AC&C New Advert 11/1/07 12:40 PM Page 1
One-in-five new transit buses on
order is specified to run on natural
gas. Learn why on pg. 12
Public works departments use
natural gas-powered street sweepers
and work trucks to get the job done.
See pg. 10 for more.
Natural gas refuse trucks are
quieter and cost less to operate than
diesel trucks. See pg. 4 for details.
Innovative airport policies and
incentives are prompting greater use
of NGVs by taxi and shuttle fleets.
See pg. 8 for examples.
A variety of fueling options are
available to meet every need including
both time-fill and fast-fill CNG systems
and LNG fueling. See pg. 14 to learn more
about your options.
School districts like the clean
quiet performance of their CNG
buses. See pg. 6
Using CNG cars and pick-up
trucks is a great way to lead by
example. See pg. 3 for ideas.
A variety of natural gas vehicles (NGVs) are in service in hundreds of communities across North
America. They’re a proven, reliable and cost-effective alternative to traditional gasoline-
and diesel-powered vehicles and they’re available today. Inside this special section to
American City & County, learn how governments have implemented NGV programs that reduce
vehicle emissions for improved air quality, lessen dependence on imported oil for greater energy
security, and lower operating costs to make the most of their constituents’ taxes.
NGVAmerica is a non-profit organization that promotes greater use of natural gas vehicles through outreach, education and tech-
nical assistance programs. For more information about this educational supplement or to learn more about how your community
can implement an NGV program, contact Stephe Yborra, Director of Marketing & Communications at 301-829-2520 or
firstname.lastname@example.org. NGVAmerica, 400 North Capitol Street., NW - Suite 450, Washington, DC 20001. www.ngvamerica.org
AC&C New Advert 11/1/07 12:40 PM Page 2
AC&C New Advert 11/1/07 12:40 PM Page 3
Co. (MD) Ride-
On transit bus
after filling up.
yard has public
The Right Choice. Right Now.
Environment, Energy Security and Economics Drive Local
Governments’ Increased Use of Vehicles That Run on Natural Gas
ity and county executives across North up to levels thought unimaginable just several fuel with very few emissions. This is increasing-
C America are discovering that natural
gas vehicles (NGVs) are a viable cost-
effective solution to meeting the
challenges of rising petroleum fuel prices, ever-
stricter federal vehicle emissions requirements
years ago. The effect at the gasoline and diesel
pump is rippling through the U.S. economy
and the problem is becoming more acute as
the economies of China and other Asian coun-
tries heat up. For consumers, the fuel price
ly important as tough new federal emissions
guidelines kick in on medium- and heavy-duty
trucks and buses. Natural gas vehicles also pro-
duce far fewer greenhouse gas emissions than
either diesel or gasoline vehicles. The clean
and the public’s expectation that their elected increases are aggravating but, for public and burning attributes of NGVs are the primary rea-
officials increase use of alternative energy to private fleet operators, the consequences are son so many transit agencies – and a growing
mitigate reliance on foreign oil. devastating. Meanwhile the gap between the number of airport and refuse fleets – are opting
From Maine to California, local govern- price of natural gas and oil continues to grow. to switch to run on natural gas.
ments are taking pro-active steps to help their According to Washington, DC-based Last, but not least, NGVs are economi-
communities diversify their transportation NGVAmerica, a non-profit organization that cal. An NGV’s purchase price is more than that
energy portfolio, leading by example by using advocates for greater use of NGVs, the price of its gas or diesel counterpart, but its operat-
NGVs in their own fleets and establishing of a barrel of oil historically has been about ing costs are so much lower that the savings
mandates and incentives to help spur local six times that of a thousand cubic feet of over the life of the vehicle pay back the premi-
businesses and consumers to do the same. gas. Today, that ratio has jumped to as high um quickly and generate life-cycle savings that
According to a report recently prepared for the as 12-to-1. are hard to ignore. Recently enacted federal tax
US Department of Energy by the non-profit Natural gas is abundant and domestic. incentives for vehicles, fueling stations and
Clean Vehicle Education Foundation, vehicular Roughly 85 percent of the natural gas used in natural gas fuel use – including measures that
natural gas use has climbed steadily, displacing the United States is produced here and most allow local governments to capture their value
200 million gasoline-gallon equivalents (GGE) of the rest comes from Canada. Less than – have improved NGVs’ economic advantage.
in 2005 and its well on the way to displacing 3 percent is imported as Liquefied Natural Gas Most cities and counties have purchased
300 million GGE by year-end 2008. (LNG) from a half-dozen countries. NGVs for their high-fuel-use centrally fueled
The increased use of NGVs may be Another reason for the increased use of fleets and vehicles that have high public visibili-
attributed to a combination of factors. The up- NGVs is they’re incredibly clean. Natural gas is ty. While NGVs aren't a silver bullet for every
tick in worldwide demand for oil and uncer- mostly methane, a simple molecule comprising application, government executives and elect-
tainty about supplies, especially from unstable just one carbon atom and four hydrogen atoms, ed officials are finding that – in many cases –
regions, has steadily pushed crude oil prices making it an extremely clean and energy dense they’re the right choice, right now.
AC&C New Advert 11/1/07 12:40 PM Page 4
Advance Fuel Systems Corp (AFSC)
2150 Touhy Avenue
Elk Grove Village, Il. 60007
David G. Chacon, President & CEO
AFSC designs, manufactures and installs CNG fueling
systems using the highest quality products and provid-
ing superior customer service. We work with clients to
determine their fuel system requirements and budget
and then provide safe, reliable cost-effective solutions
that meet their needs.
