50 Giza factories turn to natural gas with Canadian

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					12        TUESDAY, JULY 1, 2008                                                                                                                                                                                                              EGYPTIAN MAIL

                        Egypt and Canada                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Egyptian Mail
                          for closer ties                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               The Middle East’s oldest English-language weekly

                                             extensive           Egyptian-Canadian            EgyptAir inaugurated flights to                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 The weekly edition of The Gazette                         http://www.egyptiangazette.net.eg

         HE strong, longstanding
         Canadian-Egyptian bilateral         communities in Montreal, Toronto              Montreal in 2001. A consular
         relations are founded on a          and Vancouver.                                agreement entered into force in 1999
common interest in peace, stability             The      Canadian       International      and the Transfer of Offenders Treaty                                                                                                                                                                             12 Pages                                                          94th Year, Issue No. 25                                       TUESDAY, JULY 1, 2008                                                                      LE2
and security in the Middle East,             Development Agency (CIDA) is                  was effected on May 10, 2000. It is
socio-economic            development        actively engaged in Egypt, where it           designed to enable sentenced
cooperation,             cross-cultural      works       with      the      Egyptian       persons to apply to serve their
understanding and growing trade              Government and local partners to              sentences in their own country if
relations.                                   implement joint priorities such as            both countries agree. Since 1999
  Canada and Egypt established
embassies in their respective capitals
                                             gender      equality,    environmental
                                             sustainability, institutional-capacity
                                                                                           Canada      has     provided
                                                                                           briefings on Canada and Canadian
                                                                                                                           formal                                                                                                                                                          A problem that                                                                         For his people                                                                                  Skillful Spain
in 1954. Since that time, Canada has
enjoyed positive relations with this
                                             building and child protection as
                                             integral, cross-cutting components in
                                                                                           foreign policy for Egypt’s new
                                                                                           diplomats. An area-study course for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          needs examining                                                                         and his country                                                                                 outwit Germany
key Arab partner, which is an                a     long-standing        development        Canadian diplomats is now being
important actor in the search for a          cooperation programme. The CIDA               provided by the Egyptian Diplomatic                                                                                                                                                                               7                                                                                             8                                                                                            10
resolution     to   the Arab-Israeli         programme in Egypt has been                   Institute in Cairo. This is the first of
conflict. The shared commitment for          furthermore engaged in developing             its kind offered to Western

