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Electric Vehicles

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									Technology Road Map for Electric Vehicles in Canada Feuille de route pour les véhicules électriques au Canada Canadian Utilities Fleet Council 2009 05 25

Report Date
June 2009  Today’s presentation touches only on parts of the contents  Recommendations are not finalized

A partnership effort between:
Electric Mobility Canada  Natural Resources Canada  Transport Canada

What is Electric Mobility Canada?
A National Industry Association with 6 categories of membership:  Industry  Energy Providers  End Users  NGO’s  Supporters  Associates

Our Mission

To establish electric mobility, in all its forms, as the primary solution to Canada’s growing transportation energy issues and to assist its members in the fulfillment of their mandates.

What is a Technology Road Map?

The Technology Roadmap (TRM) concept is a consultative process that is designed to help industry, its supply-chain, academic and research groups, and governments come together to jointly identify and prioritize the technologies needed to support strategic R&D, marketing and investment decisions. These technologies will be of critical importance to an industry in the next five to ten years.

The Steering Committee
Chair: Azure Dynamics Corporation Vice-Chair: Unicell Limited BC Hydro Canadian Auto Workers Canadian Automobile Association Centre national du transport avancé Delaware Power Systems Electric Mobility Canada Electrovaya Ford Motor Company of Canada General Motors of Canada Hydro-Québec Manitoba Hydro Pollution Probe Purolator Courier University of Manitoba ZENN Motor Company

Road Map Objectives



Encourage the rapid adoption of EVs for passenger and commercial transport markets in Canada through appropriate regulations, incentives, infrastructure and education/awareness. We recognize that most EV's will be built by OEMs headquartered outside Canada. Develop the EV industry in Canada in areas where Canada has a competitive advantage: parts suppliers, bus builders, niche vehicle builders. Power these vehicles with new green electricity

The Process – National Consultation
Vision meeting – Ottawa  User Needs Meeting – Montreal  Technology Responses – Vancouver  Validation – Toronto  Over 500 consultations

Working Groups
At all workshops, breakout groups focussed on:  Battery/Energy Storage  Electric Drive Components  Vehicle Integration and Efficiency Optimization  Grid Interface

Vision Proposed

By 2018, there will be at least 500,000 highway-capable plug-in electric-drive vehicles on Canadian roads, as well as what may be a larger number of hybridelectric vehicles. All these vehicles will have more Canadian content in parts and manufacture than vehicles on the road in Canada in 2008.

Draft Vision
The vision includes the following boundary metrics:  The Most Important Measurements of Performance: - the resulting grams of CO2 equivalent and criteria air contaminants per kilometre traveled.  Maximizing the Use of Clean Energy: Priority to energy from renewable sources.  Price: The total cost of ownership of a grid-powered vehicle will be no greater than that of an internal combustion engine vehicle.  Compatibility: Electric drive vehicles will operate within the current infrastructure on all roads and meet Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.

Draft Vision
Other Measurements of Performance: Overall vehicle performance will meet or exceed that of current vehicles. Convenience and comfort are part of overall performance.  Market Penetration and Industrial Development: Canadian fleet operators

will be targeted as early adopters of electric drive vehicles.

Canada’s Strengths
Green and Low Cost Electricity (can accommodate EV’s)  Large opportunities for electricity from renewable sources  Strong Industry Base

Electricity by Source - Global

Canada’s Advantage

Emission Reductions
Compact Car Carbon Emissions (assuming 8 l/km for ICE and 200 w-h/km for electric)
200.0 180.0 160.0 140.0 120.0 100.0 80.0 60.0 40.0 20.0 0.0 ICE NL PEI NS NB QC ON MB SK AB BC

g CO2 eq/km

Strong EV Industry
29 involved in vehicle manufacturing or assembling.  25 involved in the manufacture of components for EV’s.  7 distributors of EV’s  3 integrators/converters  5 electricity providers involved in EV research, development and demonstration projects.  22 research centres with EV related projects Plus  16 not for profit organizations monitoring EV developments and advocating their use.

Technical Pathway
Batteries are the key  Need to reach $400 - $500/KWhr  Need to address Canadian Conditions

Battery Challenges
Improved performance  Price  Service life  Safety  Recycling and Repurposing

Canadian Conditions
-40C to +40C  Need for Air Conditioning and Heating  Batteries expected to perform well  Operating Range might suffer But:  We have a broad range of core competencies to deal with these issues

EV Component Costs
No major manufacturing challenges  Must come down by a factor of 2 or 3  Volume production will achieve this

New Business Models and Incentives
High Cost of EV’s  High Initial Cost of Batteries  Options identified (battery lease, battery service plan, etc)

New Business Opportunities
For utilities  For retrofit companies  Canadian Brand EV?

Institutional Pathway
Public Policies and Incentives  Regulations/Standards  Human Resources Issues  Public Education Needs

Canada – US Integrated Industry


US Stimulus Package (American Recovery and Reinvestment Act) a threat to Canadian based companies Urgent need for increased support to retain EV companies in Canada

Institutional Needs
    

More incentives for private and commercial purchasers More focused R & D responding to industry needs Adoption of standards/guidelines for charging infrastructure Upgrading education and training programs National integration of all EV activities in a new program

Report Recommendation
Address above and other issues  Will require focused discussions between Gov’t and Industry. Some have already started  Most need action quickly

In the meantime – Actions in other jurisdictions
US President Obama has pledged to:  put one million plug-ins on the road by 2015,  ensure that fifty percent of all federal fleet purchases be plug-ins by 2012, and  Plug-in vehicles have been highlighted by President Obama

as one of the most important national energy solutions


Other countries – some highlights
England  all new cars to be EV or PHEV by 2020 Spain  1 million EV’s by 2014 Japan  $10,000 tax break Ireland  One-tenth of all road vehicles electric by 2020

Other countries – con’t
Italy  Subsidy of up to 65% of premium costs France  400 Million Euro R & D program EU  Pushing for greater than 50 mpg average  Stiff fines for non compliance China  By 2011, the country is going to be able to produce 500,000 units of new energy cars annually.  China has adopted a plan aimed at turning the country into one of the world's leading producers of hybrid and all-electric vehicles within 3 years. Nation wide charging system Australia  $500 Million R & D program

Sept 28 to 30, 2009 – Montreal Conference and Trade Show

Thank You
For further information contact Electric Mobility Canada:

Al Cormier, Executive Director, Tel: 416 9760 9242,

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