Docstoc

according to the constitution of the republic of kazakhstan

Document Sample
according to the constitution of the republic of kazakhstan Powered By Docstoc
					Political System

A

ccording to the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan adopted during the national referendum on August 30, 1995, the Republic of Kazakhstan declares itself as the democratic, secular legal and social state, whose major values are the human being, his life, rights and freedom. Basic principles of the Republic are as follows: the public consent and political stability, economic development for the welfare of all people of the country, the Kazakhstan patriotism, the decision on the most important questions of the state life by means of democratic methods including voting on republican referendum level or in Parliament. Kazakhstan is the unitary state with the presidential form of state rule. People represent a unique source of the state power. The constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan reflects the real situation in the country, serves as a primary factor of political stability, social and national consent. The head of the state, the Republic’s supreme person is the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, who determines principal directions of domestic and foreign policy of the state and represents Kazakhstan domestically and at the international level. The president of the Republic provides the coordinated functioning of government and the responsibility of authorities. The supreme representative body of the Republic, which carries out legislative functions is the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan. It consists of two chambers: the Senate and Majilis working on a permanent basis. Under the initiative of the President, the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan makes changes and amendments to the Constitution and the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan; approves the republican budget and reports to the Government and Accounting Committee with respect to control of execution of the republican budget; approves assignment of the Premier Minister and the Governor of the National Bank, receives the report of the Prime Minister regarding the Program of the Government and approves or rejects the Program; makes decisions relative to the issues of war and peace; makes decisions concerning state loans and rendering economic or other assistance by the Republic; issues the Bills of Oblivion; ratifies and denounces the international treaties of Republic, carries out other powers assigned to the Parliament by the Constitution. The government carries out the executive authority of the Republic of Kazakhstan, heads system executive powers and manages their activity. The government is formed by the President under the order stipulated by the Constitution. The government of the Republic of Kazakhstan: · Develops major directions of the state social and economic policy, strategic and tactical means for its realization; · Develops and realizes indicative plans on social, economic, scientific and technical development; · Develops and carries out measures on strengthening the financial system of the republic, executes state control of compliance with legality of formation and use of the state currency, financial and material resources; · Carries out a structural and investment policy · Develops and organizes state pricing policy; · Provides management of state property and assures its proper use, provides protection of the right of the state property in the Republic of Kazakhstan; · Determines the procedures and legislation of labor compensation, social protection of citizens, the state social security and social insurance; · Develops and realizes the major directions of the state regional policy; · Determines and realizes a state policy on development of science and engineering, introduction of new technologies, culture, educations, public health, tourism and sports; · Assures rational use and protection of natural resources and environment; · Provides realization of legal reform; develops and realizes measures on protection of citizens’ rights and freedoms, assurance of the lawfulness and order, safety and defensibility of the republic, territorial integrity and protection of borders of the Republic; Doing Business in Kazakhstan - 1 Political System

· Provides development of interrelations of the Republic of Kazakhstan with foreign countries, with the international and regional organizations; and · Carries out other functions assigned by the Constitution, Law and Presidential decrees. The constitutional Council, as the state body, provides superiority of the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan throughout the Republic, at realization of its powers is independent on the state bodies, organizations, officials or citizens, submits only to the Constitution of the Republic and can not proceed on political and other motives. Judicial system of the Republic of Kazakhstan consists of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Kazakhstan and local courts appointed according to the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The local administration is effected by local representative and executive bodies responsible within the respective area. Local representative bodies – Maslikhats – express the will of the population in the appropriate administrative and territorial units and, in view of state interests, determine the measures necessary for its realization. The local executive bodies headed by Akims of appropriate administrative and territorial units, are included into the uniform system of executive bodies of the Republic and provide realization of a nation-wide policy of executive authority in development of the appropriate territory.

Doing Business in Kazakhstan

- 2 -

Political System

President of the Republic of Kazakhstan National Bank of the Republic of Kazakhstan Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan Office of Public Prosecutors of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Supreme Court of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Constitutional Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Senate of Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Mazhelis of Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Akims L I K H A T S

M

A

S

The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Prime Minister

Vice Prime Minister

Vice Prime Minister

Vice Prime Minister

Ministry of Justice

Ministry of Culture, Information and Public Content Ministry of Interior

Ministry of Education and Science

Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources

Ministry of Transport and Communication

Ministry of Defense

Ministry of Ecology and Environmental Protection

Ministry of State Revenues Ministry of Health

Ministry of Labor and Social Security

Ministry of Economy and Trade

Ministry of Agriculture

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Ministry of Finance


				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Stats:
views:30
posted:12/20/2009
language:English
pages:4
Description: according to the constitution of the republic of kazakhstan