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          AU slams Zimbabwe vote as Mugabe urged to negotiate
a just and comprehensive peace in            early childhood education and                 diplomats.
the Middle East lies at the core of          employment creation.                             E gypt is the most populous
Canada's relations with Egypt.                  Since 1999, Canada and Egypt               country in the Arab world and its
  The relationship is not limited to         have participated in an intensive             capital, Cairo, is the largest
this, as it continues to expand into         programme        of    training     new       metropolis in Africa. Considered by
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 FRICAN Union observers                                                                                                                                                          suffering," he said.                           spokesman George Sibotshiwe called for
new       areas    of     cooperation.
International trade negotiations,
disarmament issues, education, La
Francophonie and cultural exchanges
                                             diplomats. On an annual basis, a
                                             group of new Egyptian diplomats go
                                             to Canada for training and Canadian
                                             diplomats travel to Egypt as part of a
                                                                                           many to be the political and cultural
                                                                                           centre of the Arab world, Egypt is a
                                                                                           physical link between the Middle
                                                                                           East and Africa.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    UN Deputy Secretary-General Asha-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Rose Migiro told the summit that the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 'moment of truth' had come for regional
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 leaders to act for a negotiated solution to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                the AU to appoint a full-time envoy to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Zimbabwe in a move that would
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                effectively sideline South African
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                President Thabo Mbeki's much-criticised
are just a few areas of common               regional study tour. This unique and             Home to the Suez Canal, it has                                                                                                                                                            intensifying pressure on Robert                                                                                                                                                          the crisis in Zimbabwe.                        mediation efforts on behalf of the
interest to both countries. As both an       valuable exchange is an important             historically been a meeting point for                                                                                                                                                        Mugabe as he faces his peers                                                                                                                                                                Migiro urged African leaders to             Southern         African     Development
Arab and an African state, Egypt is          aspect of bilateral relations.                different civilisations. Egypt signed                                                                                                                                                        after a vote much of the world                                                                                                                                                           'mobilise support for a negotiated             Community (SADC).
uniquely situated to be a partner for           Canada prioritises its engagement          a peace treaty with Israel in 1979.                                                                                                                                                          has dismissed as a farce.                                                                                                                                                                solution' to resolve the crisis, adding that      Speaking to AFP from Sharm el-
Canada in the Middle East and North          with Egypt on a wide range of global          Since then relations between the two                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  the UN regretted that the election had         Sheikh, Zimbabwe opposition leader
African regions. High-level political        issues, including the development of          countries have continued to fluctuate                                                                                                                                                           Mugabe was attending yesterday an                                                                                                                                                     been conducted in Zimbabwe despite the         Morgan Tsvangirai's spokesman George
consultations are held annually with         democratic governance, pluralism              depending on the state of Arab-                                                                                                                                                              African summit in the Egyptian Red Sea                                                                                                                                                   violence.                                      Sibotshiwe said the crisis now had
the last ones taking place November          and     human       rights,    focusing       Israeli relations. Egypt is also                                                                                                                                                             resort town of Sharm el-Sheikh, a day                                                                                                                                                       The United States has vowed to bring        ramifications for the continent as a
2007 in Cairo.                               particularly on the promotion of              member of the Arab League (League                                                                                                                                                            after being sworn in amid growing calls                                                                                                                                                  the issue of Zimbabwe before the UN            whole and it was too big a task for
  Canada first gained prominence in          citizenship rights, the rights of             of Arab States) founded in 1945 and                                                                                                                                                          for the continent's leaders to act to                                                                                                                                                    Security Council this week, while British      Mbeki on his own.
