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					Archaeological Surveying Anth. 451
Prof. Christopher Fennell Spring 2005

Bibliography of Additional Sources on Archaeological Surveying, Spatial Analysis, and Landscapes Aberg, A., and C. Lewis, eds. (2000). The Rising Tide: Archaeology and Coastal Landscapes (Oxford: Oxbow). Adams, Robert McC. (1981). Heartland of Cities: Surveys of Ancient Settlement Systems and Land Use of the Central Floodplains of the Euphrates (Chicago: University of Chicago Press). Aldenderfer, Mark S., and Carolyn A. Hale-Pierce (1984). The Small-Scale Archaeological Survey Revisited, American Archeology 4(1): 4-5. Aldenderfer, Mark S., and Frank J. Schieppati (1984). To Be or Not To Be: The SmallScale Archaeological Survey and Archaeological Research, American Archeology 4(1): 49-53. Alexander, D.A. (1983). The Limitations of Traditional Surveying Techniques in a Forested Environment, Journal of Field Archaeology 10: 177-86. Ammerman, Albert J. (1981). Surveys and Archaeological Research, Annual Review of Anthropology 10: 63-88. Analen, Arnold N., and Robert Melnick, eds. (2000). Preserving Cultural Landscapes in America (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press). Archibald, Robert R. (1999). Facing the Past, in A Place to Remember: Using History to Build Community, pp. 9-25 (Walnut Creek: Alta Mira Press). Ashmore, Wendy, and A. Bernard Knapp, eds. (1999). Archaeologies of Landscape: Contemporary Perspectives (Malden, MA: Blackwell). 1

Aston, Michael (1985). Interpreting the Landscape: Landscape Archaeology and Local Studies (London: B.T. Batsford). Aston, Michael and Trevor Rowley (1974). Landscape Archaeology: an Introduction to Fieldwork Techniques on Post-Roman Landscapes (Newton Abbot, England: David & Charles). Aveni, Anthony F., and Helaine Silverman (1991). Between the Lines: Reading the Nazca Markings as Rituals Writ Large, The Sciences July/August. Baldwin, A. Dwight, Jr., et al., eds. (1993). Beyond Preservation: Restoring and Inventing Landscapes (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press). Balée, W., ed. (1998). Advances in Historical Ecology (New York: Columbia University Press). Banning, E. B. (2002). Archaeological Survey (New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum). Basso, Keith (1996). Wisdom Sits in Paces: Notes on a Western Apache Landscape, in Senses of Place, ed. by Steven Feld and Keith H. Basso, pp.53-90 (Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research Press). Baugher, Sherene (2001). Visible Charity: The Archaeology, Material Culture, and Landscape Design of New York City’s Municipal Almshouse Complex, 1736-1797, International Journal of Historical Archaeology 5(2): 175-202. Beaudry, Mary C. (1986). The Archaeology of Historical Land Use in Massachusetts, Historical Archaeology 20(2):38-46. Beaudry, Mary C. (1999). The Archaeology of Domestic Life in Early America, in Old and New Worlds, ed. by Geoff Egan and Ronald L. Michael, pp.117-26 (Oxford: Oxbow). Bender, Barbara (1992). Theorizing Landscape and the Prehistoric Landscapes of Stonehenge, Man 27: 735-55. Bender, Barbara (1998). Stonehenge: Making Space (Oxford: Berg). Bender, Barbara, ed. (1993). Landscape: Politics and Perspectives (London: Berg). Bettinger, Robert (1977). An Exploratory Sampling Design For Cultural Resources in New York State (Buffalo: New York Archeological Council). Bevan, Bruce W. (1998). Geophysical Exploration for Archaeology: An Introduction to Geophysical Exploration (Lincoln, Nebraska: Midwest Archaeological Center).

