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					The PARITY DEMOCRAT 1997-2007
A monthly record of developments which enhance democracy through women's empowerment Vol 11 No 5 £ 5 US$ 10 ISSN 1367-6946 May 2007 Introduction In this 125th monthly issue of The Parity Democrat, I highlight the May 2007 dates from three of my anniversary lists: 20 of the Democracies, 17 Women's Centenaries, and 13 new Birthdays of Distinguished Living Women. My attachment of the month is the paper prepared for three meetings in Germany, from 24 to 31 March. Before the meetings in Germany, on the eve of International Women's Day, I went to the US embassy screening of Iron Jawed Angels, the story of the struggle by Alice Paul and friends for the women's vote. I had not realized that in the US, as well as in Britain, the suffragists were force-fed, through iron clasps down their throats. On 8 March itself, I went to the Hungarian wine-tasting and, now that both Hungary and Germany will issue coins for the 800th anniversary this year of Saint Elizabeth, (I think) I convinced a vintner in her Tokay region to create a special wine for her. On 13 March I went to Birmingham for the British Travel Trade Fair and, in addition to my handing round anniversary lists for 2007, learned of others, including that on 17 March of the centenary of the National Library of Wales in Aberystwyth, one of the five deposit libraries to which this newsletter has gone every month since January 1997. This year is also the 40th anniversary of Britain's first toy library, set up by Jill Norris in Enfield, and to celebrate this I took along a sackful of toys to the 25-year-old local toy library, in Pimlico. My last engagement in London was for three days at the biennial International Food Exhibition (IFE) where, in addition to my tastings of cheeses, jams and (olive) oils, many of them from women producers, I found IFE's first ever section devoted to children's healthy foods. On 23 March I flew to Berlin for the weekend's European summit to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the 1957 Rome treaties. The intervals between and after meetings were spent in touring the spruced-up eastern sector, the city's many museums and the ubiquitous new architecture. After the Classical and Pergamon Museums, and the contemporary art museum in the converted Hamburg railway station, I visited the museum housing the drawings and sculptures of Kaethe Kollwitz, who portrayed so movingly the effects of war and depression on women and children. I also walked among the concrete slabs memorializing the Murder of Jews in Europe, and again visited Rosenstrasse, where for a week in 1943 German women successfully protested against the rounding up for deportation of their Jewish husbands. With the centennial on 15 November 2007 of the birth of Claus von Stauffenberg, I was particularly moved by the memorial of German Resistance to nazism. The thirty-room museum showed photos of the many hundreds of Resisters, some from exile, most from inside Germany, most of them murdered, some in the last days of the war. It was not only the Germans who did not comprehend the greatest evil in the history of humankind: the ending of the holocaust and the slaughter of the Roma and the intellectually disabled were not explicit Allied war aims, and only now, with the opening of sites and archives in former soviet-occupied eastern Europe, are we obtaining a fuller perspective of those horrors. Both Stalin and Mao murdered tens of millions more than the 20 million civilians massacred by Hitler: it was only the nazis who attempted to exterminate one of the world's great faiths, on which so much of modern secular civilization is based. On the train from Berlin to Bremen I got out at Wannsee, to observe the peaceful lakeside house where, on 20 January 1942, the "final solution" was finalized. The attached list of Women's Centenaries includes that of the French resistance leader Germaine Tillion, whom I portrayed on a UN Ceres medal in the 1970s, a medal illustrated in The Parity Democrat of December 1997. I have not met Germaine, but I did become a friend of Lucie Aubrac, whose death, at the age of 94 on 14 March 2007, I learned on my arrival in Bremen, for the European foreign ministers' conference. Raymond Aubrac was, for a short time in the mid 1970s, my UN supervisor. All three had gone on to resist politically the colonialism in Algeria: for my small part I had, as a voluntary contribution in 1959, visited the International Red Cross refugee camps in Morocco and Tunisia, and written their official report on Algerian Refugee Relief. In Bremen I went to another museum created for a woman artist, Paula Modersohn-Becker, the centenary of whose death, at the age of 31, we remember on 20 November 2007. There was also a roomful of Paula's paintings at Bremen's main Kunsthalle, on a tour of whose great collection of nineteenth-century German and French paintings I was lucky to be taken round by its Director, Wulf Herzogenrath. Lucky, because this was a tour organized for the partners of foreign ministers - six of the 30 ministers are women - and I may have been the only editor who got to know of the tour. And that was because I was the only person who accepted the open invitation to accompany the partners on the previous day's tour of MeVis, led by another infectiously enthusiastic Director, Heinz-Otto Peitgen. MeVis is the medical computing company which has pioneered three-dimensional colour imaging of cancer cells in the breast and the liver, and whose knowledge of blood circulation in the liver facilitated the division of that organ between the Indonesian conjoined15-month-old sisters Angeli and Angge in Singapore on 21 May 2005. _____________________________________________________________________________________ Published by Raymond LLOYD Honorary Secretary Council for Parity Democracy 19 Mulready House Herrick Street Westminster London SW1P 4JL Phone & Fax: + 44 20 7834 1309 Mobile: + 44 79 32 79 44 32 Email: shequality @