Egypt       with     its    successful       women and girls, and freedom of               is home to its headquarters. The                                                                                                                                                             resolve a crisis which some fear could                                                                                                                                                   Prime Minister Gordon Brown urged the             President Hosni Mubarak gave a
intervention in the 1956 Suez Crisis.        expression and association. Canada            Secretary      General       of      the                                                                                                                                                     destabilise southern Africa.                                                                                                                                                             AU to reject the result of Zimbabwe's          speech before the opening session of the
Egyptian and Canadian forces are             continually strives to maintain and           organisation has traditionally been                                                                                                                                                             "The vote fell short of the African                                                                                                                                                   presidential runoff.                           summit, calling on international
currently serving together in several        strengthen its valued relationship            an Egyptian, with former Egyptian                                                                                                                                                            Union's standards of democratic                                                                                                                                                             "We'll see what the African Union           communities and institutions to take
peacekeeping forces. Canada is an            with Egypt, a historical and key              Minister of Foreign Affairs, Amr                                                                                                                                                             elections," monitors from the 53-nation                                                                                                                                                  does, but this is not an African issue         responsibility to solve the global food
important destination for Egyptian           partner bilaterally, regionally, and          Moussa holding the position since                                                                                                                                                            bloc said in a statement issued in Harare                                                                                                                                                alone. This is an issue for the                crisis through dialogue and collective
emigrants and there are now                  internationally.                              2001.                                                                                                                                                                                        and distributed at yesterday's summit                                                                                                                                                    international community, an issue for the      action.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        meeting.                                                                                                                                                                                 Security Council," US Secretary of State          "Africa is one of the parts of the world
        Compiled by: Shawky El-Sayed                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       "The African Union observer mission                                                                                                                                                   Condoleezza Rice told reporters after          most affected by the global food crisis,
        shwkyelsayed@yahoo.com                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          is, however, encouraged that both parties                                                                                                                                                separate meetings with China's President       increasing energy prices and climate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        have shown willingness to engage in                                            AFP                                                               Photo by Mohamed Abdel Mo’eti           Hu Jintao and Prime Minister Wen               change," Mubarak noted, stressing the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        constructive dialogue as a way forward      DEFIANT: Zimbabwean President               INAUGURAL SPEECH: President Hosni Mubarak addressing                                             Jiabao.                                        need for agricultural development.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        for ensuring peace, stability and           Robert Mugabe attending            the      the opening session of the African Union summit in Sharm el-                                        A draft resolution written by AU               He said that Africa's conflicts were a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        development in Zimbabwe," the               opening of the summit.                      Sheikh yesterday.                                                                                foreign ministers and due to be approved       major impediment to development.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        observers added.                                                                                                                                                                         by leaders at the summit does not              "There can be no development without
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           AU Commission chief Jean Ping            towards the formation of a transitional     work together so as to overcome the                 having "a positive side but there have       criticise the runoff election or Mugabe.       peace and no advancement without
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        stressed that the continent must act to     government.                                 current challenges," Ping said at the               also been challenges."                       What it does do is condemn the violence        stability," stressed Mubarak, going on to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        end the crisis, while South Africa called     "Africa must fully shoulder its           summit opening.                                        "I'd like to congratulate the people of   in general terms and call for dialogue.        enumerate the continent's conflicts
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        for the Zimbabwe opposition and             responsibility and do everything in its       AU chairman and Tanzanian President               Zimbabwe for their success but I also           On the summit sidelines, Movement           between Djibouti and Eritrea, Chad and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Mugabe's ZANU-PF party to hold talks        power to help the Zimbabwe parties to       Jakaya Kikwete described the election as            commiserate with them for their              for     Democratic      Change      (MDC)      Sudan, and in Somalia.