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Birnbaum, Charles, and Christine C. Peters (1996), The Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties with Guidelines for the Treatment of Cultural Landscapes (Washington DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service). Blaikie, P. M., and H. C. Brookfield, eds. (1987). Land Degradation and Society (London: Methuen). Borchert, James (1986). Alley Landscapes of Washington, in Common Places: Readings in American Vernacular Architecture, ed. by Dell Upton and John M. Vlach, pp. 281-91 (Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press). Bowden, M., ed. (1999). Unraveling the Landscape: An Inquisitive Approach to Archaeology (Stroud: Tempus). Bradley, R. (1998a). The Significance of Monuments: On the Shaping of Human Experience in Neolithic and Bronze Age Europe (London: Routledge). Bradley, R. (1998b). Rock Art and the Prehistory of Atlantic Europe: Signing the Land (London: Routledge). Butler, William (1984). Cultural Resource Management: The No-Collection Strategy in Archaeology, American Antiquity 44(4): 795-99. Chappell, Sally A. (2002). Cahokia: Mirror of the Cosmos (Chicago: University of Chicago Press). Cherry, J. F. (1983). Frogs Round The Pond: Perspectives on Current Archaeological Survey Projects in the Mediterranean Region, in Archaeological Survey in the Mediterranean Area, British Archaeological Reports International Series 155: 375-416. (Oxford: BAR). Connolly, T .J. and P. W. Baxter (1983). The Problem With Probability: Alternative Methods for Forest Survey, Tebiwa 20: 22-34. Conyers, Lawrence B. (1997). Introduction, in Ground Penetrating Radar: An Introduction for Archaeologists, pp.11-21 (Walnut Creek: Alta Mira Press). Coones, P. (1985). One Landscape or Many? A Geographical Perspective, Landscape History 25: 512. Cosgrove, D. E. (1984). Social Formation and Symbolic Landscape (Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press). Cressey, Pamela, et al. (1982). The Core-Periphery Relationship and the Archaeological Record in Alexandria, Virginia, in Archaeology of Urban America: The Search for

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Pattern and Process, edited by Roy S. Dickens, Jr., pp. 143-73 (New York: Academic Press). Cronin, William, ed. (1996). Uncommon Ground: Rethinking the Human Place in Nature (New York: Norton). Crumley, Carole L. (1994). Historical Ecology: A Multidimensional Ecological Orientation, in Historical Ecology: Cultural Knowledge and Changing Landscapes, ed. by Carole L. Crumley, pp. 1-16 (Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research). Crumley, Carole L., and William H. Marquardt (1990). Landscape: A Unifying Concept in Regional Analysis, in Interpreting Space: GIS and Archaeology, ed. by Kathleen Allen, Stanton Green, and Ezra Zubrow, pp. 73-79 (London: Taylor and Francis). Crumley, Carole L., and William H. Marquardt, eds. (1987). Regional Dynamics: Burgundian Landscapes in Historical Perspective (San Diego: Academic Press). Dancey, William S. (1974). The Archaeological Survey: A Reorientation, Man In The Northeast 8: 98-112. Davis, Karen Lee (1997). Sites without Sights: Interpreting Closed Excavations, in Presenting Archaeology to the Public: Digging for Truths, ed. by John Jameson, Jr., pp.84-98 (Walnut Creek: Alta Mira Press). Deetz, James (1990). Landscapes as Cultural Statements, in Earth Patterns: Essays in Landscape Archaeology, ed. by William M. Kelso and Rachel Most, pp. 1-4 (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia). Delle, James A. (1999). “A Good and Easy Speculation”: Spatial Conflict, Collusion, and Resistance in Late 16th-Century Munster, Ireland, International Journal of Historical Archaeology 3(1): 11-35. Denevan, William M. (1992). The Pristine Myth: The Landscapes of the Americas in 1492, Association of American Geographers 82(3):369-385. Derry, Linda (2000). Southern Town Plans, Story Telling, and Historical Archaeology, in Archaeology of Southern Urban Landscapes, ed. by Amy L. Young, pp.14-29 (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press). Dincauze, Dena F. (2000). Environmental Archaeology: Principles and Practice (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). Dincause, Dena F., H. Martin Wobst, Robert J. Hasenstab and David M. Lacy (1984). A Retrospective Assessment of Archaeological Survey Contracts In Massachusetts, 19701979. Massachusetts Historical Commission, Survey and Planning Grant 1980 (3 volumes).

