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Voice”

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									An Integrated English Course Book 4 Unit 10 Text I “How I Found My Voice”
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I. Objectives and Tasks:
1. Reading: Two passages about successful men 2. Writing: Practice writing a narration based in in-class discussion 3. Practicing 1) Words and phrases to drill: trilogy, assess, savor, stutter, retreat, … 2) Collocation: come close to, round up, in part … 3) Grammar: can, could 4) Rhetorical features: Absolute Structure 5) Translation: Chinese-English translation of sentences & English-Chinese translation of a paragraph.
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II. Procedure:
1. Pre-reading Task: Pre-reading activity and information related to the text 2. Analysis of Text I 1) First reading: Read the text as quickly as possible for global understanding 2) Second reading: Looking for supporting details 3) Paragraph analysis 4) Language points 3. Understanding of Text II 1) Language practice: 2) In-class discussion 3

1. Introduction and preparation on the Topic ( 5 minutes)
Text I “How I Found My Voice”
by James Earl Jones

I. Information related to the text Date of Birth 17 January 1931, Arkabutla, Mississippi, USA Nickname Todd (childhood) Height 6' 1½" (1.87 m)

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James Earl Jones
Mini Biography James Earl Jones, though his face was never shown in the Star Wars films, is known to millions as the deep, menacing voice of Darth Vader. His acting career has won him acclaim on both stage and screen, and he is among the most well-respected professionals in the entertainment industry.
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Jones was born January 17, 1931, in Mississippi. He suffered from a stuttering problem as a child and took up acting to combat it. He earned his bachelor's degree in drama from the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor and was soon performing on Broadway; by 1959, he had won a Tony award for his role as a prizefighter in The Great White Hope. He reprised the part for director Martin Ritt's film adaptation of the play and was nominated for his first Academy Award in 1971. Though he lost to George C. Scott (Patton), the nomination itself helped to establish his cinematic credibility. 6

He appeared in numerous film and television projects throughout the 1970s, but the turning point would come with Star Wars; for many moviegoers, his voice would be forever linked to Darth Vader's black helmet. He later starred in the awardwinning baseball classic Field of Dreams (1989) with Kevin Costner. His more recent roles include voiceovers for CNN and the part of King Mufasa in Disney's The Lion King, which remains the most successful animated film of all time.
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Trade Mark Famous for his deep and authoritative voice, used most famously for impressive roles as leaders like Darth Vader in the Star Wars Trilogy and Mufasa in The Lion King (1994)
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2. In-Class Reading Passage (40 minutes) Pre-reading Questions 1. Have you ever spoken to a large audience? How did you feel? 2. Self-confidence is one of the qualities we need for our success in life. Discuss with your classmates what other qualities we should have as a university student. You are required to give three qualities at least and then elaborate on one of them. 9

Analysis of Text A 1. What is the purpose for the author to write this article? To reveal how the narrator overcame his stuttering and became a good speaker with the help of Prof. Crouch.
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2. Division
Part 1 (Paragraphs 1-2) --- presents a striking contrast between his successful career as an actor and television announcer and his severe stutter in his early childhood. Part 2 (Paragraphs 3-22) --- recollects how his high school teacher, Professor Crouch, helped him to overcome his stutter and find his voice.

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Part 3 (Paragraph 23-29) --- tells the reader how his voice found with the help of Professor Crouch turned a new leaf to his life and brought him great successes in memorable roles on stage, in films, and on television, and how grateful he is to his teacher, “the father of my resurrected voice”.
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Part 1 (Paragraphs 1-2)
In this part, the writer describes how successful his career is at present and what an important role his voice plays in his career. It forms a sharp contrast with the fact that he suffered from a stuttering problem as a child. Q: Can you expect a person with the experience of stuttering to become the outstanding actor and television announcer someday? What, according to your 13 understanding, can cause the change?

