The Strategic Management Process An Overview by elfphabet5


									The Strategic Management Process: An Overview

  Basic Concepts

  A company's strategy consists of the combination of competitive moves and business
  approaches that managers employ to please customers, compete successfully, and
  achieve organizational objectives.

  A company's business model deals with whether the revenue-cost-profit economics
  of its strategy demonstrate the viability of the enterprise as a whole.

  Excellent execution of an excellent strategy is the best test of managerial excellence-
  and the most reliable recipe for organizational success.

  The term strategic management refers to the managerial process of forming a
  strategic vision, setting objectives, crafting a strategy, implementing and executing
  the strategy, and then over time initiating whatever corrective adjustments in the
  vision, objectives, strategy, and execution are deemed appropriate.

  A strategic vision is a roadmap of a company's future-providing specifics about
  technology and customer focus, the geographic and product markets to be pursued,
  the capabilities it plans to develop, and the kind of company that management is
  trying to create.

  A company's mission statement is typically focused on its present business scope-
  "who we are and what we do"; mission statements broadly describe an organization's
  present capabilities, customer focus, activities, and business makeup.

  Objectives are an organization's performance targets-the results and outcomes it
  wants to achieve. They function as yardsticks for tracking an organization's
  performance and progress.

  Strategic objectives relate to outcomes that strengthen an organization's overall
  business position and competitive vitality; Financial objectives relate to the financial
  performance targets management has established for the organization to achieve.

  A company's strategy consists of the competitive efforts and business approaches
  that managers employ to please customers, compete successfully, and achieve
  organizational objectives.

  Strategy is both proactive (intended and deliberate) and reactive (adaptive).

  Company strategies are partly visible and partly hidden to outside view.

  Strategy making is fundamentally a market-driven and customer-driven
entrepreneurial activity-the essential qualities are a talent for capitalizing on
emerging market opportunities and evolving customer needs, a bias for innovation
and creativity, an appetite for prudent risk taking, and a strong sense of what needs to
be done to grow and strengthen the business.

The march of external and internal developments dictate that a company's strategy
change and evolve over time-a condition that makes strategy making an ongoing
process, not a one-time event.

A strategic plan consists of an organization's mission and future direction, near-term
and long-term performance targets, and strategy.

The faster a company's external and internal environment changes, the more
frequently that its short-run and long-run strategic plans have to be revised and
updated-annual changes may not be adequate. In today's world strategy life cycles
are growing shorter, not longer.

Strategy implementation concerns the managerial exercise of putting a freshly
chosen strategy into place. Strategy execution deals with the managerial exercise of
supervising the ongoing pursuit of strategy, making it work, improving the
competence with which it is executed, and showing measurable progress in
achieving the targeted results.

Strategy execution is fundamentally an action-oriented, make-it-happen process-the
key tasks are developing competencies and capabilities, budgeting, policy making,
motivating, culture-building, and leadership.

A company's vision, objectives, strategy, and approach to implementation are never
final; evaluating performance, reviewing changes in the surrounding environment,
and making adjustments are normal and necessary parts of the strategic management

Strategic management is a tightly-knit process; the boundaries between the five tasks
are conceptual, not fences that prevent some or all of them being done together.

Every company manager has a strategy-making/strategy-implementing role-it is
flawed thinking to view strategic management as solely the province of senior

Broad participation in a company's strategy-creating exercises is usually a strong

Corporate intrapreneuring relies upon middle and lower-level managers and teams to
spot new business opportunities, develop strategic plans to pursue them, and create
new businesses.

Each of the four basic strategy-making approaches has strengths and weaknesses,
and each is workable in the "right" situation.

Strategic Management Principle

The central role of the board of directors in the strategic management process is (1)
to critically appraise and ultimately approve strategic action plans and (2) to evaluate
the strategic leadership skills of the CEO and others in line to succeed the incumbent

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