Applied LNG Technologies
3001 Knox Street - Ste 403
Dallas, TX 75205
Kevin Markey, VP Operations
Applied LNG Technologies (ALT) serves Southern
California and Arizona fleet customers. With 20 years
experience and a quality customer service commit-
ment, we will be the supplier of choice for vehicle-
grade LNG well into the future.
Refuse and Recycling Trucks
American Honda Motor Co., Inc.
1919 Torrance Blvd.. – MS 100-3C-3A
Torrance, CA 90501
Eric Rosenberg, Asst. Mgr. AFV Sales - Mktg
Honda’s Civic GX is fueled by clean, economical, domes-
tically produced natural gas. The GX produces nearly
zero emissions and reduces CO2 emissions by 25%. The
GX has reduced emissions in fleets nationwide since
1998 while delivering Honda performance, quality, and
hile the 2500 natural gas fuel costs. New federal tax incentives of up to
15 Plumb Street
Milton, WI 53563 refuse trucks currently on $32,000 per truck significantly reduce the pur-
Dan Hicks, Sales
the road account for only a chase price premium for natural gas trucks so
email@example.com small percentage of the the remaining premium is quickly paid back in
www.angiinternational.com 175,000 collection, recycling and transfer operating savings, generating hefty savings
As a pioneer in the NGV industry and a continuing trucks in service today, a synergy of market over the rest of the life of the vehicle. Your
force in the establishment of CNG refueling technolo- factors is prompting municipal refuse depart- payback and life-cycle savings will vary based
gies, ANGI has built a reputation on delivering solu-
tions that successfully satisfy customer's specific
ments and contract haulers that already use on local fuel costs, tax incentives, credits and
refueling requirements and expectations, independent them to order more and catalyzing those that available federal, state and regional grants.
of size and scope of application. don’t use them to rethink their position. Other market drivers favoring natural gas
One of the most important reasons for refuse trucks include the fact that they’re
2415 Beatrice the move to natural gas is economics. Refuse cleaner and 90 percent quieter than diesel-
Dallas, TX 75208 truck duty-cycles, low mileage-per-gallon rat- powered trucks, two attributes that resonate
Bill Calvert, Vice President - Sales
ings and yearly engine operating hours trans- with city and county residents.
firstname.lastname@example.org late into high fuel use. Typical refuse truck fuel Most of the major refuse truck chassis
www.baftechnologies.com use averages between 8500-10,000 gallons per suppliers offer factory-installed natural gas
BAF Technologies is the leading natural gas and year. With the growing differential between engine options so you can be assured that,
propane vehicle upfitter in the United States, offering natural gas and diesel fuel (on an equivalent when submitting requests for proposals,
systems for light-, medium- and heavy-duty vehicles.
BAF’s proprietary Cal-Comp gaseous fuel system meets energy basis), city- or contractor-operated you’ll have plenty of competition amongst
the strictest EPA and CARB emissions standards. trucks can save as much as 30-50 percent on suppliers ready to sell and service your vehi-
AC&C New Advert 11/1/07 12:40 PM Page 5
cle. Peterbilt, Crane Carrier, Autocar and
American LaFrance-Condor all offer the
Cummins Westport 8.9-liter ISL-G natural gas
engine. In addition, Emission Solutions Inc
and Baytech Corporation have 7.6-liter and
8.1-liter gaseous fuel options to retrofit your
International or GMC refuse trucks, respec-
tively, and Westport Innovations offers the
powerful 15-liter ISX-G for larger transfer
While some jurisdictions, such as
California’s South Coast Air Quality
Management District (AQMD), use mandates
that require municipalities and/or their con-
tract haulers to purchase cleaner vehicles
and fuels, others use incentives or establish
Opposite: CNG-powered refuse truck in Smithtown, NY is one of 23 that went into innovative contract procurement policies that
service in 2007 as part of the town's new "all CNG" contract refuse collection fleet. reward cleaner fleets. Requiring natural gas
Top (inset): Norcal Waste driver fuels LNG tank on waste transfer truck. Above: trucks and/or giving a higher rating to con-
Ontario is one of dozens of California communities that use clean quiet CNG tractor proposals that include their use is an
refuse trucks like this autoloader with top-mounted CNG tanks. effective way to promote cleaner refuse fleets
in your community.
AC&C New Advert 11/1/07 12:40 PM Page 6
P.O. Box 1148
Los Altos, CA 94022
Richard Turner, Vice President
High Marks For
Baytech engineers, manufactures and markets EPA
and CARB-certified CNG and propane fueling systems
for select General Motors, Isuzu, and Workhorse vehi-
cles and engines. Baytech's gaseous Sequential
Multi-Port Fuel Injection systems meet stringent emis-
sions standards with high performance and reliability,
and are fully compatible with onboard engine
Natural Gas Buses
Chart Inc – NexGen Fueling
407 7th Street. NW
New Prague, MN 56071
James Turvey, Business Development
chool buses are the safest way to accelerate replacement of their older diesel
NexGen Fueling, a division of Chart Industries, provides
LNG and LCNG solutions including permanent, tempo-
rary and mobile fuel stations, vehicle fuel systems, sta-
tion design, and engineering. Systems are manufac-
tured to meet all applicable codes and standards.