- 2 The PARITY DEMOCRAT May 2007 ANNIVERSARIES of the DEMOCRACIES extract from the writer's "2700 Target Dates for Consolidating and Enhancing Democracy 1988-2017" Anniversaries for Celebration Day & Date Location Tue Tue Sun Sun Tue Tue Wed Sat Mon Tue 1 8 13 20 22 22 23 26 28 29 May May May May May May May May May May Westminster Westminster Jamestown VA Dili Brussels Dorking Surrey Stenbrohult Winterset Iowa Plymouth Delhi Moreton-in-Marsh Chipping Camden Democracy/Grouping England / Scotland England US / Britain Timor-Leste Belgium Britain Sweden U S A World India England England Anniversary 300 350 400 5 100 100 300 100 40 60 400 100 Acts of Union create single Parliament Cromwell rejects offer of kingship First permanent English settlement in America in 1607 Independence Georges Remi - Herge - 1907-83 cartoonist of Tintin born Laurence Olivier 1907-1989 actor producer born Carl Linnaeus 1707-78 plant classifier born John Wayne 1907-1979 actor born Francis Chichester completes solo circumnavigation in Gipsy Moth Constituent Assembly outlaws untouchability Chastleton House, home of modern croquet, begins building Hidcote Manor, Arts & Crafts Garden, begun by Lawrence Johnston

Occasions for Remembrance, Lustration, Reconciliation or Compensation Tue Wed Sun Wed Mon Sat Tue Sun 1 2 6 9 14 19 22 27 May May May May May May May May Sicily Paris Washington Luebeck Kisangani Congo Sinai Xining Qinghai Jogjakarta Italy France U S & China Germany Rwanda United Nations China Indonesia 60 150 125 300 5 40 80 1 Christian Democrat-inspired massacre at Portella Ginestra Alfred de Musset 1810-57 poet dramatist died Chinese exclusion act of 1882 Dietrich Buxtehude 1637-1707 composer died Rwandan soldiers murder forty Congolese civilians UN Secretary General withdraws peacekeeping troops Earthquake kills 200 000 persons 6200 persons killed by 6.2 earthquake

50- & 100-Year ANNIVERSARIES of DISTINGUISHED WOMEN of HISTORY extract from the writer's "5700 Women's Centenaries 2006-2057" and "190 Centenaries for 2007" Births Born or Died 4 5 7 12 13 13 15 24 27 30 30 10 May May May May May May May May May May May May Anniversary 100 100 100 150 100 100 100 150 100 100 100 100 100 150 300 800 150 Woman of distinction Mary Agnes Hallaren LI Tim-Oi (Florence) Minerva Bernardino Beatrice Whistler Daphne Du Maurier Helen Muspratt Maura Laverty Florence Dixie Lina Pagliughi Germaine Tillion Elly Beinhorn-Rosemeyer Lenore Tawney Deaths Lucie Armstrong Harriet Mary Baring Francoise-AthenaisdMontespan Santa Bona Hester Maria Elphinstone Country 1907-13. 2.2005 1907-26. 2.1992 1907-28. 8.1998 1857-10. 5.1896 1907-19. 4.1989 1907-29. 7.2001 19076.1966 1857- 7.11.1905 1907- 2.10.1980 190719071907May May May May May 1907 1857 1707 1207 1857 Reference (see PD 123) (portrait*) U S A army leader EB06* China (HK) first woman Anglican priest DominicanRp women's rights leader EB98 Britain artist designer ONB Britain novelist ONB* Britain portrait photographer ONB* Ireland journalist writer ONB Britain Scottish author traveller ONB* Italy soprano DO France ethnologist resistante JU Germany aviator GF* U S A fibre & mixed-media artist GAO Britain Britain France Italy Britain musician etiquette writer literary hostess patron of writers &charities patron saint of tourism mathematics scholar ONB ONB GF* ONB Main Activity

