Invasion of Personal Space by xl771209

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									The Human Response to an Invasion of Personal Space
Kevin Preston Melissa Osborne
Bellarmine University

Space Is . . .
• Public Zone – Interaction with strangers (10 – 25 ft) • Social Zone – Conversing with aquaintances (4 – 10 ft) • Personal Zone – Conversing with close friends (18 in – 4 ft) • Intimate Zone – Whispering and embracing (within 18 inches of your body)

A Closer Look at Personal Space – What it Means to 50 People
• Space Among Strangers
– At least an arm’s length – About 2 to 3 feet around body – Far enough to not smell breath

• Space Among Closest Friends
– No bubble

• Psychological v. Physical

What We Did
• Went to 3 locations
– Bellarmine University – Oxmoor Center – Highland Coffee Shop

• Deliberately invaded personal space of strangers • Noted reactions
– We never got hit!

What Variable Did We Test?
• Tested reactions based on 2 factors
– Reaction based on age groups
• Young adult (15 – 30) • Adult (31 – 50) • Elderly (50+)

– Reaction based on gender
• Male to male interaction • Male to female interaction • Female to female interaction

Young Adult: Male v. Male
• • • • • Positive – 0% None – 4% Nervousness – 60% Move Away – 24% Anger – 12%
60 50 40 30 20 10 0
N N e r on vo e us M n ov ess e A w ay A ng er Po sit i ve

Young adult: Male v. Female
• • • • • Positive – 28% None – 12% Nervousness – 36% Move Away – 24% Anger – 0%
40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0
N N e r on vo e us M n ov ess e A w ay A ng er Po sit i ve

Young Adult: Female v. Female
• • • • • Positive – 0% None – 8% Nervousness – 20% Move Away – 68% Anger – 4%
70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
N N e r on vo e us M ov nes s e A w ay A ng er Po sit i ve

Adult: Male v. Male
• • • • • Positive – 0% None – 32% Nervousness – 16% Move Away – 52% Anger – 0%
60 50 40 30 20 10 0
N N e r on vo e us M ov ness e A w ay A ng er Po sit i ve

Kevin & TJ stalking the next victim – an adult male

TJ sits next to adult male

Adult: Male v. Female
• • • • • Positive – 20% None – 8% Nervousness – 48% Move Away – 24% Anger – 0%
50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0
N N e r on e vo u M sne ov ss e A w ay A ng er Po sit i ve

Adult male minding his own business

Melissa sitting next to the adult male

Subject panics and moves away

Adult: Female to Female
• • • • • Positive – 8% None – 0% Nervousness – 20% Move Away – 56% Anger – 16%
60 50 40 30 20 10 0
N N er one vo u M sne ss ov e A w ay A ng er Po sit i ve

Elderly: Male v. Male
• • • • • Positive – 44% None – 32% Nervousness – 8% Move Away – 16% Anger – 0%
45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0
N N e r on e vo u M sne ov ss e A w ay A ng er Po sit i ve

Kevin sits between two men

Elderly man gets nervous

Elderly: Male v. Female
• • • • • Positive – 60% None – 16% Nervousness – 12% Move Away – 12% Anger – 0%
60 50 40 30 20 10 0
N N e r on e vo us M n ov ess e A w ay A ng er Po sit i ve

Elderly: Female v. Female
• • • • • Positive – 36% None – 8% Nervousness – 8% Move Away – 20% Anger – 28%
40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

on er e vo us ne M ss ov e Aw ay N

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General Trends
• 58.2% showed some signs of nervousness • 7% showed visible anger • Positive results common among male to female interactions • Increase in positive results for elderly interactions • Response is almost always seen in male to male interactions, rarely do nothing

Works Cited
• www.salon.com • http://members.aol.com/katydidit/bodyla ng.htm • http://www.huna.org/html/territor.html


								
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