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Presentation for your Information „CE-Marking of Construction Products“
eurocer-building CE-Marking of Construction Products 1 – 2005-05 – Höhnl

Which construction products must bear the CE-marking ?

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Construction products, which already need the CE-marking (1)
Admixtures for concrete, mortar & grout – system 2+ Aggregates – system 2+ or 4 Building hardware – system 1 Building lime – system 2 Cements – system 1+ Chimneys – system 2+ or 4 Curtain walling – system 1 or 3 External thermal insulation composite systems/kits with rendering (ETICS) – system 1 or 2+  Fire detection and fire alarm systems – system 1 (from 1st of July 2005 on)  Fixed firefighting systems – system 1        
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Construction products, which already need the CE-marking (2)
            Geotextiles – system 2+ or 4 Industrial and garage doors – system 1 or 3 Lighting columns – system 1 Masonry mortar – system 2+ or 4 Masonry units – system 2+ or 4 (from 1st of April 2006 on) Metal anchors for use in concrete or masonry – system 1 or 2+ Roof waterproofing membranes – system 1, 2+, 3 or 4 Screed material and floor screeds – system 1, 3 or 4 Structural bearings – system 1 or 3 Suspended ceilings – system 1, 3 or 4 Thermal insulating products – system 1, 3 or 4 Wood-based panels – system 1, 2+, 3 or 4
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Which tasks manufacturers and Notified bodies have ?

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The 11 Methods for Control of Conformity of Construction Products
according to annex III of the CPD

Methods of control of conformity 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Testing of samples taken at the factory in accordance with a prescribed test plan Audit testing of samples taken at the factory, on the open market or on site Testing of samples from a batch, which is ready for delivery or has been delivered Factory production control (FPC) (product related) Initial inspection of the factory and of the FPC Continuous surveillance, judgement and assessment of the FPC Initial type-testing (ITT) of the product

by the manufacturer systems 2+, 2 and 4 ------------systems 1+, 1 and 2+ ------------x ------------x ------------in each system -------------------------

by the notified body ------------systems 1+, 1 and 3 ------------x ------------system 1+ ------------x ------------systems 1+, 1, 2+ and 2 systems 1+, 1 and 2+

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The 4 preferred Systems for Attestation of Conformity for construction products
according to annex III of the CPD

Systems

Tasks of the manufacturer  Factory Production Control (FPC)

Tasks of the approved (= notified) body  Certification of the product on the basis of  Initial inspection of the factory and of the FPC + Sampling  Initial type-testing (ITT)  Continuous surveillance of FPC  Audit-testing of samples

Result

1
according to 2 i

 Testing of samples in

accordance with a prescribed test plan

1+ 2
according to 2 ii First possibility

 Certification of the FPC  Initial type-testing (ITT) on the basis of  Factory Production  Initial inspection of the factory Control (FPC) and of the FPC  Testing of samples in accordance with a prescribed test plan  Sampling for ITT  Factory Production Control (FPC)  Initial type-testing (ITT)  Factory Production Control (FPC)  Continuous surveillance of FPC

Declaration of conformity of the product by the manufacturer

2+ 3
according to 2 ii Second possibility

 Initial type-testing (ITT)

4
according to 2 ii Third possibility

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Factory Production Control (1)
“means the permanent internal control of production exercised by the manufacturer. All elements, requirements and provisions adopted by the manufacturer shall be documented in a systematic manner in the form of written policies and procedures” (CPD - Annex III.1)
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Factory Production Control (2)
Manufacturer´s tasks for each system :  Organization
 Procedures for ensuring conformity  Target-processes according to the hEN or ETA  Procedures for detection of non-conformities  Correction procedures

 Documentation for Traceability and Identification
 Documented actual-processes  Recordings of products, batches and results  Correction measures taken

 Processes
 Description of the quality of the raw materials/components to be used  Checking and testing  Final proof
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Contents of a EC-declaration of conformity by the manufacturer
Name and address of the manufacturer : (or his authorised representative in the EEA) Description of the product: ( e.g. type of product, intended use ) Provisions to which the product conforms: ( hEN or ETA ) Particular conditions applicable to the use of the product: (e.g. restrictions)

Name and address of the notified body: (not for system 4)