S transport students to and from
school, but chronic under-funding
of school transportation budgets in
many districts has resulted in a large number
of older dirtier diesel school buses remain-
buses with newer cleaner ones. After evaluat-
ing their options, many administrators are
choosing to buy natural gas school buses.
In fact, more than 140 school districts
now use natural gas school buses to trans-
ing in service. port student to and from school each day.
Even districts that Examples included Lower Merion School
adhere to a regular District in suburban Philadelphia, where 77
replacement sched- CNG buses roll out each morning, and Long
ule often keep Beach Public Schools on Long Island NY,
school buses in which purchased 20 new CNG buses in 2004
operation for as and plans to purchase more, in part, with
long as 11-12 years savings and fuel tax credits earned from their
– sometimes fueling station. Jordan Public School District
longer, which in Utah has been a staunch advocate for
means that many CNG buses, testing their first units in 1992
school buses on the and purchasing additional units over the
road today were years (their CNG bus fleet now numbers
manufactured nearly 50). In 2007, Tucson Unified School
when emission District in Arizona started taking delivery of
allowances were far the first of what they plan to be a fleet of 70
more lenient than CNG buses. These are just a few examples.
the standards that School districts in New York, Michigan,
now apply. Public Texas, Virginia, Wisconsin, Illinois and
concern about the Oklahoma use CNG buses, as do dozens of
impact of diesel districts throughout California.
exhaust on chil- The phase-in of EPA heavy-duty engine
dren’s health, com- emissions requirements that started in 2004,
bined with the ratcheted up in 2007 and due to tighten again
availability of feder- in 2010, forced diesel buses to use a variety of
al, state and local engine control and exhaust after-treatment
grants, is prompt- strategies that reduce fuel economy and per-
ing proactive formance and increase operating costs. Natural
school districts to gas buses met (and exceeded) these require-
AC&C New Advert 11/1/07 12:40 PM Page 7
3020 Old Ranch Parkway – Ste 200
Seal Beach, CA 90740
Jim Harger, Sr. Vice President
Clean Energy is the leading provider of natural gas for
transportation in the United States and Canada, enabling
low-cost, state-of-the-art, environmentally friendly fleet
operations for the transit, refuse, airport, taxi, trucking,
port and other key markets.
Cummins Westport, Inc.
101 - 1750 W. 75th Ave.
Vancouver, BC Canada V6P 6G2
Jeff Campbell, Dir. of Product Mktg.
There are nearly 3000 school buses operating in communities across the nation. 604-718-8100
Above: This CNG school bus operated by the City of Charlottesville, VA fuels at the email@example.com
fast-fill station located at the city’s public works yard. Below: Lodi, CA USD school www.cumminswestport.com
buses attached to time-fill fueling posts. The district’s CNG station also has fast-fill Cummins Westport Inc. (CWI) is a joint venture between
capability for “topping off” during the day. engine manufacturer Cummins Inc. and alternative fuels
engine technology company Westport Innovations Inc.
CWI sells the world's widest range of low-emissions
alternative fuel engines for commercial transportation
applications such as truck and bus.
Dynetek Industries, Ltd.
4410 46th Avenue, SE
Calgary, AB CANADA T2B 3N7
Dan Gleason, Business Manager
Dynetek designs, manufactures and markets Advanced
Lightweight Fuel Storage Systems™ for compressed
gases including hydrogen and natural gas. Dynetek
products are used in automotive, transit and heavy-duty
truck applications as well as in bulk transport and
stationary refueling systems.
#2 - 20043 92A Avenue
Langley, BC Canada V1M-3A5
Andre Padovani, President
ments without penalty. School districts looking Drivers returning from their last run don’t www.ecofuel.com
to replace their buses should look into their have to wait while their buses fill up. They ECO Fuel Systems specializes in system technology
natural gas options. Factory-built natural gas just connect the nozzle and go home. On required for converting gasoline vehicles to natural gas
buses are available from dealers representing average, this can save up to fifteen minutes and hydrogen/CNG blends, providing R&D, manufactur-
ing, software development, international distribution,
Thomas Built Bus and Blue Bird Corporation. in labor on each bus each day. and technical services.
Most of the premium for natural school buses While school administrators appreciate
is covered by an available $32,000 tax credit the clean aspects of their natural gas school Emission Solutions, Inc. (ESI)
2001 Central Circle, Suite 106
that may be taken by the dealer or third-party buses, they really like the fact that they cost McKinney, TX 75069
financing institution in consideration for a dis- less to operate. On average, school buses Jim Cole, Vice President - Sales
count of the price charged to the district. In use only 1,800-2,500 gallons of fuel per year, 972-369-0099
addition, several federal grant programs specifi- but every little bit of savings helps. School www.emissionsolutionsinc.com
cally target the replacement of older school bus drivers like them because they have all
ESI re-manufacturers medium-to-heavy duty diesel
buses with cleaner ones. the power they need and are quiet (as one engines to operate on natural gas. Our new engines
Because school buses sit idle at night, driver recently quipped “quiet buses means come with a standard OEM warranty and meet the
strictest emissions standards while delivering power ,
they’re good candidates for time-fill fueling quiet kids”). Parents like them because their
performance and reliability comparable to diesel at far
systems, which cost less than fast-fill systems. children are in a healthier environment. lower operating cost. ESI engines help you achieve your
air quality goals while saving your constituents money.
