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Below is an example of what your

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									Below is an example of what your project may look like

Table of Contents
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. Introduction Celss Computers Robotics Mining Living Quarters Greenhouses Cafeteria Entertainment Science Facility Biology Nanotechnology Astronomy Gravity Space Debris Radiation Shielding Transportation Emergency Life Support

Introduction "It is in human nature to move so why not move up instead of away?" 3D is the biggest most advanced and productive Space Facility in orbit. It provides a great and safe place to study the miracle of space. It is also in the same time. Also, it is a comfortable place to live. It has all the entertainment you need. 200 people can be onboard at once and enjoy the luxury of space and our station. The center of our Space Station features 0g (zero gravity) and will give you a thrill while you go from place to place. I hope you enjoy our report on 3D.

CELSS When something needs to be delivered to space from the earth it costs a giant amount of money to transport it. Although we are looking at cheaper ways of transporting items from earth to space, it would still cost NASA an arm and a leg to ship them. The sum for just the food for one day to serve our 200 inhabitants would come out to a ridiculously high amount. However, how can they live without supplies from earth? The answer is CELSS or Contained Environmental Life Support System. Basically, it is an independent environment. Although it would be extremely hard to establish an entire life cycle on a small space station, you can come pretty close to it. When you (for example) produce waste, the waste is dehydrated and fed to the plants. The liquid waste flows the water filter and is filtered to be re-used. The greenhouse plants eat the solid nutrients and grow. They are harvested and eaten again; they are digested and come out as waste and the cycle starts all over again. The oxygen that we breathe is turned to CO2 in our lungs and then exhaled. The CO2 is brought to the green house where the plants transform it into oxygen again. The oxygen is then again inhaled and starts it’s cycle again. For simplicity, we don't have animals on 3D. This is because if we cannot control them on earth how can we control them in outer space. Although this system seems almost flawless, it isn't. It would require a lot more space to create a fully functional ecosystem. For example, not all waste can be re-used and some supplies will be needed to makeup for the loss of evaporation and other natural leaks.

Computers There are two central computers. One is working constantly. The other is an extra used in case the first encounters any problem and will instantly take over to prevent the need to turn the central computer off and all machines and systems along with it. The main computer of 3D is located in the middle of the space station. It is in a 0G environment to improve durability of the hard drive and other parts that are stressed by the 1 g on earth. This is because the hard drives on earth have the least life expectancy of anything in a computer, and any failure to the hard drives will result in serious damage to the space station. The main, Computer is connected to all other computers throughout the space station using a fiber optic cable. The fiber optic cables will greatly increase the speed of transfer and responding.

Robotics When you think of robots you probably think of the old movies or R2-D2 from StarWars. However, some of you might think of simple things like a microwave. Robots are starting to be used more often if it is for simple things like cooking a potato or something as complex as creating a car. Robots all have one thing in common. They have to return to their home position or their starting point. The code in robots instruct them what to do in a basic code. If you encounter an obstacle then avoid it. In order for the robot to know how to move it always has to be in the same position. Robots have taken on some of the most dangerous jobs out there. They build cars, weld metal and work in other factories where they replaced the employees. They are a lot cheaper and less precious than the actual workers. They are also much more accurate and can therefore deliver jobs that are much more complex than the material a human being could deliver. Since NASA is high on security, we have robots doing the repairs outside, instead of the humans. Out in space, it is highly dangerous and the chance that you will be struck by either space debris or and asteroid does exist. On 3D, we have many different things equipped with tools. A thruster pack is in a cargo bay waiting for a fracture in any hull or solar panel. If there is one they will be released and will start the repairs immediately.

