PRACTISING THE PROFESSION
of occupational therapist
PROFESSION WITH A RESERVED TITLE
AND RESERVED ACTIVITIES
S u m m a r y 3,500 MEMBERS
n Responsibilities and conditions for
practising the profession 1
n Obtaining the permit 1
n Review mechanism 4
n Registration on the Order’s roll 4
n Appendix 1 6
O BTAINING THE PERMIT
n Appendix 2 7 C O N D I T I O N S F O R O B TA I N I N G
To obtain the permit, the candidate must hold a
Québec diploma, as provided for by regulation, or
RESPONSIBILITIES AND CONDITIONS have a diploma or training recognized as being
equivalent by the Order. The candidate must also
FOR PRACTISING THE PROFESSION
have a knowledge of the French language appro-
The practice of the profession of occupational priate to the practice of the profession.
therapist comprises any act aimed at assessing the Permanent residency or Canadian citizenship is not
functional abilities of a person, determining and required to obtain the permit.
implementing a treatment and intervention plan,
developing, restoring or maintaining skills,
compensating disabilities, reducing handicapping Practical advice
situations and tailoring the environment to needs
If you plan to practise the profession of occupa-
in order to foster optimal autonomy.
tional therapist in Québec, you would be well
The activities set out in the Appendix are reserved advised to contact the Order prior to your
for occupational therapists in the practice of their
departure to find out about the rules regulating
profession. Occupational therapists practise a
access to the profession and to undertake
profession with a reserved title. They must hold a
the procedure to obtain your permit and apply for
permit from the Ordre professionnel des
ergothérapeutes du Québec (Québec order of occu- membership in the Order. Moreover, certain
pational therapists) and be registered on the roll of immigration procedures may require that you
the Order to: contact the Order in question. Should this be the
n use the reserved title of “occupational thera- case, you will be notified by your immigration
pist,” the abbreviation “erg.” or the initials counsellor.
“O.T.” or “O.T.R.”;
n practise the reserved activities.
Produced in collaboration with the:
DIPLOMA OR TRAINING
E Q U I VA L E N C E Useful information
To be recognized as equivalent, a diploma award- In Québec, admission to a university program
ed outside Québec must attest that its holder generally requires the successful completion of
possesses a level of knowledge and skills equiva- 13 years of elementary, secondary and collegial
lent to those acquired by the holder of a Québec education.
diploma, as provided for by regulation.
Consequently, equivalence is recognized if the
diploma was awarded on completion of university Candidates whose diploma is not recognized
studies in occupational therapy comprising the as equivalent may obtain recognition of the
equivalent of the number of credits required by equivalence of their training if they are able to
Québec universities to obtain a university degree demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Order that
conferring the right to practise the profession. they:
Each credit corresponds to 15 hours of theory n have at least five years relevant full-time
and 30 hours of practice or 45 hours of supervised experience or 8,750 hours;
clinical practicum. The breakdown of credits and
practicum hours is presented in Appendix 2.
n have, through this relevant work experience,
acquired a level of knowledge and skills
equivalent to the level acquired by a holder of a
Québec diploma, as provided by regulation.
To assess training equivalence, the Order considers
the number of years of schooling, the diplomas
obtained, the nature and content of courses taken,
the supervised clinical practicum in occupational
training, and the duration of the work experience.
If the diploma was obtained five years or more
before the application for equivalence and the
acquired knowledge and skills no longer corre-
spond to the current content of programs of study,
the candidate will be refused.
Procedure for achieving recognition of diploma
or training equivalence
ı You must complete the application form prescribed by the 2 The Order may require a candidate to pass an
Order and provide all of the following documents: examination or complete a training period, or both,
before ruling on the equivalence.
academic record, including detailed descriptions and total
number of hours of the courses taken or the credits 3 You will receive the Order’s decision respecting the
obtained, as well as an official transcript of the marks recognition of the equivalence of your diploma or training
obtained in writing. If the equivalence is partially recognized,
the Order will inform you of the additional training,
certified true copy of the diplomas obtained examinations or training periods that you must
where applicable, official document issued by the successfully complete to obtain recognition of your
educational institution or competent authority, attesting to training equivalence. If your application for equivalence is
the candidate’s participation in and successful completion refused, it will notify you of programs of study leading to
of any clinical practicum in occupational therapy a diploma, as prescribed by regulation.
official document attesting to the right to practise the
profession outside Québec (permit, registration certificate
or license), where applicable
official document attesting to relevant work experience
in occupational therapy and a description thereof, where n European programs of study in occupational
therapy, such as those that award “State”
official document attesting to any additional training
received in the last five years and a description thereof, diplomas, are not always considered to be of a
where applicable university level.
certified true copy of an act or certificate of birth or, failing
that, a photocopy of the passport n The activities performed by a professional
cheque or postal money order in the amount of $747.66 abroad differ in certain respects from those
to cover the application review fee. performed by occupational therapists in Québec.
This fee is non-refundable.
Only applications duly completed and accompanied by all
n Most people holding foreign diplomas are
of the required documents can be processed. required to complete additional training in a
All documents must be original or certified true copies. Québec university. They must meet the universi-
For original documents written in a language other than
French or English, the candidate must supply a French or
ty’s admission criteria and make provisions for
English translation that must be certified true to the original the related tuition fees. Since a limited number of
by a member of the Ordre des traducteurs, terminologues et
interprètes agréés du Québec or by an authorized consular or
students are accepted in Québec universities, this
diplomatic representative. may cause some delays.