Language Work:
1. trilogy: a series of three books, plays, operas, etc. that have the same subject or the same character, but are each complete works in themselves Eg: He is best-known for his trilogy on working-class life.

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2. the voice-over announcer: an announcer who makes a commentary or gives an explanation which is heard as part of a film or television program, but he himself is not actually seen. 3. stutter: To speak with a spasmodic repetition or prolongation of sounds. Eg: stutter (out) an apology 结结巴巴地道歉
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Part 2 (Paragraphs 3-22)
This part mainly describes the writer’s stuttering problem when he was a child and the process of how Prof. Crouch helped the boy tackle the problem by way of the forced public speaking. As a result, his effort woke up the boy’s courage to overcome his humiliation, and the boy’s stutter disappeared.
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Q1: What are supposed to be the causes of his stuttering?

A1: The first cause is that he moved “from the warm, easy ways of catfish country to the harsh climate of the north, where people seemed so different”. The second is that he felt great pressure from his grandfather who had an inherited love for language and was always accurate and fluent in speaking.
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Q2: Why could he talk to all kinds of animals on the farm, but not in front of people?

A2: Shame and humiliation held him back from public speaking. The more he worried about being laughed at because of his stuttering, the more he retreated from other people. And it got worse as he grew older.

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Q3: How did Prof. Crouch help the author to find his voice?
A3: He “tricked” the boy by questioning whether the poem was really written by himself. The teacher’s disbelief made the boy very angry, and to prove he really did it, he recited the whole poem to the class without any stuttering, which gave him a big surprise and a lot of self-confidence at the same time.
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Language Work:
1. I always sat down, my face burning with shame. =I always sat down, and blushed because I felt ashamed.

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2. It was traumatic moving from the warm, easy way of catfish country to the harsh climate of the north, where people seemed so different. =We moved from the familiar and pleasant country to the north where I felt cold both in body and in heart. That was really an upsetting experience in my life.
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3. in a nondenominational fellowship =in a close relationship without caring about the different religions 4. come close to = become almost the same as 5. assess: consider or judge the quality or worth of something 译: The annual income of school teachers in this place was assessed at $900. 这地方的学校教师的年收入为900美元。 美元。 这地方的学校教师的年收入为 美元
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6. round up: gather together animals or people, often when they do not want to be gathered together in round figures大概算起来,以约略的整数 大概算起来, 大概算起来 而言 这台录音机值199美元,按整数说就是 美元, 译:这台录音机值 这台录音机值 美元 按整数说就是200 美元。 美元。 The recorder cost $199 — that's $200 in round figures.

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Useful Collocations:
one's daily round(某人)日常的例行工作 (某人) one's rounds例行巡视 例行巡视 go the rounds(消息)传开,传遍 (消息)传开, all the year round终年;一年到头 终年; 终年 round about在附近;在近处 在附近; 在附近 round the clock一直;不停地 一直; 一直 译:Round-the-clock service features this little store. 日夜服务是这家小商店的特色。 日夜服务是这家小商店的特色。 24

7. retreat:
v. To fall or draw back; withdraw or retire. Eg: The soldiers had to retreat when they were beaten in battle. 士兵们在战斗中受挫时不得不撤退。 士兵们在战斗中受挫时不得不撤退。 n. a quiet or private place that one goes to in order to rest or concentrate on a particular problem or task.

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beat a retreat 打退堂鼓, 打退堂鼓 放弃不干 be beyond retreat 没有后退的可能 blow [sound] the (a) retreat 鸣金收兵 cut off the retreat 截断退路 make a retreat 撤退 make good one's retreat 安全撤退; 安全撤退 顺利脱身

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8. savor: enjoy and appreciate something like food, or drink, or an experience, as much as one can. Eg: I savored every mouthful of breakfast, reluctant to let it end. 我要享受这成功的美妙时刻。 译:我要享受这成功的美妙时刻。 I want to savor this great moment of accomplishment.