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Duncan, Richard B., and Kristen A. Beckman (2000). The Application of GIS Predictive Site Location Models within Pennsylvania and West Virginia, in Practical Applications of GIS for Archaeologists: A Predictive Modeling Toolkit, edited by Konnie L. Wescott and R. Joe Brandon, pp. 33-58 (London: Taylor & Francis). Dunnell, Robert C. (1992). The Notion Site, in Space, Time, and Archaeological Landscapes, ed. by Jacqueline Rossignol and LuAnn Wandsnider, pp. 21-41 (New York: Plenum Press). Dunnell, Robert C., and William S. Dancey (1983). The Siteless Survey: A Regional Scale Data Collection Strategy, in Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, Volume 6, edited by Michael B. Schiffer, pp. 267-87 (New York: Academic Press). Dunning, Nicholas, et al. (1999). Temple Mountains, Sacred Lakes, and Fertile Fields: Ancient Maya Landscapes in Northwestern Belize, Antiquity 73(281) (Sept. 1999). Ebert, James I. (1992). Distributional Archaeology (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press). Ebert, James I., Signa Larralde, and LuAnn Wandsnider (1987). Distributional Archaeology: Survey, Mapping, and Analysis of Surface Archaeological Materials in the Green River Basin, Wyoming, in Perspectives on Archaeological Resources Management in the Great Plains, edited by A. J. Osborn and R. C. Haskell, pp. 159-78 (Omaha, Nebraska: I&O Publishing). Erickson, Clark L. (1999). Neo-environmental Determinism and Agrarian “Collapse” in Andean Prehistory, Antiquity 73(281) (Sept. 1999). Evans, John G. (2003). Environmental Archaeology and the Social Order (London: Routledge). Everson, Paul, and Tom Williamson, eds. (1998). The Archaeology of Landscape (Manchester: Manchester University Press). Feinman, Gary M. (1999). Defining a Contemporary Landscape Approach: Concluding Thoughts, Antiquity 73(281) (Sept. 1999). Fisher, Christopher T., and Tina L. Thurston, eds. (1999). Dynamic Landscapes and Socio-political Process: The Topography of Anthropogenic Environments in Global Perspective, Antiquity 73(281) (Sept. 1999). Flannery, Kent V. (1976). The Trouble with Regional Sampling, in The Early Mesoamerican Village, edited by K.V. Flannery, pp. 159-160 (New York: Academic Press).

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Fleming, Andrew (1987). Coaxial Field Systems: Some Questions of Time and Space, Antiquity 61:188-202. Fish, S. K., and S. A. Kowalewski, eds. (1990). The Archaeology of Regions: A Case for Full-Coverage Survey (Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press). Gallivan, Martin D. (1997). Spatial Analaysis of John Smith's Map of Virginia, Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology 13:145-60. Gartner, William G. (1999). Late Woodland Landscapes of Wisconsin: Ridged Fields, Effigy Mounds and Territoriality, Antiquity 73(281) (Sept. 1999). Gillings, Mark, D. Mattingly, and J. van Dalen, eds. (1999). Geographical Information Systems and Landscape Archaeology. The Archaeology of Mediterranean Landscapes 3 (Oxford: Oxbow). Gleason, Kathryn L. (1994). To Bound and to Cultivate: An Introduction to the Archaeology of Gardens and Fields, in The Archaeology of Garden and Field, ed. by Naomi Miller and Kathryn Gleason, pp. 1-24 (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press). Griswold, Charles L. (1986). The Vietnam Veterans Memorial and the Washington Mall: Philosophical Thoughts on Political Iconography, Critical Inquiry (Summer 1986) 12:688-719. Gundaker, Grey (1993). Tradition and Innovation in African-American Yards, African Art (April 1993) 26(2):58-71, 94-96. Hale-Pierce, Carolyn A. (1984). The Resource Protection Process (RP3): Integrating the Small-Scale Survey into a Research and Management Framework, American Archeology 4(1): 5-11. Hansen, Eric (1984). The Whole is Greater than the Sum of Its Parts: Small-Scale Surveys and Regional Level Research, American Archeology 4(1): 35-43. Hardesty, Donald L., and Barbara J. Little (2000). Assessing Site Significance: A Guide for Archaeologists and Historians (Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press). Hasenstab, Robert J., and David M. Lacy (1984). The Reporting of Small-Scale Survey Results For Research Purposes: Suggestions for Improvement, American Archeology 4(1): 43-49. Hodder, Ian, and Clive Orton (1976), Spatial Analysis in Archaeology (Cambridge University Press).