AC&C New Advert 11/1/07 12:40 PM Page 8
enviroMECH Industries (EMI)
17011 Beach Boulevard - Ste 900
Huntington Beach, CA 92647
Joe Pike, Vice President - Sales & Mktg.
Vehicles Earn Emissions Credits
EMI is an alternative fuel system engineering and
manufacturing company with extensive experience
with CNG, LNG, hydrogen and other industrial gases,
providing vehicle manufacturers, fleet operators and
dealers turnkey service from specification and design,
through manufacturing, installation, training,
20602 E. 81st St.
Broken Arrow, OK 74014
Tim Boyle, Alt. Fuels Bus. Dev.
Exterran provides CNG & LNG Fueling Systems,
System Components and O&M Services for nearly
every CNG application. From design through installa-
tion, Exterran utilizes its extensive industry experience
and capabilities to provide solutions to meet your
specific CNG/LNG fueling need.
FAB Industries / AFV Fleet Services
Are Taking Off
irport authorities across North nance and construction equipment to run on
14642 Rancho Vista Drive
Fontana, CA 92335
Paul Mader, Sales Manager
America are using a variety of light-, natural gas and a few airports use natural gas
909-350-7500 medium- and heavy-duty NGVs to powered baggage tows.
firstname.lastname@example.org reduce their emissions profile to About a dozen airports have also
comply with federal and state air quality plans, implemented policies that promote NGV use
FAB Industries specializes in alternative fuel packag- and earn emissions offset credits for facility by private fleets doing business there, such
ing, applications, infrastructure and support. We pro-
vide a full spectrum of services from prototype to full
expansions. When an airport wants to expand as taxis, door-to-door limousine services and
production and offer a broad range of maintenance, its operations, e.g. add a terminal or increase hotel and parking shuttles. For example,
service and support to OEM's and fleet operators. its parking capacity, the federal government some charge these commercial operators
allocates emissions allowances for the project. lower per-trip airport access fees if they oper-
70 Worcester Rd. If the airport anticipates that it will exceed this ate on natural gas. Other airports allow CNG
Toronto, Ontario Canada M9W 5X2 allowance, it has to find ways to offset those taxis daily access to pick-up passengers while
Mario Pirraglia, V.P. Sales and Mktg.
emissions through reductions elsewhere. non-NGVs are limited to every-other-day
email@example.com Replacing gasoline- and diesel-powered vehi- access. Still others have instituted a “front-of-
www.fuelmaker.com cles with NGVs is a great way to achieve this the-line” privilege to CNG taxis, providing
FuelMaker has designed, manufactured and installed goal while also helping to reduce reliance on them with greater opportunity to earn high-
over 11,000 natural gas commercial refueling systems oil and reduce airport operating costs. er revenues and prompting non-NGV opera-
for fleet vehicles, forklifts, and ice resurfacers world-
wide and they’re taking a leading role in developing Presently, there are 26 airports that use tors to make the switch. One airport has
the consumer NGV market with the introduction of NGVs in their own fleet, about 15 of which even implemented a “No CNG/No Pick-Up”
Phill, the world’s first low-cost, home-based are in California and the rest are spread out taxi policy that allows only CNG-powered
across the U.S. The most common NGV appli- cabs to pick-up passengers at the terminals –
cations are airport-owned-and-operated buses all others may drop off but must then exit
that shuttle passengers from one terminal to the facility without a fare-paying passenger.
another or to parking lots. Other duties com- The key to any successful airport-based
monly delegated to NGVs include airport natural gas vehicle program is a convenient
security patrols, maintenance vehicles, fueling facility, located either on property or
employee transfer shuttles, dump truck/snow nearby. While some airports’ fueling facilities
plows and runway sweepers. Several airports are located “behind-the-fence,” thus, not avail-
have even converted their grounds mainte- able to private fleets, the trend is to build
AC&C New Advert 11/1/07 12:40 PM Page 9
Fuel Solutions, Inc.
12340 Santa Monica Boulevard - Ste 133
Los Angeles, CA 90025
Reb Guthrie, Principal
Fuel Solutions provides comprehensive and objective
design consulting services to fleet owners considering
implementing or expanding CNG or LNG fueling infra-
Airports like Norman Y. Mineta San Jose International (left) and Phoenix Sky structure, including needs analysis, design-build
Harbor International (above) use natural gas buses to shuttle passengers between specifications, engineered construction drawings, RFP
terminals and also promote greater use of NGVs by private vehicles like taxis, development. Also consulting for garage modifications
and petroleum fueling.
hotel and parking shuttles through mandates and incentives programs.
909 N. Bowser Road
publicly accessible stations. At Phoenix tion (maintenance and operations are con- Richardson, TX 75081
Jared Hightower, Product Mgr NGV/H2V
International Airport, for example, Clean tracted through Pinnacle CNG), which is con- 972-889-2400 x129
Energy (a private CNG fuel retailer) operates veniently located on the main entrance thor- firstname.lastname@example.org
several stations including two that allow taxis oughfare. It serves the needs of the airport’s www.atlascopco.com
and shuttles and private individuals to fill up own bus fleet as well as private vehicles GreenField, now a brand within the Atlas Copco Group,
and pay by credit card. Trillium, another pri- including more than 125 taxis and a number has a world-renown reputation as both manufacturer and
packager of technologically advanced compression and
vate CNG station O&O services company, has of hotel shuttles. SJC recently announced dispenser products for NGV and Hydrogen fueling
a similar operation at its CNG station at San inauguration of an innovative program that requirements.