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9. I stood amazed and floated back to my desk in a daze, amid wild applause.

=I stood there, amazed at my performance, then not knowing how, I drifted back to my seat, and my classmates gave me a big applause. Amid: surrounded by; in the middle of 在热烈的掌声中贵宾们登上了主席台。 译:在热烈的掌声中贵宾们登上了主席台。 Amid warm applause the honored guests mounted the rostrum.
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10. Most have no problem singing because the lyrics’ rhythmic pattern flows by itself.

=Most stutterers can sing without stuttering because they can sing along with the rhythm patterns which just flows by itself. 11. He never pushed anything at me again; he just wanted all his students to wake up. =From then on he never gave me pressure, and what he tried to do was to help students realize and tap their potential.
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Part 3 (Paragraph 23-29)
The concluding part shows various honors and successes the writer has obtained, which further emphasizes the great effect the teacher has brought about on the writer’s career as well as his whole life. He would never forget that it was Prof. Crouch who had made him a successful actor an announcer out of a stuttering boy.
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Q1: Why did the author want to show his successes to his teacher? A1: Because he wanted to show his gratitude to his teacher. Q2: What kind of comments did the author make about his teacher? A2: He spoke highly of him, respecting him as a father who provided a new life for him by helping him find his voice and leading him to 31 the world of literature.

3. Exercises and After-Class Reading (10 minutes)

1) After-class Reading Passage I:
Text II Thank You, Mr. Chips 1. Why was it considered marvelous that Mr. Kilby received the Nobel Prize in physics? 2. For what contribution did Mr. Kilby win the Nobel Prize in physics? 3. Did he mind that he didn’t accumulate much money out of his inventions? 4. Is Mr. Kilby still remembered by the general public?

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Useful words and expressions
1. Marvelous: adj. 引起惊异的, 不可思议的, 非凡的 2. Turn down 拒绝 3. Anomalous adj.不规则的;异常的;反常的 4. Come up with v. 提出,拿出 5. Spark n./v. 闪耀,鼓舞,火花 Eg: A single sparkcan start a prairie fire. 星星之火, 可以燎原。 There was a wild sparkin his eyes. 他的两眼炯炯发光。

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6. thrill n.兴奋;激动;胆战心惊;欢乐 It gave me a thrill to know I had passed the examination. 我得知考试及格后很兴奋。 vt., vi. 使激动;使胆战心惊;使吓得浑身发抖 The traveller thrilled us with his stories. 这位旅行者的经历使我们惊骇不已。
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7. rule out v. 划去, 排除, 取消 as a rule通常 bend the rules通融 (= stretch the rules) rule of thumb根据经验 be ruled by听从 rule with a rod of iron用高压手段统治

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8.eliminate v.淘汰,排除,除去 Eg: She has been eliminated from the swimming race because she did not win any of the practice races. 她已被 取消了游泳比赛,因为她在训练中没有得到名次。 9. Hook up v. 以钩钩住, 安装; 连接 be off the hook 摆脱危险;脱离困境 (= get off the hook) 10. ubiquitous adj.无所不在的,普遍存在的 Eg: The struggle between opposites is ubiquitous. 对立面的斗争无所不在。
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Courage (for reference) Maxims from the famous:
1. You never know what you can do till you try. 未试 焉知力几何。 2. God is always on the side of the big battalions. 天 助强者。 3. A brave man may fall, but he cannot yield -Latin proverb 一个英勇的人也许会倒下,但他不可能屈服. 拉丁谚语 4. Far better it is to have a stout heart always and suffer one's share of evils, than to be ever fearing what may happen. 有一颗勇敢而执着的心来承受他分担的不幸,总是要 37 比恐惧将要发生什么好得多了.

