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					Executive Summary of Draft EIA / EMP of proposed JVR OC-II Project of SCCL

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PUBLIC HEARING FOR THE PROPOSED JALAGAM VENGALA RAO OPENCAST-II COAL MINING PROJECT NEAR KOMMEPALLI VILLAGE, SATTUPALLI MANDAL, KHAMMAM DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH

DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT THE SINGARENI COLLIERIES COMPANY LIMITED (A Government Company) KOTHAGUDEM- 507 101 KHAMMAM DISTRICT, A.P

MARCH 2009

EPTRI, Hyderabad

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Executive Summary of Draft EIA / EMP of proposed JVR OC-II Project of SCCL

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1.0 Introduction

The Singareni Collieries Company Ltd. (SCCL) has been exploiting coal for more than 119 years. Out of 470 Km long Pranahita Godavari Valley Coalfield, 350 Km stretch is lying mostly in the South Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, wherein The Singareni Collieries Company Limited (SCCL) is performing Coal mining activities. Over the years, the Company has expanded its exploration and exploitation activities in Adilabad, Karimnagar, Warangal and Khammam districts of Andhra Pradesh.

1.1

Need for the Project

Coal occupies the pivotal position in India currently meeting over 75% of the country‟s commercial energy requirement. The strategy for coal industry has been to accelerate coal production in order to meet the growing demand of power and other sectors by expanding open cast coal mining which helped the industry to meet the increasing demand at comparatively lower additional costs. Since, Nationalization, almost all the increase in coal production has come from open cast mines. Presently about 81% production in India comes from open cast mines and rest from under ground mines. This trend is likely to continue in future also.

The consumption of coal in the country during 2006-07 was about 460 MT. The electricity generation sector is the largest consumer of coal in India. It accounts for 80% of total coal consumption. The electricity sector will therefore, continue to remain the largest coal consumer for some more decades. The balance 20% is consumed by thousands of other industries like steel, cement, textiles, fertilizers, refractories etc. SCCL has a demand of production level of 65.78 MT by the end of XI Plan period i.e. 2011-12.

SCCL has proposed an Opencast coal mining project i.e. Jalagam Vengala Rao opencast-II project near Kommepalli village in Sathupalli Mandal, Khammam district in Andhra Pradesh to meet the increasing demand of coal from different industrial sectors. This project will reduce the gap to the extent of its rated peak production capacity of 5.00 MTPA.

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Executive Summary of Draft EIA / EMP of proposed JVR OC-II Project of SCCL

2.0 Brief description of the project In the present proposal, Jalagam Vengala Rao Opencast –II (JVR OC-II) project is proposed for extraction of coal by opencast mining method up to a maximum depth of 363.45 m. The project is designed for a rated capacity of 4.00 Million Tonne per Annum (MTPA) with a peak production capacity of 5.00 MTPA with a life of 54 years (including construction period). The total mineable coal reserves of this project are about 195.05 MT. The total overburden to be removed is 1045.68 Mm3 with an average stripping ratio of 5.39 m3/T.

The coal produced from the proposed project will be transported to the Coal handling Plant proposed for the project.

The salient features of the proposed opencast project are as follows:

Name of the Project Nature of mining Location

Jalagam Vengala Rao OC -II Project Opencast method of extraction Near Kommepalli Village, Sathupalli Mandal, Khammam District, A.P.

Total land requirement for project

1409.81 Ha

Sanctioned capital requirement of Rs.474.64 Crores the project Mineable Reserves Maximum depth of the quarry Total Over Burden (OB) removal Average Stripping ratio Peak coal production Life of the project Average grade of coal 195.05 MT 363.45 m 1045.68 Mm3 5.39 m3 / T 5.00 MTPA 54 years “F”

2.1

Details of the Site

Jalagam Vengala Rao Opencast Project-II (JVR OC-II) is located in the northern central part of the Sattupalli - Chintalapudi coal belt represents the South-eastern continuation of Kothagudem sub-basin. It is located between North latitude 17o10‟24” to 17o12‟11” and East longitude 80o47‟07” to 80o49‟11” and falls in the Survey of India Topo sheet No. 65C/ 16.

