DEWAGRID-Europe Quarterly Bulletin No. 4 - 2005

Document Sample
DEWAGRID-Europe Quarterly Bulletin No. 4 - 2005 Powered By Docstoc
					                                                                 United Nations Environment Programme
                                                                 Division of Early Warning and Assessment

                                                             Quarterly Bulletin No. 4 - 2005
Volume 7, Issue 4, January 2006                        UNEP/Global Resource Information Database

GRID-Europe Partnership Agreement Renewed
by Ron Witt                                                  between a UN agency or programme              but has brought strategic advice and direc-
                                                             (UNEP), a federal government and mem-         tion to the office through an Advisory Board
UNEP, the Swiss Federal Office for the                       ber of the UN (the Swiss Confederation)       consisting of two members from each of
Environment (FOEN) and the University of                     AND a local institution, the University of    the three partners UNEP, FOEN and the
Geneva have now renewed the previous                         Geneva that is run by the Canton and          University of Geneva. The Advisory Board
four-year "Partnership Agreement" under                      Republic of the Geneva state. Thus, the       chairmanship rotates among the three part-
which the DEWA/GRID-Europe office oper-                      agreement was approved and signed by          ners' locales and meetings are held twice
ates and receives core funding and in-kind                   the Rector of the University of Geneva Dr.    annually, with each partner hosting in turn.
support from the three partners. This is now                 Andre Hurst, the new head of the Swiss        Its six members provide advice and guid-
the third four-year Partnership phase, with                  Federal Office of Environment Dr. Bruno       ance in all areas of DEWA/GRID-Europe
previous agreements having been imple-                       Oberle, and UNEP's Executive Director. It     programme of work, as well as scientific
mented from 1998-2001 and 2002-2005.                         is also formally approved by the Swiss        support and oversight of expenditure, office
The current agreement, under which all                       Federal Council in a certificate signed by    staffing etc.
three partners have guaranteed increased                     the President of the Swiss Confederation,         DEWA/GRID-Europe, the Regional
core funding and/or in-kind support to the                   Dr. Samuel Schmid.                            Coordinator and all of the staff express their
office, will run until 31 December 2009.                         Over the last eight years, the            thanks once again to all three of the part-
     The DEWA/GRID-Europe Partnership                        Partnership Agreement has not only guar-      ners for their continued confidence and
is unique in that it is a rare, perhaps the                  anteed a situation of stable core funding     support, as evidenced by the signing of the
only example, of a formal arrangement                        and personnel for DEWA/GRID-Europe,           3rd Partnership Agreement! n

 Inside this issue
                                                             Completion of IMOS Second Phase
 GRID-Europe Partnership Agreement renewed                   by Jean-Michel Jaquet & Karine Allenbach
 Completion of IMOS second phase                             GRID-Europe concluded the execution of
                                                             the second phase of the Iraq Marshlands
 GRID-Europe takes part in new EU METAFUNCTIONS              Observation System (IMOS). IMOS is coor-
 project                                                     dinated by UNEP's Post Conflict Branch, as
                                                             part of UNEP's “Support for Environmental
 Update of Geneva Canton meta-data and upgrade of
                                                             Management of Iraqi Marshlands” project.
 the SIEnG website
                                                                 During the three-year period under
 International Platform on Sustainable Development           study (January 2003 - December 2005),
                                                             significant and rapid environmental change
 GEO-Cities in Europe: pilot case study in Vitoria-Gasteiz   has been taking place in the Iraqi
                                                             Mesopotamian Marshlands. After over a
 GRID network re-inforced after internal review              decade of precipitous decline, during which
                                                             the marshlands had dwindled by early 2003     re-flooding began (May 2003-March
 Core European GRID centres meeting                          to less than 7% of their former extent in     2004), more than 20% of the 1973 marsh-
                                                             1973, a new phase of active and wide-         land area had been inundated. By May
 GRID-Europe staff news                                      spread inundation started in Spring 2003.     2005, almost 50% of the former marshes
                                                                 Accordingly UNEP, in consultation with    had been flooded, but this level gradually
 Division of Early Warning and Assessment                    the Iraqi Ministries of Water Resources       declined with the high evapo-transpiration
 Office for Europe                                           and Environment, designed a satellite-        rates of the hot summer months, stabiliz-
 11 ch. des Anémones                                         based monitoring approach - IMOS - to         ing at approximately 40% by November
 1219 Châtelaine
                                                             survey the extent and distribution of         2005. Another major finding is the rapid
 Tel. + 41 22 917 8294                                       marshland re-flooding, and assess the         establishment of emergent wetland vege-
 Fax + 41 22 917 8029                                        development of wetland vegetation cover.      tation, which has been increasing at the
 Web:                                           By the end of the second phase proj-      rapid rate of over 800-900 km 2 per annum
 E-mail:                               ect, the monitoring work revealed a           since May 2003.
                                                             remarkable and steady recovery process
 Editors: Diana Rizzolio, Ron Witt                           underway. In less than one year since the
                                                                                                                                      Continued page 3

page 2                                                                                                        DEWA/GRID-Europe Quarterly Bulletin No. 4 - 2005

