HINDI FOR TRAVELERS PREPOSITIONS Par Men Ko Se On, at In To From, by, of For With Ke niche Se niche Ke upar Se upar Ke aage Ke piche Ek saath Alag Tak Taraf Under Down On top of Up In front of Behind Together Apart Up to Towards BASIC WORDS AND PHRASES Namaste Kripaya Shukriya, Dhanyavaad Maaf kijiye (maaf karo) Ji hanh Achchaa Tik hai Bilkul Zaroor Ji nahin Nahin chahiye Bas Jao Chee Dekho Chalo Leh lo Chup raho Hello Please Thank you Excuse me Yes OK All right Absolutely Certainly No Don’t want Enough Go away Yuck Look Let’s go Take it Be quiet Keliye, Ke vaaste Ke sath Andar Ke andar Baahar Ke baahar Inside Into Outside Out of Kitaab palang par hai. Mera pati ghar par hai. Pen mez ke niche hai. Larkiyan car men hain. Main USA se ati hunh. The book is on the bed. My husband is at home. The pen is under the table. The girls are in the car. I come from USA. PRONUNCIATION GUIDE Main todi Hindi bolti aur samajhti hunh. I speak and understand a little Hindi. Main Hindi sikh rahi hunh. I am learning Hindi. Mere dosten Hindi nahin samajhti hain. My friends don't understand Hindi. In bachchon ko Hindi nahin bolte hain. These children don't speak Hindi. Main nahin samajhti hunh. Shukriya, aur ahista boliye. Kripaya, duraliye. Isko Hindi me kya kaihte hain? Iska matlab kya hai? Hamko aapki madad chahiye. Hamaare paas moushkil hain. Kya baat hai? Kya yeh moushkil hai? Shukriya aapki madad keliye. Shukirya aapki meherbaani keliye. Aapko yaad karenge. Kripaya, _____ laiye. Kripaya, aur _____ laiye. I don’t understand. Please, speak more slowly. Please repeat. What is this called in Hindi? What does it mean? We need your help. We have a problem. What's going on? Is there a problem? Thank you for your help. Thank you for your kindness. We will remember you. Please bring _____. Please bring more _____. e i aa a u ou au o ai au y w ph th gh bh chch - “eh” “ee” “ah” “uh” “oo” as in “book” “oo” as in “toot” “aw” “oh” “ay” or “eye” (latter is usually at end of word, e.g. malai, bhai) “oh” “eey” in between “v” and “w” (loose-lipped “v”) “p” with extra puff of air at end (not “f”) “t” with tongue against upper teeth (not “th”) “g” with extra puff of air at end “b” with extra puff of air at end strong “ch” single “r” is slightly rolled by touching tip of tongue to top of palate final “n” is always nasal PRONOUNS & BASIC VERBS Main hunh Tum ho Aap hain Ye hai Vo hai Ve hain Ham hain I am You are You are This/it is He/she is They are We are Main tha/thi Tum tha/thi Aap the, thin Ye tha Vo tha/thi Ve the Ham the/thin I have _____. You have _____. He/she/this/it has _____. They have _____. We have _____. I want _____. You want _____. He/she wants _____. They want _____. We want _____. I like _____. You like _____. He/she likes _____. They like _____. We like _____. … … … … likes yogurt. likes dosai. likes tea. likes sweets. I was You were You were This/it was He/she was They were We were Baal Aankh, -khen Sir Chehera Todi Naak Kaan Mumh Daanton BODY PARTS, ANIMALS & OTHER NOUNS hair (m) eye, eyes (f) head face chin nose ear mouth (m) teeth Angli, -yan Hath Baahen Gutnon Paaon Per Pet finger, fingers hand, hands (m) arms knees foot leg stomach Mere paas _____ hai. Aapke paas _____ hai. Iske paas _____ hai. Inke paas _____ hai. Hamaare paas _____ hai. Mujko _____ chahiye. Aapko _____ chahiye. Isko _____ chahiye. Inko _____ chahiye. Hamko _____ chahiye. Mujhe _____ achchaa lakta hai. Aapke _____ achchaa lakta hai. Ise _____ achchaa lakta hai. Inke _____ achchaa lakta hai. Hame _____ achchaa lakta hai. … … … … dahin achchaa lakta hai. dosai achche lakte hain. chai achchi lakti hai. mitthai achchi lakti hain. Kutta Billi Ghora Cherdiya Machchli Bel Gayi Suwar Pher Harghosh Machchar dog (m) cat (f) horse (m) bird (f) fish (f) bullock (m) cow (f) pig sheep rabbit mosquito (m) Haathi Bagh Sher Bhaalu Bandar Undh Mor elephant tiger lion bear monkey camel peacock Mera, meri, mere Tumhaara, tumhaari, tumhaare Aapka, aapki, aapke Iska, iski, iske Hamaara, hamaari, hamaare Inka, inki, inke Donon Koi, Kisi Sab koi, sab log Kuch kuch Both Someone Everyone Something my your (familiar) your (polite) his/her our their Saamaan Gend Kitaab Tokri Tel luggage ball book basket bag Palang bed (m) Machchar daani mosquito net (m) Chadar sheet (f) Chaabi key (f) Mez table Koi nahin Kuch nahin No one Nothing Main ise bolna chahiye. Voh kidhar gaya hai? Main aapka photo le sakti hunh? I want to speak to him. Where has he gone? May I take your photo? IMPORTANT VERBS be able bring call clean come do drink dry eat fall meet get, receive give, pay go go, walk happen hear keep, put know learn lift lose make open play put on read reside run say, tell see show shut sit sleep speak stay, wait stop take teach think touch understand want, wish wear write sakna laana bulana saf karna ana karna pina sukhna khana girna milna pana dena jana chelna hona? sunna rakhna janna sikhna uthana khona banana kholna khelna pehena parhna rahna dorlna kehena dekhna dikhana band karna baithna sona bolna therna rukhna lena sikhana sachna chuna samajhna chahna pehena likhna saklaabulasaf kar-? akar-? pisukhkhagirmilpa-? de-? jachelho-? sunrakhjansikhuthakhobanakholkhel? parhrahdorlkeh-? dekhdikhband kar-? baithsoboltherrukhlesikhasachchusamajhchahpaihnlikh- BASIC CONVERSATION Namaste, bhaiji/behenji. Aap ka naam kya hai? Mera naam Christine hai. Veh mere saheliye hain. Yeh India men inke pehli baar hai. India mera dussraa ghar hai. Ham USA se ate hain. Main Chicago se ati hunh. Aap kahan se ate hain? Aap kaise/kaisi hain? Main bilkul tik hunh, shukriya. Aap ka pati/patni kaisa hai? Mere bachche main ne Calcutta se goadliye hain. Hamare bachche hame ashram se goadliye hain. Mere paas teen Hindustani bachche hain. Inke namen Leo, Annie, aur Peter hain. Nahin, mera pati American hai. Mera chota beta ghar par hai, iska Daddy ke sath. Aap ki beti ka nam kya hai? Aap ka beta ki umre kya hai? Mere bete pandra aur saat salke hain. Meri beti baara salka hai. Veh phir bhee Hindustani hain. Veh Bhaagwaan-Allah ke bachche. Main inko dil se pyaar karti hunh. Main bahut bageshali hunh. Yeh meri achchi kismet. Ham ek hush parivar hain. Aap ka ghar bahut achchaa hai. Yeh aap keliye hain. Shukriya aap ki meharbaani keliye. Aapko yaad karenge. Hello, brother/sister. What is your name? My name is Christine. These are my friends. It is their first time in India. India is my second home. We are from America. I am from Chicago. Where do you come from? How are you? I’m absolutely fine, thank you. How is your husband/wife? My children were adopted from Calcutta. Our children were adopted from Ashrams. I have three Indian children. Their names are Leo, Annie and Peter. No, my husband is American. My small son is at home