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Executive Summary of Draft EIA / EMP of proposed JVR OC-II Project of SCCL

The block is located on the dip side of Sattupalli Block-I (JVR OC-I Expansion Project). The nearest rail head to JVR OC-II is Bhadrachalam Road Railway Station and is 70 km from Khammam (District headquarters) by road. A map showing the location plan is enclosed at the end.

2.2

Land Requirement

The total land requirement for the proposed JVR OC-II project is 1409.81Ha (Forest land 788.22 Ha & Non-Forest land 621.59Ha). Out of the above, the land under the possession of SCCL is 12.02 Ha and the balance i.e. 1397.79 Ha. (Forest land 776.20Ha and Non- Forest land 621.59Ha) is to be acquired.

The land requirement detail for the proposed project is as follows: Area in Hectares. Total Land Required Description Forest Quarry area External Dump Area Safe distance including settling tanks CHP and Coal yard Mine Service Facilities Magazine Diversion of public road Belt conveyor and railway siding Sub total
Colony Grand Total

SCCL Acquired

Land to be acquired NonForest 502.08 192.02 56.67 22.12 0.00 0.00 3.31 Forest 235.28 219.47 69.80 0.00 22.52 6.94 0.82 16.76 Total 737.36 411.49 126.47 22.12 22.52 6.94 4.13 16.76

NonForest 235.28 219.47 69.80 0.00 22.52 6.94 0.82 16.76 571.59
50.00 621.59

Total 749.38 411.49 126.47 22.12 22.52 6.94 4.13 16.76 1359.81
50.00 1409.81

Land 12.02

514.10 192.02 56.67 22.12 0.00 0.00 3.31 788.22
0.00 788.22

12.02

776.20
0.00 776.20

571.59 1347.79
50.00 621.59 50.00 1397.79

12.02

Out of total land requirement of 1409.81Ha, 1359.81Ha will be required for mining purposes in the project area and 50Ha. will be required for colony outside project area. In addition to the above 304.39 ha of quarry voids of JVR OC-I expansion project will be utilized for dumping overburden of JVR OC-II. Thus land utilised for mining operations in the proposed project excluding land requirement for colony is 1664.20Ha.

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Executive Summary of Draft EIA / EMP of proposed JVR OC-II Project of SCCL

A road from Sattupalli to Rajerla Village of about 7.5 kms need to be widened and strengthened and a road from state highway to Kommepalli village of about 2.5 km need to be diverted for the project. Fund provisions have been made for the same. 2.3 Method of Mining

Considering the parameters like seam thickness, number of seams, maximum depth of the mine, economic stripping ratio and other geological constraints, opencast mining will be employed. It is proposed to mine the property by shovel-dumper combination, which is most suitable under the prevailing geo-mining conditions. Due to the large quantum of OB removal and carrying out opencast mining operations up to a depth of 363.45 m, large capacity shovels i.e., 12/15 m3 Shovels with 100 T capacity Rear dumpers and 4-5 m3 Diesel

Hydraulic shovels with 50-60T rear dumpers will be deployed in this mine.

2.4

Water Requirement

The estimated groundwater seepage into the mine is 28000 KLD. A part of this water will be used for various requirements of the project like 2160 KLD for dust suppression and fire services, 50 KLD for HEMM washing, 70 KLD for domestic needs and 60 KLD for plantation needs. The balance 25,660 KLD will be let out into the local tanks and streams for use of the local people for their agricultural needs. This acts as constant source of recharge to the groundwater regime and improves the water levels around the mine.