Further Discussion on the Topic, Creative Reading and Writing Practice (35 minutes)

Questions for Discussion: 1. How can we successfully make a speech in public? 2. What elements are essential to bear in mind for public speaking?
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Additional Reading :
Better Public Speaking & Presentation---- Ensure Your Words Are Always Understood Think of the last really memorable talk or presentation that you attended. Now, was that easy to do, or did you really have to rack your brains to remember one? Sadly, too many presentations are easy to forget. And that's a big problem because the only reason the presenter gave the talk was to communicate something to you! 39

However, there are three basic things that you can do to ensure that your verbal messages are understood - and remembered - time and time again. Although somewhat obvious and deceptively simple, these are: Understand the purpose of the presentation Keep the message clear and concise Be prepared Be vivid when delivering the message
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Understand what you want to achieve:
Before you start working on your talk or presentation, it's vital that you really understand what you want to say, who you want to tell and why they might want to hear it. To do this, ask yourself: Who? What? How? When? Where? Why? Who are you speaking to? What are their interests, presuppositions and values? What do they share in common with others; how are they unique?
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What do you wish to communicate? One way of answering this question is to ask yourself about the ‘success criteria’. How do you know if and when you have successfully communicated what you have in mind?

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How can you best convey your message? Language is important here, as are the nonverbal cues discussed earlier. Choose your words and your nonverbal cues with your audience in mind. Plan a beginning, middle and end. If time and place allow, consider and prepare audio-visual aids.
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When? Timing is important here. Develop a sense of timing, so that your contributions are seen and heard as relevant to the issue or matter at hand. There is a time to speak and a time to be silent. ‘It’s better to be silent than sing a bad tune.’ Where? What is the physical context of the communication in mind? You may have time to visit the room, for example, and rearrange the furniture. Check for availability and 44 visibility if you are using audio or visual aids.

吾之三愿 吾生三愿,纯朴却激越:一曰渴望爱情, 二曰求索知识,三曰悲悯吾类之无尽苦 难。此三愿,如疾风,迫吾无助飘零于苦 水深海之上,直达绝望之彼岸。

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Why? In order to convert hearers into listeners, you need to know why they should listen to you – and tell them if necessary. What disposes them to listen? That implies that you know yourself why you are seeking to communicate – the value or worth or interest of what you are going to say.

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Keep it Simple:
When it comes to wording your message, less is more. You're giving your audience headlines. They don't need to and are usually not expecting to become experts on the subject as a result of hearing your talk. If you're using slides, limit the content of each one to a few bullet points, or one statement or a very simple diagram. 47

Be Prepared:
Preparation is underrated. In fact, it is one of the most important factors in determining your communication successes. When possible, set meeting times and speaking and presentation times well in advance, thus allowing yourself the time you need to prepare your communications, mindful of the entire communication process. By paying close attention to each of these stages and preparing accordingly, you ensure your communications will be 48 more effective and better understood.

Of course, not all communications can be scheduled. In this case, preparation may mean having a good, thorough understanding of the office goings-on, enabling you to communicate with the knowledge you need to be effective, both through verbal and written communications.

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Unforgettable Delivery:
Your delivery of your speech or presentation will make or break it, no matter how well you've prepared and crafted your clear, concise message. Some useful tips for keeping your presentation vivid include: Use examples to bring your points to life Keep your body language up-beat - don't stay stuck behind a rostrum Don't talk to fast. Less is more here too. Pauses are effective. Use a variety of tones of voice Use visual aids. 50

Oral Activity
Task: Prepare a 5-minute speech about any topic your are interested in and make it in front of the class. Do remember to apply those principles to make your speech fascinating and impressive.
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5. Writing Practice
Suppose a friend of yours, who has accidentally broken his leg, is going to have an operation in a few days and now he is feeling nervous. Write a letter to calm him down and give him some encouragement.
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Suggested Outline
1. Express your sympathy for him. 2. Try to calm him down and give him some encouragement by saying something like the skillfulness of the surgeons and the good facilities of the hospital. 3. Promise to go and see him after the operation and ask him what you should bring for him. Length: no less than 250 words 53


								
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