Mining For mining, we will use a lightweight and small robot that gathers materials from other planets and asteroids. This will help to find new materials that have not yet been discovered. To launch the robot from our space settlement we will use the 1G drop that is provided by the rotating spheres. The robots will be 'dropped' from them and will ignite boosters once they are far enough away from the space settlement. It will then go to its preprogrammed destination. When the robot lands it will deploy and start mining. We will control the robot from the space settlement and once we get it where we want it, it will grasp the ground with its spikes so it will not move. Then, it will get its drill and spin it through the ground. After that, it will roll down its tube to suck up the tiny particles of dust containing minerals. When it is all done, it will use thrusters to come back to our space settlement. (3D) We will take the material that the miner got and bring it to our science facility to examine the material. However, we will first have to disinfect it for safety in case of dangerous chemicals.

Living Quarters You spend at least half of the day in your room, so why should you be forced to live in an ugly military-like barracks for a couple of months? On 3D, we have fully customizable rooms. However you have to share it with a friend or co-worker if 3D gets crowded and has over one hundred residents. Each room has a shower, toilet, and sink in the bathroom. Bathtubs would be a waste of water so residents are advised not to take long showers. Water is very precious and expensive in space and should not be used to a personal pleasure. All rooms have a high-end computer linked to the central network. They also have a T.V. for entertainment. The T.V. has satellite TV. (Since it is already in space and there are preprogrammed movies in a console below the T.V.) Furniture includes: two queen beds, two closets, and a table with four chairs. Every room also has a washer/dryer for cleaning and drying clothes. A microwave is also installed for leftovers or snacks. The rooms are located in a 1G environment; this will help prevent the disabilities from 0G and will be useful for a lot of things since we also live in 1G. It helps keep us oriented and our furniture to the ground. Otherwise, everything would float around your head while you are asleep and will create a hazard. This way, you don't wake-up with a computer cord around your neck.

Greenhouses A greenhouse is a perfect item to have on a space settlement. For many reasons, for example it produces food and changes CO2 into Oxygen. These things are needed greatly on a space station, especially if there are 200 people living on that space station. The shell is fitted with small windows, soil, air water, flora, and fauna. The inner surface of the shell is protected from moisture by a layer of aluminum. Molten silicate is splattered on the aluminum, so it looks and feels like the natural rock. There are 60 people tending to the green houses and making sure everything gets harvested and grown. They engineer the entire layout of the plants and order them from earth (the seeds). They also make sure all the pipes are in the perfect condition and control the irrigation system.

Cafeteria Our cafeteria will be the places were, the people would eat. At a certain time, they will come for their break here to eat and enjoy their breakfast, lunch and dinner. All of our food that we serve will be stored when we don't need it. During breakfast, lunch and dinner the food that is stored will be taken out and cooked so the people can eat it. The circumference of the cafeteria is 30 meters. This room can fit up to 25 people each story. There will be four stores in this room and different times for each meal because not everyone will fit at once. So, because of the different schedule, everyone will fit, eat, relax, and enjoy their meals. The food will be cooked at whatever the temperature is needed. We use a high-powered oven and stove for the best result. The time when the people will come for their meals will. be: 7:00 AM -8:00 AM for breakfast, 1:30 P.M-2: 30 P.M for lunch, and 7:00 P.M8:00 P.M for dinner. These times may change but the schedule above is what time it will be around what time the people will come to eat. For breakfast, we will be serving eggs, pancakes, muffins, French toast, omelet, cereal, and beverages. The beverages are milk, juice, and water. Breakfast can also be combined with lunch in case the people are -running late. We call this brunch, breakfast and lunch. This way the people won't miss their breakfast or lunch. But, the time that is missed will be done later. For lunch there will be a menu of different meals, but this menu may vary. The meals are separated 'in categories of pasta, pizza, sandwiches, hamburgers, appetizers, Mexican food, and beverages. The beverages are coke, sprite, juice, milk, water, wine, and beer. Dinner will be almost the same as lunch. It will have the same menu and it also may vary. But, we will have entertainments for some nights. We will have small shows and music concerts.