2.5

Man Power Requirement

The total man power requirement for this project is 2029 including that at Area level. The average daily attendance required to achieve the rated capacity of 4 MTPA is estimated to be 1675 at area level. Most of the man power for this project will be adjusted from other mines after providing necessary training. 3.0 Environment status of the study area:

Base line environmental status of the project area has been monitored for various environmental attributes within a study area of 10-km radius covering one full season i.e., September-November 2006 and an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) / Environment Management Plan (EMP) has been prepared for the project. The major environmental aspects covered in the EIA/EMP include ambient air quality, water quality (surface & ground)

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noise levels, soil quality, biological, land use and hydrogeology, and socio economic conditions. The likely impacts due to the proposed project and pollution control measures and post project monitoring plan have also been included in the EIA / EMP. 3.1 Meteorology

A Meteorological station was installed at site to study the Meteorological Parameters The data generated during the Post Monsoon season covering from September 2006 to November 2006 reveals that (i) the predominant wind direction was observed to be blowing from south-southeast (ii) the wind speeds were mostly in the ranges of 15.4 to 16.8 kmph, (iii) the maximum temperature recorded was 340 to 38.50C and the minimum was 18.50 to 230C and (iv) the average relative humidity during the study period was in the range of 76.7%.

3.2

Ambient Air Quality

The ambient air quality was monitored at six locations in the study area for Post-monsoon season from September 2006 to November 2006. The ambient air quality monitoring was carried out based on the method recommended by IS: 5182. The ambient air quality was monitored for SPM, RSPM, SO2, NOx & CO and data is compared with the concentrations of the National Ambient Air Quality (NAAQ) standards GSR 384 (E) as notified on 11.04.1994 by CPCB and GSR 742(E) as notified by MoEF on 25.09.2000 for mining activities and are found to be within the stipulated standards.

Air Quality status in Core Zone: In the Core zone, ambient air quality monitoring was done at two locations. Ambient air quality at JVR OC-I mine (Industrial area) shows that the SPM concentration varies from 86 to 161 g/m3 and the RPM concentration varies from 24 to 67 g/m3. The SO2 and NOx maximum concentration are 22.3 g/m3 and 63.1 g/m3

respectively. The maximum concentration of CO is found to be 2.0 ppm. Ambient air quality at Kommepalli village (Residential area) shows that the SPM concentration varies from 33 to 102 ug/m3 and the RSPM concentration varies from 10 -27 ug/m3. The maximum concentration of SO2, NOx & CO was found to be 7.0 ug/m3, 16 ug/m3 and 1 ppm respectively. All the values are found within prescribed limit as per National Ambient Air Quality Standards.

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Air Quality status in Buffer Zone: In the buffer zone, ambient Air quality monitoring was done at four residential locations. The SPM concentration in the residential area of the buffer zone varies from 34 -160 g/m3 and the maximum is at kistaram village. The RPM concentration in the residential area varies from 11 - 65 g/m3 and maximum value was recorded at sattupally town. SO2 and NOx concentration is found to be in the range of 3.7 to 8.3 g/m3 and 9.7 to 31.9 g/m3 respectively in the residential areas. The concentration of CO in the villages is found below stipulated standards. All the values are found within prescribed limit as per National Ambient Air Quality Standards. 3.3 Water Environment:

Selected physico-chemical parameters have been used for describing the baseline status of water environment. Generation of baseline data for water quality covers sources of ground and surface water.

3.3.1

Surface Water Quality:

Water samples from Kommepally, Rejarla and Kistaram village tanks, Tammileru river and Lankasagar tank were considered for assessing the surface water quality. The sampling locations were identified considering proximity to the project site.

The analysis results are compared with the Tolerance limits for Inland surface water bodies (IS 2296 -1982), Class „C‟ i.e., water source fit for drinking with conventional treatment followed by disinfection. From the results it can be seen that among the Physical

parameters monitored, the Total dissolved solids are all well within the standard limits. The chemical examination of the water samples reveals that pH, Chloride (as Cl), Sulphates (as SO4), Fluoride (as F), Nitrates (as NO3) and Iron (as Fe) at all the locations are well within the standard limits, however the BOD levels at three locations Rejarla (SW-2), Kistaram (SW-3) and Lankasagar (SW-5) are higher than the stipulated limits. Among the five samples collected, the sample collected from the location Lankasagar (SW-5) is showing a high BOD level of 10mg/L. The concentration levels of metals such as Copper, Lead and Boron are below their detectable limits at all the locations, whereas the Zinc concentration is well within the stipulated standard limit.