Francisco International. San Jose International will help private fleets pay for conversion of
Hythane Company, LLC
Airport (SJC) owns a public access CNG sta- their vehicles to run on natural gas. 12420 N. Dumont Way
Littleton, CO 80125
John Nadeau - West Coast Regional Mgr.
CNG & LNG Fueling Systems. Hythane is a patented blended fuel that is 80% natural
gas and 20% hydrogen It’s affordable, clean burning and
provides substantial emission benefits. We build fueling
System Components. O&M stations that dispense natural gas, Hythane, and hydro-
gen, and we work with OEMs to modify their engines to
operate on Hythane.
Services. The Total Solution. IMW Industries
45831 Hocking Ave.
Chilliwack, BC Canada V2P 1B5
Roger Conyers, VP Sales & Mktg.
IMW manufactures and packages state-of-the-art
non-lubricated natural gas and hydrogen refueling
Visit us: www.exterran.com From design Kraus Global, Inc
E-mail us: Alternative_Fuels@Exterran.com through installa- 25 Paquin Rd.
Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada R2J 3V9
tion, Exterran Dev Patel, Sales & Business Dev. Engineer
utilizes its world 204-663-3601 / 416-930-2991
wide industry www.krausglobal.com
Kraus Global, Inc. is the preeminent solutions provider for
capabilities to vehicle refueling systems, equipment and components in
provide solutions the petroleum and alternative fuel industries. We have
over 4,000 dispensers in operation around the world, with
to meet your major installations in Chile, China, Egypt, Germany, Korea,
specific NGV Mexico, India and Turkey.
AC&C New Advert 11/1/07 12:40 PM Page 10
Lincoln Composites, Inc.
6801 Cornhusker Highway
Lincoln, NE 68507
Brock Peterson, Sales & Mktg. Mgr.
Lincoln Composites, a Hexagon Company, designs and
manufactures all-composite NGV/hydrogen fuel tanks
and modular fuel storage systems for auto, bus and
truck applications. Tuffshell™ fuel tanks meet all
industry standards, and are robust, lightweight, and
Luxfer Gas Cylinders
3016 Kansas Avenue
Riverside, CA 92507
Dave Myers, Sales Mgr. - Alt Fuel Products
Luxfer Gas Cylinders, the world's largest manufacturer
of composite cylinders, offers Type 2 hoop-wrap and
Type 3 full-wrap carbon-composite AFV cylinders
manufactured in its new, dedicated, state-of-the-art Public Works/Fleet
AF facility in Riverside, California.
2235 West 12350 South
Riverton, UT 84065
Tim Loftis, CEO
Milana Corp. is committed to creating and developing
the AFV market in the State of Utah to facilitate the
transition from petroleum dependence to a more diver-
sified economy by coordinating related industries and
advocating supportive policy initiatives.
24900 Pitkin Road – Ste 180
Spring, TX 77386
GVs are well suited to a variety of administrative pool car duties. The full-size
Thomas Gose, President
281-363-3363 fleet applications across all city Crown Victoria is used by a number if police
and county government depart- forces and its counterparts, the Lincoln Town
ments. Using them in your fleet Car and Mercury Grand Marquis, are a good
NEOgas Inc designs and manufactures proprietary gas
transport and dispensing technologies for efficient and not only improves air quality and reduces fit for senior executives. Ford and GM pick-
cost-effective distribution of natural gas to markets dependence on oil, it also makes the most of up trucks and cargo vans (both available
where traditional pipeline gas delivery is not available. your budget resources and sets an example through qualified EPA-/CARB-certified suppli-
Parker Hannifin Corp. for residents and business in your communi- ers) are useful in nearly every department
6035 Parkland Blvd. ty. Most government fleet vehicles return to from facilities maintenance to public works,
Cleveland, OH 44124 central yards or fueling depots each evening, and their passenger vans and shuttles are
Phillip E. Robinson, VP – Engineering
216-896-3000 x2179 and those that don’t (e.g. sedans or pick-up great for employee vanpools and a variety
email@example.com trucks that go home with employees) usually of community transport services.
www.parker.com operate within the local area, which means Natural gas-powered medium-duty and
Parker makes a wide range of pneumatics, fuid they’re never far from your natural gas heavy-duty step-vans and work trucks from
connector, hydraulic, filtration and seal technology for
fueling station(s). vocational truck dealers representing
Compacts like the American Honda Chevrolet, GMC, Isuzu, Freightliner, Sterling,
Civic GX are used by social service case International and Workhorse are used every
workers, parking enforcement officers, code day by city utility departments, transporta-
officials and other inspectors and general tion crews, facilities maintenance workers,
AC&C New Advert 11/1/07 12:40 PM Page 11
300 N. Marienfeld/P.O. Box 2499
Midland, TX 79702
Drew Diggins, Operations Manager
A wide variety Pinnacle CNG provides innovative, cost-effective solu-
of light-, tions for CNG fleets and vehicles. Since 1991, we’ve built
medium- and a reputation for service, dependability and advanced
technology in the manufacture, sale and operation of
automatic, unmanned CNG re-fueling sites.
NGVs are avail-
able for just Raymundo Engineering Co., Inc
about every 488 North Wiget Lane
government Walnut Creek, CA 94598
Bill Raymundo, President
RECI is an independent company specializing in the
planning, design, equipment specification, facility con-
grounds maintenance and other public Johnston. And more than a dozen shuttle,
struction observation, and facility testing for CNG fueling
works/fleet personnel. Factory-built natural bus and trolley suppliers have natural gas- facilities and maintenance building modifications to
gas-powered refuse trucks are available from powered units to meet your needs as well accommodate CNG vehicles.