Entertainment Our entertainment center will have the following: a movie theater, sports, view of space, and exercise. These will let our people come here for their break. They will to have fun in our sports center. They will be entertained in our movie theater. Also, it will let our people relax to enjoy our views. At the movie theater, we will show the newest movies, or at times old 80's movies. The theater will be 30 meters long and wide. It can hold 20 people per movie. Each movie will be no longer than three hours. Each person in the theater will have comfortable chairs not like the ones that fold up. We will also have a bathroom in the theater so that you won't miss a lot of the movie when you have to go to the bathroom. In our sports center, we will have different sport activities such as football, bowling, soccer, and baseball. These sports will start one at a time. We will have multi-gritted floors to make sure every sport can be played. Each game will be no longer than three hours just like the movie theaters. Forty people can play at once and we will have tournaments too. Just like our own Super Bowl. In our exercise room, we will have many different exercising materials. It will help our people to be strong and healthy. There will be many machines that exercise all the muscles of the people. We will have a timer so none of the people will be late to get back to their work. We will also have a stand for water and Gatorade.

Science Facility Our science facility will have four researches. (Biology, physics, nano-technology, and astronomy). Each center will have it’s own space. There will be four stories and each story will have one of these researches. Each center will be 30 meters in length so our scientists will have enough room. Also, each center will have a variety of tools so that much space will be useful. For our biology center we will have 20 scientists. They will be studying human anatomy and research on micro gravity and how it will affect us. Also, we will have all the tools they need for their research. They will be working on biology for the whole time except when their break starts. Biology will help us to figure out all the problems that we will have in space and try to fix them. Also, we will examine any unidentified bodies in space such as aliens. For the physics center, we will have 15 scientists. They will be studying gravity and the astronaut's suits (how we can make it better than it is). Also, they will figure out how to move faster in space so we can travel further in a less amount of time. The physics’ center will also depend on astronomy for their research on space. With this information, they can study space more so they can figure out easier movement in space. In Nanotechnology, we will have 10 scientists. They will be studying about nanotechnology and how we can use it. In astronomy, we will have 15 scientists. They will study space and see if there is any danger to our space settlement like a meteor hitting us. In the astronomy center, our scientist will have a high-powered telescope. This will let our scientist see and learn about space easier. Also, it will help them track any unidentified flying objects.

Biology In our biology center, we will provide 10 scientists studying biology. In there, we will have all the tools our scientists need such as doctor equipment. They will work all the time except on their breaks and sleeping hours. The biology center will have a circumference of 30 meters. This will give our biologists plenty of room to work and study. Some of our biology depends on the astronomers for any unidentified bodies in space. Our biologists will study our astronauts' body once every month for any diseases. This will make our space settlement healthy for everyone. Also, they will check the astronauts for any weird things on their body that we don't know. So, they will be disinfected with our special spray that will take the substance off. Also, our biologists will find cures from asteroids, comets, and other planets. This will also require the astronomy center for their discoveries in space. The mining robot that we have will come useful too. It can get minerals that may help our fellow astronauts and the people on earth. The biologists help the physicians by any life forms. The biologist will take all notes and tests that they need. Then, they will give it to the physics center for further tests. They will check how this body moved, ate, and talked. Biologist get help from the physics center too. They can use their helpful information that they know about gravity and motion. This will help the biologist by seeing how it can affect the astronauts in the way they move, breathe, and speak. This also relates to how our biologists help them for any diseases like space sickness.

Nanotechnology Nano-technology will be useful for our space settlement. Nano-technology is creations of materials, devices and systems that are very useful to us. It uses nanometers, which is 1-100 nanometers (for measurements). For example, 10 nanometers are 1000 times smaller then your hair is thick. Nano metals are created using precise computer controlled tools that re-arrange the molecules in a metal or object. The reason we use and research nano-technology is because it allows:
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New missions for scientists. Small sensors, power sources, contact, steering, and driving force systems with small size, capacity, and energy is used. Transformation in power and calculating, creating independent spacecraft the latest variety of opportunities to construct machine gears for new space settlements. Systems of small investigators on earthly surfaces. Robots for driving, swimming, and flying. A group of small spaceships making a selection of size.