From the analytical results it is seen that the total coli forms are well within the standard limits. In general the surface water quality collected from locations Kommepally (SW-1) and

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Tammileru (SW-4) are found to be better than surface water collected from the locations Rejarla (SW-2), Kistaram (SW-3) and Lankasagar (SW-5) but requires suitable treatment. 3.3.2 Ground Water Quality:

Water samplings from bore wells of Rejarla (GW-1), Kommepally (GW-2), Siddaram (GW-3) and Sattupally (GW-4) villages and mine discharge from JVR OC-I (GW-5) were collected for assessing the ground water quality.

The analysis results are compared with drinking water standards, IS:10500. The water analysis data reveals that the total dissolved solids (TDS) levels in samples collected from Rejarla, Kommepally and JVR OC-1 are higher than the desirable limit of 500 mg/l. The highest TDS level of 1080mg/l is observed in the sample collected from Rejarla however, the TDS levels are within the permissible limit of 2000 mg/L at all the locations. The chemical examination of the water samples reveal that all the locations pH, Sulphates (as SO4), Zinc (as Zn), Fluoride (as F) and Boron are within the desirable limits. Total alkalinity is exceeding the desirable limit at all the locations except at Siddaram. Nitrates (as NO 3) level in all the samples collected are within the desirable limit of 45 mg/l, except at Kommepally. The highest Nitrates (as NO3) level observed is 59mg/l. Iron (as Fe) levels in all the samples are higher than the desirable limit of 0.3mg/L, and sample collected from Rejarla and Siddaram are higher than the permissible limit of 1.0mg/L. The highest Iron (as Fe) level of 1.54mg/l is observed in the sample collected from Rejarla. The concentration level of Calcium (as Ca) in all the samples collected are within the permissible limit of 200mg/l except at Rejarla where the highest Calcium (as Ca) level of 215mg/l is observed. The concentration level of Magnesium (as Mg) in all the samples collected are within the stipulated standards whereas for the samples collected from Rejarla and Kommepally are exceeding the desirable limits. The highest Magnesium (as Mg) level of 87mg/L is observed in the sample collected from Rejarla.

The Chloride (as Cl) levels at all the locations are within the desirable limits of 250mg/l except at Rejarla where the highest level of 387mg/L is observed. The concentration level of Total Hardness (as CaCO3) in all the samples collected are within the standards except at Rejarla where the levels are higher than the permissible limit of 600mg/L and sample collected from Kommepally is higher than the desirable limit of 300mg/l. The concentration of metals like Copper (as Cu) and Lead ( as Pb) are below their detectable limits at all the locations.

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Executive Summary of Draft EIA / EMP of proposed JVR OC-II Project of SCCL

From the available data it may be considered that the ground water from the locations Kommepally, Sattupally and JVR OC-I may be used for drinking after treatment if no other alternate source of water is available and the water other two locations requires suitable treatment.

3.4

Soil Quality

To assess the baseline soil quality characteristics in the study region, four soil samples were collected within a depth of 1m and analysed for physical and chemical constituents. From the analysis it can be inferred that the soils are conducible for the growth of different species, which are commonly found in the region. 3.5 Noise Levels

The Ambient Noise levels are monitored at Kommepalli, Rejarla and Sattupalli villages and JVR CO-I mine of the study area. At each location, the noise levels are monitored at every hour for 24 hours. the noise levels observed during day time and night time at all the locations in the study region are within the stipulated standards. But the Leq noise levels during night time is exceeding the corresponding threshold limit value, as prescribed by CPCB, at sattupalli town. The noise value at sattupalli town is higher during night time which may be due to vehicular traffic and other commercial activities. 3.6 Land environment