1851- 2 14. 5.1805- 4 5.10.1641-27 c1155-29 17. 9.1764-31

BIRTHDAYS of DISTINGUISHED LIVING WOMEN new entries in the writer's "2700 Birthdays for 2007" DoB Age in 2007 3 9 9 17 19 20 20 21 24 25 26 27 28 May May May May May May May May May May May May May 1986 1951 1986 1951 1970 1977 1989 1985 1967 1975 1973 1965 1956 21 56 21 56 37 30 18 22 40 32 34 42 51 Woman of distinction Henrieta Farkasova Rosita Jensen Jenny Gunn Zsuzsanna Jakab Pamela Novaglio Anjum Chopra Sarah Taylor Isa Guha Lioubov Vasilieva Lene Tystad Pascale Casanova Angie Malone Sisko Kiiski Country Slovakia Denmark Britain Hungary Italy India Britain Britain Russia Norway France Britain Finland "First", Other Achievements or Position blind alpine skier wheelchair curler England cricket all-rounder epidemiologist Paralympic biathlete leading batswoman England cricket wicketkeeper England cricket bowler blind cross-country skier wheelchair curler blind alpine skiing champion wheelchair curler blind cross-country skier Reference TOR* TOR* ECB* EB* TOR* ECB* ECB* ECB* TOR* TOR* TOR* TOR* TOR*



19 Mulready House Herrick Street Westminster London England SW1P 4JL Tel & Fax + 44 20 7834 1309 Mobile + 44 79 32 79 44 32 Email shequality @ Honorary Secretary Raymond Lloyd

Money, Democracy & Women's Empowerment in Europe: European Council Paper 31
50th Anniversary Summit of Common Market & Euratom treaties Berlin 24-25 March 2007 Meeting of G8 Development Ministers Berlin 26-27 March 2007 Informal Meeting of European Foreign Ministers Bremen 30-31 March 2007 Informal Meeting of European Finance Ministers (ECOFIN) Berlin 20-21 April 2007 @ Raymond Lloyd

On 18 March, in anticipation of Europe's 50th anniversary meeting in Berlin, I asked Tony Blair: Will you take the opportunity of the 50th anniversary in Berlin on Sunday 25 March of the Rome European treaties to draw attention to the simultaneous 200th anniversary of the British Parliament and the Royal Navy abolishing the transatlantic slave trade to propose a European-wide Humankind Security Initiative to halt the trafficking of women and girls, rather as in 2003 Britain and other democracies created the Proliferation Security Initiative to halt traffic in weapons of mass destruction? Here I attach my proposal for an Atlantic Rim Partnership (A) which might also be established in this bicentenary year. Following the 50th Anniversary summit, I shall be attending another meeting in Berlin, that of the Group of Eight (G8) development ministers. On 28 November 2006 at Riga, in anticipation of the G8 summit in Heiligendamm, I asked Chancellor Angela Merkel: This Nato summit is taking place near the geographical origins of the holocaust, one of whose first actions was the murder of 1050 persons in Kaunas by local mobs on 25 June 1941: as that summer progressed, the nazis began to inflict terrible losses on the Russian civilian population: in June 2007 the next G8 summit will take place in Heiligendamm, the first such meeting in east Germany where another terrible crime was committed, the rape by Red Army soldiers in 1945 of some 2 000 000 women and girls, a number estimated from soviet and ddr archives by the Sandhurst-trained historian Antony Beevor in his 2002 book "Berlin: The Downfall", and symbolized in the Reg Traviss film "Joy Division" released in early November 2006, where a refugee German schoolgirl is gang-raped and, a few days later, gang-raped and murdered: modern democratic Germany has made considerable restitutions for nazi crimes: on 13 October 1993 President Yeltsin apologized for the killing of 600 000 Japanese prisoners-of-war in Siberia: will the G8 summit in Heiligendamm offer the setting for President Putin to express regret at the targeting of soviet revenge on non-combatant women and girls? This has added poignancy in Berlin where the monument to the brave soviet soldier is often referred to as that To the Unknown Rapist. To turn to happier events, and in anticipation of the April ECOFIN meeting in Berlin, I attach an illustrated list of Euro coins (B) portraying distinguished women of history, those by Germany and Hungary of coins showing Saint Elisabeth being an issue I made a special effort to promote. Now, as a compliment to our host country and its distinguished Chancellor, I attach a list of centenaries of 50 German women coming up between 2007 and 2010 (C). They include the centenary this year of the painter Paula Modersohn-Becker, in whose home city of Bremen the EU foreign ministers meet. Finally, I attach the 128th monthly issue of The Parity Democrat, with its 50 anniversaries of democracy and women's advancement in April 2007 (D). Annexes: A. Proposal for an Atlantic Rim Partnership for Peace and Prosperity B. Distinguished Women of History portrayed on Euro coins C. Centenaries of 50 Distinguished German Women of History 2007-2010 D. "The Parity Democrat" ISSN 1367-6946: Vol 11 No 4 for April 2007 E. 30 March postscript: Questions on Democracy & Women's Advancement asked in Germany