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Hope-Simpson, Richard (1983). The Limitations of Surface Surveys, in Archaeological Survey in the Mediterranean Area, edited by D. R. Keller and D. W. Ruppe, British Archaeological Reports International Series 155: 45-48 (Oxford: BAR). Hope-Simpson, Richard (1984). The Analysis of Data from Surface Surveys, Journal of Field Archaeology 11: 115-17. Horning, Audrey (2001). Of Saints and Sinners: Mythic Landscapes of the Old and New South, in Myth, Memory, and the Making of the American Landscape, ed. by Paul A. Shackel, pp. 21-46. (Gainesville: University Press of Florida). Ingold, Timothy (1993). The Temporality of the Landscape, World Archaeology 25(2): 152-74. Ives, J. (1982). Evaluating the Effectiveness of Site Discovery Techniques in Boreal Forest Environments, in Directions in Archaeology: A Question of Goals, edited by P. Francis and E. Poplin, pp. 95-114 (Alberta: University of Calgary). Jackson, J. B. (1994). A Sense of Place, A Sense of Time (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press). Jameson, John H., Jr., ed. (1997). Presenting Archaeology to the Public: Digging for Truths (Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press). Johnson, Gregory A. (1977). Aspects of Regional Analysis in Archaeology, Annual Review of Anthropology 6: 479-508. Judge, W. James (1981). Transect Sampling in Chaco Canyon -- Evaluation of a Survey Technique, in Archaeological Surveys of Chaco Canyon, edited by C. Hayes, D. M. Brugge, and W. J. Judge, pp. 107-37 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Interior). Kantner, John (1997). Ancient Roads, Modern Mapping: Evaluating Chaco Anasazi Roadways using GIS Technology, Expedition 39(3): 49-62. Kelso, William M. and Rachel Most, eds. (1990). Earth Patterns: Essays in Landscape Archaeology (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia). Kerber, Jordan E. (1994). Cultural Resource Management (Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey). Killion, Thomas W. (1992). Residential Ethnoarchaeology and Ancient Site Structure, in Gardens of Prehistory: The Archaeology of Settlement Agriculture in Greater Mesoamerica, ed. by Thomas W. Killion, pp. 119-149 (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press).

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King, Thomas F. (1978). The Archaeological Survey: Its Methods and Uses (Washington, D.C.: Interagency Archaeological Services, Department of the Interior). King, Thomas F. (1998). Cultural Resources Laws and Practices (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield). King, Thomas F. (2003). Places that Count: Traditional Cultural Properties (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield). Kintigh, K. W. (1988). The Effectiveness of Subsurface Testing: A Simulation Approach, American Antiquity 53: 686-707. Kirch, P. V., and T. L. Hunt, eds. (1997). Historical Ecology in the Pacific Islands: Prehistoric Environmental and Landscape Change (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press). Knowles, Anne K. (2002). Past Time, Past Place: GIS for History (Redlands, CA: ESRI Press). Kohl, Philip L. (1987). The Use and Abuse of World Systems Theory: The Case of the Pristine West Asian State, in Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, Volume 11, edited by Michael B. Schiffer, pp. 1-35 (New York: Academic Press). Kowalewski, Stephen A. (1990). Merits of Full-Coverage Survey: Examples from the Valley of Oaxaca, Mexico, in The Archaeology of Regions: The Case for Full Coverage Survey, edited by Suzanne Fish and Stephen Kowalewski, pp. 33-83 (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Press). Krakker, J. J., M. J. Shott, and P. D. Welch (1983). Design and Evaluation of Shovel-Test Sampling in Regional Archaeological Survey, Journal of Field Archaeology 10: 469-80. Kristan-Graham, Cynthia (2001). A Sense of Place at Chichen Itza, in Landscape and Power in Ancient Mesoamerica, ed. by Rex Koontz, Kathryn Reese-Taylor, and Annabeth Headrick, pp. 317-69 (Boulder, CO: Westview Press). Lanier, Gabrielle M., and Bernard L. Herman (1997). Everyday Architecture of the MidAtlantic: Looking at Buildings and Landscapes (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press). Lavine, Steven D. (1992). Audience, Ownership, and Authority: Designing Relations between Museums and Communities, in Museums and Communities: The Politics of Public Culture, ed. by Ivan Karp, Christine M. Kreamer, and Steven D. Lavine, 137-57 (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press). Lawrence, Denise S., and Setha M. Low (1990). The Built Environment and Spatial Form, Annual Review of Anthropology 19:453-505.