Name and position of the signatory:

Signature:

Date:
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What are “Notified Bodies” ?
they are bodies notified by Member States to the European Commission and to the other Member States only these bodies are authorized for carrying out conformity assessment procedures with respect to one or more New-Approach-Directive(s) relating to  certification,  inspections and/or  testing

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Which tasks do Notified Bodies have ?
only notified bodies are to be involved in the conformity assessment procedures under New-Approach-Directives they undertake specific tasks within the framework of the systems 1, 2 or 3 of the CPD (e.g. initial type testing, inspections, certification)

the manufacturer is free to choose any notified body in a Member State of the EU
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Certificates for systems 1+ and 1

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Certificates for systems 2+ and 2

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What is the purpose of the CE-Marking ?

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The CE-Marking
• means compliance of a product with the essential requirements of one or more EU-Directives • is addressed to the governmental market surveillance authorities only • indicates the declaration of the manufacturer that the legal provisions of all EU-Directives relevant for the product have been observed

• is therefore affixed to the product or its packaging by the manufacturer or supplier on his own responsibility
• is the precondition for placing a product on the European market (EEA)
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The CE-Marking of construction products indicates
that a construction product (also) fulfills the requirements of the Construction Products Directive, i.e. the compliance with the relevant reference document, either  a „harmonized“ European Standard (hEN) or  a European Technical Approval (ETA) and the application of the relevant system of conformity attestation specified in the hEN or in the Guideline for the ETA (according to the respective decision of the Commission)
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The CE-Marking
• is not a quality mark • is not a mark showing conformity with standards • is not a certification mark, therefore it cannot be licensed or withdrawn • has a single meaning, i.e. the compliance with legal provisions • stands for different contents, depending on the topic of the respective EU-Directive
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What forms the basis for the CE-Marking of construction products ?

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The basis is the „Construction Products Directive“
„Council Directive of 21 December 1988 on the approximation of laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to construction products“

 Number:  Notified:  Publication:

 Implementation by the Member States:

89/106 EEC 27 December 1988 11 February 1989, in the Official Journal of the European Communities L 40 till 30 months after notification (27 June 1991)
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The Construction Products Directive (CPD)
 enables - in spite of the aim in the title - the continuation of existing different levels of protection in the Member States  states „Essential Requirements“ (ERs) for the construction works  relates to matters subject to national regulations only  refers to „Technical Specifications“, construction products must comply with, i.e. -„harmonized“ European Standards (hENs) or - European Technical Approvals (ETAs)  provides the CE-Marking of construction products
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Changes due to the „New Approach“
 EU-Directives contain, instead of detailed requirements, protective targets in form of „Essential Requirements“ (ERs) only

 „harmonized“ European Standards (hENs) lay down the detailed requirements on products (ordered by a „mandate“ of the Commission)
 introduction of the CE-Marking: the manufacturer indicates therewith that both the „Essential Requirements“ as well as the procedures for the Attestation of Conformity of all relevant EU-Directives have been kept
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The CPD is a unique New Approach-Directive
because
 the 6 „Essential Requirements“ of the CPD do not apply to construction products but to construction works; therefore direct Attestation of Conformity against the Directive and subsequent CE-marking without a hEN or ETA is not possible !  the 4 systems for Attestation of Conformity of the CPD do not follow the moduls of the „Global Approach“, as this approach has been resolved after the publication of the CPD.
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The CPD only applies to construction products
which
 are placed on the EEA-(European Economic Area) market  are intended to be incorporated permanently in buildings and civil engineering works, covering e.g. cement, heating equipment up to prefabricated houses  are intended for use in construction works which are subject to regulations in one or more Member States  contribute to satisfaction of at least one „Essential Requirement“ for the construction works.
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The 6 Essential Requirements (ERs) for construction works
according to Annex 1 of the CPD are to be satisfied, subject to normal maintenance, for an economically reasonable working life („durability“!):  ER 1 Mechanical resistance and stability  ER 2  ER 3  ER 4  ER 5  ER 6 Safety in case of fire Hygiene, health and the environment Safety in use Protection against noise Energy economy and heat retention
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The Construction Products Directive (CPD)
contains 6 Essential Requirements (ERs) for construction works which are transformed by the 6 Interpretative Documents (IDs) into the relevant properties of the products concerned serving as a basis for the Mandates (orders) of the Commission to CEN for the preparation of harmonized European Standards (hENs) EOTA for the preparation of guidelines for European Technical Approvals (ETAs)

or to

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The publication of the 1st harmonized European Standard under the CPD

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Which preconditions for the CE-Marking have to be fulfilled ?