GRID-Europe Takes Part in New EU METAFUNCTIONS Project
by Andrea de Bono & Gregory Giuliani               must play some role in enabling survival in                          emerging– but the tools to analyse it are
                                                   extreme heat. GRID-Europe will be process-                           seriously lacking. Consequently, META-
The European Union METAFUNCTIONS                   ing selected environmental GIS data sets.                            FUNCTIONS will develop a novel data-min-
project, pooling expertise in bioinformatics,          In the last years, more than 260 micro-                          ing system that can identify relationships
computer science, geographical information         bial genomes have been successfully                                  between sequenced genes and their envi-
systems and marine sciences, was                   sequenced, while over 600 are currently in                           ronmental and ecological context. The ulti-
launched in Bremen, Germany, in October            progress. So far, researchers have largely                           mate aim is to determine the function of as
2005. This innovative tool will enable scien-      focused on bacteria that are medically                               yet unknown genes, known as hypothetical
tists to infer functions and activities for        important; 'environmentally important' organ-                        genes.
sequenced hypothetical genes, thus provid-         isms (e.g. those involved in methane pro-                                In particular, the METAFUNCTIONS
ing a wealth of information about niche            duction and consumption) have not received                           project will help to break through the current
adaptations, as well as new enzymes and            the same attention.                                                  backlog in assigning function to the vast
proteins for medical and industrial use.               As it is difficult to culture ecologically rel-                  number of conserved hypothetical genes
     The METAFUNCTIONS approach inte-              evant bacteria for genomic sequencing                                that high through-put genomic sequencing
grates a diverse range of expertise from four      under laboratory conditions, scientists often                        has produced. Marine ecology, biotechnolo-
European institutions in Germany, Poland           take DNA samples directly from the environ-                          gy, medicine and many industrial sectors
and Switzerland, including GRID-Europe.            ment instead. Sequences of these samples                             could all benefit from the mapping that
     GRID-Europe will be contributing to this      are known as metagenomes - not the                                   METAFUNCTIONS will give to ecological
new project through its work on this novel         genome of an organism, but the genetic                               genomics.
data-mining system. For this purpose, a            make-up of a particular environment. A                                   The first results of this three-years proj-
'Genomes MapServer' is under develop-              wealth of metagenome information is                                  ect are expected lin 2006.n
ment by GRID-Europe, soon allowing scien-
tists around the world to access integrated
genomic and ecological data, and clearly
visualise the results of their analyses.
     An innovative aspect of this project is the
use of geographic information systems
(GIS), which allow simulation and analysis of
events from a geographical or spatial per-
spective. Novel patterns - for example, the
physical clustering of genes within a
genome - will be correlated to the contextu-
al habitat data. For instance, a particular
cluster of genes may be found in a number
of genomes and metagenomes all taken
from high-temperature environments. It             The 14 scientists from several European countries met for the first time at the Max-Planck-Institute for Marine Microbiology in Bremen
would be reasonable to infer that the gene         during the METAFUNCTIONS kick-off meeting, from 19-21 October 2005.