2 pp 2 pp 1p 2 pp 2 pp





19 Mulready House Herrick Street Westminster London England SW1P 4JL Tel & Fax + 44 20 7834 1309 Mobile + 44 79 32 79 44 32 Email shequality @ Honorary Secretary Raymond Lloyd

An Atlantic Rim Partnership
first circulated at NATO Summit Madrid 1997 updated 10 July 2006 @ Raymond Lloyd The end of the Cold War, and its hot war proxies, has loosened up such trading and security blocs as the OECD and NATO, but without always creating the new alliances necessary to meet the challenges of the new century. One particular challenge is that of finding a partnership with the new democracies of Africa, independent of the Lome and other European aid conventions, which grouped together all former colonies, however repressive their regimes. A new beginning might be made with an Atlantic Rim Partnership, drawing from the trading experience of the Pacific Rim and Indian Ocean Rim alliances, but now based also on shared democratic, and even religious and cultural, ideals. Indeed, with the coming bicentenary in March 2007 of Britain’s abolition of the Atlantic slave trade, there is also a moral challenge to assist those countries whose human resources were pillaged by the Western democracies, and whose descendants in both hemispheres were too often left in economic, social and political stagnation. For over three centuries, from the early 1500s to the mid 1800s, the Atlantic Rim constituted the world's most important trading bloc, with metals and textiles going to Atlantic Africa, human cargoes being transported to the plantations of the Atlantic Americas - 15 million slaves alive, 3 million dead - and sugar, rice, coffee, tobacco and cotton coming to Atlantic Europe. For a critical period in the mid twentieth century the Atlantic also formed the oceanic lifeline of European democracy, with many troops coming also from Brazil and South Africa, the West Indies and the African colonies, to fight for Europe's freedom. Thus, while the NATO focus is on Central and Eastern Europe, to make up for our standing by during the repressions in 1956 of Hungary, 1968 of Czechoslovakia, and 1981 of Poland, our duty should not be forgotten toward those who, between 1939 and 1945, volunteered to fight for freedom, despite their having a much poorer educational base on which to reconstruct their postwar, postcolonial world. In 1816, 1823 and 1831 it had been the British who savagely repressed their fellow Christians seeking freedom in Barbados, Guyana and Jamaica. And, with all the current concern for child labour, it was the British who put slave girls to work at age six. The whole rich North Atlantic should now develop a free trade area with the new democracies of Africa, and with the black and aboriginal peoples of the Americas, and offer security arrangements, such as partnershipfor-peace programs, to help protect their freedoms. In the last few years we have seen how fragile have been would-be democracies in the Congo and Gambia, in Haiti and Venezuela. Too often our reaction, where not one of indifference, has been of an adhoc curative nature, rather than a longterm constructive approach. The situation has been particularly tragic in Sierra Leone, created as a slave rehabilitation state, along with Liberia, whose 150th anniversary as an independent republic we remembered in 1997. The first country to abolish the Atlantic slave trade was Denmark, by decree on 16 May 1792 and fully effective by 16 May 1802. Britain, after transporting 2.8 million blacks, abolished the slave trade on 25 March 1807, and slavery itself throughout the Empire in 1838. The movement continued for at least another fifty years, till Brazil, the recipient of 4.2 million Africans, abolished slavery in 1888. But the involvement of most of the great European powers is evidenced by the fact that Dutch, English, French, Spanish and Portuguese (though no longer Danish and Swedish) are all official languages on the Atlantic coasts of both Africa and the Americas. Slaves were also traded from non-Atlantic East Africa, by Arabs and Persians, but in nothing like the same numbers. And, while no reparations can be expected from the Middle East before it becomes democratic, it is also true that Islam absorbed the blacks more fraternally than most Christians, or Protestants, as the faces of many current Gulf rulers show. Several Atlantic cities, from Nantes to Liverpool to Charleston, have held exhibitions or created museums dedicated to an erstwhile prosperity based on the slave trade, and there is a growing movement for black reparations. In June 1997 the US President pondered publicly on making an apology for slavery, but offered no restitution comparable to the $20 000 per person paid to all Japanese Americans sent to concentration camps during World War II, or the $60 billion paid by Germany to compensate for the nazi holocaust.