with his father. What is your daughter's name? How old is your son? My sons are 14 and 7. My daughter is twelve. They are still Indian. They are God's children. I love them with all my heart. I am greatly blessed. It is my good fate. We are a happy family. Your home is very nice. This is for you. Thank you for your kindness. We will remember you. CONDITIONS AND COMMANDS Mujhe khaana chahiye. Ise bukh lagi hai. Hame bukh lagi hain. Mujhe baithna chahiye. Ise dekhna chahiye. Hame sunna chahiye. Main thak gayi. Ve thak gayin. Hamko sona chahiye. Mujhe pina chahiye. Ise pyaas lagi hai. Hame pyaas lagi hain. Meri tabiyat achchi nahin hai. Iski tabiyat achchi nahin hai. Voh bilkul thik nahin hai. Ise dard lagi hai. Mera pet bimaar hai. Mujhe pet men dard hai. Ise sir men dard hai. Main garmi hunh. Ham tande hain. Kripaya, blanket laiye. Mujhe boliye. Mujhe batiye. Mujhe samajiye. Muhje dijiye. Suki raho. Yeh saf karo. Yeh band karo. Yeh sukh karo. Yeh nahin “press” karo. Is men bahut shor hai. Is men bahut ganda hai. I want to eat. She is hungry. We are hungry. I want to sit. She wants to look. We want to listen. I am tired. They (females) are tired. We want to sleep. I want to drink. She is thirsty. We are thirsty. I am ill. She is ill. He is not too well. She is in pain. My stomach is sick. My stomach hurts. My head hurts. I am hot. We are cold. Please bring a blanket. Speak to me. Tell it to me. Explain it to me. Give it to me. Be happy. Clean this. Close this. Dry this. Don’t iron this. It is too noisy. It is too dirty. bolbolna boltaa/bolti/bolte/boltin bol rahaa/rahi/rahe/rahin boltaa/bolti/bolte/boltin bol rahaa/rahi/rahe/rahin bolaa/boli/bole/bolin* bolaa/boli/bole/bolin* bolo boliye** bolunga/bolungi/ bolenge/bolengin bologe/bologi bolenge/bolengin bolega/bolegi/ bolenge/bolengin bolun*** bolo bolen bole VERB CONJUGATION stem infinitive present present imperfect past (far past) past imperfect Mujhe bolna chahiye. (I want to speak). Main bolti hunh. (I speak). Main bol rahi hunh. (I am speaking). Main bolti thi. (I used to speak). Main bol rahi thi. (I was speaking). perfect (near past) Main boli hunh. (I have spoken). pluperfect Main boli thi. (I had spoken). familiar imperative Bolo! (Speak!) polite imperative Boliye! (Speak!) future (I/we) Main bolungi. (I will speak). future (fam. you) Tum bologe. (You will speak). future (polite you) Aap bolengin. (You will speak). future (3rd person) Ve bolenge. (They will speak). conditional (I/we) cond. (fam. you) cond. (pol. you) conditional (3rd) Main bolun. (I should/would speak). Tum bolo. (You should/would speak). Aap bolen. (You should/would speak). Ve bole. (They should/would speak). *Note: For perfect tense, if stem ends in long vowel, to form perfect/pluperfect, add “yaa/yi/ye/yin” instead of “-aa/i/e/in” e.g. muskuraanaa muskuraa muskuraayaa **Note: For imperative tense, if stem ends in –e, change –e to –i and add “jiye” instead of “iye” e.g.: lenaa le li lijiye ***Note: For conditional tense, use same endings as future tense without –ga, -gi, -ge. raha hai nevaala hai chuka hai is ---ing is about to --just ---ed (Use these for non-continuous actions). When stating a general fact, use: hota hoti hote + hai hain instead of just hai/hain i.e. someone/something is … SHOPPING Mujhe _____ chahiye. Kya aap ke paas _____ hain? I want _____. Do you have _____? Maataji Pitaji Maata-pita Pati Patni Bahu Saas Saasur Maasi Buaa Didi Bahen Bari bahen Choti bahen Beti, betiye Saheli Parivar Aurat Buddhi Larki, larkiye Mother Father Parents Husband Wife Daughter-in-law Father-in-law Mother-in-law PEOPLE Daadaji Daadiji Daada-daadi Naanaji Naaniji Naana-naani Dulhan Saajan Maamaa Pat. grandfather Pat. grandmother Pat. grandparents Mat. grandfather Mat. grandmother Mat. grandparents Bride Groom Pat. uncle Kya ye aap ke paas _____ rang me hain? Do you have this in a _____ color? Kya ye aap ke paas mera saiz me hain? Do you have this in my size? Kya ye aap ke paas iska saiz me hain? Do you have this in his/her size? Kya ye aap ke paas aur bara saiz me hain?Do you have this in a bigger size? Kitne rupaiye? Yeh bahut mahenga hai. Main lakhpati nahin hunh. Main nahin dungi hai. Yeh bahut achchaa nahin hai. Yeh ganda hai. Yeh karab hai. Yeh thik nahin hai. Nahin chahiye. Aur sasta dikaiye. Aur badiya dikaiye. Aur bara/lamba dikaiye. Aur chota dikaiye. Mera saiz me dikaiye. Larka keliye dikaiye. Isko/inko pek kaaro! Rang Satrangi Safed Gulabi Laal Narangi Pila, pili Hara, hari Nila, nili Bhaingana, -ni Badama, -mi Sleta, sleti Kala, kali Chappal Jute Mose Ghungroo Color Rainbow-colored White Pink Red Orange Yellow Green Blue Purple Brown Grey Black Sandals (m) Shoes (m) Socks Ankle bells (m) How much? It is very expensive. I'm not a millionaire. I won’t give that much. It’s not very nice. It’s dirty. It’s broken/faulty. It doesn't fit/isn't nice/won't do. I don’t want it. Show something cheaper. Show something better. Some something bigger/longer. Show something smaller. Show something in my size. Some something for a boy. Pack it/them up! Sona Chaandi Moti Resham Gold Silver Pearl Silk Aunt (non-specific) Mat. aunt Elder sister Sister Big sister Little sister Daughter, daughters Female friend Family Woman Old woman Girl, girls Bhai Bara bhai Chota bhai Beta, bete Dost Log Admi Buddha Larka, larke Bachcha, -che Brother Big brother Little brother Son, sons Male friend People Man Old man Boy, boys Baby(ies)/child(ren) Naukar _____-walla Dhobi Chor Badmash Goonda Servant (m) _____-man (-person) Washerman Thief (m) Bad guy (m) Thug (m) Ustaad, Guru Teacher Vidyaarthi, -thni Student Hakim, Doktar Doctor Danton ka doktar Dentist Vakil Lawyer Maalik Proprietor Mistri Mechanic Sari Sari (f) Paloo Sari end (f) Petticoat Underskirt (m) Choli Sari blouse (f) Chanya choli Skirt/blouse set (f) Gagra Skirt/blouse set (m) Lehenga Skirt/blouse set (m) Salwaar kameez Punjabi set (f) Dupatta Long scarf (m) Kurta Shirt (m) Pant, Pyjama Trousers (f) Kurta pyjama Shirt/pants set (m) Kapre Clothes QUESTIONS AND CONJUNCTIONS Kya? Kya hai? Kya … hai? What? What is it? Is … ? Aur kya? What else? Yeh, kya hai? What is this? Kya yeh … hai? Is there … ? What is this over here/there? Is the bank nearby? Do you have apples? Is there a problem? Kahan? Where? … kahan hai? Where is … ? … kidhar hai? Which way is … ? Duniya Desh Nagar Srdak Maidan Phool Pher Daryaa Kon? Kon hai? Who? Who is it? Mahel Ghar Imaarat, -ten Kaamraa, -re Divaar Kirki, -kiyan Darvaazaa Sidi Kyon? Kyonki … Why? Because … When will the train come? Which way is the bank? What time is it? How are you? Why is the train late? World Country City, town (m) Street, road (f) Park (m) Flower, flowers Tree, trees River PLACES Gaon Raasta Bazaar Mela