International Platform on Sustainable Urban Development
by Diana Rizzolio                                  to mayors and other representatives of                                   The next edition of S-DEV is expected
                                                   local authorities who attended S-DEV 05.                             in 2007 in Geneva. n
The International Platform on Sustainable          The goal is to create a world network for
Urban Development S-DEV 05 was held                solidarity which supports the ongoing
at GENEVA PALEXPO, from 11 - 13                    exchange of innovative experiences and
October 2005. This first Forum’s theme             solutions for urban areas.
was “Innovating cities around the world”,              GRID-Europe staff attended S-DEV
and included presentation of projects,             2005 to present DEWA products and
offers of products or services, sources of         activities on the UNEP stand. The “Cities
finance, partnerships, North-South coop-           from Space” posters prepared for the 2005
eration, and broadening of networks.               World Environment Day were re-used for
    Over 2,500 participants attended this          this event, as well as other DEWA prod-
event, including mayors, directors from            ucts, such as the GEO-Cities publications,
the public and private sectors, internation-       the GEO Yearbook, the “One Planet -
al and local organisations, business peo-          Many People” Atlas and other GEO
ple, inventors, researchers, experts, stu-         Assessments.
dents and others interested in sustainable             A presentation of the Atlas "One Planet
urban development. In all, 70 nationalities        Many People" was made during a side
were represented. The conference ended             event organised by the Earth Focus
with the “Geneva Declaration for a viable          Foundation and the Geneva Environment
future in cities”, which has been submitted        Network.                                                             UNEP stand at S-DEV 05
DEWA/GRID-Europe Quarterly Bulletin No. 4 - 2005                                                                                                     page 3

Completion of IMOS Second Phase
Continued from page 1                                   designed and produced, using a legend to
                                                        illustrate the temporal distribution of
    Despite these positive developments,                marshland reflooding and wetland vegeta-
caution should be exercised not to equate               tion development, on a nominal weekly/bi-
marshland re-flooding with ecosystem                    weekly basis since January 2005. In total,
restoration. In this connection, it is also             92 map sets have been prepared for the
important to examine whether the direc-                 three-year period from 2003-2005.
tion of change is consistent with desirable             Surface area statistics of wetland vegeta-
states of ecosystem recovery and with the               tion and water body themes (the two key
provision of the goods and services on                  land cover types comprising the marshes)
which local populations depend for their                have been calculated from the synoptic
livelihoods. Such an assessment will                    and seasonal vegetation maps.
require     long-term      inter-disciplinary                Semi-detailed vegetation mapping of
research and collaboration.                             the marshlands was carried out using
    A combined approach relying on satel-               Landsat 7 ETM+ products and IRS satel-
lite sensors collecting data at various                 lite imagery; identified as the most suitable
scales and multi-temporal analysis was                  source of medium-resolution imagery cur-
adopted to observe the evolution of                     rently available. Similar object-based
marshland re-flooding. A novel methodolo-               methodologies as that used for MODIS
gy applying an object-oriented approach,                have been developed and applied for both
based on initial image segmentation fol-                the Landsat 7 ETM+ and IRS satellite data       The Marshlands seen by IRS on 15 June 2005
lowed by a multi-criteria classification, was           sets (see right figure). In total, seven sea-
therefore developed and applied to the                  sonal vegetation maps have been pre-                - Development and implementation of
Moderate         Resolution          Imaging            pared for the Spring and Autumn, captur-        IMOS, consisting of an articulated ensem-
Spectroradiometer (MODIS), Indian                       ing the marshlands at their maximum and         ble of concepts, data, methodology, soft-
Remote Sensing Satellite Linear Imaging                 minimum extents respectively, on an             ware and products, accessible through a
Self Scanning Sensor (IRS P6 LISS-III)                  annual basis for the period 2003-2005.          website. Owing to the large size of the
and Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper                         All results have been placed in the        Iraqi marshlands and to the security situa-
(ETM) imagery. Although a certain amount                public domain and made available on the         tion, remote sensing was the only
of residual noise remains, the methodolo-               IMOS website (,       approach to observe their evolution. Daily
gy created is considered to be globally                 which is regularly updated to help ensure       MODIS imagery has been the main
satisfactory. Nevertheless, a continual                 timely access for the Iraqi authorities, as     source of data, supplemented by a few
effort was made to address the anomalies                well as partner organisation and interest-      IRS and Landsat images at a seasonal
and revise the classification procedures                ed stakeholders.                                frequency. Thematic information was
accordingly.                                                  In conclusion, at the end of the sec-     extracted from all the imagery by a unified,
    Using MODIS Terra satellite imagery,                ond phase of the project, three of the four     object-based approach followed by a
synoptic maps (see figure below) were                   major objectives were fully met:                fuzzy, multi-criteria classification. Because
                                                                                                        of the scarcity of field data, the role of the
                                                                                                        analyst's expertise was important in the
                                                                                                        process. The possibility to log and store
                                                                                                        the algorithms used assures full repro-
                                                                                                        ducibility of the results.
                                                                                                            - Information products and services, of
                                                                                                        which the former consist of MODIS-based
                                                                                                        Simplified Land Cover and Inondation
                                                                                                        (SLCI) maps and statistics produced and
                                                                                                        included in weekly reports. Based on the
                                                                                                        higher-resolution imagery of IRS and
                                                                                                        Landsat, more detailed seasonal vegeta-
                                                                                                        tion maps were also produced. All images,
                                                                                                        maps and reports are displayed in, and
                                                                                                        accessible from the IMOS website.
                                                                                                            - IMOS is suitable to follow marshland
                                                                                                        progress in terms of vegetation and water
                                                                                                        surfaces’ evolution. The recovery is obvi-
                                                                                                        ous. Since 2003, the total surface area of
                                                                                                        marshlands went from 15% to 40% of their
                                                                                                        maximal extent in the 1970s.
                                                                                                            - Only the last objective, the transmis-
                                                                                                        sion of IMOS as an operational tool to Iraqi
                                                                                                        partners was not yet achieved, but this is
                                                                                                        being conducted during the first half of 2006.
                                                                                                            For more information visit:
                          Significant episodes of Marshlands recovery seen by MODIS           

