Environmentally friendly technology for municipal solid waste - PowerPoint - PowerPoint by li3490


									  Environmentally friendly technology for
    municipal solid waste gasification

             From Science to Business
                11-12 October 2006

                     Georgiy Geletukha
                t./fax: (+380 44) 456 94 62
Institute of Engineering Thermophysics NAS of Ukraine
                     Talk outline

1.   What is needed in the market?
2.   Brief technology description.
3.   Stage of development.
4.   Who needs it & how many will they need?
5.   What is my unique technology advantage?
6.   Competitive matrix.
7.   How will I beat the competition?
8.   Opportunity for joint work.

          Proprietary information statement

• The technology material presented in this talk is
  available for licensing or joint product development.

• None of the slides contain any confidential or
  proprietary information which would prevent patenting
  the technology.

     Problem Description & Market Need

 Every year amount of municipal
solid waste (MSW) is growing in the
world (2 billion t/year)
 Incineration is the main method for
MSW thermochemical conversion
 Main problems of MSW
• high emission of harmful pollutants
(dioxines and furans)
• high capital costs due to necessity
of expensive gas cleaning systems

                Brief technology description

 Twin fluid bed gasifier consisting of two fluid bed reactors – gasifier itself
        and combustion chamber
 Steam gasification, sand as inert material
 Wet cleaning of producer gas in a scrubber                                   5
• low formation of dioxins and furans. As gasification takes
  place under limited amount of oxygen, formation of dioxins
  is much less intensive than during direct combustion of
• effective gas cleaning system;
• low negative impact upon environment;
• compacting effect from gasification is much more than that
  from pyrolysis. Unburned charcoal remains after pyrolysis
  while only ash remains after gasification;
• gasification is a less power-consuming process than
• due to lower temperature during gasification as against
  combustion, formation of NOx is also much less intensive.

   Experimental results
Composition of produced gas (after
cleaning system)
H2                       39%
CO                       24%
CO2                      26%
CH4                       8%
N2                        3%
Cl                        0%
LHV, MJ/Nm3              12-13
            Stage of development

• Detail design and
  design documentation
  for 50 KWth pilot unit
  is available
• Built up and tested
  50 KWth pilot unit
• Design is available for

       Targeted Market Segment

• Companies involved in generation and
  disposal of MSW: industrial enterprises,
  municipalities, wastes collection and
  transportation companies, landfill operators.
• Market size assessment: several thousand
  units as it is planned to install gasification
  units on existing power plants, CHP plants
  and boiler houses
• Present price of MSW disposal on landfill:
  about 2 $/m3 – in Ukraine and up to 50 $/m3
  (EU, USA, Japan, Canada).

• Waste incineration plants (WIP) - competitor
  Incineration of MSW is widely spread in EU, partly in
  USA and only two plants are in Ukraine. People and
  environmental organizations are often strongly against
  WIP. Expensive cleaning system is required. Typical
  problems with utilization of produced heat.
• Landfills – competitor
  Large areas occupied. High payment for MSW disposal.
• Gasification – proposed technology
  More effective and environmentally friendly MSW
  conversion. Lower price for MSW utilization. The main
  barrier – level of technical development.

                         Competitive Matrix
Important product or    MSW gasification           Waste            Landfill
                       technology, Institute    incineration
                          of Engineering            plant
  Emission of              0.02 ngeq/m3        0.5-1.1 ngeq/m3   Exist (in case
  dioxins (a)                                                    of fire). No
Required area of              Small                Middle         Very large
   land (b)
   Efficiency                  35%                 15-20%              -
  electrical (c)        (gasifier + engine)    (steam turbine
Capital costs (d)        About 900 $/kWe         2000-2500             -
                 Opportunities (1)

• Next stage: demonstration project on existing power
  plant / boiler house
- selection of a city with MSW differential collection and
  refuse derived fuel (pellets) production
- selection of suitable power plant / boiler house
- techno-economic assessment
• Capacity of gasification unit: 0.5-1 MWth
• Potential partner (investor) is needed to implement
  demonstration project in Ukraine

                       Opportunities (2)
   The Institute of Engineering Thermophysics has also other
   fields for international cooperation based on
   proposed/developed technologies:
 combustion of wet wood residues – 100
kWth experimental boiler is constructed
and tested (CRDF project, 2002-2004)
 combustion of straw bales – draft design
of a 100 kWth boiler is developed (IPP
project, 2006-2008)
 fast pyrolysis of biomass for liquid fuel
production - draft design of a 20 kg/hr pilot
unit is under development (CRDF project,
            Contact information

                     Georgiy Geletukha
                t./fax: (+380 44) 456 94 62
Institute of Engineering Thermophysics NAS of Ukraine


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