Kindergarten by fjzhxb


									Kindergarten Summer At Home Activities Phonemic Awareness *Word Games: ~Say a word and ask what would you have if you take away the first letter. For example: Say a word such as “bat”. Ask: What would you have if you take away the /b/? ~What is the first sound in rose? ~What sounds do you hear in the word _______? For example: What sound do you hear in the word hot? /h/ /o/ /t/ ~How many sounds do you hear in the word _______? *Practice blending simple words. /t/ /o/ /p/=top (Parent says the sound & the child says the word and vice versa.) *Play a rhyming game using a pile of cards with everyday pictures on them. The child picks a card and rolls a die. The number on the die is the number of rhyming words that are to be written/said for the picture card chosen. Take turns until all the cards are used. *Read and recite nursery rhymes or favorite poems. Read the nursery rhyme/poem and leave out the rhyming word for the child to fill in with the word that rhymes. *Pronounce a pair of words and ask your child which word he/she thinks is longer. Then show the words in print to check. (It is important that this is a listening exercise, and showing the printed words is only for the child to learn a checking strategy.) Word pairs such as bee and butterfly, tree and flower, or cow and ladybug might be used. *Read aloud literature that “plays with the sounds of words”. Check books written by Denise Fleming, Dr. Seuss, Pamela Duncan Edwards, and Pat Hutchins. Reread favorite books that children can join in on the refrains. Some favorites include: Crocodile Beat by Gail Jorgensen and Patricia Mullens and My Crayons Talk by Patricia Hubbard. Phonics *Visit the websites:

*Play different variations of BINGO (name the letters, name the letter sounds, name the word that begins with a sound.) *Using a deck of ABC cards, have the child pick a card, name the letter on the card and look around the house for an object that begins or ends (depending on the skill needing practice) with that letter. Take turns. *Scavenger Hunt: Pick a letter and make the sound for the letter. Have your child go on a scavenger hunt to find items that begin with that sound. Comprehension *After reading a story, have your child use the fingers of your hand to help retell the parts of a story. The thumb would be the characters in the story, the pointer finger would be the setting, and the last three would be what happened in the beginning, the middle, and the end of the story. *Have your child make puppets representing the characters in the story and use them to retell the story. *Discuss the characters, setting, and main idea to the story. What would the story be like if you changed the characters? The ending? *Cause/effect activity: While reading to your child pinpoint an event and have your child come up with the reason and the probable effect. Example: event is the dog barked, the reason is because it saw a cat and probable cause is the cat ran away.

*Sequence of Events: Draw pictures of events in a story – beginning, middle and end – each on a separate sheet of paper. After reading the story to your child, hand the child a bag containing the pictures. Ask your child to put the pictures in the correct order. *After reading a story, talk about the setting. Encourage your child to picture in his/her mind what the place may look like. Ask: If you were really there, what does it look like? How does it smell? What sounds might you hear? What might you touch and eat? For example: “This place looks beautiful, smells salty and feels wet.” Vocabulary *Talk about unknown words while reading storybooks. *Pick words and talk about other words that could be used in its place. *Play “Act it Out”: Write several new vocabulary words on index cards. Pick one and act it out for your child and have him/her guess the meaning. Give verbal clues if needed. *Pictionary: Follow the same guidelines as in “Act it Out”, except draw the word on paper and have your child guess the word. *Have your child make a dictionary to keep. As your child learns new words they add the word to their dictionary and illustrate to show the meaning of the word. *Word Hunt Choose five or six site words you want your child to learn. (See the link below to get a list of the Kindergarten High Frequency Words) Write each word on an index card. Write each word on 4 additional index cards – one word per card. Tape four copies of each word around the room (on the walls, ceiling, cabinets, windows, doors, hidden around the room). Hold up one word at a time and read the word together with your child. Have your child find the words hidden around the room and read the word aloud as they point to each of the found words. Variation: ~Make a list of the words and put the list of on a clipboard. Have your child check off the words as they are sighted. ~Try a letter or a number hunt. Idea: For the princes and princesses, cut out a construction paper star and staple it to a straw to make a pointer. Fluency For students who need to review the Kindergarten High Frequency words, use the following link to get a list of the High Frequency words covered in the Reading Curriculum: frequency words kindergarten.pdf