-2In the 30 June 1997 issue of Time magazine, it was calculated by Jack E White, the grandson of a slave, that the 244 years of unpaid labour between 1619 and 1863 by ten million slaves, at 25 cents a day, doubled for pain and suffering, would come to $444 billion which, compounded at 3% interest over the 134 years since emancipation, would amount to some $24 000 000 000 000 ! In the 1830s, of course, it was the slave-owners who received £20 million compensation from the British Parliament, not the slaves. In recent years, as long as African dictators bought golden bedsteads or crowned themselves emperor, and as long as an apartheid South Africa tracked the soviet navy, we could postpone our moral debt to the African people. But just as, in the nineteenth century, abolition went hand in hand with the extension of the franchise within a country, so now, with the beginnings of democracy in Atlantic Africa, we will realize that political rights and civil liberties are interdependent with the prosperity and security of all free peoples. Also, Africans are now articulating their own responsibility for the slave trade as in the 2000 epic film Andanggaman, by Ivory Coast director Roger Gnoan M’Bala. Here I have drawn up a list of some 84 states and territories which, when democracies, would be eligible to become members or associate members of an Atlantic Rim Democratic & Economic Partnership: Possible Members of an Atlantic Rim Partnership as rated for Political Rights (PR) and Civil Liberties (CL) in 2005-2006 by Freedom House of New York Where 1 represents the highest degree of freedom and 7 the lowest * inland countries dependent on Atlantic outlets
NATO Democracies Belgium Canada Denmark France Germany Iceland Italy Luxembourg Netherlands Aruba Neths Antilles Norway Portugal Spain United Kingdom Anguilla Bermuda Br Virgin Islands Caymans Falklands Montserrat St Helena Turks & Caicos United States Puerto Rico Other EU Atlantic Ireland Sweden 1 1 1 1 PR CL 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 African Democracies Benin *Botswana Cape Verde *Central African Rep Ghana Guinea Bissau Madagascar *Mali Mozambique Namibia *Niger Nigeria Sao Tome & Principe Senegal South Africa PR CL 2 2 1 5 1 3 3 2 3 2 3 4 2 2 1 2 2 1 4 2 4 3 2 4 2 3 4 2 3 2 Caricom Democracies PR CL Antigua & Barbuda Bahamas Barbados Belize Dominica Grenada Guyana Jamaica St Kitts Nevis Saint Lucia St Vincent Suriname Trinidad & Tobago 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 3 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 3 1 1 1 2 2

OAS Atlantic Democracies Argentina Brazil Colombia Costa Rica Dominican Republic Guatemala Haiti Honduras Mexico Nicaragua Panama *Paraguay Uruguay Venezuela 2 2 3 1 2 4 7 3 2 3 1 3 1 4 2 2 3 1 2 4 6 3 2 3 2 3 1 4 7

Other AU Atlantic Members Angola *Burkina Faso Cameroon Congo Brazzaville Congo Dem Rep Cote d'Ivoire Equatorial Guinea Gabon Gambia Guinea Liberia Mauritania Morocco Sierra Leone Togo 6 5 6 5 6 6 7 6 5 6 4 6 5 4 6 5 3 6 5 6 6 6 4 4 5 4 4 4 3 5

Other Slave Recipients Cuba 7

Because of its potential size, the Partnership could have as its nucleus a new Group of Five, comprising the most populous Atlantic democracies or democratic groupings, namely Brazil, Nigeria, South Africa, the United States and the European Union, supported by a rotating council of two or three members from each of the Partnership's four quarters: Africa, Caribbean, Europe and Latin America. More immediately, we now need statespersons who will take up the challenge of a new Atlantic Rim Partnership, just as sixty years ago the challenge of the European Recovery Program was recognized by President Truman and Secretary of State George Marshall. Good opportunities to launch such a Partnership will , as stated above, occur on 25 March 2007, the 200 th anniversary of the British parliament abolishing the transatlantic slave trade, and for which the UK Treasury has already announced a £2 (200 pence) coin; and 12 February 2009, the bicentenary of the birth of the Emancipator-President Abraham Lincoln.





19 Mulready House Herrick Street Westminster London England SW1P 4JL Tel & Fax + 44 20 7834 1309 Mobile + 44 79 32 79 44 32 Email shequality @ Honorary Secretary Raymond Lloyd

first issued 8 March 2007
Country Andorra Austria Denomination Date of Issue #Catalog No

@ Raymond Lloyd
Women Portrayed

2 euros

2002-4,2006- GS


Bertha von Suttner 1843-1914 novelist 1905 Peace Prize


50 euros 10 euros 10 euros

2002 2004 2006

GS 106 GS 119 GS 136

Saint Scholastica of Norcia c480-10.2.543 (Grave of) Sophie of Hohenberg 1868-1914 assassinated duchess Saint Erentrudis of Salzburg -718 Benedictine abbess

Belgium Bulgaria Czech Rep Cyprus Estonia

Finland France

10 euros 2 10 euros 1.5 10 euros 20 20 euros

2004 2006 2006 5,11,2006


109 11,117 291-2 293-4

Tove Jansson 1914-2001 children's writer artist 90 ann birth Women's suffrage 1906-2006 centenary Amelia of Orleans 1865-1951 queen of Portugal Marie Sklodowska Curie 1867-1934 100th ann Sorbonne lecturer