Advertorial                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        110 terror
  50 Giza factories turn to natural gas with Canadian help                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      arrested – report
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           EMBERS of three

        Maged George: Projects with Canada to reduce greenhouse gas emissions                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   M          terrorist groups were
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           arrested in a major
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                operation in three different
                                                                                           Egypt started the Community Environment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                governorates across Egypt

         OR many years, Egypt and
         Canada have enjoyed deeply-                                                       Action Project (CENACT), which is being                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              before they could launch
         rooted ties in all domains,                                                       implemented by Cowater, a Canadian firm,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             terror attacks, an independent
Environment Minister Maged George has                                                      he said, adding that the scheme will run                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             newspaper reported yesterday.
said.                                                                                      until March, 2008.
   During the mid-nineties and even before                                                   The goal of the CENACT project,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       "Security services have arrested about
the establishment of the Environmental                                                     George said, is to strengthen and increase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                110 suspects belonging to three major
Affairs Ministry, the two countries began                                                  NGOs participation in environmental
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                terror cells in Cairo, el-Qaliubiya and el-
their environmental cooperation through                                                    management within the context of the
                                                                                           national policy of partnership in                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Gharbiya governorates, in the largest
the CIDA, Minister George recalls.
                                                                                           environmental improvement.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           operation since the arrest of a group
   As a start, The Canadian International
Development Agency (CIDA), Minister                                                          It also aims at increasing the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     charged with contacting al-Qaeda last
George said, has funded a C$11,600,000                                                     coordination between civil society                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   year," Al-Masry Al-Youm daily newspaper
                                                       Maged George                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             quoted security officials as saying.
project for building up an environmental                                                   organisations and the community with
information system (EIS), and a second       began its activities in 1997, added the       governmental agencies at the provincial                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 The report added that the suspects were
project for establishing the Egyptian        Minister.                                     and national levels.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 referred to the State Security Prosecution
Environmental Initiatives Fund (EEIF) at a      This Fund, whose budget amounted to                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             for interrogation after their plans to attack
total cost of C$24,600,000.                  C$20 million from Canada and LE20                       Gender equality                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            three major cities were foiled by security
   The then Egyptian Environmental           million from Egypt focuses on the climate                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          forces.
Affairs Authority (EEAA) was in charge       change initiative, he said, adding that the      The project, being implemented in the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                "The leaders of the three terror cells,
of implementing these two projects, he       budget was increased by another C$4.2         Governorates of Ismailia and Minya,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Mohamed Farid Farag, Ahmed Abdel
said.                                        million to cover the costs of a new           addresses initiatives contributing to                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Hadi and Hisham Mohie, have been
   These projects aimed to promote           component that had been added to the          improvements in the local environment,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               charged with planning to stigmatise the
sustainable and sound environmental          project.                                      promote gender equality, and create jobs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ruler as an infidel, recruiting a number of
practices by Egyptian private, non-             The new component aimed to reduce air      for women to generate revenues, added                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Al-Azhar University students to help
governmental,        and       community     pollution in Giza by converting brick-        George.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    AFP       carry out their plans and controlling a
organisations in order to manage and         factory to natural gas technology, added         Through the use of clean technology, the                                                                                                                                                  OLYMPIC ACTION: A Chinese girl helping volunteers in the                                number of mosques across the nation to
conserve the country's natural resources,    the Minister.                                 CENACT project also aims at improving                                                                                                                                                        clean-up of a huge algae bloom at the Beijing Olympics' sailing
                                                                                                                                         Canadian agencies have been promoting clean projects in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions                                                                                                                                       spread their thoughts," the report
especially soil and water, added the                                                       waste management services to households                                                                                                                                                      venue in Qingdao, east China's Shandong province yesterday. The
                                                     Natural resources                     and recycling agricultural waste and          by a number of local factories and to protect the Egyptian environment.                                                                                                                                                                continued.
Minister.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               algae bloom will take at least another two weeks to eradicate,
                                                                                           processing crop residues into compost,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  "Security forces are also looking for
                                                                                                                                                                                         company (Egyptian Town Gas (ETG))               in Egypt and the Minister of Oil Sameh         despite more than 10,000 workers being used in the clean-up                             several other suspects who have fled to
   Decision-making support                      The EEIF has also aimed to promote         George said.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        effort, while the environmental problem off the coast of Qingdao
                                             sound environmental management and               Moreover, it ensures the continuation of              Brick factories                      agreed to support this initiative by            Fahmi.                                                                                                                                 some neighbouring Arab countries,"
                                                                                                                                                                                         providing the external gas distribution                                                        has disrupted training for international competitors trying to get                      security sources said, adding the groups
  The success of the EIS project, which      preserving Egypt’s natural resources with     local initiatives by promoting a support
                                                                                                                                            George hailed as a success the CIDA-         infrastructure to the 50 factories at its own           Clean development                      used to the conditions there.                                                           were financed by terrorist leaders living
was implemented between 1997 and 2004,       the participation of the private sector and   network of both civil society organisations
                                                                                                                                         supported project, which will help 50           expense in order to extend its industrial-
aimed at improving EEAA capabilities in
making use of environmental information
in the decision-making process and
                                             non-governmental organisations (NGOs),
                                             he said.
                                                The goal of this project is to help and
                                                                                           and government authorities, he explained.
                                                                                              The project, he continued, puts specific
                                                                                           emphasis on gender equality in order to
                                                                                                                                         brick-manufacturing factories in the Arab
                                                                                                                                         Abu Said area of Giza Governorate
                                                                                                                                                                                         customer base, he said.
                                                                                                                                                                                            George said that the purpose of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Minister George said that a number of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         heavyweight Canadian businessmen and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Egypt reopens Gaza border                                                              abroad.