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Leone, Mark P. (1984). Interpreting Ideology in Historical Archaeology: Using the Rules of Perspective in the William Paca Garden in Annapolis, Maryland, in Ideology, Representation and Power in Prehistory, ed. by Christopher Tilley and Daniel Miller, pp. 25-35 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). Leone, Mark P. (1987). Rule by Ostentation: The Relationship Between Space and Sight in Eighteenth Century Landscape Architecture in the Chesapeake Region of Maryland, in Method and Theory for Activity Area Research: An Ethnoarchaeological Approach, ed. by Susan Kent, pp. 604-33 (New York: Columbia University Press). Leone, Mark P. (1988). The Relationship Between Archaeological Data and the Documentary Record: Eighteenth-Century Gardens in Annapolis, Maryland, Historical Archaeology 22(1): 29-35. Leone, Mark P. (1989). Issues in Historic Landscapes and Gardens, Historical Archaeology 23(1): 45-47. Leveau, Philippe, F. Trement, K. Walsh, and G. Barker, eds. (1999). Environmental Reconstruction in Mediterranean Landscape Archaeology. The Archaeology of Mediterranean Landscapes 2 (Oxford: Oxbow). Lewis, R. Barry, Charles Stout, and Cameron Wesson (1998). The Design of Mississippian Towns, in Mississippian Towns and Sacred Spaces: Searching for An Architectural Grammar, ed. by R. Barry Lewis and Charles Stout, pp. 1-21 (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press). Lightfoot, Kent G. (1986). Regional Surveys in the Eastern United States: The Strengths and Weaknesses of Implementing Subsurface Testing Programs, American Antiquity 51(3): 484-504. Lightfoot, Kent G. (1989). A Defense of Shovel Test Sampling: A Reply to Shott, American Antiquity 54(2): 413-16. Lippard, L. R. (1997). The Lure of the Local: Senses of Place in a Multicentered Society (New York: New Press). Llobera, Marcos (1996). Exploring the Topography of Mind: GIS, Social Space, and Archaeology, Antiquity 70:612-22. Lock, Gary, and Z. Stancic, eds. (1995). Archaeology and Geographic Information Systems: A European Perspective (London: Taylor & Francis). Lovis, William A., Jr. (1976). Quarter Sections and Forests: An Example of Probability Sampling in the Northeastern Woodlands, American Antiquity 41(3): 364-72.

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Low, Setha M., and Denise Lawrence-Zuniga, eds. (2003). The Anthropology of Space and Place: Locating Culture (London: Blackwell). Lucas, Michael T. (2004). Applied Archaeology and the Construction of Place at Mount Calvert, Prince George’s County, Maryland, in Places in Mind: Public Archaeology as Applied Anthropology, ed. by Paul A Shackel and Erve J. Chambers, pp. 119-34 (London: Routledge). Lynch, M. (1980). Site Artifact Density and the Effectiveness of Shovel Probes, Current Anthropology 21: 516-17. Madry, Scott, and Carole L. Crumley (1990). An Application of Remote Sensing and GIS in a Regional Archaeological Settlement Pattern Analysis: The Arroux River Valley, Burgundy, France, in Interpreting Space: GIS and Archaeology, ed. by Kathleen Allen, Stanton Green, and Ezra Zubrow, pp. 364-80 (London: Taylor & Francis). Maschner, H. D. G., ed. (1996). New Methods, Old Problems: Geographic Information Systems in Modern Archaeological Research (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Center for Archaeological Investigations). Matson, R. G., and W. D. Lipe (1975). Regional Sampling: A Case Study of Cedar Mesa, Utah, in Sampling in Archeology, edited by J. W. Mueller (Tucson: University of Arizona Press). McGlade, J. (1995). Archaeology and the Ecodynamics of Human-modified Landscapes, Antiquity 69: 113-32. McHenry, Stewart G. (1986). Eighteenth-Century Field Patterns as Vernacular Art, in Common Places: Readings in American Vernacular Architecture, ed. by Dell Upton and John M. Vlach, pp. 107-23 (Athens: University of Georgia Press). McManamon, Francis P. (1984). Discovering Sites Unseen, in Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, Volume 8, edited by Michael B. Schiffer, pp. 223-92 (New York: Academic Press). McManamon, Francis P., and Alf Hatton, eds. (2000). Cultural Resource Management in Contemporary Society: Perspectives on Managing and Presenting the Past (London: Routledge). Miller, C. L., II (1989). Evaluating the Effectiveness of Archaeological Surveys, Ontario Archaeology 49: 3-12. Miller, Peter S. (1984). The Big Business of Small-Scale Surveys, American Archeology 4(1): 11-14.