Germany Greece

10 euros 10 euros 2 euro cents

2005 2007 2002

GS 127 GS 139 GS 2

Bertha von Suttner 1843-1914 novelist 100th ann Peace Prize St Elisabeth of Thuringia 1207-1231 800th year of birth Corvette of Lascarina Bouboulina 1771-1825 naval commander

-------------------# No and illustrations refer to coins listed in the Euro Muenzkatalog 500 pp ISBN 978-3-86646-012-6, 6th edition March 2007, authored by Gerhard Schoen, available from the Munich publisher at


Country Hungary

Denomination (50000 forint)

Date of Issue #Catalog No 2007 GS

Women Portrayed St Elisabeth of Hungary 1207-1231 800th year of birth)

Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg

10 euros (50 litu)

2004 2006

GS 108

Margaret of Brabant 1276-1311 Genoa statue by Giovanni Pisano Emilie Plater 1806-31 heroine 200th year of birth)

Monaco Netherlands Poland Portugal Romania San Marino Slovakia Slovenia

5 euros 2 euros 10 20 50 euros

2003 14.9.2007 7.12.2003

GS 104 GS GS 105-7

Saint Devote -304 patron saint of Monaco 1700th year of death Princess Grace 1929-82 25th year of death Birth of Catharina Amalia first princess in world history to be born following law of parity primogeniture Maria II 1819-53 queen 150th ann first Portuguese stamp

5 euros

. 2003

GS 102,a,b



12,10 50 200 400 5

euros euros euros euros euros

2004 2004 2004 2006 2005


132-3 134 135 163 105

Isabella Isabella Isabella Isabella Our Lady

I of Castille 1451-1504 500th year of death accepts surrender of Granada in 1492 with co-monarch Ferdinand of Aragon receiving Christopher Columbus of Pompeii with St Catherine of Siena 1357-80





19 Mulready House Herrick Street Westminster London England SW1P 4JL Tel & Fax + 44 20 7834 1309 Mobile + 44 79 32 79 44 32 Email shequality @ Honorary Secretary Raymond Lloyd

GERMANY: 50- & 100-Year Anniversaries of 50 Distinguished Women of History: 2007-2010
extract from the writer's 5700 Women's Centenaries 2007-2057
Year 2007 Woman of distinction Main Activity

8 March 2007

@ Raymond Lloyd

2008 2009


Anniversary Reference# (portrait*) Charlotte Ackermann actress 23. 8.1757- 4. 5.1775 250.birth GF* Anita Augspurg suffragist 1857-20.12.1943 150.birth JU Elly Beinhorn-Rosemeyer aviator 30. 5.1907100.birth GF* Rosemarie Clausen photographer 6. 3.19071990 100.birth GAO Anne of Cleves queen consort of England 1515-16. 7.1557 450.death GF* Kaethe Dorsch singer actress 29.12.1890-25.12.1957 50.death GF* Elisabeth of Thuringia saint devoted to sick and poor 6.1207-19.11.1231 800.birth JU Edith Ennen historian 28.10.1907-29. 6.1999 100.birth WWW Marga von Etzdorf aviator 1. 8.1907-28. 5.1933 100.birth GF* Hulda Friedericks journalist writer c1857-12. 1.1927 150.birth ONB Helene Funke painter 3. 9.1907-16.10.1982 100.birth Luise von Goechhausen salonist 13. 2.1752- 7.11.1807 200.death GF* Margarete Hauptmann literary partner 18741957 50.death GF* Emma Ihrer trade unionist 3. 1.1857- 8. 1.1911 150.birth Sibylle Mertens-Schaaffhausen patron of writers 29. 1.1797-20.10.1857 150.death GF* Paula Modersohn-Becker painter 8. 2.1876-20.11.1907 100.death EB Hanna Nagel painter 10. 6.1907-15. 3.1975 100.birth GF* Sophie La Roche writer 6.12.1731-18. 2.1807 200.death GF* Christophine Schiller painter pastellist 4. 9.1757-31. 8.1847 250.birth GF* Emilie Schindler saviour of Jews 22.10.1907- 5.10.2001 100.birth GF* Louise Schroeder stateswoman 2. 4.1887- 4. 6.1957 50.death JU GF* Sophia Dorothea of Hannover queen consort of Prussia 27. 3.1687-28. 3.1757 250.death GF* Kaethe Strobel Social Democrat minister 23. 7.1907-26. 3.1996 100.birth 2000 stamp* Clara Zetkin feminist socialist writer 5. 7.1857-20. 6.1933 150.birth EB Emilie Zumsteeg composer pianist singer 18961957 50.death DWC Birgit Helm actress 17.3.1908100.birth Eva Neurath art publisher 22.8.1908-27.12.1999 100.birth LT Alice Samter composer 11.6.1908100.birth WCG Bettina von Arnim writer 4.4.1785-20.1.1859 150.death GF* Cilly Aussem tennis player 4.1.1909-63 100.birth Helene Boehlau novelist 22.2.1859-26.3.1940 150.birth GF* Elisabet Boehm rural women's leader 27.9.1859-1943 150.birth Bettina Brentano writer 1785-1859 150.death Frieda von Buelow writer on Africa 19.10.1857-12. 3.1909 100.death GF* Marion Doenhoff journalist 2.12.1909-11. 3.2002 100.birth IWW Sybille Schmitz actress 2.12.1909-13. 5.1955 100.birth GF* Charlotte H von Sieboldt doctor 1788-1859 150.death GF* Amalie Sieveking nurse writer 25.7.1794-1.4.1859 150.death GF* Margarete Steiff soft toy creator polio victim 1847-1909 100.death Amalia of Weimar arts sponsor 1739-1810 200.death GF* Anna Magdalena Bach Thuringian nightingale 22.9.1701-27.11.1760 250.death GF* Agnes Bernauer romantic martyr 1410-12.10.1434 100.birth GF* Luise of Prussia queen humanitarian 10.3.1776-19.7.1810 200.death GF* Mechtild of Magdeburg mystic writer 1210-82 800.birth JU Ilse Meysel actress feminist 1910-10. 7.2004 100.birth Caroline Neuber actor-manager 9.3.1697-1760 250.death EB JU Henny Porten film actress 7.1.1890-1960 50.death GF* Wilhelmine Schroder-Devrient soprano 6.12.1804-26.1.1860 150.death DO Kate Tucholla athlete hero 10. 1.1910-43 100.birth Clara Viebig novelist 17. 7.1860-31.7.1952 150.birth GF*