                                                                                                                                         convert their combustion systems from           project is to strengthen the capacity of        owners of investment groups were
drawing up environmental policies, he
pointed out.
                                             train members of non-governmental
                                             institutions to manage and preserve natural
                                             resources and protect the environment, the
                                                                                           allow women equal opportunity to initiate,
                                                                                           implement and manage initiatives and          burning heavy-oil (mazot), to natural gas.
                                                                                                                                            A special function was held for initiating
                                                                                                                                                                                         targeted organisations to join greenhouse
                                                                                                                                                                                         gas reduction initiatives with the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         negotiating with the Egyptian Government
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         to launch business ventures here.              E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                GYPT is to reopen the Rafah
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                border crossing with the Hamas-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                run Gaza Strip for two days to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Palestinians returning from abroad
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    will also be allowed into Gaza from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Egypt, he said, adding that the opening
  The EIS project has also incorporated                                                    activities for protecting the environment.
various computer courses for EEAA staff      Minister said.                                   Gender equality and the protection of      these factories with the participation of the   participation of representatives from key          These joint ventures will be launched in    allow hundreds of stranded Palastinians     of the border was "humanitarian"                       TODAY’S EXPECTED
members, Minister George said.                  It also aims to help develop a strategic   children are CIDA's cross-cutting themes      Canadian Ambassador in Egypt and the            stakeholders from Arab Abu Said.                compliance with the Government plans,          on both sides to cross, a Palestinian       decision in "response to appeals from                    TEMPERATURES
                                             environmental framework to meet               applied to all projects and initiatives. He   Minister of Oil Sameh Fahmi.                       Because of this success, other brick         which promote clean development in order       diplomat in Cairo said yesterday.           Palestinians stuck" because of border          Cairo               ...............35 ......24
   Egyptian-Canadian Fund                    environmental challenges and to plan          said that the project also aims to enhance       This is a responsive, demand-driven          factory cluster areas may replicate this        to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by a           According to Nabil Amr, the opening      closures.                                      Alexandria         ................29 ......22
                                             tangible environment-related investment       the effectiveness of the NGO Unit in          initiative in that these brick factory owners   project, which included significant             number of local factories and to protect the   begins today. All Palestinians who need        The move also followed talks on             Matrouh               .............29 .....21
  The Egyptian Environmental Initiatives     projects, he explained.                       supporting NGO environmental initiatives      requested assistance for such a conversion      elements such as technology transfer,           Egyptian environment, he said.                 medical treatment would be allowed into     Sunday between Palestinian President           Port Said          ................33 .....23
Fund (EEIF), he said, is considered one of                                                 at the local level through collaboration      because it would enable them to meet the        ecological and human-health risk                   In addition, the Minister said, the clean   Egypt, as well as those with residency      Mahmoud Abbas and Egypt's chief of             Hurghada           ................37 .....27
                                                               NGOs                                                                      emission regulations of Environment Law         assessments,        and      socio-economic     development plans aim to reduce growth         permits in Egypt or elsewhere, Amr told     intelligence Omar Suleiman on the              Sharm el-Sheikh ................38 .....28
the key accomplishments of Egyptian-                                                       with national and regional stakeholders.
                                                                                                                                         No. 4, and to reduce the fuel costs of their    assessments involving the brick factory         of greenhouse gas emissions for the benefit    reporters in Cairo.                         Israeli-Palestinian peace efforts.
Canadian cooperation.                                                                         Minister George also said that the
  The Fund, established in accordance          In 2004, a new phase of cooperation         project seeks to strengthen the               operations.                                     work-force       and     the     surrounding    of Egypt and Canada.
with a memorandum of understanding           between Egypt and CIDA began, Minister        organisational and technical capacities of       The Ministry of Oil, through its             communities. A special function was held
(MoU) signed by the Egyptian and             George said.                                  NGOs to initiate and sustain economically     Egyptian Natural Gas Holding Company            for initiating these factories with the            Edited by Souzan Zaki                              SERVICES 2                 WORLD WEATHER 3                    YOUR STARS 6                             UPBEAT 11
Canadian governments in October 1996,          With a C$5 million fund from CIDA,          viable waste management.                      (EGas) and the local gas distribution           participation of the Canadian Ambassador          e-mail: SouzanZaki@yahoo.com