Baagh Jangal Village (m) Way Market Fair (m) Garden Jungle, forest Yeh idhar/udhar kya hai? Bank, kya qarib hai? Kya aap ke paas seb hain? Kya yeh moushkil hai? Samandar Daak ghar Vidyaalay, -yen Girija ghar Thaana Bank Mandir Sea Post office School, schools Church Police Station Bank Temple Kab? Kitne? Kaisa, -si, -se? When? How much/many? How? Palace House, home (m) Building, buildings Room, rooms Wall Window, windows (f) Door Step Sidion Stairs Vahan, kya bahut se sidian hai? Kitne sidian? Yahan, kya yeh lift hai? Kya lift chal raha hai? Kya lift is taraf hai? Are there many steps there? How many steps? Is there a lift here? Is the lift working? Is the lift this way? Tren, vo kab aega? Bank, kidhar hai? Kitne baaje hain? Aap kaisa hain? Kyon tren der se hai? Inke teen admiyon ka kaamraa chahiye, They need a 3-person room on the ground floor par. ground floor. Aur Jo, Lekin Ke sath Ke bina And But With Without Bhee Ya Agar Also Or If Ham yeh kursi kahan choden? Kya ham yeh kursi yahan choden? Where can we leave the chair? Can we leave the chair here? GETTING AROUND Yahan Yahin Idhar Andhar Dayi Dahina Paas, Qarib Bandh Here Right here Over here, inside Inside Right (thing) To the right Near, Nearby Closed Vahan Vahin Udhar Baahar Bayi Baaya Dur Khula There Right there Over there, outside Outside Left (thing) To the left Far Open Sundar, -ri, -re Kubsuraat Pyaara, -ri, -re Madhur Shaant Meetha, -i, -e Achchaa, -i, -e Bardiya Taiyar Saral Mumkin Sachcha, -i, -e ADJECTIVES AND COMPARISONS lovely, pretty beautiful sweet, dear, loving melodious peaceful sweet (food) good, nice good, fine ready easy, simple possible true Batsuraat ugly Khatta, -ti, -te Kharab sour (food) bad, broken, faulty Main baahar ja rahi hunh. Ham andhar ja rahe hain. We will come very soon. Yahan rukiye. Vahan teriye. Aap kahan terenge? Kripaya, talak teen baaje teriye. Ham sat baaje aenge. Kripaya, nau baaje aiye. Kripaya, post office ko cheliye. Kripaya, aur jaldi cheliye. Kripaya, aur dhire cheliye. Kripaya, dahina cheliye. Kripaya, baaya cheliye. Kya mandir paas hai? Kitni dur hai? Kripaya, udhar le cheliye. Kripaya, mandir ka raastaa dekaiye. Is taraf? Us taraf? Kya bank khula hai? Voh kitne baaje kultah hai? Voh kitne baaje band hota hai? Ham dekh sakte hain? Hamko jana chahiye. I am going outside. We are going inside. Ham bahut jeldi aenge. Stop here. Wait there. Where will you wait? Please wait until 3:00. We will come at 7:00. Please come at 9:00. Please drive to the post office. Please go faster. Please go slower. Please turn right. Please turn left. Is the temple near? How far is it? Please take us there. Please show the way to the temple. This way? That way? Is the bank open? What time does it open? When does it close? Can we watch? We need to go. Khatam Moushkil Naamumkin Jhutha, -i, -e Paagal Buddhuu Kamzoor finished difficult impossible false crazy foolish, sily weak Bahadur Balwaan Hoshiyar brave strong smart Hush Saaf Sukha, -i, -e happy clean dry Baadtamiz rude Sharminda embarassed Udaas sad Ganda, -di, -de dirty Gila, -li, -le wet Andhera, -ri, -re dark Puraana, -ni, -neold (thing) Buddha, -i, -e old (person) Chota, -ti, -te small Naata, -ti, -te short Mota, -ti, -te fat Bhaara, -ri, -re heavy Mulayam soft Garib poor Sasta, -ti, -te cheap Tanda, -di, -de cold Aur … Sab se … more … most … Taaza, -zi, zi fresh Naya, -yi, -ye