The land use and land cover in the 10km radius of the proposed project are studied with the help of satellite imageries. As per the study the extent of various land use land cover classes under respective classes are, built-up land of 25.95 sq.km (5.19%), double crop area of 60.05 sq.km (12.01%), single crop area of 166.59 sq.km (33.32%), agricultural plantation area of 14.68 sq.km (2.94%), dense forest area of 98.60 sq.km (19.72%), scrub forest area of 12.90 sq.km (2.58%), forest plantation area of 13.29 sq.km (2.66%), land with/without scrub area of 79.13 sq.km (15.83%), river/canals area of 1.76 sq.km (0.35%), water bodies area of 22.80 sq.km (4.56%), water logged area of 3.85 sq.km (0.77%) and an area of 0.60 sq.km (0.12%) under grass lands.

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Executive Summary of Draft EIA / EMP of proposed JVR OC-II Project of SCCL

3.7

Biological Environment

Different types of trees, shrubs and herbs are found in this region. Variety of birds, few species of mammals, amphibians and reptiles have been observed in the study area. Based on the field studies and review of published literature it can be concluded that there are no endangered and protected flora and fauna in the study area. 3.8 Social Environment

A survey was undertaken to assess the socio-economic conditions around the proposed project site. A random sampling method was followed to identify the target population for the socio-economic survey. Household size, house status, water and sanitation facilities, educational level, cropping pattern, earning members, source of income, income level, health facilities, awareness of the project etc., were addressed in the survey.

4.0 Potential environmental impacts and mitigative measures

4.1 Air Pollution

Impacts Since no chemical process is involved in the project, the only major source of air pollution is dust generated during mining, transportation and coal handling operations. The following operations result in dust generation:

  

Drilling and blasting operations Loading and transport of Over burden and coal Vehicular traffic etc.

Mitigation measures The following control measures will be taken to mitigate air pollution.

   

Water spraying of haul roads and other transport routes at regular intervals. Continuous dust suppression arrangements at conveyer belts and coal transfer points at CHP. Wet drilling will be carried out for minimizing the dust generation. Black topping of coal transport roads.

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   

Periodical maintenance of Heavy Earth Moving Machinery. Avoiding overloading of coal carrying trucks during transportation of coal covering with tarpaulins to avoid coal spillage. Extensive green belt development in the mining and surrounding areas Reclamation and plantation over overburden dumps, green belt along the roads, around quarry and external overburden dump.

4.2

Water Pollution

Impacts The mine seepage water pumped out of the quarry during coal mining operations will carry suspended solids. Storm water may cause soil erosion and siltation of watercourses, if suitable measures are not taken. Part of the mine seepage water will be utilized for the proposed project. The balance water will be let out into nearby irrigation tank/ stream. Part of Bethupalli Flood flow canal (NTR canal) and three nos. of surface tanks exist within the project area.

Mitigation measures

 

Garland drains are provided all along the Quarry surface area to prevent inrush of surface/dump yard rainwater into quarry. Water accumulated due to rain as well as seepage will be led to the main sump of the pit for removal of suspended solids and will be subsequently pumped to the surface. The mine water will be utilized for dust suppression, vehicle washing, plantation etc.

 

Check dams / rock fill dams would be constructed wherever necessary to facilitate water retention and reduce siltation of nearby water bodies. The excess mine discharge will be treated in settling tanks before being discharged in to natural drains/irrigation tanks which can be utilized by local people and will also help in augmenting groundwater re-charge.



Provision of oil and grease traps in Heavy Earth Moving Machinery (HEMM) workshop for treatment of effluent generated from washing of HEMM and treated water will be recycled.

 

Provision of septic tanks followed by soak pits for treatment of domestic waste water generated from mine offices as well as colony. Funds were provided for diversion of NTR canal in JVR OC-I expansion project.