Peterbilt, Crane Carrier, Autocar and (see Transit, page 12). For more information
American LaFrance-Condor (see Refuse, page about all the available natural gas-powered
4) as are street sweepers from trusted manu- vehicles and engines, visit www.ngvamerica.
facturers Elgin, Tymco, Schwarze and Allianz- org/resources_tools/index.html
AC&C New Advert 11/1/07 12:40 PM Page 12
Sabyr Contractors Inc
3852 S 66th St.
Tacoma, WA 98409
Mike Muller – Sales Mgr.
Natural Gas Transit
Saybr is a general contractor with extensive involve-
ment, experience and expertise in constructing CNG
stations and other alternative fuel projects.
SSP Fittings Corp.
8250 Boyle Parkway
Twinsburg, OH 44087
Mark Hurt, Dir. – Alt. Fuels Business
SSP Fittings Corp designs & produces hydraulic &
instrumentation tube fittings and valves made from
stainless steel, Monel®, brass and other exotic alloys.
SSP is a world leader in high-quality NGV and CNG
Structural Composites Inc (SCI)
ore than 11,000 natural gas-pow-
325 Enterprise Place
Pomona, CA 91768 ered transit buses and communi-
John Coursen, Product Line Manager ty shuttles operate in urban and
suburban settings across North
www.structuralcomposites.com America and hundreds more on order will hit
SCI has over 50 years experience in the manufacture
the streets in the coming year. In fact, about
of composite pressure vessels for compressed natural one-in-five transit buses ordered by cities and
gas (CNG) fuel tanks, hydrogen fuel systems tanks, and counties last year was specified to run on nat-
bulk gas transport.
Swagelok Company Natural gas buses have a proven track
31500 Aurora Rd. record of clean, reliable and cost-efficient
Solon, OH 44139
Peter Ehlers, Alt. Fuels Market Mgr.
service at more than 125 transit agencies in
440-248-4600 major markets like Los Angeles, Phoenix,
firstname.lastname@example.org Atlanta, Washington, New York and Boston,
smaller cities like Syracuse (NY) State
Swagelok provides products and services to support College (PA), Arlington (VA) and Gwinnett
the design and production of natural gas vehicles,
sit buses. These may be ordered to run on
filling stations, and hydrogen fuel cell technology. County (GA), and dozens of small communi- compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquefied
ties. These numbers are projected to natural gas (LNG). The right fuel for your
TIAX LLC increase as transit agencies that use natural
20813 Steven Creek Boulevard - Ste 250
community will depend on your location
Cupertino, CA 95014 gas buses build on their successes and new and site-specific considerations. In addition,
Michael Jackson, Sr. Dir. - Transportation ones join the trend. The growing market there are about a dozen second-stage shuttle
408-517-1560 preference may be attributed, in part, to the
manufacturers (referred to as “upfitters”)
www.tiaxllc.com new generation of advanced natural gas that offer natural gas units ranging in size
engines, which have improved performance from 15-passenger vans to 30-passenger
TIAX LLC helps states, counties, cities meet challeng-
ing goals for reducing criteria emissions (NOx, CO, while meeting – and exceeding – EPA’s medium-duty buses. Smaller vans, shuttles
hydrocarbons, and PM2.5 ) and greenhouse gas tough new emissions requirements. and buses are great for ADA and other
emissions from mobile sources. TIAX staff has hands
Meanwhile, “clean diesel” proponents con- demand-response duties, for use in commu-
on experience with all advanced fuel and vehicle
technologies. tinue to grapple with complex new emis- nity feeder routes to primary transit
sions strategies and rising fuel prices that resources, shuttling seniors to shopping,
push diesel bus operating cost even higher. healthcare and community centers, and uni-
Several of the leading bus manufactur- versity transportation applications. On the
ers, including North American Bus Industries light-duty side, natural gas-powered cars,
(NABI), Orion, New Flyer and Blue Bird offer vans and pick-up trucks are great for bus
natural gas engines in their heavy-duty tran- driver exchange duties at the end of sched-
AC&C New Advert 11/1/07 12:40 PM Page 13
2150 South 1300 East - Ste 450
Salt Lake City, UT 84106
Jennifer deTapia, Dir. of Market Services
Trillium builds and operates Compressed Natural Gas
fueling stations nationwide. Reliable equipment, compre-
hensive maintenance programs and competitive pricing
make our stations the easy and economical way for
fleets to meet clean air requirements.
TransEco Energy Corporation
1 West Pack Square, Suite 1409
els and have less complicated Asheville, North Carolina 28801
exhaust system maintenance Miles George, Vice President
On an equivalent gallon www.transecoenergy.com
basis, natural gas fuel costs as TransEco provides CNG station development and O&M
much as fifty percent less than services and operates a state-of-the art facility for con-
diesel and maintenance sav- verting light-, medium- and heavy-duty vehicles to
operate on natural gas or propane (dedicated, bi-fuel
Left: One of 13 CNG buses
ings have been documented and diesel re-powers).
put in service by the City of at between seven to fifteen percent. A new
federal motor fuels excise tax credit that went Tulsa Gas Technologies, Inc.
Portland, ME in early 2007.