First Grade Summer At Home Activities Reading Phonemic AwarenessRhymin’ Simon: Begin by saying, “Simon says to clap if the words rhyme.” Say word pairs such as bell/tell. Say words that do not rhyme occasionally. Like dip/dog. Challenge your child to make words for you to clap or not clap to. Magazine search: Provide magazines for your child to look through. Give them a target sound such as /a/. Have your child glue the pictures to a page and label the picture with its name. By the end of the summer, you could have a wonderful book. Phoneme segmentation Sock puppet: Create a sock puppet and have puppet say sounds that “it” hears in words. For instance, cat the puppet would say /c/, /a/, /t/. Silly Word Day: Substitute letters from common words to create your own silly sayings. Greet friends and family with the letter of the day. Such as using the letter G, call your friend Gaula instead of Paula, go to the gool or gark. Gaula gats geanut gutter gor gunch! Read stories that play with words: Some excellent books include There’s A Wocket in my Pocket by Dr. Seuss, Silly Sally by Audrey Wood, More Spaghetti, I say! By Rita Gelman. Ask your librarian for more! Word Chain: Write a word on paper. (Such as stop) Your child thinks of another word that starts with the same sound with the ending sound of the first word. example… stop, pack, kiss, still, late, PhonicsAlphabet hunt: Write random letters on paper, attach to a clipboard. Your child goes around the house finding objects that begin or end with that sounds- have him or her draw a picture of the item, if older, child can write the word. Musical sounds: Lay letters written on cards on the ground in a circle- play music, child moves around the circle on the letters, when the music stops, he/she picks up the letter, says it sound and names a word that starts with that sound. Refrigerator words: With magnetic letters, your child can construct words while you make dinner, say a word. Let him or her say each sound they hear in the word and try to “write” the word on the refrigerator with the letters. Vowel sort: Have two paper bags and labels each bag with a short 'a' or long 'a' sound- Cut out pictures from a magazine. Have your child sort them into the right vowel bag. Fluency1. How many words your child can read in a minute. You will need timer. Get a reading passage and time him/her for 1 minute. Do a variety of passages for the summer and see the number of words read increase. 2. Practice fluency using high frequency phrase strips. How many can your child read in a minute? Examples of Sight Word Phrases: at the zoo a big dog for me by the tree go to school went into is not here I can go I go out went away at my school will run away in my car the little girl to our school is not here we love to I see her into the box your mother

went home for him his dog I can read there it is here it is

the red ball her cat I like my dad was there will run

to my house your father a big cat my mom a red hat to the zoo

the black dog am going on the bed is going away is up there the little boy

is at home at the store in the store if I go on the bus to my room

Vocabulary: 1. Make a ring of vocabulary cards. Put high frequency words, adjectives, verbs on cards. Hole punch and put on a ring. Review daily. 2. Venn Diagram (compare and contrast) Comprehension: 1. Book talks – Have your child tell you what a book is about and try to convince you to read it. 2. Draw a hand on a piece of construction paper. In the middle of the hand goes the main idea, the 4 fingers are the details, and the thumb is the story and author. Have your child fill in the information after reading a book. 3. Book review- Have your child complete this after listening to or reading a book . Example: Book Review Name: ______________________________________ Date: ________________ Title of the book: ________________________________________________________ Author: __________________________________________________ I rate this book by coloring in the correct stars

I loved the book

The book was okay

I didn’t like it

Here is a picture of one thing that happened in the book

Here is a sentence about my favorite part _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________

Fine motor skillsHere are some activities to help your child with his/her fine motor skills. Most importantly is to have fun.  1.Molding and rolling play dough into balls - using the palms of the hands facing each other and with fingers curled slightly towards the palm. 2. Rolling play dough into tiny balls (pea size) using only the finger tips. 3. Using pegs or toothpicks to make designs in play dough. 4. Tearing newspaper into strips and then crumpling them into balls. Use to stuff scarecrow or other art creation. 5. Scrunching up 1 sheet of newspaper in one hand. This is a super strength builder. 6. Picking up objects using large tweezers such as those found in the "Bedbugs" game. This can be adapted by picking up Cheerios, small cubes, small marshmallows, pennies, etc., in counting games. 7. Using small-sized screwdrivers like those found in an erector set. 8. Lacing and sewing activities such as stringing beads, Cheerios, macaroni, etc. 9. Rolling small balls out of tissue paper, then gluing the balls onto construction paper to form pictures or designs. 10. Turning over cards, coins, checkers, or buttons, without bringing them to the edge of the table.