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4.3

Noise and blast vibrations

Impacts

The major noise generating sources from opencast mining operations are working machinery, blasting and plying of vehicles. Blasting in mining areas also give rise to ground vibrations. The experience gained in operation of opencast mines in Sattupalli Area will be gainfully utilized in the proposed project to limit the ground vibration levels within the prescribed limits.

Mitigation measures

    

Controlled blasting technique with optimum explosive charge will be scientifically designed for controlling noise and vibrations. Periodical maintenance and tuning of machinery would be ensured. Protective devices like acoustic wool, earplugs and earmuffs will be provided to the workmen exposed to noise levels above 90-dB (A). Effective mufflers will be maintained on all HEMM. Green belt will be provided around the quarry, service buildings and dump yard, to screen the noise, as well as for arresting dust.

4.4 Solid waste Generation and Disposal

The solid wastes generated are non-hazardous in nature and mainly consists of overburden material removed during mining operations at different stages. The projected OB removal is 1045.65 M m3 and Coal removal is 195.05 MT during entire life of the project. The overburden and top soil excavated from the quarry shall be dumped separately at pre-determined place and top soil is subsequently utilized in spreading over external dumps as well as back filled areas as a part of reclamation. Precautions will be taken to limit the height of the topsoil dump to 10.0 m in order to preserve its fertility and shelf life.

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The solid waste management for the entire life of the project is furnished in the table below:

OB Removal in Mm . (Bank) Top Soil 4.50 1041.18 1045.68 Hard OB Total
3

Hard OB in Mm . (Bank) Internal External
3

Top soil Spreading in Mm3. (Bank) Internal dump 1.99 External dump 2.51

Dumping Dumping 556.79 484.39

At the end of the project life, void of 608.78 Mm3 will be left with a depth of 50 to 230 meters. It is proposed to reduce the depth of void of JVR OC-II to upto 35m from surface by dumping OB from other near by projects and void left would be about 115.96Mm3. 4.5 Land Environment

The land requirement for mining purpose for the project is 1359.81 Ha excluding 50Ha. required for the colony. Out of 1359.81 Ha., the land under the possession of SCCL is 12.02 Ha and the balance land of 1437.79 is to be acquired. Apart from this 304.39 ha of quarry de-coaled area will also be utilized for dumping OB.

Land reclamation details:

(i)Total land used mining purposes for the project: 1359.81 ha (a) Forest Land : 788.22 ha

(b) Non Forest Land: 571.59 ha (ii) Total Land Reclaimed: 790.75 ha (a) Forest Land : 490.65 ha (b) Non Forest Land: 300.10 ha (iii) Total land left as quarry void: 453.21 ha (iv) Total land used for other purposes: 569.06 ha (Roads, Buildings, CHP, drains etc.,) (c) Forest Land: 297.57 ha (d) Non Forest Land: 271.48 ha

The 304.39 ha of quarry voids area of JVR OC-I expansion after dumping of OB will be completely vegetated.

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4.6

Biological environment

In addition to the existing plantation, the native & local species will be planted in and around the mine site, which will serve as sinks for air pollutants and also act as noise barriers.

Greenbelt Development

Green belt has been recommended as one of the major component of EMP, which will improve ecology, environment and quality of the surroundings of site through. The following are overall advantages of greenbelt development.      

mitigation of fugitive emissions attenuation of noise levels waste water reuse development of ecosystem creation of an aesthetic environment Use of waste land to improve environmental quality.

Plantation will be developed in an area of 790.75 ha out of the total area of 1359.81 ha of area utilised for the project.

A mine closure plan has been prepared for the project and is incorporated in the EIA/EMP of the project. All areas affected by mining activities will be re-vegetated to control erosion and restore the site‟s natural condition. 4.7 Beneficial Impacts

The project due to its various activities associated with the operation of the mine has many beneficial impacts on the environment. It provides the necessary stimulus for better infrastructure facilities in this region. Facilities for telecommunication, water supply, sanitation, rail transportation, health care, education, electrification etc have improved significantly in this area. The proposed project will result in growth of service sector and will also generate new small scale industrial and business opportunities in the area. This will result in increase in indirect employment due to large flow of financial and material resources through increased business, trade and service sector.