page 4                                                                                                        DEWA/GRID-Europe Quarterly Bulletin No. 4 - 2005

Update of Geneva Canton Metadata and Upgrade of the SIEnG Website
by Jean-Philippe Richard                          quarter of 2005. Nearly 400 cantonal meta-
                                                  data from approximatively 30 services are
Two major projects, implemented by GRID-          now available at:
Europe for the Canton of Geneva, have
been largely updated in 2005.                          The web portal
                                                  (Geneva Environment Information System),
    In early 1999, the Department of Interior,    which is hosted and supported since 2000
Agriculture, Environment and Energy of            by GRID-Europe, allows various environ-
Geneva (DIAE) commissioned GRID-                  mental Geneva stakeholders (approxima-
Europe to create a local meta-database, tai-      tively 30 services of various cantonal
lored along the lines of the European-            Departments, City of Geneva, Industrial
designed Catalogue of Data Sources (CDS).         Services of Geneva, some international
Maintained with the support of GRID-              institutions such as UNEP, CERN, UNITAR,
Europe, a first report on cantonal meta-data      eg.) interested in cantonal environmental
was published in 2000 on the Internet. It was     projects to have access to this exchange
migrated in 2004 into the newly-structured        platform.
Swiss Catalogue of Environmental Data                  The open-source application used                             Geneva Environment Information System (SIEnG)
Sources: ENVIROCAT, a Federal Office for          (SQuAW, a PostgreSQL/PHP development)
the Environment project that GRID-Europe          was upgraded in October 2005 in order to
is also implementing. The meta-data for the       propose new features to users and a more                          new graphic style, and continues to support
Canton of Geneva had not been published           friendly interface. This application allows col-                  the users actively.
earlier, and this was accomplished in 2005.       laborative work, secure and restricted                                This application is greatly appreciated
    GRID-Europe provided valuable support         access, document repository and self-man-                         by the services using it. Although this web-
through its partnership with DIAE to the var-     agement of html pages without knowledge                           site is essentially meant for Geneva
ious Geneva cantonal services and finished        of html language). GRID-Europe followed                           administration’s internal use, it was visited
the work in collaboration with them in the last   the upgrade development, developed the                            by 22,000 visitors in 2005. n