4809 S. 101st E. Ave.
Top: Valley Metro, which into effect in late 2006 provides natural gas Tulsa, OK 74146
serves the Phoenix region, fueling station operators with a $.50 per gal- Tom Sewell, President
operates the largest LNG lon credit on the fuel, further improving the 918-665-2641
fleet in the United States economic advantage over diesel buses. For tax www.tulsagastech.com
with over 450 units in serv- exempt organizations like transit authorities,
ice. Above: Honda Civic GX Tulsa Gas Technologies is a manufacturer of CNG dis-
school districts, airports and governments, pensing equipment, metering devices, sequencing panels
is used for administrative
which don’t pay federal motor fuels excise tax and provers; compressor and compressor part sales.
personnel and driver shift
anyway, the credit is paid out in the form of a
changes in Tyler, TX. Westport Innovations, Inc.
U.S. Treasury “rebate” check. Transit opera- 101 - 1750 W. 75th Avenue
tions large and small are using the credits to Vancouver, BC Canada V6P 6G2
lower operating costs and invest in additional Jonathan Burke, VP Corp. Development
natural gas units. email@example.com
uled shifts, route supervision responsibilities Looking to the future, transit agencies www.westport.com
and service and maintenance duties. in California, Vancouver and elsewhere are Westport is the leading developer of environmental
Buses on order for delivery in 2008 experimenting with blends of CNG and technologies that allow engines of our leading OEM
ally-partners to operate on clean-burning fuels such as
will have the newest generation of 2010- hydrogen to further lower emissions, and to natural gas, hydrogen, and hydrogen-enriched com-
compliant low emission natural gas engines, obtain experience with hydrogen fuels for pressed natural gas (HCNG).
which produce only one-sixth the smog- what many predict will be a partially hydro-
Xebec Adsorption, Inc.
inducing NOx that the latest “clean diesel” gen-based transportation future. In addition, Gas Dryer Systems
buses produce. Your transit system patrons natural gas-powered heavy-duty hybrid buses 730 Industriel Boulevard
will appreciate the difference. Most natural are in use in Denver and new units incorpo- Blainville, Quebec Canada J7C 3V4
Marie-Genevieve Poitras, Sales Manager
gas transit fleet operators “wrap” their vehi- rating the latest drive train, energy storage 450-979-8718
cles with decals and signage indicating their and control technology are being field-tested firstname.lastname@example.org
investment in using clean alternative fuels. in San Diego. www.xebecinc.com
It’s a great way to show fare-paying riders When it comes to fuel costs and emis- Xebec Adsorption, Inc., specializes in the engineering,
and the community at large that you’re being sions requirements, the road ahead is likely design and manufacturing of compressed air and natural
gas dryers with associated filtration equipment and
proactive in addressing air quality concerns. to get tougher before it gets any easier. instrumentation for use in CNG stations.
Your fleet managers and drivers will Transit operations evaluating their options
appreciate the fact that natural gas buses should consider moving away from petrole-
have the same power and performance as um-fueled fleets and investigate the benefits
diesel buses, operate at far lower decibel lev- of running their fleet on natural gas.
AC&C New Advert 11/1/07 12:40 PM Page 14
The following natural gas companies
are available to answer your NGV questions.
Atmos Energy Corp.
PO Box 1111
Midland, TX 79702
Clay Cash, VP - Operations
Citizens Gas & Coke Utility
2020 N. Meridian Street
ne of the keys to a successful NGV
Indianapolis, IN 46202
Barbara Pesut-Hanley, Ind. Gas Sales operation is a well-planned and
317-927-4431 well-run fueling infrastructure.
The following is meant to help
you evaluate your options.
Clearwater Gas System Natural gas is available in two forms,
400 N. Myrtle Avenue
Clearwater, FL 34615
compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquefied
Charles Warrington, Managing Director natural gas (LNG). Generally, CNG is avail-
727-562-4901 able wherever local natural gas service is
available and requires compression and dis- NGVs and fuel dispensed, the better the
pensing equipment. Vehicular-grade LNG is operational economies of scale and amortiza-
Enbridge Gas Distribution Co. produced in a cryogenic process at a few tion of your investment in equipment.
P O. Box 650
Scarborough, Ontario Canada M1K 5E3
production plants then transported to cus- The size and cost of your natural gas
Brian Maher, Manager NGV Sales tomers’ fueling sites. Transportation costs fueling station can vary based on 1) the
905-238-8027 x 227 will weigh heavily in whether this option is number of vehicles to be fueled, total daily
economically viable for your operation. As fuel requirements and maximum hourly flow
additional LNG plants come online, its use as rate; 2) whether time-fill, fast-fill or both
Entergy a vehicular fuel will grow. The rest of the dis- capabilities are needed; 3) the level of remote
PO Box 2431
Baton Rouge, LA 70821
cussion that follows applies to CNG. station monitoring and diagnostics capability
Robert Borne, Acct. Manager If existing fueling infrastructure is desired; 4) the type and sophistication of
225-933-6071 already available in your market, this may be data collection/ payment processing system at
your best fueling option. It may be operated the dispenser; 5) the real estate space
by the local gas distribution company (LDC) required; 6) availability, quality and pressure
KeySpan Energy Delivery or an independent natural gas fuel provider, of gas service; 7) amount of back-up fueling
175 East Old Country Road
Hicksville, NY 11801
or it might be a station run by another near- or required system redundancy; and 8) site-
Ron Gulmi, NGV Program Manager by public or private NGV fleet that is willing specific factors such as permitting, site
516-545-5164 to allow use of its natural gas fueling facility. improvements and/or other requirements.