Nano-technology can help:
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Nano-electronics and Calculating Transmitters Transmitting Network Robot Settlements Constructing Equipment Small spaceships More than one functioning supplies

Astronomy Our astronomy will be in our science facility. It will be on the third floor in the science facility. It will include 15 scientists in the room studying about astronomy. The room will include all; the supplies they need such as high-power telescopes. The room will be 30 meters long and wide. The scientist will work all day except on their breaks. Our scientists will use the telescope to look at the other galaxies and dangerous objects that may cause damage to our space settlement. (Meteors, comets, and other aircrafts). This will help us to stop anything from hitting our space settlement. Also, our telescope will be use to study asteroids and see if there is anything that is useful to us like oil or gold. Also, in our astronomy center, we will look at any minerals to study. The scientist will check it and see if there is anything useful or if it is just a piece of junk. Also, the mining robot will come to the astronomy center to get disinfected and the astronomers will examine what it got.

Gravity When we trip, why do we fall to the ground? It is the same thing that keeps the moon circling around the world and the world around the sun; gravity. Gravity is a force whose origin has not yet been discovered and remains a scientific mystery. All we know is that it is there and we need it to live. Out in space is 0G or weightlessness. On earth, we have I G and on the moon we would have 1/6G. However, in space there is none. The Human body is not made for 0G serious things- will start to happen if you are in 0G. For example, you will feel sick all the time. Another thing that is way more serious is that your organs will slowly start dehydrating. To prevent this, there is a system where you spin around in a circle to achieve higher gravity. The same thing happens when you are on a roller coaster and it goes up all of the sudden and you are pushed to your seat. To achieve gravity our space station rotates clockwise.

Space Debris In the beginning of space exploration, Russia made one of the biggest leaps for their country. They brought the Russian MIR into low-earth-orbit. MIR lasted much longer than expected, and was crashed into the ocean near Australia about 2 years ago. It is to be replaced, and is, by the ISS or International Space Station. However, when MIR was up in orbit, they did not bother to throw the trash into the right place. They jettisoned it. What they jettisoned is now known as space debris. An orbiting cloud of small particles moving at a tremendous speed. Any impact from them would cause an oxygen leak or other highly dangerous fracture. A hit of space debris could easily destroy anything we have in outer space. One incident that displays the reason that space debris is so dangerous is that pictures display that the possible cause for Columbia's crash is that is was hit by space debris while making its way toward earth. This could lead to an even higher security from NASA and we therefore will include the necessary shielding in case the space debris does hit us as well. That is a reason to take high precautions in designing our space station. The space debris needs to be warded off. We-do not have any information about a machine that would 'ward off space debris. Therefore, we have to go with the old-fashioned way and armor ourselves. 3D has a hull made of a Nano-engineered metal plates. The Plates will absorb the impact and leave the inner hull intact. Once it hits the sensors around the outer hull, it will pick up the damage and inform the 5-man repairing team to replace the 5inch-by-5inch square plate.

Radiation Shielding There is a lot of radiation in space. It comes from outer space (mainly from deep space). Humans have to be protected or else they could die if radiation interacts with them. The radiation usually does not get into the earth's atmosphere. The radiation comes from solar flares and background space radiation from the 'big bang'. These radiations are deadly to people and can cause serious health issues. Magnetosphere protects us from radiation on earth. A magnetosphere has many parts to it. The shield consists of- the bow shock, magneto sheath, magneto tall, plasma sheets, lobes, plasma spheres, radiation belts, and currents. These particles are responsible for many phenomenons such as the aurora and the radio emissions. A space settlement must be closed in a sufficient mass to shield-people from radiation. It can be done with any kind of mass. By creating an electro-magnetic field to shield you from the moving charged particles, like earth's magnetosphere. The lead on our space settlement will protect us from the space radiation. It reflects the radiation back into space. This way we are safe from most of the radiation in space and could survive on the space station for a long time.