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Mueller, J. W., ed. (1975). Sampling in Archeology (Tucson: University of Arizona Press). Mullins, Paul R. (2004). African-American Heritage in a Multicultural Community: An Archaeology of Race, Culture and Consumption, in Places in Mind: Public Archaeology as Applied Anthropology, ed. by Paul A Shackel and Erve J. Chambers, pp. 57-70 (London: Routledge). Nance, Jack D. (1979). Regional Subsampling and Statistical Inference in Forested Habitats, American Antiquity 44: 172-76. Nance, Jack D. (1983). Regional Sampling in Archaeological Survey: The Statistical Perspective, in Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, Volume 6, edited by Michael B. Schiffer, pp. 289-356 (New York: Academic Press). Nance, Jack D., and Bruce F. Ball (1986). No Surprises? The Reliability and Validity of Test Pit Sampling, American Antiquity 51: 457-83. Nance, Jack D., and Bruce F. Ball (1989). A Shot in the Dark: Shott’s Comments on Nance and Ball, American Antiquity 54(2): 405-12. Nash, George, and George Children (2000). Walking with Landscape Syntax and Narrative: The Experiential of the Buena Vista Rock Art Site, French Glen, Oregon, in Signifying Place and Space: World Perspectives of Rock Art and Landscape, ed. by George Nash, pp.163-71 (BAR International Series 902; Oxford: Archaeopress). Neumann, Thomas W., and Robert M. Stanford (2001). Cultural Resource Archaeology (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield). Nicholson, B.A. (1983). A Comparative Evaluation of Four Sampling Techniques and of the Reliability of Microdebitage as a Cultural Indicator in Regional Surveys, Plains Anthropologist 28: 273-81. Pauketat, Timothy (2004). Ancient Cahokia and the Mississippians (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). Pauketat, Timothy, and Thomas Emerson, eds. (1997). Cahokia: Domination and Ideology in the Mississippian World (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press). Padgett, Thomas J. (1984). Relevance and Responsiveness in Small-Scale Surveys for Transportation and Public Works Projects, American Archeology 4(1): 14-16. Plog, Stephen (1976). Relative Efficiencies of Sampling Techniques for Archaeological Surveys, in The Early Mesoamerican Village, edited by Kent Flannery, pp. 136-58 (New York: Academic Press).

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Plog, Stephen, Fred Plog, and Walter Wait (1978). Decision Making in Modern Surveys, in Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, Volume 1, edited by Michael B. Schiffer, pp. 383-421 (New York: Academic Press). Redman, Charles L. (1973). Multistage Fieldwork and Analytical Techniques, American Antiquity 38(1): 61-79. Reid, C. S. “Paddy” (1988). Some Ideas Concerning the Formulation of Research Designs and Excavation Methodologies on Boreal Forest Habitation Sites, Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology 13(2): 187-221. Richmond, Jennifer R., and Marion P. Forsyth (2003). Legal Perspectives on Cultural Resources (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield). Riley, D. N. (1987). How Sites Show, in Aerial Photography in Archaeology, pp. 17-40 (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press). Rossignol, Jaqueline, and LuAnn Wandsnider, eds. (1992). Space, Time and Archaeological Landscapes (New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum). Ruppe, Reynold (1966). The Archaeological Survey: A Defense, American Antiquity 31(3): 313-33. Schama, Simon (1995). Landscape and Memory (New York: Random House). Schiffer, Michael B. (1987). Formation Processes of the Archaeological Record (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press). Schiffer, Michael B., Alan P. Sullivan, and Timothy C. Klinger (1978). The Design of Archaeological Surveys, World Archaeology 10: 1-28. Schortman, Edward M., and Patricia A. Urban (1987). Modeling Interregional Interaction in Prehistory, in Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, Volume 11, edited by Michael B. Schiffer, pp. 37-95 (New York: Academic Press). Shackel, Paul A., ed. (2001). Myth, Memory, and the Making of the American Landscape (Gainesville: University Press of Florida). Shackel, Paul A., and Erve J. Chambers, eds. (2004). Places in Mind: Public Archaeology as Applied Anthropology (London: Routledge). Shott, Michael J. (1985). Shovel-Test Sampling as a Site Discovery Technique: A Case Study From Michigan, Journal of Field Archaeology 12: 458-69. Shott, Michael J. (1989). Shovel Test Sampling in Archaeological Survey: Comments on Nance and Ball, and Lightfoot, American Antiquity 54(2): 396-404.

