Directeur financier >CFO (chief financial officer). Conseiller financier > Financial planner: a trained professional who helps you develop a financial plan and make investment decisions. Comptable >Accountant: a person who carries out book-keeping, auditing, financial reporting and analysis. Chef de projet > Project manager: person with the overall responsibility for a project's successful implementation. Defines schedules and plans the project. Informaticien > Computer technician (information technology manager or IT manager): person who works with development, installation and implementation of computer Systems and applications. Acheteur > Purchaser: person who buys goods, buyer. Loqisticien > Logistics specialist: person who is responsible for supply chain movement, maintenance, and disposition of supplies. Assistante administrative > Secretary: person who handles correspondence, files and other clérical work. Avocat, juriste > Lawyer (USA), barrister (UK) : person who is trained to give legal advice and represent someone in a court of law or other legal matters. Assureur > Insurance sales-person: person who sells insurance policies. Agent immobilier >Real estate agent: person who sells property (land, houses, apartments, etc).
Ventes> Sales. Vendeur> Salesperson: person who sells something. Expérience > Background: education, training and work experience. Formation > Training: the process of learning a particular skill. Compétence >Skill: an ability in a particular activity. Concevoir > To design: to plan what something should be. Lancer > To launch: to introduce something to the market, to initiate, to set in motion. Etablir >To establish: to create or to put in p something. Mettre en œuvre > To implement: to make use of, to put into action. Initier > To initiate: to bring into being, to begin something. Négocier >To negotiate: to talk about a situation in order to reach an agreement. Optimiser >To optimize: to get the maximum out of, to exploit fully. Etendre >To expand: to become larger in size, volume or quantity. Fournir, produire >To generate: to produce or to create something, Améliorer >To improve: to make something better. Augmenter >To increase: to become bigger or greater in amount. Réduire >To reduce: to decrease, to make smaller. Définir >To define: to delineate the form. Résoudre >To solve: to found a solution. Mettre à jour >To update: to supply with the most recent information, to bring to the latest state of technology. Harmoniser >To standardize: to conform to a norm, to make everything the same. Domaine > Field: area, sector, subject area.
Les usages à respecter
• The cover letter should be typed (one page only). • In the USA "résumé" is more often used than "CV". The standard is one page maximum two). Focus on your work experience.
• In England, "CV" is standard. It may be more than two pages. Main sections: Objective, Professional Experience, Education, Skills. • Use the past tense on your CV/résumé, except for your current job (present tense). • Do not include: photo-graph, sex, age, date of birth, family status, driver's license. • Use action words to site your accomplishments.
Quelques règles de bon anglais
No subject needed On a CV/résumé, no need to include the subject as one understands it is the person who wrote the CV. Example: Increased sales by 15%. Simple past • Regular verbs: add « ed » if the verb ends in a consonant and « d » if the verb ends in an « e » (develop/developed, create/created). Add « ed » to verbs that end in a « y » preceded by a vowel (stay/stayed). If the verb ends in a « y » preceded by a consonant, change the « y » to « I » and add « ed » (try/tried, rely/relied).
• Irregular verbs: learn them one by one. Check their spelling before sending your CV.
L’exercice du mois
Use the expressions you have learnt in this first lesson to fill in the missing word(s), then check the result below. 1. Please send your ............ and CV to 121 Brown Street by January 1, 2008. 2. I have a ............ in sales and marketing but l am looking for a job in product development, 3. ............ customer complaint procedure in order to ensure that all customers received a satisfactory solution. 4. Languages spoken and computer abilities are examples of ............. 5. British employers often ask for a ............ whereas American employers tend to use the word ............. 6. ............ new overtime procedures in order to reduce unwarranted costs. 7. ............ quality rating with major suppliers to ninety percent satisfaction. 8. Organized quarterly computer skills ............ sessions for ail employees.
9. ............ contract deals with suppliers for a total company savings of ten percent. 10. ............ business by developing new European customers in Germany, Spain and Portugal. 11. ............ all testing procedures in order to establish quality statistical data. 12. ............ marketing research graphs in order to clearly identify gaps in our target population. 13. ............ inspection process which identified and led to correction of potential defects. 14. ............ brand notoriety issue by implementing an intensive targeted marketing campaign. 15. As a ............ l have specialised in international environmental law. 16. ............ company manuals to include the most recent information and new procedures. 17. ............ production from current brokers through relationship marketing, seminars and advertising. 18. ............ internal training procedures and development plan for twenty sales representatives. 19. ..............employee turnover by twenty percent. 20. ............ new production method to decrease publication costs by ten percent. 21. Extensive knowledge in the ............ of chemical research, with ten years hands on experience. Solutions: 1: cover letter. 2: background. 3: Designed 4 : skills. 5: CV/résumé. 6: Established. 7: Improved. 8: training. 9: Negotiated. 10: Expanded. 11: Standardized. 12: Generated. 13: Implemented. 14: Solved. 15: lawyer. 16: Updated. 17: Increased. 18: Defined. 19: Reduced. 20: Launched. 21: field.