Second Grade At Home Activities Reading Comprehension1. As you read a story with your child, discuss the important elements out loud. A. Characters B. Setting C. Problem D. Solution 2. Boost reading comprehension by practicing inferences, summarize, problem/solution, compare/contrast, fact/opinion. 3. Have your child draw a picture about the story in a reading journal and provide a brief summary. 4. Visit the public library regularly to facilitate reading interest. Phonics1. Review Previous Spelling Words and Spelling Patterns 2. Letter Sound Correspondence 3. Decoding Words Vocabulary1. Dictionary Skills, using a glossary etc. 2. Sight Word Recognition Written Expression1. Practice writing complete sentences with correct capitalization and punctuation. 2. Practice answering comprehension questions in complete sentences and restating the question in the answer. 3. Practice writing a paragraph with a topic, details, ending Math1. 2. 3. 4. Math facts for memorization (addition and subtraction) Money and telling time (counting coins to $1.00 increments) Add/subtract with and without regrouping (up to the tens place) Number sense/place value of numbers (up to the hundreds place)

Third Grade Summer At Home Activities Reading Fluency1. Read familiar short books/stories repeatedly. 2. Focus on expression and accuracy not just speed reading. Comprehension1. Read a book or magazine article 2. Keep a journal and make the following connections A. text to self B. text to real world C. text to text 3. Parent reading to/with child and talking about it. Student can read to parent and talk about what was read. Math 1. Learn addition, subtraction, and multiplication facts: 2. Practice problem solving strategies such as multi-step word problems, choosing the correct operation, and pin-pointing key words to pick out operation. 3. Practice telling time. Work on elapsed time (duration of an activity) 4. Suggested Activity- Make a summer schedule and include time allotments. Example: 9:00am-10:00 am Read 10:00am-10:30am Snack/Get Ready for Soccer 10:30am-11:15am Soccer Practice

Writing1. Practice writing complete sentences in a journal or write a letter to a family member. 2. Practice identifying parts of speech such as nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. 3. After reading a story or watching a favorite movie, have your child practice restating a question in your answer “by stealing part of the question”. Be sure to practice who, what, where, when, why, and how questions. Example: Question: Why did the girl go to the pool? Restating: The girl went to the pool because she was hot. 4. Practice adding details such as adjectives, strong verbs, sensory words, and sizzling vocabulary to written stories. 5. Incorporate organizational strategies such as a clear beginning, middle, and end when writing a story. 6. Practice editing for punctuation, capital letters, and handwriting. Helpful Resources:

Fourth Grade Summer At Home Activities Reading Fluency1. Get books on tape and have students read along 2. Have parents read to their children, or have older siblings read to them 3. Have students read to their parents or to older/younger siblings 4. Have students go to the library and choose their favorite books to read. Vocabulary1. Have students go to and preview some 5th grade stories and vocabulary words with EWORD game. Comprehension1. While reading ask children questions and have them answer in complete sentences 2. Have students make up questions that go along with the story. 3. Have students Fold a piece of paper into 4 squares. In each square have them write 4 important events from a story they read and draw pictures to go along with that. 4. Have students read sunshine state books Math 1. Practice multiplication facts using math websites. ( a game to practice multiplication facts and division facts) (Enter the name of the author of the math book as their password) 2. Practice word problems Writing1. Have students create a journal and write in it every day about their daily activities. 2. Have students rewrite a story from a different character's perspective. 3. Write a sequel to a story 4. Write a retelling of a story being sure to include beginning, middle, and ending. 5. Practice writing expository & narrative papers.  Narrative- an adventure story about their summer vacation  Expository- Explain their favorite summer vacation place and why 6. Interview a family member and write a paper about their life. 7. Write a "How to" book. In this book students can show step by step and draw pictures to go along with their book. Example: How to make a peanut butter and jelly sandwich. How to do tricks on a skateboard. How to play basketball or football. Helpful Resources:

Fifth Grade Summer At Home Activities Grade 5 Reading Fluency Read aloud a favorite poem or short book to a strong reader Comprehension After listening to the news then being asked questions about what was heard Vocabulary Learn a new word a day. Keep a calendar and practice the word at least 3 different ways during the day Math Practice doing mental math problems as you travel in the car to and from places; example 2 plus 2 minus 1 times 3 equals Writing 1. Write letters to friends and relatives sharing experiences. 2. Write a journal entry each day reflecting on your thoughts and feelings about what took place during the day. 3. Read for enjoyment and pleasure, but read everyday 15-30 minutes 4. Read books from assigned summer reading list for sixth grade.

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