Naval Weapons Systems Introduction to Naval Weapons Book Issue • Principles of Naval Weapons Systems – CDR J. Hall, USN • Naval Intelligence Pub Syllabus • Attendance is MANDATORY • Presentation • Grades – – – – – Final Exam 2 Mid Exams Point Paper Platform Review Participation – 30% – 30% – 20% – 15% – 5% Course Objectives: • The student will comprehend basic applications of electronics, electromagnetic wave theory, and communications as they relate to maritime and naval applications in radar systems. • The student will comprehend countermeasures principles including principles of electronic warfare. • The student will comprehend the physical properties associated with sound travel in water and the application of these properties to sensing and detection systems. Course Objectives (cont.) • The student will comprehend the concept and essential elements of command and control in the armed forces. • The student will comprehend the fundamental chemical and physical principles of conventional and nuclear warheads, including fusing and the principal effects of detonation of such warheads. • The student will comprehend the basic geometry of the fire control problem and applicable principles of internal and external ballistics, propulsion, launching and guidance. Course Objectives (cont.) • The student will know the characteristics and capabilities of the major weapons systems and platforms of United States naval forces. Basic Definitions • Weapons: Instruments of offensive or defensive combat...something to fight with. Basic Definitions • Ordnance: Military supplies including weapons, ammunition, tools, & equipment. Basic Definitions • Weapon Systems: Combination of a weapon (or weapons) and the equipment used to bring the destructive power of the weapon against the enemy. Weapon Nomenclature & Identification • AN/SQS-53 Sonar • “AN” means that the nomenclature complies with the system jointly adopted by U.S. armed forces (Army- Navy). • First “S” identifies installation type...here, “water surface craft.” Weapon System Nomenclature & ID • “Q” identifies equipment type...here, sonar and underwater sound. • Final “S” indicates the purpose...here, detecting and ranging. • 53 is the model number. Letter (i.e. - “D”) would indicate the version. Components of a Weapons System • Components that detect, locate, and identify the target. (i.e. - radar) • Components that direct or aim a delivery unit. (i.e. - tracking system) • Components that deliver or initiate delivery of the weapon to the target. (i.e. - launching system) • Components that destroy the target when in contact with or near it. (i.e. - missile/warhead) Detect to Engage Sequence • 2 kinds: – Own ship – Battle Group • • • • Detect (radar) ID Evaluate Engage (what weapon and when) Weapon System Requirements • • • • • • Reliability Flexibility Safety Simplicity of Operation Maintainability Specific Military Requirements Three Warfare Areas: • • • • Anti-Air Warfare (AAW) Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Anti-Surface Warfare (ASUW) Information Warfare (IW) Battle Group Operations • Ship Employment • High Value Unit (e.g. - aircraft carrier) • Other units: – Cruisers, Destroyers, Frigates – Oilers, Supply ships, Tenders – Minesweepers, PC’s – Amphibious units • Defense In Depth concept Battle Group Operations • Typical Battle Group: – – – – – – CVN CG x2 DDG FFG AOE SSN x2 Outer Zone of adjacent battle group Outer Zone Inner Zone Active sonar: frigates, helos Midfield Passive sonar: Sub & surface towed arrays. Helo & fix-wing for localization, tracking and kill. Shore & carrier-based fix-wing aircraft. Radar and sonobouy search & patrol. Deployment of Assets: • Ships: – AOE, CVN, “Shotgun” > 10-20 nm – FFG > 20-50 nm – DDG, CG > 50 nm Deployment of Assets: • Subs: – Independent steaming; out to 300 nm Deployment of Assets: • Aircraft: – AAW: E2C near CVN dependant on threat axis out to 300 nm. F14/FA-18 out to 250 nm. – ASW: Helos to 7000yds. S-3 out to 300 nm. P-3 out to 500 nm. Warfare Commander Structure • • • • • Officer in Tactical Command(OTC): FB USWC: FX AWC: FW SUWC: FS EWC: FQ • CWC: FZ Presentation Assignment • Become an expert on one of 6 areas • • • • • • Submarines Surface Aviation Auxiliary/Small boats Developmental weapon systems Threat Platforms • 30-40 minute power point presentation Questions?