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Silverman, Helaine, and David M. Browne (1991). New Evidence for the Date of the Nazca Lines, Antiquity 65(247): 208-20. Silverman, Helaine, and William H. Isbell, eds. (2002). Andean Archaeology II: Art, Landscape, and Society (New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum). Silverman, Helaine, and David B. Small, eds. (2002). The Space and Place of Death, Archaeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association, Number 11. Smith, Carol A. (1975). Examining Stratification Systems through Peasant Marketing Arrangements: An Application of Some Models from Economic Geography, Man 10(1): 95-122. Smith, Carol A. (1976). Regional Economic Systems: Linking Geographical Models and Socioeconomic Problems, in Regional Analysis: Volume I, Economic Systems, edited by Carol A. Smith, pp. 3-63 (New York: Academic Press). Smith, Carol A. (1976). Exchange Systems and the Spatial Distribution of Elites: The Organization of Stratification in Agrarian Societies, in Regional Analysis: Volume II, Social Systems, edited by Carol A. Smith, pp. 309-74 (New York: Academic Press). Smith, L. D. (1977). Archeological Sampling Procedures For Large Land Areas: A Statistically Based Approach (Albuquerque: USDA Forest Service). Sofaer, Anna (1997). The Primary Architecture of the Chacoan Culture: A Cosmological Expression, in Anasazi Architecture and American Design, ed. by Baker H. Morrow and V. B. Price, pp. 88-132 (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press). Sofaer, Anna, Michael Marshall, and Rolf Sinclair (1989). The Great North Road: A Cosmographic Expression of the Chaco Culture of New Mexico, in World Archaeoastronomy, ed. by Anthony Aveni, pp. 365-76 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). Soffer, Olga, A. Vasil'ev, and J. Kozlowski, eds. (2003). Perceived Landscapes and Built Environments: The Cultural Geography of Late Paleolithic Eurasia (Oxford: B.A.R., International Series). Stafford, C. R. (1995). Geoarchaeological Perspectives on Paleolandscapes and Regional Subsurface Archaeology. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 2: 69-104. Stapp, Darby C., and Michael S. Burney (2002). Tribal Cultural Resource Management (Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press). Stein, Julie K. (1986). Coring Archaeological Sites, American Antiquity 51(3): 505-27.

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Stein, Julie K. (1992). Organic Matter in Archaeological Contexts, in Soils in Archaeology: Landscape Evolution and Human Occupation, ed. by Vance T. Holliday, pp. 193-216 (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press). Stewart, Pamela J., and Andrew Strathern, eds. (2003). Landscape, Memory and History: Anthropological Perspectives (London: Pluto Press). Stone, G. D. (1981). On Artifact Density and Shovel Probes, Current Anthropology 22: 182-83. Sullivan, Alan P. (1998). Surface Archaeology (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press). Talmage, Valerie, and Olga Chesler (1977). The Importance of Small, Surface, and Disturbed Sites as Sources, of Significant Archaeological Data (Washington, D.C.: Interagency Archeological Service, National Park Service). Tate, Marcia J., and Bruce E. Rippeteau (1984). Cultural History From Energy Development, American Archeology 4(1): 27-29. Theodratus, Dorothea J., and Frank LaPena (1994). Wintu Sacred Geography of Northern California, in Sacred Sites, Sacred Places, ed. by David L. Carmichael et al., pp. 20-31 (London: Routledge). Thomas, Julian (1996). Time, Culture and Identity (London: Routledge). Thurston, Tina (1999). The Knowable, the Doable and the Undiscussed: Tradition, Submission and the “Becoming” of Rural Landscapes in Denmark's Iron Age, Antiquity 73(281) (Sept. 1999). Tilley, Christopher (1994). A Phenomenology of Landscape: Places, Paths and Monuments (Oxford: Berg). Trombold, C. D., ed. (1991). Ancient Road Networks and Settlement Hierarchies in the New World (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). Urton, Gary (1990). Andean Social Organization and the Maintenance of the Nazca Lines, in The Lines of Nazca, ed. by Anthony Aveni, pp. 175-206 (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society). Vlach, John M. (1993). Back of the Big House: The Architecture of Plantation Slavery (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press). Wagstaff, J. M., ed. (1987). Landscape and Culture: Geographical and Archaeological Perspectives (Oxford: Basil Blackwell).

