Documents
Resources
Learning Center
Upload
Plans & pricing Sign in
Sign Out

poverty 12 19 2009 1      

VIEWS: 421 PAGES: 19

									12/19/2009

1

         

What is poverty. Global scenario. Poverty in India Definition of Poverty Who is poor Contrasting features. Govt. policies towards poverty reduction Govt. spendings Positivity of middle class And then a new Poverty line for a new India
12/19/2009

2

WHAT IS POVERTY?
It

is the lack of basic necessities that all human beings must have
12/19/2009

3

Global Scenario


Poverty In Our World The richest 225 people in the world have a combined wealth of over $1 trillion; this is equal to the total annual income of the poorest 47% of the world. More than 1.3 billion people live on less than $1 per day The richest 20% of the world consumes 86% of world’s goods and services; the poorest 20% consumes 1.3%. One percent of the world’s population has a college education.  In 1997 the richest fifth of the world’s population had 74 times the income of the poorest fifth. ..The top three billionaires have assets greater than the combined GNP of all least developed countries and their 600 million people.

12/19/2009

4

.

WHAT CAN WE DO TO HELP THIS RULE HAPPEN?
12/19/2009

5

Have a collection Have a non – uniform day at school Have a cake sale Fundraising Have a school talent show Have a sports tournament

Wear the white Wristband

How We Can Help

Buy a red nose for Comic Relief

Support charities when Money from Buying music this goes to i.e. Band Aid 20 charities Do They No It’s Christmas 12/19/2009

6



POVERTY IN INDIA
Poverty- geographical profile Central North East West South

1999-00 1983-84 0 20 40 60

% of population below poverty line

12/19/2009

7

DEFINITION OF POVERTY LINE IN INDIA


In 1999-2000, the poverty line defined by the Government of India was Rs. 327 and Rs. 454 per month per capita in rural and urban India respectively.  Adjusting for inflation, this now comes to Rs. 368 and Rs. 559.  Thus ONLY those who live below Rs. 559 a month in our cities (or Rs. 368 in our villages) are considered to be poor by the Indian Government!
12/19/2009

8

Who is a poor?
According to Planning Commission the person, who is below the poverty line is poor
12/19/2009

9

TRENDS IN AGGREGATE AND RURAL POVERTY IN INDIA
Year

Rural Combined (Rural +Urban) --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------No. of Persons%age No. of Persons%age (in million) (in million)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1973-74 1977-78 1983 1987-88 1993-94 1999-2000

261.3 264.2 252.0 231.9 244.0 193.2

56.44 53.07 45.65 39.09 37.27 27.09

321.3 328.9 322.9 307.0 320.4 260.3

54.88 51.32 44.98 38.86 35.97 26.10

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Source : Planning Commission
12/19/2009
12/19/2009

10

10

THE BARE TRUTH


37.7% of Indian households do not have access to a nearby water source,  49% do not have a proper shelter,  69.5% do not have access to suitable toilets,  85.2% of Indian villages do not have a secondary school and  43% of Indian villages do not have an all-weather road connecting them.
12/19/2009
12/19/2009

11

11

we also know that…


80% of India does not have access to public health facilities. (Dr. Anbumani Ramadoss, Minister for Health and Family Welfare)  47% of Indian children under the age of 5 years are undernourished. (Human Development Report 2005, UNDP)  71% of the children in 15-19 age group have not completed a secondary education, their fundamental right. (National Sample Survey on Education, 1999-00, NSSO)  57% of India does not have access to electricity. (World Development Indicators 2005, World Bank)  70% of India does not have access to a suitable toilet. (National Sample Survey on Housing, 2004, NSSO)  49% of India does not have proper shelter. (National Sample Survey on Housing, 2004, NSSO)  38% of India does not have access to a nearby water source. (National Family Health Survey, 1998-99, IIPS)
12/19/2009
12/19/2009

12

12

Why is this Happening
Even though India’s economy is growing there wealth distribution is uneven  1/4 of the nation's population earns less than the government-specified $0.40/day  Unemployment and underemployment  Over-reliance on agriculture  High population growth rate  Under utilization of natural resources

12/19/2009
12/19/2009

13

13

Government Policy and Programme towards Poverty Reduction
 Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana Synergy and Convergence of (IRDP, TRYSEM, DWCRA and MWS)  Wage Employment Programme  Employment Assurance Scheme  Indira Awas Jojana  Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana  Rural Electrification  National Maternity Benefits Scheme

 National Old Age Pension Scheme
 Annapurna

• Micro finance- NABARD, SHG linkages

12/19/2009

14

He and She are poor; Not because they are borne so; In fact, it is the failure of the institutions, polices and programme that they continue to be poor and marginalized.
- A Perception
12/19/2009

15

Positive Things Happening in India: Middle Class
 





Currently India adds 40 million people to its middle class every year estimated 300 million Indians now belong to the middle class one-third of them have emerged from poverty in the last ten years It is predicted that by 2025 the Majority of Indians will live in middle class

12/19/2009

16

A New Poverty Line for a New India
Summing up minimum costs for nutrition (Rs. 573), health (Rs. 30), clothing (Rs. 17), energy consumption (Rs. 55) and miscellaneous expenditure (Rs. 164); the poverty line in India should be about Rs. 840 per capita per month*.
A person is poor in India if he or she has a monthly per capita expenditure lesser than Rs. 840 OR does not have access to either drinking water; proper shelter; sanitation; quality secondary education; or an all-weather road with public transport.
12/19/2009

17

12/19/2009

18

The journey has just begun

12/19/2009

19


								
To top