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Applicability of the CPD
Construction product

YES

EN

NO

harmonized

NO

ETA without Guideline

NO

Guideline for an ETA

NO YES YES

The CPD is not applicable

The CPD is applicable or has to be applied

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No

Does a harmonized EN or a ETA for the product already exist ?
Yes

Does your product fully meet all relevant requirements of the harmonized EN or of the European Technical Approval (ETA) ?
Yes

No

Can you demonstrate compliance with these technical requirements by the conformity assessment procedure (systems 1 to 4) set out in the hEN or ETA ?
Yes

No

Do you run the required product related factory production control (FPC) for your product according the hEN or ETA?
Yes

No

Do you need a Notified Body according to the hEN or ETA  for Initial type-testing (ITT) in system 3  for certification of the FPC in the systems 2 and 2+  for product certification in the systems 1 and 1+ ?
Yes

Have you obtained the required test report or certificate, respectively, from a Notified Body ?
Yes

No

You may neither claim compliance with a hEN or a ETA nor affix the CE-marking to your product under the CPD !

You may write a declaration of conformity and affix the CE-marking to your product !
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CE-Marking of Construction Products - FAQs (1)
1) What I have to mark ? Each construction product, for which a „harmonized“ EN or a guideline for a European Technical Approval (ETA) exists and the transitional period for the CE-marking has already expired. From what date on I am allowed or I have to mark ? Possible: as soon as a hEN or a guideline for a ETA is valid, i.e. as soon as the transitional period for the CE-marking has started. Mandatory: as soon as the transitional period has been expired, i.e. in case of a hEN as soon as the national standard has to be withdrawn (DOW = Date of withdrawal). What I must not mark ? Products not covered by the CPD or for which (still) neither a hEN nor a guideline for a ETA exists.
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2)

3)

CE-Marking of Construction Products – FAQs (2)
4) May I already use the CE-mark ? Only if already a „harmonized“ EN or a ETA (with or without guideline) for your product exists and the transitional period for the CE-marking has started. 5) What are the preconditions for me to mark ? I must already run a factory production control (FPC) for the product in question and this product has already passed the necessary procedure of attestation of conformity.

6) What happens if I don‘t mark ? I may not put the product on the European market (EEA = European Economic Area).
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Examples for the CEMarking of construction products

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Example 1:
CE-marking with minimal accompanying information
For this example it is assumed that the reference to hEN 1234 for the intended use identified by „(II)“ contains all the information required for this product. The producer has applied the „no performance determined“ (NPD)-option for the characteristic thermal resistance.

Any Co Ltd, P.O. Box 21, A-1050 05 EN 1234 (II) Thermal resistance - NPD

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Example 2:
CE-marking of a thermal insulation product
0988 Any Co Ltd, P.O. Box 21, A-1050 05 0988-CPD-001 EN 1234 80 mm Mineral wool for use in buildings Reaction to fire – Class B Thermal conductivity – 0.04 W/mK, Flexural tensile strength – NPD

For this example it is assumed that the information on other characteristics is sufficiently identified by the reference to the hEN, e.g. through „generic values“, or else is not relevant for this intended use. The number of the notified body involved (e.g. 0988 for ON) is given with respect to the surveillance in the systems 2+, 1 and 1+, and therefore not in the systems 3 and 2.

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Example 3:
CE-marking of a gypsum plasterboard product
0988 Any Co Ltd, P.O. Box 21, A-1050 05 0988-CPD-0001 EN 1234 (Internal use – Type 2) Reaction to fire – Class B Flexural tensile strength – 10 kN/m2

For this example it is assumed that characteristics such as thermal conductivity and direct airborne sound insulation are covered in form of tabulated „generic values“, and that other characteristics listed in hEN 1234 are not relevant for the intended use (internal use – type 2).

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