GEO-Cities in Europe: Pilot Case Study in Vitoria-Gasteiz
by Stephane Kluser                                Vitoria-Gasteiz" will serve as a pilot proj-                      from 24-26 November 2005. Various
                                                  ect for the GEO-Cities process in                                 activity sectors were represented by the
The city of Vitoria-Gasteiz, Basque region,       European cities.                                                  60 participants: policy and administration
Spain, is involved in several urban environ-          A workshop "Possible Futures for                              representatives, scientists and techni-
ment assessments having international sta-        Vitoria-Gasteiz" took place in the Palacio                        cians, industry, NGO and civil society
tus, such as UN-HABITAT “Best Practices”          de Congresos Europa, in Vitoria-Gasteiz,                          activists. GEA 21 and the CEA Centre
or Sustainable Cities/Aalborg +10 from the                                                                          were in charge of the organisation.
European Commission. Collaborations are                                                                                 GRID-Europe and DEWA Latin
ongoing with entities such as the                                                                                   America and Caribbean (LAC) staff gave
International Clearinghouse on Sustainable                                                                          an overview of the GEO processes, the
Development and Environmental Protection                                                                            GEO-Cities experience in LAC and how
(ICLEI), the European Environment Agency                                                                            the GEO Vitoria-Gasteiz would relate to
(EEA) and pioneer cities in urban environ-                                                                          these and be the first link of GEO-Cities
ment thematics such as Munich (Germany)                                                                             within the European region. Coordinating
and Leicester (UK). Within the Basque                                                                               the GEO Vitoria-Gasteiz for GEA 21,
region, the city is part of the Basque                                                                              Isabel Velásquez led the workshop events
Network towards Sustainability (Udalsarea                                                                           following the European Awareness
21). At the local level, the city is also very                                                                      Scenario Workshop (EASW) methodology
active in terms of sustainability in regard to                                                                      based on dialog between participants
Agenda 21 and Strategic Planning 2010.                                                                              about future developments of the city, in
    The environmental and sustainability                                                                            small working groups divided according to
assessment for the city of Vitoria-Gasteiz                                                                          different subjects of interest.
"GEO Vitoria-Gasteiz" will be implement-                                                                                Participants had the chance to share
ed by GEA 21 (a consulting company con-                                                                             their ideas and present them in a three-
tracted by the municipality) and coordinat-                                                                         fold plan: desired future for Vitoria, future
ed by the "Centro de Estudios                                                                                       to avoid for Vitoria and ideas for the action
Ambientales" (CEA) of the city of Vitoria.                                                                          plan -synthesis scenario. At the end of the
The first objective of GEA 21 is to adjust                                                                          workshop, the mayor of Vitoria-Gasteiz
existing methodologies based on                                                                                     and representative from DEWA-LAC
European sectorial policies (environment,                                                                           thanked participants and the organising
urban, territorial planning) to the GEO-                                                                            committee for their valuable ideas and
Cities methodology. As such, the "GEO             Possible Futures for Vitoria-Gasteiz Workshop, 24-26 November.    suggestions. n
DEWA/GRID-Europe Quarterly Bulletin No. 4 - 2005                                                                                       page 5

GRID Network Re-inforced After Internal Review                                                     GRID-Europe Staff News
by Ron Witt                                    ed by other representatives from DEWA at            by Diana Rizzolio
                                               Headquarters, along with GRIDs-Europe,
Dating back to the mid-1980s, UNEP's           Arendal, Nairobi, Sioux Falls (USA) and             There have been a number of changes in
network of Global Resource Information         Warsaw.                                             GRID-Europe office staff since the end of
Database (GRID) centres and its origins             Some of the major issues covered dur-          2005.
were linked with the then "new" technolo-      ing the meeting were an updated institu-                Two members have left the GRID-
gies of geographic information systems         tional "model" for the GRID network (how            Europe team. Karine Bachmann, a former
(GIS) and satellite remote sensing, and        structured; types of centres; what roles            intern and consultant who was working on
the aspiration of UNEP and its supporters      and who reports to whom); governance                the Geneva Canton SIEnG since August
to provide related services, database          framework documents (statement of capa-             2004, left GRID-Europe at the end of
technologies and analytical skills relating    bilities; mandate, mission and vision state-        2005, and is now a teacher at a Geneva
to the environment, and monitoring of          ments; core functions/services; centre              Secondary School. Bruno Chatenoux,
environmental change for the UN system         benefits/duties; directory of participating         also a former intern who joined our Early
as a whole, as well as member states of        centres; and data and information man-              Warning team at the beginning of 2005,
the United Nations community.                  agement "quality assurance/quality con-             also finished his contract at the end of the
    In the twenty years since the GRID         trol" etc.); and in general how the revised         year and is now involved with the “Small
network was founded, the UN world and          GRID network would operate to directly              Arms Survey”, an independent research
information technologies have changed in       assure delivery of DEWA's and more                  project located at the Graduate Institute of
significant ways. While GRID as a con-         broadly, UNEP's programme of work                   International Studies in Geneva, as
cept also evolved over the past 20 years,      (PoW).                                              Information Management Coordinator of
and the network itself expanded from the            Overall, the discussions confirmed that        the Human Security Baseline Assessment
two original centres in Geneva and             the demands for GRID network services               (HSBA) team in Sudan. We heartily wish
Nairobi to some 15 offices at different lev-   within DEWA, UNEP and member states                 Karine and Bruno success in their new
els (national, regional and even thematic)     are both strong and constantly increasing           jobs!
around the world, it was considered for        (it was said that "if GRID didn't already               Diaowye Konte continues to replace
some time that the network needed re-          exist, we would need to invent it"). Major          another staff member in the preparation of
thinking, in terms of its fundamental mis-     recommendations           were       that:     a)   data for the GEO Data Portal since
sion, and how it could more directly serve     existing/ongoing innovations within the             November 2005. Benedicte Boudol, who
UNEP and its parent Division of Early          network be consolidated and made avail-             has been assisting our Secretariat since
Warning and Assessment (DEWA).                 able as data services, offering greater             December 2004, was officially named to
    DEWA thus conceived and undertook          benefits to the entire Division that is             GRID-Europe’s half time secretarial post
an evaluation of the entire GRID network       DEWA, UNEP and member states; and b)                in December 2005. Finally, Ana Priceputu,
of centres through an external consultant,     the overall network be re-vitalised and             a former intern, joined GRID-Europe as a
who studied the history of the network and     supported by re-establishing GRID coordi-           half-time consultant for the Carpathians
visited several prominent GRID centres         nation (a person as "Coordinator") at               Environment Outlook (KEO) project in
(particularly in Europe and at UNEP            UNEP Headquarters.                                  October 2005.
Headquarters). The results of the study             The recommended structuring and                    We receive news on a regular basis
and recommendations for the future of the      responsibilities given to the GRID centres,         from our former interns and staff mem-
GRID network were discussed at a meet-         particularly at the regional level, will have the   bers, while some of them join us periodi-
ing convened at UNEP's International           effect of empowering DEWA's regional coor-          cally for short-term mandates. We occa-
Environment House (MIE-II) in early            dinators to expand and improve their region-        sionally join efforts in common projects
October 2005.        The GRID Network          al networks. The meeting participants               with their new organisations and we are
Evaluation Meeting was chaired by the          recognised that the European GRID network           always very happy to share our mutual
acting Director of DEWA, Ms. Marion            is the most advanced/developed among all            experiences! n
Cheatle, along with the consultant Mr.         UNEP regions, and the coming biennium
Robert Starling of the Open GIS                (2006-07) should see further targeted imple-
Consortium (OGC-Australia), and attend-        mentation. n