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5.0 Additional studies for the project

5.1 Hydro-geological studies

Hydro-geological studies were carried out for the study area of 10 Km. radius of the proposed project to study the impact of mining on ground water regime. Ground water development within 10 km radius area around proposed JVR OC-II is 40.6%. The trend of the phreatic surface is not declining. Based on this information, this area has been categorized as “Safe”. Scientific studies and in-house ground water level monitoring shows that lowering of ground water table is negligible beyond a distance of 125 m from the mine boundary in the proposed OCP. 5.2 Resettlement and Rehabilitation Plan

Kommepalli village is partly falling in Quarry area of the proposed project. The number of Project Displaced Families (PDFs) in Kommepalli, village is 120 and the number of Project Affected Families (PAFs) in Kommepalli, Kistaram, Errakunta and Rejerla villages are 392, 77, 6 and 96 respectively. It is proposed to Rehabilitate and Resettle the above PAFs as per GoAP G.O Ms.No.68, I&CAD Dept. dt. 8.4.2005 and sudsequent amendments issued to the said G.O. Fund provision of Rs. 12.40 Crores has been made for Rehabilitation and Resettlement of the above families. 6.0 Post project Environment Monitoring Programme To monitor the extent of environmental impact of the proposed project, it is advisable to periodically monitor the various pollutant loads generated during mining operations. A detailed post project monitoring plan has been prepared using G.S.R 742(E), standards for coal mines. An Environment management Committee would be constituted at the project level which will be responsible for regular environmental quality monitoring, proper running of effluent treatment plant and liaison with regulatory bodies like APPCB and CPCB and implementation of EMP. The Committee shall be headed by Project Officer / Manger and will be assisted by supporting staff and workmen.

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7.0 Project benefits

i) The proposed JVR OC-II will ensure uninterrupted supply of coal to thermal power plants and also to meet the requirement of increasing demand of coal based industries. ii) The project will provide indirect employment avenues to local people in services and other supporting facilities. iii) The proposed project also helps in socio-economic development of the region and state.

8.0 Environment management plan and fund provision for environment protection

An Environment Management Plan (EMP) has been prepared for the proposed JVR OC-II basing on environmental impact assessment made for the project. The EMP of the proposed project will be submitted to Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), New Delhi, for obtaining environmental clearance for the project, in accordance with Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) Notification No. 1533 dt. 14.09.2006. The approved Environment Management Plan will be implemented through out the life of the project and half-yearly monitoring report showing the compliance status of conditions stipulated in Environmental Clearance letter will be submitted to MoEF in every six months. In order to implement the environmental protection measures including implementation of R&R package, the following fund provision has been made in the proposed project. 8.1 Direct Cost

An amount of Rs.1.45 Crores has been provided towards Environmental related direct cost, which includes pollution monitoring facilities, pollution monitoring equipment, construction of toe walls, rock filled dams, construction of settling tanks, bio-reclamation of OB dumps, green belt development etc. Apart from above, Rs. 12.40 Crores has been provided for implementation of Rehabilitation and Resettlement plan. 8.2 Indirect Cost

In addition to the above, an amount of Rs 34.80 Crores is provided under various capital heads for other Environmental related works, viz., construction of garland drains, avenue plantation, reclamation equipment payment of NPV etc.,

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8.3 Revenue Cost

The annual revenue expenditure for implementation of Environment Management plan in the proposed project including post-project environmental monitoring and greenbelt

development is estimated at Rs.9.02 Crores per annum and this works out to Rs. 22.54 per tonnes of coal. 9.0 Conclusion

SCCL as a responsible public limited company has placed the protection of environment as one of its prioritized agenda and has imbibed the process of environment protection as a part of mining operations. It is expected that with adoption of these mitigation measures, the impact due to operational activities of the mine will be minimal on the surrounding ecosystem. ♣♣♣♣

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