-----#DO Dictionary of Opera ISBN 0-356-09700-5 Charles Osborne McDonald London 1983 EB Encyclopaedia Britannica 1994 edition, or Annual or Book of the Year (for events of previous year) GAO Grove Art Online ISBN 1-884446-00-0 34 vols ed Jane Turner OUP London 1996 GF [1000] Grosse Frauen der Weltgeschichte R Loewit Wiesbaden 197? JU Macmillan Dictionary of [1750] Women's Biography ISBN 0-333-45303-4 Jennifer Uglow Macmillan 2nd edition 1989 ONB Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (5 800 women in 55 684 entries) ISBN 0-198-613512 Oxford Univ Press 2004 WCG (100) Women Composers in Germany ed Roswitha Sperber Inter Nationes Bonn 1996





19 Mulready House Herrick Street Westminster London England SW1P 4JL Tel & Fax + 44 20 7834 1309 Mobile + 44 79 32 79 44 32 Email shequality @ Honorary Secretary Raymond Lloyd

QUESTIONS on DEMOCRACY & WOMEN'S EMPOWERMENT in EUROPE & the ATLANTIC 50th Anniversary Summit of Common Market & Euratom treaties Berlin 24-25 March 2007 Meeting of G8 Development Ministers Berlin 26-27 March 2007 Informal Meeting of European Foreign Ministers (Gymnich) Bremen 30-31 March 2007 Informal Meeting of European Finance Ministers (ECOFIN) Berlin 20-21 April 2007 @ Raymond Lloyd INDEX
Date 30. 3.07 27. 3.07 25. 3.07 “ “ “ Place Bremen Berlin “ “ “ (2) “ Occasion EU G8 EU “ “ “ Foreign Ministers Development Ministers 50th Anniversary summit “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Person Addressed, Office & Country Javier Solana Secretary General European Council Heidi Wieczorek-Zeul Development Min Germany Bernd Neumann Minister of Culture Germany Romani Prodi Prime Minister Italy Angela Merkel Federal Chancellor Germany Anders Fogh Rassmussen Prime Minister Denmark *PD PD PD PD PD PD PD

QUESTIONS 30. 3.07 Bremen EU Foreign Ministers Javier Solana Secretary General European Council PD

Germany is very good at commemorating its city centenaries, for example, both Fuerth and Bamberg have 1000-year anniversaries in 2007, yet no major European meetings are being held there, as contrasted with the IberoAmerican summit held two years ago in Salamanca on the 250th anniversary of its Plaza Mayor: there are 26 European presidencies planned to 2020: could not you and the Council draw up a calendar of European city centenaries to 2020, so that we reporters and photographers might add a historical perspective to our poetry and painting?
27. 3.07 Berlin G8 Development Ministers Heidi Wieczorek-Zeul Development Min Germany PD

On Africa: at the Fifth Atlantic Council in London on 19 November 1997, I asked the British Shadow Defence Minister George Young whether, in addition to expanding eastward, the North Atlantic Alliance might form a partnership with the new African and other South Atlantic democracies: he replied it was only a matter of priority: this week, when we commemorate the bicentenary of Britain ending the transatlantic slave trade, in which even a German shipping company took part, is it not time to create an Atlantic Rim partnership, on the successful Pacific Rim analogy, which would unite Afro-Americans, Afro-Brazilians, Afro-Russians (like Pushkin), Afro-Europeans, Afro-Africans and Afro women and girls everywhere? Or will we have to wait for such a partnership till 2009 and the 200th anniversary of Abraham Lincoln?
------ PD denotes the writer's accreditation as editor of the Westminster-based, 1997-founded, monthly newsletter The Parity Democrat (ISSN 1367-6946). The questions are extracted from A Tenth 100 Questions on Democracy and An Eighth 100 Questions on Women's Advancement asked at head-of-government and similar meetings in 2006-2007. Questions were asked live or emailed on the spot


Date 25. 3.07

Place Berlin

Occasion EU 50th Anniversary summit

Person Addressed, Office & Country Bernd Neumann Minister of Culture Germany


(emailed) In congratulating you on the beautiful 10 euro coin issued to celebrate the 800th anniversary in 2007 of Elisabeth of Thuringia, one of my favourite saints, and a coin illustrated in the attached paper along with twenty other euro coins portraying distinguished women of history: may I draw your attention to that paper's 50 other German women whose centenaries come between 2007 and 2010, in the hope that you will similarly commemorate, for example, your fellow Bremer citizen, the painter Paula Modersohn-Becker, on her centenary this 20 November; the writer Bettina von Arnim, whose portrait graced the 5 Mark banknote, for her 150th anniversary on 20 January 2009; and the athlete and Resistance heroine Kaethe Tucholla, for the centenary of her birth on 10 January 2010?
25. 3.07 Berlin EU 50th Anniversary summit Romani Prodi Prime Minister Italy PD

In the major Berlin art exhibition timed for the 50th anniversary of the Rome Treaties, that of 50 Objects of Beauty chosen from Berlin collections by the Italian ambassador, only one is by a woman artist, Astrid Klein, despite the many works, for example, of such German artists as Kaethe Kollwitz and Paula Modersohn-Becker, whose centenary we commemorate in 2007: will you make up for this by creating an exhibit in Rome of 50 Objects of Beauty, including 49 by women artists? And may I ask this of a statesman who, as EC President, was the first such European leader, in answer to my question at the Helsinki European Council on 11 December 1999, to express public disappointment at the paucity of able women in top EU positions?
25. 3.07 Berlin EU 50th Anniversary summit Angela Merkel Federal Chancellor Germany PD

In your address this morning you looked forward 50 years, to 2057: in three years, on 8 March 2010, Europe and the world will celebrate another anniversary, the 100th International Women's Day, proposed by another distinguished person from Berlin and eastern Germany, Clara Zetkin, whose 150th anniversary we celebrate this 5 July: will you take the opportunity of the 2010 centenary to call a meeting of Europe's and the world's top women scientists, artists and writers, as well as your fellow members of the Council of Women World Leaders, as a demonstration of how much better Europe and the world will be when, hopefully well before 2057, we bring to bear on public affairs the ability, courage and compassion of both halves of humankind? In the Institute of Physics, at 76 Portland Place in London, which has 40 000 members, the rooms in one half of the building are named after eight British women physicists, including Caroline Herschel, Ada Lovelace and Rosalind Franklin: is Germany commemorating its distinguished women physicists, such as Lise Meitner and Hertha Sponer, in similar ways, in an effort to attract girls, as you once were, to excel in science?
25. 3.07 Berlin EU 50th Anniversary summit Anders Fogh Rassmussen Prime Minister Denmark PD

In three years, on 8 March 2010, we will celebrate another major anniversary, the 100th International Women's Day, proposed from 1911 onward by a women's conference meeting in 1910 at 69 Jagtvej Copenhagen: today, 25 March itself, Britain is commemorating the 200th anniversary of Parliament and the Royal Navy abolishing the transatlantic slave trade, which Denmark had abolished five years earlier, on 16 May 2002: when, in anticipation of your bicentenary, I asked your predecessor how this Danish first would be commemorated, he told me to leave this to the historians: will you celebrate the 2010 centenary less phlegmatically, for example, with Denmark's first woman prime minister? 10