Work with the station operator to make sure The basic cost components of fueling
the existing station can handle added fueling are: (1) natural gas – either purchased on
Laclede Gas Company requirements and, if necessary, investigate the open market through a broker or via the
720 Olive Street – Rm. 1417
St. Louis, MO 63101
options to upgrade capacity. LDC’s bundled rate, (2) the LDC’s delivery
Tom Schultz, NGV Market Dev. Mgr. If use of existing fueling infrastructure charge and related meter and account fees,
314-342-0684 is not convenient or economical, it may be (3) compression, (4) station equipment (or
better to build a new station. You can make the cost of capital to buy it), (5) service and
the station private access only, i.e. for use maintenance, and (6) local, state and federal
Questar Gas Company only by your own vehicles, or you may pro- taxes (if applicable).
180 East 100 South
Salt Lake City, UT 84101
vide “outside-the-fence” fuel dispensing Fleet operators have a number of
Gordon Larsen, Supv. - NGV Ops. capability to other area fleets and con- station ownership and operations options.
801-324-5987 sumers. Installation of this type of public Some city and county governments choose
fueling capability promotes alternative fuel to own and operate their stations outright.
use in your community. Generally, the more While this option may be viewed as offering
AC&C New Advert 11/1/07 12:40 PM Page 15
City and county executives should consult their fleet and facilities man-
agers to determine what types of fueling systems and which ownership
and operation options best meet their needs. Bottom left: 15,000-gallon
LNG storage tanks. Left: CNG station adjacent to Oakland Airport.
Below: FuelMaker unit fuels Honda Civic GX driver training car at
Jordan high school in Sandy, UT.
the potential Your “best option” will depend on cur- Pacific Gas and Electric Company
for the great- rent and projected NGV fleet size and fuel P.O. Box 770000, Mail Code H18L
San Francisco, CA 94177
est savings, it throughput, your government’s contractual Janice Morrison, Clean Air Transp. Team
also incurs the parameters and/or limitations, available fund- 415-973-5297
highest risk as ing and financing and lease options, your email@example.com
all aspects of experience with natural gas fuel purchasing
station man- and your fleet/facilities mechanics’ capabili- Southern California Gas Company
agement ties in operating and maintaining CNG 555 W. Fifth Street
Los Angeles, CA 90013
including fuel equipment. Internal management culture Stan Sinclair, Sales - NGV Group
procurement, also will play a role, e.g., tolerance for risk 213-244-2665
daily opera- and/or willingness to partner with others for firstname.lastname@example.org
tions, mainte- fueling services in order to maintain focus
nance and repairs as well as administrative on core competencies. We Energies
burdens are borne by the fleet operator. There are resources to help you assess 231 W. Michigan Street, P318
Milwaukee, WI 53203
Another option is to partner with a private your fueling station requirements and evalu- Robert Reagan, Proj. Mgr.
firm to build, operate and maintain a station ate your options. U.S. Department of Energy 414-221-2284
for a fee that is usually charged on GGE Clean Cities Coalition coordinators can direct email@example.com
basis. Yet another option is to outsource the you to station design resources as well as
station completely, contracting a firm to assist you in identifying and securing grants
build, own and operate a station on city that can help pay for stations and vehicles. To
property (often under a lease-to-buy option), contact your nearest Clean Cities Coordinator
including procurement of the natural gas, or access a list of fuel providers, vendors and
with all costs bundled into a contracted qualified station consultants, visit www.clean-
price per GGE. vehicle.org or www.ngvamerica.org.
Summary of Federal NGV Tax Incentives
The following tax credits ARE available to tax exempt entities:
Vehicle Tax Credits (effective January 1, 2006)
I Income tax credit goes to buyer: equal to 50-80% of incremental cost of new, dedicated NGV and/or the cost to
upfit an existing vehicle for dedicated operation on natural gas.
I Credit is based on emissions level and Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR).
I If buyer is tax exempt, seller may take credit (discount to tax exempt is negotiable issue).
Light-duty vehicle (up to 8,500 lbs GVWR): . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Credit range: $2,500-4,000
Medium-duty vehicle (8,501-14,000 lbs GVWR) . . . . . . . . . . . . .Credit range: $5,000-8,000
Medium-Heavy-duty vehicle (14,001-26,000 lbs GVWR) . . . . . .Credit range: $12,500-20,000
Heavy-duty vehicle (over 26,000 lbs GVWR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Credit range: $20,000-32,000
Fuel Use Credit (effective October 1, 2006)
I A motor fuel excise tax credit of 50 cents per gallon of liquefied natural gas (LNG) or gasoline-gallon-equivalent of
compressed natural gas (CNG)
I Credit is payable to seller. If customer is “seller//user” of gas, tax credit goes to customer
I Credit is paid regardless of whether user pays excise tax. (i.e., tax exempt organizations qualify for credit)
I New laws increase CNG and LNG excise tax (for taxable sales) to same as gasoline and diesel, respectively
Fueling Station Credit (effective January 1, 2006)
I Income tax credit goes to buyer: equal to 30% of refueling equipment up to $30,000 per location
I If buyer is tax exempt, seller may take credit (discount to tax exempt is negotiable issue)
I Up to $1,000 tax credit for home NGV fueling appliance
AC&C New Advert 11/1/07 12:40 PM Page 16