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Zimmerer, K., and K. R. Young (1998). Introduction: The Geographical Nature of Landscape Change, in Nature’s Geography: New Lessons for Conservation in Developing Countries, ed. by K. Zimmerer and K. R. Young, pp. 3-35 (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press). Zubrow, Ezra B. (1984). Small-Scale Surveys: A Problem for Quality Control, American Archeology 4(1): 16-27. Zubrow, Ezra B. (1984). Cultural Causality: A Multivariate Analysis of Prehistoric Western New York from Small-Scale Surveys, American Archeology 4(1): 29-35. ****** Internet Resources on Archaeological Surveying, Spatial Analysis, and Landscapes Aerial Archaeology: http://www.univie.ac.at/Luftbildarchiv/intro/aa_aaint.htm Aerial Archaeology in Baden-Württemberg, Germany: http://home.bawue.de/~wmwerner/english/braasch.html Aerial Archaeology Research Group: http://aarg.univie.ac.at/ American Memory Project, Map Collections: http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/collections/finder.html Archaeological and Geophysical Image Library (U. Arkansas): http://www.cast.uark.edu/~kkvamme/geop/geop.htm Archaeology and Geophysical Survey (Notre Dame): http://www.nd.edu/~mschurr Association for Environmental Archaeology: http://www.arcl.ed.ac.uk/aea/index2.htm Center for Advanced Spatial Technologies (U. Arkansas): http://www.cast.uark.edu/index_alt.htm Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (Rutgers U.): http://deathstar.rutgers.edu/ Geoarchaeology: An Introduction (Ass’n Environ. Arch’y): http://www.arcl.ed.ac.uk/aea/aea5-theory-methods-and-practise-of-ea/geoarchaeologyintroduction.htm

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Geoarchaeology and GIS (U. Calgary): http://www.ucalgary.ca/~amwhit/home.htm Geophysics in Illinois (CERL): http://virtual.parkland.edu/ias/publications/geophysics/geophysics.html Geophysics at New Philadelphia, Illinois (CERL): http://www.anthro.uiuc.edu/faculty/cfennell/NP/geophysics.html Ground Penetrating Radar in Archaeology (U. Denver): http://www.du.edu/~lconyer/ Historic Landscapes of New Philadelphia (U. Illinois): http://www.anthro.uiuc.edu/faculty/cfennell/NP/ History of Territory and State Boundaries in U.S.: http://www.vcdh.virginia.edu/HIUS323/maps.htm Index of Historical Map Web Sites (U. Texas): http://www.lib.utexas.edu/Libs/PCL/Map_collection/map_sites/hist_sites.html Institute for Computational Earth System Science (U. California): http://www.crseo.ucsb.edu/ Landscape History reading list by Dr. Graham Jones (U. Leicester): http://www.le.ac.uk/elh/grj1/booklist.html Old Compass & Bearing Equivalents: http://www.rootsweb.com/~vavfar/compass.html NASA's Remote Sensing Imagery: http://wwwghcc.msfc.nasa.gov/archeology/ NASA’s Space Radar Images of Earth: http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/radar/sircxsar/ NASA's Visible Earth: http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/ National Park Service Cultural Landscapes Initiatives: http://www.cr.nps.gov/landscapes.htm National Park Service’s Historic Landscapes Initiatives: http://www2.cr.nps.gov/hli/index.htm

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National Preservation Institute: http://www.npi.org/ National Register of Historic Places: http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/ National Trust for Historic Preservation: http://www.nationaltrust.org/ North America Database of Archaeological Geophysics (U. Arkansas): http://www.cast.uark.edu/nadag Nova's Remote Sensing Imagery: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/ubar/tools/ NRCS Soil Surveys: http://www.ncgc.nrcs.usda.gov/branch/ssb/products/ssurgo/index.html Rumsey Cartography Collections: http://www.davidrumsey.com/collections/cartography.html Satellite Remote Sensing and Archaeology (M. Fowler): http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/mjff/ Technology in Archaeology: http://emuseum.mankato.msus.edu/archaeology/archtechnology/index.shtml UNESCO Cultural Heritage Preservation: http://portal.unesco.org/culture/ U.S. Geological Survey: http://www.usgs.gov/ U.S. Historical Declinations: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/seg/geomag/declination.shtml

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