Lecture 01 - Introduction

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Lecture 01 - Introduction Powered By Docstoc
					Naval Weapons Systems
Introduction to Naval Weapons

Book Issue
• Principles of Naval Weapons Systems
– CDR J. Hall, USN

• Naval Intelligence Pub

• Attendance is MANDATORY • Presentation • Grades
– – – – – Final Exam 2 Mid Exams Point Paper Platform Review Participation – 30% – 30% – 20% – 15% – 5%

Course Objectives:
• The student will comprehend basic applications of electronics, electromagnetic wave theory, and communications as they relate to maritime and naval applications in radar systems. • The student will comprehend countermeasures principles including principles of electronic warfare. • The student will comprehend the physical properties associated with sound travel in water and the application of these properties to sensing and detection systems.

Course Objectives (cont.)
• The student will comprehend the concept and essential elements of command and control in the armed forces. • The student will comprehend the fundamental chemical and physical principles of conventional and nuclear warheads, including fusing and the principal effects of detonation of such warheads. • The student will comprehend the basic geometry of the fire control problem and applicable principles of internal and external ballistics, propulsion, launching and guidance.

Course Objectives (cont.)
• The student will know the characteristics and capabilities of the major weapons systems and platforms of United States naval forces.

Basic Definitions
• Weapons: Instruments of offensive or defensive combat...something to fight with.

Basic Definitions

• Ordnance: Military supplies including weapons, ammunition, tools, & equipment.

Basic Definitions

• Weapon Systems: Combination of a weapon (or weapons) and the equipment used to bring the destructive power of the weapon against the enemy.

Weapon Nomenclature & Identification
• AN/SQS-53 Sonar • “AN” means that the nomenclature complies with the system jointly adopted by U.S. armed forces (Army- Navy). • First “S” identifies installation type...here, “water surface craft.”

Weapon System Nomenclature & ID

• “Q” identifies equipment type...here, sonar and underwater sound. • Final “S” indicates the purpose...here, detecting and ranging. • 53 is the model number. Letter (i.e. - “D”) would indicate the version.

Components of a Weapons System
• Components that detect, locate, and identify the target. (i.e. - radar) • Components that direct or aim a delivery unit. (i.e. - tracking system) • Components that deliver or initiate delivery of the weapon to the target. (i.e. - launching system) • Components that destroy the target when in contact with or near it. (i.e. - missile/warhead)

Detect to Engage Sequence
• 2 kinds:
– Own ship – Battle Group

• • • •

Detect (radar) ID Evaluate Engage (what weapon and when)

Weapon System Requirements
• • • • • • Reliability Flexibility Safety Simplicity of Operation Maintainability Specific Military Requirements

Three Warfare Areas:
• • • • Anti-Air Warfare (AAW) Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Anti-Surface Warfare (ASUW) Information Warfare (IW)

Battle Group Operations
• Ship Employment • High Value Unit (e.g. - aircraft carrier) • Other units: – Cruisers, Destroyers, Frigates – Oilers, Supply ships, Tenders – Minesweepers, PC’s – Amphibious units • Defense In Depth concept

Battle Group Operations
• Typical Battle Group:
– – – – – – CVN CG x2 DDG FFG AOE SSN x2

Outer Zone of adjacent battle group

Outer Zone

Inner Zone
Active sonar: frigates, helos

Passive sonar: Sub & surface towed arrays. Helo & fix-wing for localization, tracking and kill. Shore & carrier-based fix-wing aircraft. Radar and sonobouy search & patrol.

Deployment of Assets:
• Ships: – AOE, CVN, “Shotgun” > 10-20 nm – FFG > 20-50 nm – DDG, CG > 50 nm

Deployment of Assets:
• Subs: – Independent steaming; out to 300 nm

Deployment of Assets:
• Aircraft: – AAW: E2C near CVN dependant on threat axis out to 300 nm. F14/FA-18 out to 250 nm. – ASW: Helos to 7000yds. S-3 out to 300 nm. P-3 out to 500 nm.

Warfare Commander Structure
• • • • • Officer in Tactical Command(OTC): FB USWC: FX AWC: FW SUWC: FS EWC: FQ

• CWC:


Presentation Assignment
• Become an expert on one of 6 areas
• • • • • • Submarines Surface Aviation Auxiliary/Small boats Developmental weapon systems Threat Platforms

• 30-40 minute power point presentation