Core European GRID Centres Meeting
by Ron Witt                                        Meeting on 12 December 2005, the                has been named as the "lead data centre"
                                               four Euro-GRID centres' representatives             to develop the underlying trans-national
A corollary of the GRID Network Review         prepared three proposals focusing on                database.
was a one-day follow-up meeting organ-         capacity building/the Bali Strategic Plan,             The three proposals have been for-
ised by GRID-Europe and including              Euro-networking and development of pro-             warded to DEWA management at UNEP
GRIDs-Arendal, Budapest and Warsaw,            totype national data portals for GEO                Headquarters for consideration by the rel-
with a precise and singular goal of dis-       assessment support.                                 evant persons there.n
cussing and developing a series of short           GRID-Europe and GRID-Warsaw are
proposals as to how the Euro-GRID net-         already working very closely together on
work of centres, working together, could       the Carpathians Environment Outlook
support DEWA's PoW in 2006-07.                 (KEO) reporting process, where the latter

 page 6                                                                                                     DEWA/GRID-Europe Quarterly Bulletin No. 4 - 2005

Calendar of Events                                        GRID-Europe’s Latest Outputs
(January - June 2006)
18-20 January                                             Sistan Basin Wetlands-2005. Map produced for the UNEP/Post-Conflict Branch.
Inter-Agency Meeting on Outer Space Activities            Proposed Hawizeh Marshes Ramsar Site - Wetland of International Importance. Map produced for the UNEP/Post-Conflict
Unesco, Paris                                             Branch.

19 January                                                Iraqi Marshlands Observation System. Final Technical Report. Report produced for the UNEP/Post-Conflict Branch.
Planning meeting for 2006 cooperation activities, UNEP-
World Glacier Monitoring Service

31 January - 6 February
ProVention Forum 2006

2 February
World Wetlands Day

7 - 9 February
9th Special Session of the Governing Council /
Global Ministerial Environment Forum
Dubai, UAE

8-11 February
GEOLAND Forum Open Day

15-19 February
GEO LAC Consultation, launch, presentation and training
workshop of the GEO Global & LAC Data Portals
Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago

6-10 March
                                                                           Read GRID-Europe Early Warning “Briefs”,
GEO-4 2nd Production and Authors' Meeting (PAM)
UNEP/DEWA, Nairobi                                                                      available at
21 March
World Forestry Day

22 March
World Water Day

23 March
World Meteorological Day

22 April
International Earth Day

22 May
World Biodiversity Day

5 June
World Environment Day

Shared By: