YOUTH ENTERPRISE JOURNAL ARTICLE SUBMISSION GUIDELINE Manuscripts must adhere to the following criteria for acceptance. Submissions failing meet the minimum criteria will be returned to authors for correction before being reviewed. CHECKLIST STRUCTURE: Manuscripts accepted for publication must be a minimum of 2000 words and a maximum of 5000 words all inclusive. Manuscripts should contain a title page, an abstract page, the body of the text beginning on a new page, and a reference list. All manuscripts should include an introduction and conclusion section. TITLE PAGE: The title page should include the title of the article, author/s names (first name and surname), author/s e-mail and postal address/es, and a short biography of all the author/s, covering work experience and areas of interest. Acknowledgements should also be noted on the title page. ABSTRACT PAGE: The abstract should be a succinct statement of the scope of the article, its main arguments and conclusions. The abstract should be a minimum of 150 and a maximum of 300 words. FORMATTING : Overall Text: Page margins should be set at 2.54cm (top and bottom) and 3.17 (left and right). This is the standard page-set up of a Microsoft Word document. Text should in Time New Roman and set at a font size of 12 and double spaced. Headings Primary headings should be bold. Secondary headings should be bold and italic. Subheadings of secondary headings should be in italic format. All headings should be set at 12 font size in Times New Roman. Endnotes: v Endnotes should be used rather than footnotes. Endnotes should not replace reference list. Footnotes should be used where there is absolute need. WRITING STYLE: Long and complex sentences should be avoided. Authors should avoid jargon, and properly explain terms used, particularly those that are specific to disciplines. Abbreviations: Abbreviations should be used sparingly and sentences should begin with abbreviations. There should be consistency in the use of all abbreviations. This also applies to symbols, capitals and italics. Non-English words: Non-English words should also be used sparingly, where cited, a full explanation should be provided in the endnotes. All non-English words should only be in italic format. Acronyms: First use of an Acronym should always be followed by full explanation. Thereafter the acronym may be used without explanation. Inverted commas: Double inverted commas should only be used to designate direct quotes. Otherwise single inverted commas should be used. TABLES, GRAPHS & DIAGRAMS: Tables should be provided as part of the article. Tables should only provide information essential to understanding the article. Authors should avoid reporting the same information in both text and tables. Data may not be presented in both tabular and graphical form. Tables must use thin single lines and should not include shading. Each item in a table should be placed in an individual cell. Do not use tabs to format tables. A maximum of 4 graphs, and 5 tables and 3 diagrams can be used in the article. Images: A maximum of 4 graphics/images can be used. Images must be scanned at a minimum of 300dpi format. C ITATION AND REFERENCING STYLE: Authors should follow the Harvard style of referencing: e.g.: (http://www.uyf.org.za/km.sdd/doc). If the Citation is: Specific to a sentence – then at the end of the sentence before the full stop apply: (Ngoma, 2005). Specific to the paragraph – then apply at the end of the paragraph, before the full stop: (Ngoma, 2005). Multiple citations – then separate with a semicolon and list them chronologically - (Ngoma, 2001; Thomas, 2003; Smith & Ray 2004). Where there is more than one for the same year - then list alphabetically. Starting a sentence with a citation: ‘Ngoma (1973) argues…’ Direct quote – then: Ngoma (1973:34 - 35). Using et al – same law of acronym usage applies – all authors listed the first time, thereafter first author et al – then - (Ngoma, Thomas & Smith 2004), thereafter (Ngoma et al 2004). R EFERENCE LIST : Phillip, K. (2003) Co-operatives in South Africa: Their role in job creation and poverty reduction. Occasional paper for South Africa Foundation. No2 / 2003. Republic of South Africa. Department of Trade and Industry. 2004. Draft Co-operatives Bill, 2004. Pretoria. Ramadiro, B, Mavundla, Z. Seahorse, L. 2003. Research Report: Youth Participation on Cooperatives in South Africa. Compiled for Umsobomvu Youth Fund. Pretoria. Shenxane, T.V. 2002. “Building youth co-operatives in South Africa” Concept paper prepared for Umsobomvu Youth Fund. Pretoria COPYRIGHT NOTICE All contributions are accepted on the understanding that authors have the authority to publish. Copyright for articles published in this journal are retained by the Youth Enterprise Journal of the National Youth Development Agency. Authors may use the article elsewhere after publication without any permission from the Managing Editor of Youth Enterprise Journal. This is provided that acknowledgement is given to the Youth to Work Journal as the original source of publication. Any personal information of the authors will only be used for the journal. ARTICLE MINIMUM STANDARDS To avoid rejection or major revision, authors are encouraged to ensure that their manuscripts meet the following minimum standards: • • the paper is well-structured and presentation is clear; the goals of the project are readily apparent; • • • • • • • the methods used are appropriate to the project and appear to have been satisfactorily executed; results and conclusions are well argued and cognisance is taken of alternative interpretations; appropriate use is made of figures and tables (where relevant); the paper takes into account related empirical and/or analytic work in the field; all articles should relate to current issues and have direct implications for youth entrepreneurship support and development; and the paper makes an original contribution to knowledge in the area. All contributions are accepted on the understanding that the authors have the authority for publication. All manuscripts must be presented in English. R EVIEW PROCESS Manuscripts submitted to Youth Enterprise Journal will be reviewed by editorial board consisting of experts in the field. The editorial board will assess whether submitted papers for publication are methodologically and conceptually sound and make an original contribution to the field. Either of the following decisions may be taken with regard to the manuscripts: • • • • • Accept – publish as submitted, very minor editorial revisions may be needed; Accept Conditionally – with minor revisions. Revisions are reviewed by editor, not resubmitted to review panel; Accept Conditionally with Major Revisions – revised manuscript will be sent back to the same reviewers for reconsideration; Reject but Invite Major Revision and Resubmission – fundamental changes are needed, and the revised manuscript will go back to the same reviewers for reconsideration; or Reject the manuscript – the manuscript will not be considered again. Code of Conduct • • Papers that contain offensive language, including profanity, blasphemy and other religiously insensitive material shall not be published. Authors are obliged to report truthfully, accurately and fairly. Papers shall be presented in the correct context and in a fair manner, without intentional or negligent departure from the facts, whether by: o • Distortion, exaggeration or misrepresentation; material omissions; or Summarisation. Where the information contained in the abstract is about an individual, organisation or the state there should be no doubt in the correctness of the opinion contained therein. Authors are encouraged to verify the correctness of any information in their submissions. o Where such verification cannot be done, that fact must be mentioned in the report.