Transportation Space vehicles help astronauts move from one place to another. For example, the space shuttle helps the astronauts move from earth to space. Without spacecrafts, we wouldn't be able to go into outer space. We would not know what our solar system would look like. There are two space vehicles that we will use for transportation. The first space vehicle is called the Michelle-B. Michelle stands-for "Modular Incremental Compact High Energy Low cost Launch Experiment". Michelle-B is like a mini van but it takes you to outer space. This space vehicle operates vertically from any place in the world. Michelle-B is the size and shape of a standard cargo container (40 feet tall and 8 feet in diameter). It can fly from anywhere, land or sea. It takes off vertically and it takes 3 minutes and 3.3 sec for it to go 100 kilometers high. It lands vertically and it has legs too. When Michelle-B lands it only takes a few hours, and then it can take off again. (Not like other space vehicles that take a couple days before it can take of again). The inspectors inspect and service the vehicle really fast so it can take of again. Michelle-B is very cheap but it works really well. The other spacecraft that we will talk about is called X-33. It can reach the speed of Mach 13, which is really fast. It cost more than a Billion dollars just to fly the spacecraft. It uses a Scram jet engine while in atmosphere.

Emergency Mankind's experience with space has been great and astonishing. However, it has also been terrifying, many accidents have happened related to space; rockets exploded, engines failed, collisions, equipment failure, and much more. These accidents are causing the downfall of the space age, which is already falling since the fall of the Soviet Union and other competition. However, many of these could have been prevented if we took higher precautions. You cannot prevent every accident. However, you can prepare for most of them so you are not clueless of what to do when it does happen. This is why 3D has a great evacuation plan. Wherever you are in the orbiting spheres you have at least two alternate ways to go, which are not much longer, if one of the walkways gets hit by an asteroid. The escape shuttles are located in-between the three levels of 3D. There are 16 escape shuttles ready to depart at all time. We use an enlarged version of Lockheed Martin's CRV (Crew Return Vehicle) that will fit 20 people at once. Since they are orbiting at 1/3G they will 'drop' from their docks once released. This works as a natural catapult in case 3D explodes. Between the hallways and the spheres are airlocks that will close at a loss of pressure reported by the web of sensors around 3D. In the hallways, there will be space suits to protect the people that were trapped in the hallways at lockdown.

Life Support Oxygen, water, and electricity are vital to the survival on a space station. Without them, you would be doomed and lost. Therefore, our space station needs to have a flowing supply of all three items. Air-----Oxygen is vital to the human body, not only is space. Oxygen is supplied directly room only space station. There are main pipes running throughout the infrastructure. There are small supply pipes running throughout the infrastructure. There are small supply pipes running away them into the room. Before they enter the room there is a valve that detectives if fresh oxygen is needed and how much. In case of power failure, these valves run on lithium ION batteries and could last a couple of weeks until they will suddenly open. When the human body breathes the oxygen it exhales CO2 or Carbon Dioxide, which is poisonous to the human body. Therefore, we have a pipe system like the Oxygen supply with fans in them to take the CO2 from the rooms to the greenhouse where the plants transform it into oxygen again. Water------Water is also essential to the human body. Water pipes ran into most of the rooms and facilities. The wastewater is then collected and sent into the waste disposal to be dehydrated. The water then is sent into the purifier and sent into the pipes to start its cycle again. Power------Power is also needed to run a space station, or most everything in our period of time. Without powe,r absolutely nothing on 3D would run and it would be a matter of minutes when the space station would drop and bum up in the atmosphere. Power lines run through 1-inch thick plastic covering to minimize the chances of a fire breaking out.

3D Model and Display


								
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