new Jivan young Bara, -ri, -re big Lamba, -bi, -be tall Patla, -li, -le thin Halka, -ki, -ke light Sakhta, -ti, -te hard Sidha, -dhi, -dhe straight Amir rich Mahenga, -i, -e expensive Garam, garmi hot Bahut … very … Mausam bahut garmi hai. Yeh dosa chota hai. Yeh dosa aur chota hai. Yeh dosa sab se chota hai. The weather is very warm. This dosa is small. This dosa is smaller. This dosa is smallest. QUANTITY AND TIME Kaee Kuch Kuch aur/Kuch zyaara Kuch kam Sab Bas Bina, Sirf Several, many Some Some more Less All Enough Only Khaana Naashtaa Namak Chini Aaataa Chaaval Roti Dabal roti Phal Narangi Narangi ka ras Nimbu Kela Seb Aam Naariyal Ananaas Anda, ande Doodh Dahin Ghee Panir Mitthai EATING AND DRINKING Food (m) Breakfast (m) Salt (m) Sugar (f) Flour Rice (m) Bread Western bread Fruits (all are m) Orange Orange juice Lemon Banana Apple Mango Coconut Pineapple Egg, eggs (m) Milk (m) Curds (m) Clarified butter Cheese (m) Sweets (f) Paani Baraf Kaafi Chai Daal Achaar Ghosht Murgi Sabzi Bhaaji, Saag Gajar Tamaatar Bhaingan Pyaaz Aalu Sem Gobi Water (m) Ice (m) Coffee (f) Tea (f) Lentils Pickles Meat Chicken Vegetables (f) Greens Carrot Tomato Eggplant Onion Potato Beans Cauliflower Toda/todi A little Toda/todi aur A little more Toda/todi kam A little less Kuch nahin Koi nahin Nothing None Shune, Aadhaa 0, ½ Ek, Do, Teen, Char 1, 2, 3, 4 Panch, Chay, Saat, Art 5, 6, 7, 8 Nau, Das, Gyaara, Baara 9, 10, 11, 12 Tera, Chauda, Pandra 13, 14, 15 Sola, Sattra, Atthaara 16, 17, 18 Das, Bis, Tees 10, 20, 30 Chales, Pachas, Saat 40, 50, 60 Satar, Aaasi, Nabe 70, 80, 90 Ek sau 100 Ek hazar 1000 Ek lakh/crore 10,000/10,000,000 Aaj Today Aajraat Tonight Kal Yesterday, tomorrow Ab, Abhi Now, Right now Jaldi Soon Kuch dinon men In a few days Baar Time, occasion (f) First time Once Twice Many times Often Ever, always Forever Never Sometimes Again Still Late Afterwards Until Pehlaa, -li, le Dusraa, -ri, -re Tisraa, -ri, -re Aglaa, -li, -le Same __ baje Savaa __ baje Saade __ baje Paune __ baje Din Raat, -ten Subah Paihar Shaam Haftaa Mahinaaa Saal Ek haftaa hua First Second Third Next Time __ o’clock __:15 __:30 __:45 Pehli baar Ek baar Do baar Bahut baar Aksar Day (f) Hamesha Night, nights (f) Hamesha keliye Morning Kabhi nahin Afternoon Kabhi kabhi Evening Phir Week (m) Phir bhee Month (m) Der se Year (m) Baad me One week ago Talak Aap kya lehenge? Abhi, kuch nahin, shukriya. Kafi/chai chelegi. Pani chelega. Kuch tanda chelega. Hamko baraf nahin chahiye. Bahut badiya. Khaana bahut souad hai. Mujhe Hindustani khaana bahut aachcha lakta hai. Ise Hindustani khaana nahin aachcha lakta hai. Inke Hindustani khaana nahin bahut aachcha lakta hai. Thali, Plet Plate (f) Glaas Glass (m) Chaaku Knife (m) Chamach Spoon (m) Kangtaa Fork (m) Nepkin Napkin (f) Katori Bowl (f) What will you take? Right now, nothing, thank you. Coffee/tee will do. Water will do. Something cold will do. We don’t want ice. Very good. The food is very tasty. I like Indian food very much. He/she doesn’t like Indian food. They don't like Indian food very much. Is same das baaje hain. Kya tren der se hai? Ham phir aenge. Ham baad men aenge. Kripaya, das baaje aiye. Kripaya, talak teen baaje teriye. Ham sat baaje jaenge. The time is 10:00. Is the train late? We will come again. We will come later. Please, come at 10:00. Please, wait until 3:00. We will go at 7:00.