A P P R O P R I AT E K N OW L E D G E O F
THE FRENCH LANGUAGE Useful information
In accordance with the Charter of the French Individuals having completed at least three years
Language, professional orders can only deliver of full-time secondary or post-secondary education
permits to individuals who have a knowledge of in French are recognized as having sufficient
the French language appropriate to the practice of knowledge of the French language.
their profession. Therefore, candidates need to
meet this legal requirement and those above
mentioned to obtain a permit.
Candidates whose files do not indicate that they
R EVIEW MECHANISM
have appropriate knowledge of French must pass
the Office québécois de la langue française (OQLF – A candidate may request a hearing with the Order
Québec French language bureau) French examina- to review its decision if recognition of a diploma or
tion. The Order will forward the examination training equivalence was refused. Any request for
registration form once the application for review must fall within the timeframes prescribed
recognition of diploma or training equivalence has by regulation. The final decision may not be
been submitted. appealed.
Those candidates may, however, obtain a tempo-
rary permit for no more than one year if they meet R EGISTRATION ON THE
the requirements for practising the profession. This
permit will be issued by the Order, together with
O RDER ’ S ROLL
a registration form for the OQLF French exam.
The temporary permit may be renewed up to three To use the reserved title and practise the reserved
times with the authorization of the OQLF if activities, the permit holder must be registered on
deemed in the public interest. For each renewal, the roll of the Order. To register you must:
candidates must sit examinations held in compli-
ance with OQLF regulations. Once the temporary
n submit a request in writing using the prescribed
permit has expired, the candidate must pass the form and sign a declaration respecting discipli-
OQLF examination to obtain a regular permit. This nary and criminal decisions handed down in
examination is free of charge and is held in Québec and elsewhere;
Montréal. n pay the annual dues;
n take out group professional liability insurance.
Annual dues amount to $500.36, plus $24.80 for
Issuance of the permit or the contribution to the financing of the Office
s p e c i a l i s t ’s c e r t i f i c a t e des professions du Québec. Average annual
professional liability insurance fees are $16.90
If you have met all the terms and conditions (public sector) or $51.78 (private sector).
for obtaining a permit, the Order will issue
your permit to practise. Reference
• Regulation respecting the standards for diploma equiva-
lence or training equivalence for the issue of a permit by
the Ordre des ergothérapeutes du Québec (c. C-26, r.81.2).
F O R M O R E I N F O R M A T I O N
Information on the conditions for practising Information on certification and Access to laws and regulations
the profession in Québec examinations for evaluating knowledge
• Les Publications du Québec
of the French language
• Ordre des ergothérapeutes du Québec www.publicationsduquebec.gouv.qc.ca
2021, avenue Union, bureau 920 • Office québécois de la langue française
Montréal (Québec) H3A 2S9 www.oqlf.gouv.qc.ca Information on the job market in Québec
In Montréal: • Emploi-Québec
Information on Québec’s professional
514 844-5778 emploiquebec.net
system and the Professional Code
Elsewhere in Québec: •Ministère du Développement économique,
1 800 265-5778 • Office des professions du Québec de l’Innovation et de l’Exportation
Fax: 514 844-0478 www.mdeie.gouv.qc.ca
• Conseil interprofessionnel du Québec
Internet: www.oeq.org www.professions-quebec.org You can also obtain the brochure
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org The practice of a profession governed
Information and assistance with regard to by a professional order
procedures pertaining to a professional
On the Internet:
• Ministère de l’Immigration et des In Québec:
Communautés culturelles at an Immigration-Québec service
In the Montréal region: at the Bureau d’immigration du Québec
Contact the Service d’information sur les serving your territory
professions et métiers réglementés at
Elsewhere in Québec or abroad:
in your settlement area.
The information in this document was current in April 2008. It was obtained from
various sources and in no way replaces current legislation and regulations.
The fees mentioned herein are subject to change. They are in Canadian dollars and
include all applicable taxes.
The information contained in the French version of the fact sheet has been validated
by the Ordre des ergothérapeutes du Québec. The English translation has not been
validated, although it is consistent with the French version.
A P P E N D I X 1
P RACTISE OF THE PROFESSION OF OCCUPATIONAL THERAPIST
Activities reser ved for occupational therapists
T H E F O L L OW I N G AC T I V I T I E S A R E R E S E RV E D F O R O C C U PAT I O N A L T H E R A P I S T S I N T H E
P R AC T I S E O F T H E I R P R O F E S S I O N :
1° making a functional assessment of a person where required under an Act;
2° assessing neuromusculoskeletal function in a person having a physical function limitation
3° providing treatment for wounds; and
4° making decisions as to the use of restraint measures.
A P P E N D I X 2
D IPLOMA EQUIVALENCE
Breakdown of credits or hours required to obtain recognition
of diploma equivalence
COLLEGIAL DIPLOMA O R E Q U I VA L E N T
Subject areas Credits Subject areas Credits
BASIC SCIENCE 29 SCIENCES OF OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY
Gross anatomy Models and frames of reference 6
Musculoskeletal system Models: human occupation,
Neuroanatomy occupational performance, ICIDH
(internal classification of deficiencies,
incapacities and handicaps), etc.
Neurophysiology Frames of reference: humanist, developmental,
psychoanalytic, systemic, etc.
Gross pathology Analysis of activities 3
Psychopathology Components, therapeutical potential
Human motion, motor system and Occupational therapy with various
biomechanical clienteles (children, adults, elderly)
in the fields of mental and
Human development 2 physical health 24
Theory of development Assessment
(children, adults, elderly) Treatment planning
Stages of child development Follow-up
(cognitive, psychomotor and affective) Environment 5
Barriers to adult development Technology and technical aids
RESEARCH METHODS 5
Statistics and methodology
Health care system
CLINICAL TRAINING 1,000 HOURS
Supervised practicum with
(children, adults, elderly) in the field
of mental and physical health